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Transactions of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland
Proceedings at Board Meetings

71

MEETING OP DIRECTORS, 2d FEBRUARY 1876.

Present—The Hon. G. R. Vernon; Admiral Sir William J. Hope Johnstone, K.C. B.; Professor Balfour; Mr Ferguson, Kinnochtry; Mr Findlay of Springhill; Mr Gillon of Wallhouse; Mr Hutchison of Carlowrie; Colonel Innes of Learney; Mr Irvine of Drum; Mr John Ord Mackenzie of Dolphinton; Mr Mackenzie of Portmore; Mr Munro, Fairnington; Mr Murray of Dollerie; Mr Monteith, Liberton Tower Mains; Mr Smith, Stevenson Mains; Mr Swinton, Holyn Bank; Captain Tod of Howden; Mr Pettigrew Wilson of Polquhairn; Professor Wilson- Mr Munro, Fairnington, in the chair. Mr F. N. Menzies reported apologies for the abscence of Sir William Forbes of Craigievar, Bart.; Sir George Macpherson Grant of Ballindalloch, Bart. ; Mr Copland, Mill of Ardlethen; Mr Howatson of Dornel; Mr Hunter of Thurston; Mr Johnstone of Bodesbeck; Mr Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A. ; Mr Martin, yr. of Auchendennan; and Mr Walker of Bowland.
Glasgow Show, 1875.—Letters were submitted from the Earl of Glasgow, the Lord Provost of Glasgow, Sir Michael Shaw Stewart, Mr Graham Somervell (convener of Ayrshire), and from Mr Bowden Fullarton (convener of Bute), acknowledging the votes of thanks passed at last general meeting.

Aberdeen Show, 1876. —The Secretary stated that the competition for the premium of L.50 offered by the Society for the best thoroughbred stallion to serve in the district of the Aberdeen show during the ensuing season was fixed to take place at Aberdeen on Friday the 4th current—all entries being made with Mr Alexander Yeats, Secretary of the Royal Northern Society, 89 Union Street, Aberdeen, on or before the morning of the competition.

Foot-and-Mouth Disease.—A letter was submitted from Mr C. Eardley Wilmot, of the Veterinary Department of the Privy Council, acknowledging receipt of the memorial to the Lords of the Council adopted at the general meeting on the 19th of January, and stating that it will be submitted to their Lordships.

Chemical Department.—The Board took into consideration the resolution of the general meeting with reference to the appointment of a chemist, and the arrangements for carrying out the agricultural stations, when, after some discussion, the whole matter was remitted to the Chemical Committee.

Philadelphia Exhibition, 1876.—The Secretary stated that the regulations for the International Exhibition at Philadelphia could be seen on application at the Society's chambers, No. 3 George IV. Bridge, Edinburgh; that the live stock display will be held as follows:—Horses, mules, and asses, from 1st to 15th September; cattle, from 20th September to 5th October; sheep, swine, goats, and dogs, from 10th to 25th October; and poultry, from 28th October to 10th November; and that forms of entry will be furnished on application to Mr B. T. Brandreth Gibbs, 5 Craig's Court, Charing Cross, S.W.

MEETING OF DIRECTORS, 1st MARCH 1876.

Present—Admiral Sir William J. Hope Johnstone, K.C.B.; Professor Balfour; Mr Gillon of Wallhouse; Mr Irvine of Drum; Mr Mackenzie of Portmore; Mr Munro, Fairnington; Mr Swinton, Holyn Bank ; Mr Pettigrew Wilson of Polquhairn; and Professor Wilson. Mr F. N. Menzies reported apologies for the absence of Sir Alexander Jardine of Applegarth, Bart.; Mr Copland, Mill of Ardlethen; Mr Hunter of Thurston; Mr Johnstone of Bodesbeck; Mr Smith, Stevenson Mains; and Mr Walker of Bowland; but in consequence of there not being a quorum of Directors present, the meeting was adjourned till Wednesday next, the 8th instant.

ADJOURNED MEETING OF DIRECTORS, 8th MARCH 1876.

Present—Mr Copland, Mill of Ardlethen; Mr Gillon of Wallhouse; Mr Hutchison of Carlowrie; Mr Irvine of Drum; Mr Mackenzie of Portmore; Mr Smith, Stevenson Mains; Mr Stewart of Ingliston; Mr Swinton, Holyn Bank; Mr Pettigrew Wilson of Polquhairn.—Mr Mackenzie of Portmore in the chair. Mr F. N. Menzies reported apologies for the absence of Mr Graham Binny, W.S. ; Mr Hunter of Thurston ; Mi-Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A.; Mr Martin, yr. of Auchendennan; Mr Munro, Fairnington; and Mr Walker of Bowland.

