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The Scottish Nation

HYNDFORD, earl of, a title in the peerage of Scotland, possessed from 1701, by a family of the name of Carmichael, till 1817, when it became dormant. Sir James Carmichael, son of Walter Carmichael of Hyndford, by Grizel, daughter of Sir John Carmichael of Meadowflat, was originally designed of Westerraw, but on succeeding his cousin, Sir John Carmichael in the estates of Carmichael, in Lanarkshire, he took the latter designation. He is represented as having been possessed of all the accomplishments of the age in which he lived, and, when young, excelling all his contemporaries in athletic exercises. He was introduced, by the earl of Dunbar, at the court of James VI., who appointed him, first, one of his cupbearers, afterwards his carver, and then chamberlain of the principality. In this latter department he conducted himself with prudence and integrity for many years. By Charles I. He was created a baronet of Nova Scotia, 17th July 1627; appointed sheriff-principal of Lanarkshire, 5th September 1632, and in 1634 was made master of the ceremonies and lord-justice-clerk. The latter office he resigned, on being constituted deputy-treasurer 14th October 1636. He was admitted one of the judges of the court of session 6th March 1639. In August 1641, he was appointed by the Estates a privy councillor for life, and one of the commissioners for the plantation of kirks and valuation of teinds. On 13th November of the same year he was elected by the king and estates treasurer-depute for life, and the office of lord-high-treasurer being at the same time put into commission, he was named one of the commissioners, without, however, receiving any share of the emoluments.

      During the civil wars he remained faithful to Charles I., and lent his majesty considerable sums of money; for which he was created a baron in the Scots peerage, by the title of Lord Carmichael, to him and his heirs male whatever, 27th December 1647, which patent was not made public, and he continued to be styled Sir James Carmichael of that ilk, till 3d January 1651, when another patent was issued ratifying the former. He adhered to the ‘Engagement’ in 1648, for the rescue of the king, and was, in consequence, deprived of all his offices by the Act of Classes, 10th March 1649; that of treasurer-depute being, however, bestowed on his second son, Sir Daniel Carmichael. In Douglas’ Peerage, it is erroneously stated that after the accession of Charles II. He was sworn a privy councillor, and again appointed lord-justice-clerk. By Cromwell’s act of grace and pardon he was, in 1654, fined Ł2,000. He died 29th Nov., 1672, in his 94th year. By his wife, Agnes, sister of John Wilkie of Foulden, he had three sons and four daughters. The sons were, 1. William, master of Carmichael, who, in his youth, went over to France, and was one of the gens d’armes of Louis XIII. After his return to Scotland he joined the party against the king, and in 1644 and 1645 was one of the committee of Estates. He commanded the Clydesdale regiment in the service of the Estates against the marquis of Montrose at the battle of Philiphaugh, in 1646. He died in 1657. By his wife, Lady Grizel Douglas, third daughter of the first marquis of douglas, he had, with two daughters, a son, John, second Lord Carmichael. 2. The Hon. Sir Daniel Carmichael of Hyndford and Mauldsley, Lanarkshire, treasurer-depute to King Charles II. 3. Hon. Sir James Carmichael of Bonnytoun, a colonel in the royal army at the battle of Dunbar in 1650.

      John, second Lord Carmichael and first earl of Hyndford, born 28th February 1638, succeeded his grandfather in the former title in 1672. He entered early into the Revolution, and in 1689 was by King William appointed one of the commissioners of the privy seal, and privy councillor. In 1698 and 1699, he proved himself a true patriot in the important affair of the Darien expedition. In the latter year he was lord-high-commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and from 1694 to 1699, both inclusive, he held the same high office. In 1693, he had the command of a regiment of dragoons, which he held till reduced at the peace of Ryswick in October 1697. In 1696, he was appointed secretary of state. He was created earl of Hyndford, Viscount Inglisberry and Nemphlar, and Lord Carmichael, 25th June 1701, by patent to him and his heirs male and of entail. On the accession of Queen Anne, he was sworn a privy councillor. In 1705, he was one of the commissioners for the treaty of union, which measure he steadily supported in parliament. He died 20th September, 1710, in his 73d year. He had married, 9th October, 1669, Beatrix Drummond, second daughter of the third Lord Madderty, and with three daughters had seven sons; namely, 1. James, second earl of Hyndford. 2. William, of Skirling, who was twice married, and by his first wife, Helen, only child of Thomas Craig of Riccarton, had three sons and two daughters. John, his eldest son, succeeded as fourth earl of Hyndford. 3. Daniel, of Mauldsley, whose grandson, Thomas Carmichael of Mauldsley, became fifth earl. 4. David, advocate. 5. John. 6. Charles. These two last were drowned on the coast of Holland, as they were going to travel on the continent. 7. Archibald.

