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Urquhart and Glenmoriston in Olden Times
By William MacKay LL.D.  (1914)


PREFACE

THE following pages are the result of much gathering, begun during my school and college days, of the traditions and legends and songs of my native Parish, and of much searching, in more recent years, for written records referring to it. I have endeavoured to give in them a plain and accurate account of the Olden Times, and a true picture of the Past. The work is, however, that of a novice in book-writing, who has written it, for his own diversion and recreation, during hours of freedom from the labours and anxieties of a busy professional life; and, while no effort has been spared to ensure accuracy of statement, the book is probably not without blemishes of a literary nature which it might have escaped in other hands, and under more favourable circumstances.

I have received generous help in connection with the work. My parents, whose wonderful store of legend and song first suggested it, and the old people, all over the Parish, whose tales at many a ceilidh are still a pleasing recollection, are now beyond the reach of this expression of my gratitude; and so is The Chisholm, who placed his family papers at my disposal. Others who helped are, happily, still with us. To Caroline, Countess Dowager of Seafield, I am specially indebted, for free access to the numerous and invaluable ancient papers preserved at Castle Grant. My thanks are also due to Mr Eraser-Mackintosh of Drummond, for the use of interesting documents in his possession; to Dr Dickson, Curator of the Historical Department, Register House, Edinburgh; Mr Clark, of the Advocates' Library; Mr Law, of the Signet Library; the Rev. Walter Macleod, Edinburgh; Mr Francis James Grant, W.S., Edinburgh (a worthy descendant of the learned James Grant of Corrimony); the Clerks of the Synod of Moray and of the Presbyteries of Inverness and Abertarff; and the officials of the Record Office, London, for much courtesy and aid in the course of my researches; to Provost Ross, Inverness, for the very successful "restoration" of the Castle, which forms the frontispiece, and for the architectural description and ground plan of the Castle; to Mr Mackintosh, artist, Inverness, for the sketches of the Bridge of the Leap and Mac Uian's Pool; to Mr Grant of Glenmoriston, for the loan of the Killicrankie Shield, of which an illustration is given, and for the portrait of Patrick Grant, the protector of Prince Charles; to Mrs Grant, senior, of Glenmoriston, for the drawings of Iain a' Chragain 's Sword and the Glenmoriston Pillory; to Miss Cameron, late of Lakefield, for the drawing of , the Urquhart Brooch; to the Council of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, for the illustrations of the Balnalick Urn and Bronze Blade, and of the Balmacaan Sculptured Stones; to Mr J. E. N. Macphail, M.A., advocate, Edinburgh, who has, at great trouble, revised almost all the proof-sheets; to Mr Alexander Macbain, M.A., Inverness, who, in connection with the appendix on Place-Names, has freely given me out of the abundance of his Celtic learning; to my father-in-law, Mr John Mackay, Hereford, author of "Sutherland Place-Names," for valuable suggestions on the same subject; and to my Wife, who has relieved me of much of the labour connected with the transcription of old writings. It has been the will of Fate that the story of the Parish should be told by the last man who has a home or a holding in it of a family who, for centuries, acted some little part in that story. I hope I am doing the old place a service and not a wrong by publishing it. I trust, also, that no one will find cause of offence in anything I have recorded concerning his or her forefathers. It is the duty of the historian, however humble he or his subject may be, to tell his tale truthfully and without favour; and I have, in endeavouring to act up to that duty, experienced the pain of having to record unpleasant things, not only about my own forbears, but also regarding ancestors and relatives of some of my best friends on earth. The only comforting reflection is that the men of the Past ought not to be judged by the moral standard of the Present.

WILLIAM MACKAY.

CRAIGMONIE, INVERNESS,
Christmas, 1893.

NOTE TO SECOND EDITION

THE first edition having for some time been out of print, the Publishers find themselves encouraged to issue a second. A few necessary corrections have been made, and here and there new information has been given. Mr W. J. Watson, LL.D., author of "Place-Names of Ross and Cromarty," has read the proofs of the Appendix on Place-Names, and I am indebted to him for valuable suggestions on difficult and doubtful points.

WILLIAM MACKAY.

CRAIGMONIE, INVERNESS,
March, 1914.