Chemical Department.—At the meeting of the Board on the 2d of February it was reported that Sir Thomas Buchan Hepburn had resigned the chairmanship of the Committee in charge of the Chemical Department, when the Directors unanimously resolved to request Sir Thomas to withdraw his resignation, and in the event of his declining to-do so, Mr Mackenzie of Portmore was requested and agreed to act. At a meeting of Committee held on 23d February, it was stated that Sir Thomas adhered to his resignation. The minute of that meeting bore that the Committee could not commence their report without expressing their regret at the loss of the valuable services of Sir Thomas Hepburn, who took so lively an interest in the Chemical Department, and who had for many years devoted so much time to the duties devolving upon him—first as a member, and latterly as convener of the Committee. The minute also stated that, after the reading of the remit to the Committee, a prolonged discussion ensued as to the course of action which should now be taken with reference to the instructions of the last general meeting of the Society, and it was ultimately unanimously resolved that the best manner of carrying out those instructions is, in the first place, to advertise that a chemist is required by the Society to organise and conduct the experimental stations about to be established, and who shall devote his whole time to the service of the Society; and that if the Directors are able to secure the services of a competent chemist on the terms proposed, they can then in concert with him arrange a plan of action in accordance with the report of the Directors to the general meeting in June last, which was then agreed to by the Society in all points regarding the establishment of the stations. The Secretary was accordingly instructed to prepare an advertisement to chemists in general terms, and also a statement to be printed and shown to intending candidates, containing the salary and duties, and in accordance with the above-mentioned report of June last as modified at the last general meeting. The Board approved of the minute, and the Secretary was instructed to send to Sir Thomas Hepburn an excerpt from it, with reference to the loss of his very valuable services.

Aberdeen Show.—Thoroughbred Stallions.—The report of the competition for the L.50 prize offered by the Society for the best thoroughbred stallion to serve this season in the district of the show was submitted, from which it appeared that the competition took place at Aberdeen on 4th February; that seven animals had been entered; and that the judges—Captain Carnegie of Lour, and Colonel Innes of Learney—had awarded the premium to Mr Thomas Bland, Greystone, Alford, Aberdeenshire, for his bay stallion "Blucher."

Showyard.—Letters were submitted from Mr William Gordon, Town Clerk, Aberdeen, intimating that the Town Council had granted permission to the Society to use a portion of the links, extending to about twenty acres, for the show to be held from the 25th to the 28th of July, both inclusive ; and that the Water Committee had resolved to give a supply of water free of charge—both privileges being subject to the usual conditions.

Stock at Birmingham Show.—A letter was read from Mr H. M. Jenkins, Secretary of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, stating that, at the meeting of the Council of that Society held on Wednesday the 1st inst., the following resolution had been carried unanimously:—"That the exhibitors of stock at the Birmingham meeting be allowed to remove such animals belonging to them as have been entered for the Highland Society's Show at Aberdeen at four o'clock on the afternoon of Monday, July 24, on furnishing to the stewards satisfactory proof of such entry for the Aberdeen Show." Mr Menzies was instructed to inform Mr Jenkins that no alteration can now be made in the Aberdeen arrangements, and to request that the stock referred to may be allowed to leave the yard on Saturday evening.

Agricultural and Forestry Examinations.—It was intimated that the examinations for the Society's agricultural certificates and diploma, and for the certificates in forestry, had been fixed for Tuesday and Wednesday the 21st and 22d current, candidates being required to lodge intimation, on or before the 10th, with the Secretary, from whom further information may be obtained.

Philadelphia Exhibition.—A letter was read from Mr B. T. Brandreth Gibbs, 5 Craig's Court, Charing Cross, S.W., stating that the entries for the Philadelphia Exhibition referred to at last board meeting should be made soon, as it was necessary to let the authorities in America know before 1st May what to expect from this country.

MEETING OF DIRECTORS, 5th APRIL 1876.

Present—Professor Balfour; Mr Hutchison of Carlowrie; Mr Munro, Fairnington; Mr Smith, Stevenson Mains; Mr David Stevenson, C.E.; Mr Swinton, Holyn Bank; Captain Tod of Howden; and Mr Walker of Bowland. Mr F. N. Menzies reported apologies for the absence of Sir Alexander Jardine of Applegarth, Bart.; Sir George Macpherson Grant of Ballindalloch, Bart.; Mr Cochrane, Little Haddo; Mr Copland, Mill of Ardlethen; Mr Gillon of Wallhouse; Mr Hunter of Thurston; Colonel Innes of Learney; Mr Irvine of Drum; Mr Johnstone of Bodesbeck; Mr Mackenzie of Portmore; Mr Martin, yr. of Auchendennan; Mr Oswald of Dunnikier; Professor Wilson ; and Mr Pettigrew Wilson of Polquhairn. As there was not a quorum of Directors present, the meeting was adjourned till Wednesday the 12th current.

ADJOURNED MEETING OF DIRECTORS, 12th APRIL 1876.

Present—Admiral Sir Wm. J. Hope Johnstone, K.C.B.; Mr Ferguson, Kinnochtry; Mr Hutchison of Carlowrie; Mr Murray of Dollerie; Mr David Stevenson, C. E.; Mr Stewart of Ingliston; Mr Swinton, Holyn Bank; Mr Walker of Bowland; Mr Pettigrew Wilson of Polquhairn—Mr Swinton, Holyn Bank, in the chair. Mr F. N. Menzies reported apologies for the absence of Mr Graham Binny, W.S.; Mr Copland, Mill of Ardlethen; Mr Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A.; and Mr Munro, Fairnington.

