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The Scottish Nation

KINNIARD, a local surname, derived from the barony of Kinniard in Perthshire, and composed of two Celtic words, Cean and aird, signifying the high end or head.


KINNIARD, baron, a title in the peerage of Scotland conferred in 1682, on Sir George Kinniard of Inchture, descended from Radulphus, called Rufus, on whom King William the Lion bestowed by charter in 1170, the barony of Kinniard in the district of Gowrie, and in consequence Kinniard became the surname of his descendants. The barony continued in possession of the family till the reign of Charles I. Kinniard castle, supposed to have been built in the 12th century, is now in ruins. Richard de Kinniard, the great grandson of Radulphus, was one of the Scots barons who swore fealty to Edward I., in 1296. He is mentioned in Rymerís Faedera, in 1304. his son, Radulphus de Kinniard, also swore fealty to the same monarch the same year as his father. Reginald de Kinniard, second son of the latterís grandson, Richard de Kinniard of that ilk, married Marjory, daughter and heiress of Sir John Kirkaldy of Inchture, in the same county, and got with her these lands, in which he was confirmed by charter of Robert III., dated 28th January 1399. The ninth in direct descent from this Reginald, Sir George Kinniard of Inchture, a steady loyalist during the civil wars, was knighted by Charles II., in 1661. He represented the county of Perth in the Scots parliament, and was sworn a privy councillor. On 28th December 1682 he was raised to the peerage by the title of Lord Kinniard of Inchture, with limitations to the heirs male of his body. He died 29th September 1689. He had six sons, and George, the youngest, carried on the line of the family. Patrick, the eldest, second Lord Kinniard, died 18th February, 1701. He had, with a daughter, three sons. George, the eldest, master of Kinniard, predeceased him, without issue, in 1698. Patrick, the second son, became third lord, and Charles, the youngest, fifth Lord Kinniard.

      Patrick, third lord, opposed the Union, and died in March 1715. His only son, Charles, fourth lord, died without issue in September 1726, when the title devolved on his uncle Charles, fifth lord. The latter married, about 1729, Magdalene, daughter of William Brown, merchant in Edinburgh, and for eighteen years had no issue. On 21st September, 1747, she left Drimmie House, the usual family residence, and two days afterwards her husband intimated to his friends that she had been delivered of twins, named Patrick and Charles, The next heir, Mr. Charles Kinniard, grandson of the Hon. George Kinniard, sixth and youngest son of the first lord, raised an action in the commissary court, concluding that he ought to be allowed to prove that the pretended delivery by Lady Kinniard never took place, and that the children were surreptitious. Lord and Lady Kinniard refused to answer to the interrogatories directed to be put to them by the commissaries, who, on 1st January 1748, decerned his lordship to make payment to Mr. Kinniard of £600 sterling, for not appearing personally in court. This mysterious affair terminated by Lord Kinniard declaring that both the twins were dead.

      Charles, sixth lord, succeeded on the death of his predecessor, 16th July 1758, and died 2d August, 1767. He had several children, but only two sons and three daughters survived. Patrick, the younger son, an officer in the East India Companyís service, was killed by a tiger on the coast of Coromandel in July 1771.

      The elder son, George, seventh Lord Kinniard, and one of the sixteen Scots representative peers, died at Perth, 11th October 1805. He had married, 23d July, 1777, Elizabeth, daughter of Griffin Ransom of New Palace Yard, Westminster, banker in London, and her grief for her husbandís loss was so great that she only survived him ten days. They had issue six sons and four daughters.

      The fifth son, the Hon. Douglas James William Kinniard, an eminent banker, the friend both of Sheridan and Byron, was born February 26, 1788, and received the early part of his education at Eton. He afterwards passed some time at Gottingen, whence he removed to Trinity college, Cambridge, where, in 1811, he took his degree of master of arts. In 1813 he accompanied Mr., afterwards Sir John Cam Hobhouse, baronet, (created in 1851 Lord Broughton,) through Sweden, and across the north of Germany to Vienna, and was present at the decisive battle of Culm, in Bohemia, in which the French, under General Vandamme, were beaten by the Prussians and Russians. Subsequently he became an active partner in the banking-house of Ransom and Morland, London, and, after the old partnership was dissolved, he took the principal management of the business. In 1815, Mr. Kinniard, Lord Byron, the Hon. George Lamb, and Mr. Peter Moore, formed the committee for directing the affairs of Drury-Lane theatre. He was afterwards, for a short time, M.P. for Bishopís Castle. His name often occurs in the Memoirs of Byron, and was one of the last which the noble poet was heard to pronounce. He died, unmarried, March 12, 1830.

      The master of Kinniard having died in his infancy, Charles, 2d son, became 8th Lord Kinniard. He was born 8th April 1780, and educated at the universities of Edinburgh, Cambridge, and Glasgow. At the general election in 1802 he was chosen M.P. for Leominster, and distinguished himself in the house of commons by his opposition to the then administration. He was at Venice when he succeeded to the title in 1805. At the general election in the following year he was chosen one of the sixteen Scots representative peers. In 1817 he built the imposing pile of Rossie priory in the parish of Inchture (properly Inchtower), in the Carse of Gowrie, for the family mansion. He married Lady Olivia Letitia Catherine Fitzgerald, youngest daughter of 2d duke of Leinster, and had three sons and four daughters. He died in 1826.

      The eldest son, George William Foz Kinniard, 9th lord, born in 1807, was in 1831 created Baron Rossie of Rossie in the peerage of the United Kingdom; a privy councillor of Great Britain. He held the office of master of the buckhounds to the queen, which he resigned in 1841. He was formerly grand-master of the freemasons of Scotland. He married, in 1837, Frances, only daughter of 1st Lord de Mauley, issue, 2 sons and one daughter. The elder son, Victor Alexander, died in 1851. The 2d son, Charles-Fox, born in 1841, died in 1860. Lord Kinniard was in August that year created Baron Kinniard in the peerage of Great Britain, with remainder to his brother, Hon. Arthur Fitzgerald Kinniard, M.P. for Perth.

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