CHAPTER I
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH BEFORE 1296

The Early Ages. Physical and Climatic Changes. Early Man. The Caledonii. The Picts. Urchard in Moravia. The Legendary Origin of Loch Ness. The Children of Uisneach. The Wars of the Picts. The End of their Kingdom. Incursions of the Norse. Monie, Son of the King of Scandinavia. The Conflict of Craigmonie. The Risings of the Moraymen. Conachar in Urquhart. The Big Dog and the Wild Boar. Origin of the Forbeses, Mackays, and Urquharts. The Harrying of the Church Lands. The Pope's Protection to the Church of Urquhart. Gillespic MacScolane's Deeds and Death. Urquhart Granted to Thomas Durward. Sir Alan Durward. Dispute regarding Church Lands. The Settlement. Sir Alan's Death. The Cummings

CHAPTER II
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1296 TO 1362

Edward I. invades Scotland. John of Glen-Urquhart. Urquhart Castle taken by the English. Sir William Fitzwarine Constable. He is harassed by Andrew Moray. A Sabbath Day's Journey and Fight. The Countess of Ross in Urquhart. Moray Besieges the Castle. Death of William Puer and Fitzwarine's Son. An Army of Relief. The King's Instructions. Fitzwarine's Letter to the King. Sir William Wallace. The English expelled from Urquhart. Forbes Constable. Fitzwarine in Prison. His Wife's Devotion. Edward's Great Invasion. The English again in Urquhart. Forbes and his Garrison put to the Sword. His Wife's Escape. Sir Alexander Gumming Constable. Bruce. Thomas Randolph Proprietor of Urquhart and Glenmoriston. His Highland Followers. His Regency and Administration of Justice. His Murder. Death of his Son, Thomas Randolph. John Randolph. Sir Robert Lauder holds the Castle against Baliol. His Visitors at the Castle. Sir Robert Chisholm. John Randolph Slain, and Chisholm made Prisoner. Chisholm Constable of the Castle. Death of Lander. His Character.

CHAPTER III
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1346 TO 1455

The Barony of Urquhart reverts to the Crown. Is granted to the Earl of Sutherland. Acquired by the Earl of Stratherne. Sir Robert Chisholm. His Urquhart Possessions go to the Wolf of Badenoch. Stratherne lets the Barony to the Wolf. The Wolf withholds the Rent. A Royal Quarrel. Appeal to the King. The Wolf and the Bishop. The Burning of Elgin Cathedral. Thomas Chisholm. The Wolf's Death. Scramble for his Possessions. Urquhart seized by Donald of the Isles. Charles Maclean. Parliament deals with the Castle. The Red Harlaw. The Barony possessed by the Earl of Mar. Claimed by the Duke of Albany. A Compromise. . The Castle repaired by the King. Death of Mar. The Lord of the Isles seizes the Barony. Hector Buie Maclean's Exploits. The Tragedy of Caisteal Spioradan. Ogilvy of Balfour holds the Castle for the King. The Castle taken by John of the Isles. No Rent. Parliament annexes the Barony and Castle to the Crown.

CHAPTER IV
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1455 TO 1509

The Lordship of Urquhart granted to the Lord of the Isles for Life. He and his Highlanders in England. His Rebellion and Attainder. The Earl of Huntly in charge of the Lordship and Castle. The Macleans claim Urquhart. Their Position and Power. A Thirty Years' War. The Lordship let to the Baron of Kilravock. Opposition to him. Arbitration. Bonds of Friendship. Strange League against the Baron. He throws up his Lease. The Parish Waste. Sir Duncan Grant to the Rescue. His connection with the District. The Conflict of Foyers. The Red Bard in Urquhart. Struggle for the Lordship. Lease to the Bard. The Bard King's Chamberlain. He trades with the King. The Lordship granted to Himself and his Sons absolutely. The reasons for the Grants.