Agricultural Education.—The report of the annual examination of candidates for the diploma and certificates in agriculture, which took place on the 21st and 22d March, was submitted, from which it appeared that sixteen gentlemen enrolled their names, that fifteen presented themselves, and that the examinations resulted in the following passing:—

For Diploma.—Mr R. Lang Anderson, Milliken Park, Renfrewshire ; Mr Archibald A. Ferguson, Gosfield, Essex; Mr John Arthur Maconchy, Rathmore, Aughnacliffe, County Longford ; Mr Alexander Sutherland, Ramyards, Watten, Golspie.

For First-Class Certificate.—Mr Cecil C. Baker, 2 Bloomsbury Place, London; Mr Robert Carr, Felkington, Norham; Mr Percy H. Cathcart, 16 Oakley Square, London; Mr John M'Caig, Kilhilt, Stranraer ; Mr C. E. M. Russell, Ballielisk, Dollar.

For Second-Class Certificate.—Mr Andrew Catton, Couston, Aberdour, Fife; Mr John Fleming, Coates, Penicuik; Mr John J. Sharp, Leaston, Upper Keith.

Prizes in Agricultural Class. —A letter was read from Professor Wilson intimating that, at a special examination for the Society's prizes held on the 31st ultimo, for which there were fourteen candidates, the prizes were awarded as follow :—1st prize of L.6 in books, to Mr Alexander Sutherland, Ramyards, Watten, Golspie; 2d prize of L.4 in books, to Mr John Fleming, Coates, Penicuik.

Chemical Department.—The following letter from Sir Thomas Buchan Hepburn, Bart., was read:—

"Smeaton Hepburn, Prestonkirk, N.B.,
"10th March 1876.

"My dear Menzies,—I have received your letter of the 8th, with excerpt from minute of Committee in charge of the Chemical Department. Will you be so good as to express my grateful thanks to the Committee for their much-esteemed expression of their opinion of my services during my connection with the Committee, and to the Board of Directors for their cordial approval of it. I feel the more gratified by it as it was quite unexpected. I beg to assure them that it was with the greatest regret that I felt myself compelled to resign.—Yours truly, "

(Signed) "Thomas B. Hepburn.

"F. N. Menzies, Esq."

The applications for the office of chemist, together with various letters on the subject, were remitted to the Committee in charge of the Chemical Department, with instructions to report and recommend if they see fit.

Veterinary Examinations. —The Secretary intimated that the annual public examination of candidates for the Society's veterinary certificate, which is open to the students of any veterinary teacher duly recognised by Government, would be held in the Society's Hall on Tuesday and Wednesday, the 18th and 19th current; and that the practical examination would take place in Mr Buist's auction mart, Lauriston, on Monday the 17th.

Aberdeen Show, 1876.—Committee of Superintendence.—Letters to the conveners of the counties connected with the show, and to the Lord Provost of Aberdeen in regard to the nomination of the local committee, were submitted and approved.

Edinburgh Show, 1877.—The Board approved of letters being addressed to the conveners of the counties in the district of the Edinburgh Show in regard to the auxiliary subscription.

Presentation of Barometer. - A letter was submitted from Messrs Joseph Davis, & Co., 90 and 92 Crampton Street, Newington Butts, London, presenting to the Society one of their royal polytechnic barometers, in which is incorporated Admiral Fitzroy's barometer for use at the Society's hall.

The Directors instructed the Secretary to return their best thanks to Messrs Joseph, Davis, & Co. for their valuable gift, and to place the barometer in the library.

MEETING OF DIRECTORS, 3d MAY 1876.

Present—Sir Alexander Jardine of Applegarth, Bart.; Admiral Sir William J. Hope Johnstone, K.C. B.; Mr Graham Binny, W.S.; Mr Copland, Mill of Ardlethen; Mr Hunter of Thurston, Mr Hutchison of Carlowrie, Mr Johnstone of Bodesbeck; Mr Bryden Monteith, Liberton Tower Mains ; Mr Munro, Fairnington; Captain Tod of Howden; Mr Walker of Bowland; Professor Wilson—Mr Munro, Fairnington, in the chair. Mr F. N. Menzies reported apologies for the absence of Mr Ferguson, Kinnoch-try; Mr Gillon of Wallhouse; Mr Howatson of Dornel; Mr Irvine of Drum; Mr Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A.; Mr Murray of Dollerie; Mr David Stevenson, C.E.; and Mr Swinton, Holyn Bank.

General Meeting.—The half-yearly general meeting of the Society, for the election of members and for other business, was fixed to be held on the 14th of June, being the first Wednesday after the closing of the entries for the Aberdeen Show.

Veterinary Department.- The report of the examinations for the Society's veterinary certificate on the 17th, 18th, and 19th April was submitted, from which it appeared that twenty students presented themselves for examination, and that fourteen passed. The two medium gold medals given to the students who passed the best practical and the best general examination were awarded as follow:—

Best Practical Examination. — Robert Rain, Castle-Douglas. Best General Examination.—John M'Fadyean, Barra-chan, Newton-Stewart.