      James, second earl of Hyndford, was, in 1706, appointed a colonel of dragoons, and in 1710, the year in which he succeeded to the title, he had the rank of a brigadier-general. He died 16th August, 1737. By his countess, Lady Elizabeth Maitland, only daughter of the fifth earl of Lauderdale, he had, with six daughters, five sons, namely, 1. John, third earl. 2. Hon. And Right Rev. William Carmichael. LL.D., archdeacon of Bucks in 1742, consecrated bishop of Clonfert and Kilmackaugh in Ireland, 5th January, 1753, translated to the see of Leighlin and Ferns, in 1758, to that of Meath in the same year, and, finally, appointed archbishop of Dublin, in June 1765. He died at Bath, 15th December thereafter, without issue. 3. Hon. James Carmichael, M.P. for the Lanark burghs, who died in 1754, unmarried. 4. Hon. Archibald Carmichael, page of honour to George II. He had a cornetcy of horse in 1731, and died captain of marines at Minorca, of a fever, 7th March, 1745. And 5. The Hon. Charles Carmichael, who died in the service of the East India Company at Bombay, in 1732, aged twenty. The eldest daughter, Lady Margaret, married in January 1717, Sir John Anstruther of Anstruther, in the county of Fife, baronet, with issue, in virtue of which marriage, on the failure of the male line of the earls of Hyndford in 1817, their descendant, Sir John Anstruther of Anstruther, succeeded to the entailed estates of the earldom, and in consequence assumed the additional name of Carmichael (see ANSTRUTHER, surname of).

      Of John, third earl of Hyndford, a memoir has already been given earlier. His lordship was twice married; first, in September 1732, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the celebrated admiral, Sir Cloudesley Shovel, knight, and widow of the first Lord Romney; and, secondly, to Jean, daughter of Benjamin Vigor of Fulham, Middlesex. My his first wife he had one son, who died in his childhood, 13th August 1736. By his second wife he had no issue. On his death, the earldom devolved upon his cousin, John, eldest son of the Hon. William Carmichael of Skirling, second son of the first earl.

      John, fourth earl of Hyndford, born 5th May 1710, passed advocate in 1737. He succeeded his father in the estate of Skirling in 1759, and his cousin, the third earl, in his titles and estates in 1767. He married Janet, eldest daughter and heiress of William Grant of Prestongrange, a lord of session, under the title of Lord Prestongrange, but had no issue. He died at Edinburgh 21st December 1787, in his 78th year. His paternal property went to his grand-nephew, Sir John Gibson Carmichael of Skirling, and his other estates and his titles to his cousin, Thomas Carmichael of Mauldsley, fourth and then only surviving son of Daniel Carmichael of Mauldsley, eldest son of the Hon. Daniel Carmichael, third son of the first earl.

      Thomas, fifth earl, succeeded his eldest brother, Daniel, in the estate of Mauldsley in 1778, and his cousin in the earldom and the estate of Carmichael in 1787. He died unmarried, 14th February, 1811, and was succeeded by his next brother, Andrew, sixth earl, who had been for several years in the 16th regiment of light dragoons, and served with it in America, during the revolutionary war, but quitted the army in 1794. He died in 1817, when his titles became dormant. The earldom is claimed by Sir James-Robert Carmichael, baronet, the representative of the Carmichaels of Balmaddy, who derived from Robert, youngest brother of William, ancestor of the earls of Hyndford. The barony of Carmichael is said to be represented by Andrew Carmichael, Esq., Dublin.

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