CHAPTER V
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1509 TO 1535

The Charters of 1509. The New Baronies of Urquhart, Corrimony, and Glenmoriston. Reservation of Church Lands. The Proprietors' Duties and Services to the Crown. The Castle to be added to and Strengthened. The Inhabitants to be Protected. Waste Lands to be Reclaimed. The King's Highway to be Improved. Bridges to be Maintained. Hemp and Flax to be Cultivated. Strange Division of the Parish. Gradual re-adjustment of Marches. Troubles with the Inhabitants. Troubles with the Crown. Compositions for Crimes. The Last of the Macleans. Invasion of Sir Donald of Lochalsh. A Large Booty. Prices of the Period. The Bard's Proceedings against Sir Donald. The Bard's Treaty with Lochiel. Death of the Bard. Seumas nan Creach. Barbarous Decree against the Clan Chattan. Urquhart exempted from the jurisdiction of Local Courts.

CHAPTER VI
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1535 TO 1560

Troubles in the Western Highlands. Feud between Ranald Gallda and John of Moidart. The Lairds of Grant and Glenmoriston assist Ranald. Battle of Blar-na-Leine. Glengarry and Lochiel invade Glenmoriston and Urquhart. The Great Raid. The Spoil and the Despoiled. Urquhart Burnt. Incidents of the Raid. The Strong Woman of Richraggan. The Big Smith of Polmaily. His Adventures with the Fairies. A Wonderful Filly. The Smith's Sons Slain. Legal Proceedings against Glengarry and Lochiel. Their Lards apprised to the Lairds of Grant and Glenmoriston. Glenmoriston's Death. His Character and Influence. Dispute regarding his Succession. The Ballindalloch Feud. Death of the Laird of Grant. Sad state of the Country. The Justiciar of Urquhart and Glenmoriston. A ghastly Gift to the Queen Regent. The Reformation. The Church's Patrimony Alienated. John Mackay acquires Achmonie. The other Church Lands fall to the Grants.

CHAPTER VII
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1560 TO 1626

The Camerons and Clan Ranald plan another Raid. Mackintosh and Mackenzie of Kintail ordered to protect the Parish. League of Loyalty to Queen Mary. The Men of Urquhart and Glenmoriston in Arms for her. Their March into the South. Urquhart Feu-duties applied toward the Queen's Maintenance in Lochleven Castle. Patrick Grant of Glenmoriston invades Ardclach. He marries the Thane of Cawdor's Daughter. The Thane builds Invermoriston House. Iain Mor a' Chaisteil of Glenmoriston. His Combat with an Englishman. His Fir Candles in London. His Influence and Acquisitions. Appointed Chamberlain of Urquhart. He murders a Packman. Criminal Letters against him. Feud between the Macdonalds and the Mackenzies. The Raid of Kilchrist. The Conflict of Lon-na-Fala. Allan of Lundie's Leap. The Murder of the Mason of Meall-a'-Ghro. Bonds of Friendship between the Laird of Grant and Glengarry and Allan of Lundie. A Big Timber Transaction. The Laird saves Allan.

CHAPTEE VIII
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1603 TO 1640

The Proscribed Macgregors seek Shelter in Urquhart and Glenmoriston. Their Harbourers Fined. Their Evil Influence on the Men of Urquhart. Doule Shee's Raid. Commission of Fire and Sword. Housebreaking at Balmacaan. The Carron and Ballindalloch Feud. Career of Seumas an Tuim. His Supporters in Urquhart and Glenmoriston. The Castle Repaired. The Clan Chattan in Urquhart. Their Friends Prosecuted. The Earl of Moray persecutes Grant of Glenmoriston. Grant visits the King, and His Majesty Intervenes. Death of Glenmoriston and the Laird of Grant. The Story of the Covenant. The Covenant subscribed by the Lairds of Grant and Glenmoriston. Opposed by the Parish Minister and Lady Mary Ogilvy, Liferentrix of Urquhart. A Short Conflict. The Minister Yields. Attempts to stent Urquhart for the Army of the Covenant. Lady Mary's Concessions.