MEETING OF DIRECTORS, 7th JUNE 1876.

Present—Mr Graham Binny, W.S.; Mr Dove, Eastfield; Mr Findlay of Springhill; Mr Findlay of Easterhill; Mr Gillon of Wallhouse; Mr Hunter of Thurston; Mr Hutchison of Carlowrie; Mr Irvine of Drum; Mr Mackenzie of Portmore; Mr Munro, Fairnington; Mr Murray of Dollerie; Mr Smith, Stevenson Mains; Mr David Stevenson, C.E.; Mr Swinton, Holyn Bank; Captain Tod of Howden; Mr Walker of Bowland; Mr Petti-grew Wilson of Polquhairn; Professor Wilson—Mr Munro, Fairnington, in the chair. Mr F. N. Menzies reported apologies for the absence of Sir Alexander Jardine of Apple-garth, Bart.; Sir George Macpherson Grant of Ballindalloch, Bart.; Admiral Sir Wm. J. Hope Johnstone, K.C.B.; Mr Copland, Mill of Ardlethen; Mr Howatson of Dornel; Colonel Innes of Learney; Mr Johnstone of Bodesbeck; Mr Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A.; and Mr Martin, yr. of Auchendennan.

General Meeting.—The programme of business for the half-yearly general meeting on the 14th current was arranged as follows:—Election of members ; arrangements for Aberdeen and Edinburgh Shows; report of examinations for agricultural certificates and diploma; report by Directors on the Chemical Department; petition by Professor Blackie in regard to Celtic Chair ; report of examinations for veterinary certificate, and deputation to the Lord President of the Privy Council in regard to veterinary charter to be reported; Volume VIII. (new series) of the Society's Transactions.

New Members.—The list of candidates for election at the general meeting was submitted, and the Secretary mentioned that he could, in terms of the bye-laws, receive additional names up to the morning of the 14th.

Veterinary Charter.—Captain Tod of Howden, Chairman of the Veterinary Committee, reported that on the 24th of May a deputation from the Society waited on the Lord President of the Privy Council, for the purpose of asking that a charter should be granted to the Society, by which their powers of granting certificates might be extended for that of diplomas. Captain Tod added that the Earl of Dalkeith introduced the deputation, and after various remarks by several members the Duke of Richmond and the memorial should receive his earnest consideration.

Chemical Department.—In consequence of a remit from the last general meeting regarding the appointment of a chemist, the Directors, on the 2d of February, referred the matter to the Committee in charge of the Chemical Department. The Committee reported that the best means of carrying out the instructions of the general meeting was to advertise for a chemist qualified to organise and conduct the agricultural experimental stations about to be established, and who should devote his whole time to the Society. This course was approved of by the Directors, who issued advertisements, in answer to which ten applications, besides various letters, were received. These were carefully gone over by the Committee, who reported that they had considered all the applications and relative documents, and had come to the conclusion that none of the applicants combine all the qualifications necessary for the post of chemist to the Society. They considered, however, that some of the gentlemen who had applied are possessed in a considerable degree of those qualifications. Under these circumstances the Committee could not recommend the Directors to appoint any of the gentlemen who had made application. The Committee also considered the letters received on the subject, and which were included in the remit to them ; and they were of opinion if the restriction in regard to the entire services of the chemist being devoted to the Society were removed that much more eligible candidates would be induced to come forward. The Committee also drew the attention of the Directors to the question of the absence of laboratory accommodation, which is a serious complication in the matter.

The Directors approved of the minute, and resolved to report in terms of it to the general meeting on the 14th.

Aberdeen Show.—The Secretary stated that he was to attend at the Imperial Hotel Aberdeen, on Friday the 9th current, to receive entries and close the list.

Hungarian Method of Making Hay.—Letters were submitted from Mr Dudgeon of Cargen, sending sample of hay made on the Hungarian method. Mr Dudgeon states that the grass was put into a pit six feet deep, quite wet, on the day it was cut, covered up to a depth of 18 inches with earth. The pit was opened in the beginning of May, alter having been enclosed for eleven months. He adds that the process appeared perfectly successful, and though involving a little more expense, it was worthy of consideration, in a wet season, whether it would not be worth while securing at least a part of the crop in this manner. The sample was shown to the Directors, and can be seen at No. 3 George IV. Bridge by any member who wishes to do so. Mr Menzies stated that he had taken some of the hay home, and found that horses and cattle ate it readily.

MEETING OF DIRECTORS, 14th JUNE 1876.

Present— Sir Alexander Jardine of Applegarth, Bart.; Admiral Sir William J. Hope Johnstone, K.C.B.; Mr Gillon of Wallhouse; Mr Milne Home of Wedderburn ; Mr Hunter of Thurston ; Mr Irvine of Drum ; Mr Mackenzie of Portmore; Mr Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A.; Mr Munro, Fairnington; Mr Oswald of Dunnikier; Mr Stewart of Ingliston; Mr Swinton, Holyn Bank; Mr Pettigrew Wilson of Polquhairn; Professor Wilson; Mr Wilson, Durn; Mr Munro in the chair. Apologies were reported for the absence of Mr Graham Binny, W.S., and Mr Walker of Bowland.

The business had reference principally to the subjects to be brought before the general meeting of this date.

MEETING OF DIRECTORS, 1st NOVEMBER 1876.

Present—Sir Alexander Jardine of Applegarth, Bart.; Admiral Sir William J. Hope Johnstone, K.C. B,; Mr Dundas of Arniston; Mr Ferguson, Kinnochtry; Mr Gillon of Wallhouse; Mr Howatson of Dornell; Mr Hunter of Thurston ; Mr Irvine of Drum; Mr John Ord Machenzie of Dolphinton ; Mr Kenneth Mackenzie, C. A. ; Mr David Stevenson, C. E.; Captain Tod of Howden; Mr Pettigrew Wilson of Polquhairn; Professor Wilson—Mr Pettigrew Wilson of Polquhairn, in the chair. Mr F. N. Menzies reported apologies for the absence of the Hon. G. R. Vernon, Auchans House; Sir George Macpherson Grant of Ballindalloch, Bart.; Mr Graham Binny, W.S.; Mr Cochrane, Little Haddo; Mr Dove, Eastfield; Mr Hutcheson of Carlowrie; Mr Mackenzie of Portmore; Mr Martin, yr. of Auchendennen; Mr Murray of Dollerie; Mr Swinton, Holyn Bank; Mr Walker of Bowland.

Before proceeding to the business on the programme the following resolutions were unanimously passed:—

The Late Marquis of Tweeddale.—"That the Directors of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland desire to express the deep and sincere regret with which they have received the information of the death of their late President, the Most Noble the Marquis of Tweeddale, K.T., G.C.B. That the Society having in the minutes of the general meeting held on the 15th of January 1873, recorded, upon his Lordship's retiring from the office of President, their sense of the great importance of the assistance which he had rendered to the Society by his presence and services at many general shows of the Society, and at numerous public meetings, for reports on various subjects, and for the zeal and ability with which he had uniformly promoted the efficiency and prosperity of the Society, it only remains for the Directors to deplore the loss they, the Society, and the nation have now suffered by the death of one who had been for sixty-eight years connected with the Society, and who had rendered so many eminent services to his country, both as a soldier and an agriculturist."

The Late Sir James Horn Burnett, Bart.—"That the death of Sir James Horn Burnett of Leys, Bart., having been communicated to the Directors of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland, they resolved to record their sincere regret for his loss, and their sense of the obligations which the Society owed to him, both as an ordinary and extraordinary director."

The Late Mr Baird of Auchmedden.—"That the intimation of the death of Mr James Baird of Auchmedden, having been made to the Directors of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland, they resolved to express their sorrow for his loss, and their sense of his services as a member and a director of the Society."

The Late Mr Gibson, Woolmet.—"That the Directors of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland have to record their sense of the severe loss occasioned to the Society by the death of Mr John Gibson, Woolmet, one of their number. That the Society having at the general meeting on the 17th of January 1872 expressed, on Mr Gibson's resignation of the office of Chairman of the Machinery Committee, the sense they entertained of the zealous discharge of his duties on the occasion of the general shows since 1864, the Directors have only now to lament the loss they have sustained by the removal of one who took the deepest interest in the Society, and whose presence at their meetings was of great benefit to it."

That these resolutions be engrossed in the minutes of the Society, and that the Secretary be instructed to transmit a copy of them respectively to the Marquis of Tweed-dale ; Lady Burnett of Leys; Mrs Baird of Auchmedden; and Mr Andrew Gibson.

Celtic Chair.—At the general meeting in June last a petition having been read from Professor Blackie urging the claims of the Celtic Chair, it was agreed that, in respect the encouragement of Celtic literature was one of the original objects of the Society, the Directors should be empowered, if they found that the Society could spare the funds, to contribute 100 guineas towards the scheme in question, such subscription to be paid at once, or in a series of instalments, as might be deemed most expedient. On the recommendation of the Finance Committee, the Board agreed to pay the subscription in one sum, and that it should be included in the current year's account.

Chemical Department. —The resolution of the last general meeting approving of the report of the Directors, and agreeing to rescind the restrictions imposed at the general meeting in January in regard to the services of the chemist to be appointed being entirely devoted to the Society, and various letters on the subject, were remitted to the Committee in charge of the Chemical Department.

Veterinary Department.—The Secretary reported that the preliminary examination of students for the Society's veterinary certificate took place on the 11th and 12th July, when forty-one students entered their names for examination, and twenty-seven passed.

Agricultural Education.—The examination of candidates for the Society's bursaries was held on the 27th October, when Mr Robert Lyall, Catchery Watten, Caithness; and Mr William Reekie, Walton, Fife, passed for a bursary of L.20 each; and Mr D. G. Braidwood, Parduvine, Mid-Lothian, for one of L.10. The bursaries are tenable for one year. By the regulations Messrs Lyall and Reekie require to take the classes in the Edinburgh University necessary to qualify for the Society's certificate or diploma, and Mr Braidwood's bursary is given on the understanding that he continues his studies and qualifies for examination next year. The examinations were conducted by Professor Wilson, Professor Balfour, and Dr William Stirling. The Board approved of the report.

Glasgow Show, 1875—Shorthorn Cows.—The third premium awarded to Mr Hutchinson, Manor House, for "Dairy Girl," has been forfeited, the animal having failed to produce a calf within the specified period. The premium has been transferred to Mr Beattie, Newbie House, for "Cherry Queen."

Two-year-old Shorthorn Heifers.—The second and third premiums, awarded respectively to Mr Tweedie, Deuchrie, for "Red Tulip," and to Mr Marr, Upper Mill, for "Mary Anne 10th," have been forfeited, the animals not having calved within the prescribed time. The second premium has been awarded to Mr Law, New Keig, for "Dorothy."

Two-year-old Polled Heifers.— The second and third premiums, awarded respectively to Sir George Macpherson Grant, Bart., for "Ethel" (1415), and to the Earl of Fife for "Pluscarden" (1937), have been forfeited, the animals having failed to conform to the rules as to calving. The second premium has been transferred to the Earl of Fife for "Edith."

Mares in Foal.—The first and fourth premiums, awarded respectively to Mr Gardner, Boghead, for "Jess," and to Mr Lang, Garneyland, for "Nancy," have been forfeited, the animals not having proved in foal. The first premium has been transferred to Mr Suter, Collie; the second to Mr Clarke, Spindlehowe; and the third to Mr Murdoch, Hilton.

Aberdeen Show, 1876.—Awards —The Directors approved of the awards at the late show at Aberdeen, and the Chairman was authorised to sign orders for the money premiums, which the Secretary was instructed to issue, along with the medals, as early as convenient.

Supply of Forage.—The Secretary was instructed to compliment Mr Williamson, Standingstones, Dyce, for the admirable manner in which he, as the contractor on the occasion, carried out the supply of the forage, which was all of excellent quality.

Edinburgh Show, 1877.—It was remitted to the Committee on General Shows to arrange the premiums and adjust the regulations for the show to be held at Edinburgh next year.

Proposed Show at Dumfries in 1878.—Requisitions for a show to be held at Dumfries in 1878, signed by proprietors, farmers, and others connected with Dumfriesshire, the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, Wigtownshire, and the town of Dumfries, were laid upon the table. The Board resolved to recommend the next general meeting to comply with the prayer of the requisition, and it was remitted to the Committee on General Shows to prepare the classes of stock for which premiums should be offered.

Dairy Exhibiton at Hamburg. - A letter was read from the Science and Art Department, London, transmitting a translation of a communication which had been addressed to the Secretary for Foreign Affairs by the German Charge d'Affaires respecting an exhibition of dairy produce and utensils to be held at Hamburg in February next, and expressing their Lordships' hope that the Directors would be disposed to use their influence in furthering the objects of the proposed exhibition in such a manner as may be found practicable. The Secretary stated that the exhibition would embrace, among other things, fresh and salt butter, different kinds of cheese, all instruments which are required in dairy labour, as well as those which are required in keeping and using milk cattle, milking utensils, the various utensils and vessels used in the keeping of horned cattle, as well as in the production and consumption of milk, means of transport of milk; that more exact information with regard to the exhibition, the notice to exhibitors, and the time of the exhibition would soon be made public ; and that in the meantime the papers sent could be seen on application at the Society's office, 3 George IV. Bridge, Edinburgh.

Agricultural Plant.—A description of an agricultural plant for cattle-feeding and for paper-making, by Mr William Gorrie, Rait Lodge, Trinity, Edinburgh, was read.

Raeburn Exhibition.—The Secretary reported that during the time the meetings of the Board were adjourned the Committee in charge of the Raeburn Exhibition had requested the loan of the picture by Sir Henry Raeburn of the late Mr Macdonald of ,St Martins (the original secretary of the Society); that he had communicated with the members of the Board individually, who had all cordially agreed to lend the picture for the purposes of the exhibition; and that it had been insured for L.800, though no money could replace so fine a work of art. The Board approved of what had been done in the matter.

Miscellaneous Remits.—The following remits were made :—To the Committee on Office-Bearers, to report on vacancies and suggest list for 1877; to the Committee on Essays and Reports, to read and report on the papers lodged in 1876, and to revise the list for 1877; to the Committees on District Competitions and on Cottages and Gardens, to revise the awards for 1876, and consider the applications for 1877.

District Shows.—The premiums awarded for brood mares in the district of Buchan and in the county of Kinross at the competitions held in 1875 were reported to have been finally adjudged as follows:—District of Buchan—1, Mr Alexander Bruce, Millhill; 2, Mr George Greig, Middlethird; 3, Mr William Anderson, Oldtown of Aquharnie. County of Kinross—1, Mr J. S. Stenhouse of North Fod; 2, Mr Thomas Beveridge, Balado; 3, Mr H. R. Anderson, Burleigh.

MEETING OF DIRECTORS, 6th DECEMBER 1876.

Present—Sir Alexander Jardine of Applegarth, Bart.; Mr Erskine of Cardross; Mr Findlay of Easterhill; Mr Findlay of Springhill; Mr Gillon of Wallhouse; Mr Hunter of Thurston; Mr Maxwell Inglis of Logan Bank; Mr Mackenzie of Port-more; Mr Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A.; Mr Munro, Fairnington; Mr Murray of Dollerie; Mr Smith, Stevenson Mains; Mr David Stevenson, C.E. : Mr Stewart of Ingliston; Mr Swinton, Holynbank; Mr Walker of Bowland, C.B.; Mr Pettigrew Wilson of Polquhairn; Professor Wilson—Mr Munro, Fairnington, in the chair. Mr F. N. Menzies reported apologies for the absence of Sir George Macpherson Grant Bart.; Admiral Sir William J. Hope Johnstone, K.C. B.; Mr Graham Binny, W.S.; Mr Howatson of Dornel; Mr Hutchison of Carlowrie; Mr Martin, yr. of Auchen-dennen; Mr Campbell Swinton of Kimmerghame, and Captain Tod of Howden.

Before proceeding to the business of the meeting, the following resolutions were unanimously passed :—

The Late Mr Johnstone of Bodesbeck.—"That intimation of the death of Mr James Johnstone of Bodesbeck, one of their number, having been made to the Directors of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland, they resolved to express their sorrow for his loss, and their sense of his services as a member of the Board."

The Late Mr Hope of Bordlands.—"That the death of Mr George Hope of Bordlands having been communicated to the Directors of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland, they resolved to record their deep regret for his loss, and their sense of the obligations which the Society owed to him as a director, a member of council, and an examiner in agricultural education."

That these resolutions be engrossed in the minutes of the Society, and that the Secretary be instructed to transmit a copy of them respectively to the families of Mr John-stone and Mr Hope.

Board and General Meetings.—The next Board meeting was fixed to be held on the 10th instead of the3d, and the anniversary general meeting on the 17th of January 1877.

Finance.—The Secretary, in submitting a statement of the funds at the close of the financial year on the 30th November reported that the books and vouchers had been placed in the hands of Mr Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A., the Society's auditor.

Office-Bearers for 1877.—The report by the Committee on Office-bearers for 1877 was given in, and the Secretary was instructed to communicate with the noblemen and gentlemen suggested to fill the vacancies which occur in January next before publishing their names.

Chemical Department.—It was reported that at a meeting of the Committee in charge of the Chemical Department on the 29th ultimo, it had been remitted to the Convener and Secretary to look out for suitable ground for conducting experimental stations, and the Secretary stated that he would be glad to receive offers of ground for the purpose.

General Shows.—Edinburgh Show, 1877.—At the last meeting of the Board it was remitted to the Committee on General Shows to consider and arrange the premiums to be offered next year at Edinburgh. The Committee held its meeting on the 15th November, and have suggested premiums to the amount of about L.2700, being an increase of L. 1100 over what was offered at Edinburgh in 1869. The list was approved, and will be submitted to a meeting of members to be held in the Society's hall, No. 3 George IV. Bridge, on Wednesday the 27th current, at 1.30 P.M.

Dumfries Show.—The classes for the proposed show at Dumfries in 1878, as suggested by the Committee on General Shows, were submitted to the Board previous to being laid before a meeting of members to be held at Dumfries on Wednesday the 20th current, at one o'clock.

District Shows.—The reports by the Committees on District Shows and on Cottages and Gardens, detailing the awards at the various competitions held during 1876, and suggesting the districts in 1877, were submitted and approved.

Transference of Premiums.—The Secretary stated that in the poultry awards at the Aberdeen show the first premium for grey dorking pullets was (in accordance with the report signed by the Judges and attending members) stated to have been awarded to Mr James Annand, Keith, and the second to Mrs George Armitstead, Inchmartine, but that the first prize ticket was placed on the pen belonging to Mrs Armitstead, and the second on that belonging to Mr Annand; and that, after communicating with the Judges and these parties, it had been agreed that the prize tickets had been correctly placed, Mrs Armitstead being declared the winner of the first prize. The Board approved of the transference.

International Dairy Exhibition at Hamburg.—Copies of the programme of this exhibition were submitted, from which it appeared that application for exhibiting must be made at latest by the 15th of December, addressed to "The Exhibition Committee for the International Dairy Exhibition, Hamburg;" and that printed forms will be sent post free by the office of the Executive Committee on application. The exhibition will be opened on Wednesday the 28th of February 1877, and following days.

MEETING OF DIRECTORS, 10th JANUARY 1877.

Present—Sir James Dalrymple H. Elphinstone of Logie-Elphinstone, Bart., M.P.; Sir Thomas Gladstone of Fasque, Bart.; Admiral Sir William J. Hope Johnstone, K.C. B.; Mr Graham Binny, W.S.; Mr Gillon of Wallhouse; Mr Howatson of Dornel Mr Hunter of Thurston; Mr Hutchison of Carlowrie; Mr Mackenzie of Portmore; Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A.; Mr Martin, yr. of Auchendennan; Mr Bryden Monteith, Liberton Tower Mains; Mr Munro, Fairnington; Mr Murray of Dollerie; Mr Oswald of Dunnikier; Mr David Stevenson, C.E.; Mr Swinton, Holyn Bank; Captain Tod of Howden; Mr Pettigrew Wilson of Polquhairn; Professor Wilson.—Mr Munro, Fairnington, in the chair. Mr F. N. Menzies reported apologies for the absence of Sir Alexander Jardine of Applegarth, Bart.; Professor Balfour; Mr Ferguson, Kinnochry; Mr Irvine of Drum; and Mr Walker of Bowland.

Death of Mr Dickson, Hermiston.—Before proceeding to the business of the day, the Directors resolved to record in the minutes the deep regret with which they regard the death of Mr Alexander Dickson, Hermiston, and to express their sense of the valuable services which the Society had for so long a period received from him as a member and Director.

Office-Bearers.—The Secretary reported that the names of the noblemen and gentlemen to be proposed by the Directors at the general meeting on the 17th curt., to fill the vacancies in the list for 1876, had been published in terms of the Bye-Laws.

General Meeting.—The programme of business to be brought before the anniversary general meeting on Wednesday the 17th current was arranged.

New Members.—The list of candidates for admission as members at the general meeting was submitted.

Finance.—The Secretary stated that the abstracts of the accounts for 1875-76 had been signed, in terms of the bye-laws, by two members of the Finance Committee, and by the auditor.

Chemical Department.—The report by the Chemical Committee was submitted and approved. (See report at general meeting, 17th January 1877.)

Edinburgh and Dumfries Shows.—The Secretary stated that at a meeting of members connected with the three Lothians, held on the 27th December, the premium list and regulations for the general show to be held at Edinburgh on 24th of July, and three following days, had been submitted and approved ; and that at a meeting held at Dumfries on the 20th of December, the classes of stock as arranged by the Directors were approved, subject to the following suggestions:—1. That in place of only one section for Galloway cows of any age, there should be two—viz., cows calved before and cows calved after 1st January 1875. 2. That in the Ayrshire breed there should be a section for three-year-old cows in milk. 3. That in fat stock a section for two-year-old Galloway heifers should be added. 4. That there should be four sections for Lincolns, same as Border Leicesters. 5. That in place of wether hoggs of any cross not above one shear there should be two sections —viz., half-bred wether hoggs not above one shear, and cross-bred wether hoggs not above one shear. 6. That under wool there should be an additional section for best woolled tup of any other long-woolled breed. 7. That a class for dairy produce should be added with eight sections, as follow—Cured, powdered, and fresh butter; Cheddar cheese; Cheddar cheese, 14 lb. and under; Dunlop cheese; cheese of any other variety ; cheese, flat make, any variety, under 15 lb. The Directors agreed to add the above classes, and to extend the four sections sanctioned for Lincolns to Leicesters, Cotswolds, Southdowns, and Shropshires, it being understood that the amount of money granted to these classes shall not be increased.

Works on the Agriculture of Italy and Great Britain.—Letters were submitted from the Director of the Italian Agricultural Office, sending copy of work in two volumes on the agricultural conditions of that country from 1870 to 1874, together with an atlas of the principal cultivated grounds in Italy; and from Herr Theodor Koerner, Thorn, West Prussia, presenting a copy of a publication by him on the agriculture of Great Britain.

MEETING OF DIRECTORS, 17th JANUARY 1877.

Present—The Duke of Buccleuch, K.G.; Sir William Forbes of Craigievar, Bart. ; Sir Alexander Jardine of Applegarth, Bart.; Admiral Sir William J. Hope Johnstone, K.C.B.; Mr Graham Binny, W.S.; Mr Cochrane, Little Haddo; Mr Copland, Mill of Ardlethen; Mr Erskine of Cardross; Mr Ferguson, Kinnochtry; Mr Gillon of Wallhouse; Mr Milne Home of Wedderburn; Mr Hunter of Thurstone; Mr Hutchison of Carlowrie; Colonel Innes of Learney; Mr Irvine of Drum ; Mr Mackenzie of Portmore; Mr Kenneth Mackenzie, C.A.; Mr Murray of Dollerie; Mr Smith, Stevenson Mains; Mr David Stevenson, C.E.; Captain Tod of Howden; Mr Pettigrew Wilson of Polquhairn; Professor Wilson.- Mr Mackenzie of Portmore in the chair. Mr F. N. Menzies reported apologies for the absence of the Hon. G. R. Vernon; Sir George Macpherson Grant, Bart.; Mr Howatson of Dornel; Mr Maxwell Inglis of Loganbank; Mr Martin, yr. of Auchendennan; and Mr Munro, Fairnington.

The business had reference principally to the subjects to be brought before the general meeting of this date.


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