CHAPTER IX
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1640 TO 1647

The Solemn League and Covenant. Montrose and Alasdair Mac Cholla Chiataich take the side of the King. The Laird of Grant and the Tutor of Glenmoriston hold aloof. Alasdair's Requisition on the Tutor. The Tutor's Trick. A Brilliant Campaign. Battle of Inverlochy. The Laird of Grant sends men to Montrose. The Covenanters invade Glen-Urquhart. Lady Ogilvy robbed and driven out of the Parish. Her Appeal to her Son. Undertaking to support the King. Montrose's description of the Laird's Recruits. Urquhart Men killed at the Battle of Auldearn. Montrose's Highlanders in Glen-Urquhart. Raid upon the Aird. Lovat calls upon The Chisholm to drive the Eoyalists out of the Parish. Disputes and Notarial Writs. Montrose's vengeance on the Frasers. His skirmish in Glenmoriston. His Exile. Huntly takes the field for the King. Middleton defeats Huntly in Glenmoriston. Lady Ogilvy's Troubles and Death. Feud between her tenants and those of Glenmoriston. A Fight at a Funeral. Death of the Big Miller. The Condition of the Castle.

CHAPTER X
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1647 TO 1668

Landing of Charles II. He is supported by the Laird of Grant. Patrick of Clunemore at Worcester. The Fate of his Followers. Cromwell's Soldiers in the North. Glencairn's Eising for the King. Lochiel and Kenmure in Urquhart. Middleton supersedes Glencairn. Middleton pursued by Monck. Monck in Glenmoriston and Kintail. Middleton defeated. Dalziel of Binns and Middleton in Glenmoriston and Strathglass. The Chisholm tried by Court-Martial, and Fined and Imprisoned. The English place the First Ship on Loch Ness. The Story of the Event. Peace and Prosperity. The Restoration. The Caterans Let Loose. The Hanging of Hector Maclean. The Burning of Buntait. Dispute between Glenmoriston and Inshes. Glenmoriston Burns the Barns of Culcabock. He seizes Inshes and keeps him Prisoner. Is apprehended by the Robertsons of Struan. The Dispute settled. Donald Donn and Mary Grant. Donald's Career, Capture, and Death.

CHAPTER XI
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1668 TO 1690

The Laird of Grant's Chamberlain killed by Mackay of Achmonie. Mackay forced to surrender Achmonie to the Laird. Fatal fight in Slochd-Muic. Achmonie conferred on William Grant. Restored to the Mackays. Thomas Grant of Balmacaan. Culduthel's Raid on Borlum. The Castle repaired. The Monmouth Eebellion. Unsettled state of the Country. The Men of Urquhart and Glenmoriston support King James. The Revolution. The Laird of Grant supports William and Mary. The Men of Urquhart and Glenmoriston adhere to James. Dundee's Campaign. The Camerons' Raid on Urquhart. Quarrels in Dundee's Camp Killicrankie. Adventures of Men of Urquhart and Glenmoriston in the Battle. Iain a' Chragain's Troubles. Invermoriston House Burnt, and Glenmoriston Devastated. A Whig Garrison in Urquhart Castle. The Castle besieged by the Jacobites. Supplies for the Garrison. The Haughs of Cromdale. Close of the War.

CHAPTER XII
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1690 TO 1708

The Parish Unsettled. The Castle garrisoned by the Whigs. They Vacate and Destroy it. Its Last Record. Its Chambers of Treasure and Pestilence. King William's Measures to subdue the Highlands. Devastation of Urquhart. The Losses of the Laird of Grant and his Tenants. Compensation recommended by Parliament, but refused by the King. Insecurity of Life and Property. Raids and Dackerings. Proceedings against Achmonie. Raids by Glenmoriston Men on Dalcross, Glencannich, and Dunain. Colonel Hill endeavours to stop their Adventures. Horses stolen from Shewglie. The Track and its Eesult. The Macmillans of Loch-Arkaig-side take a Spoil from Glenmoriston. The Fight of Corri-nam-Bronag. The Eaid of Inchbrine. The Conflict of Corribuy. Death of Shewglie. His Son's Revenge. Death of Gille Dubh nam Mart.

CHAPTER XIII
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1693 TO 1736

Fairs Established in Glen-Urquhart. Erection of the Regality of Grant. Sir Ludovick Grant acquires Abriachan, Culnakirk, and Clunemore. He makes over Urquhart to Brigadier Grant. The Brigadier's Career. The Fifteen. The Brigadier on the side of King George. The Men of Urquhart and Glenmoriston support the Chevalier. Glengarry and Glenmoriston in Argyll. Sheriffmuir. Keppocli's Eaid on Urquhart. The Brigadier and the Jacobites of Urquhart. Attainder of Iain a' Chragain. Invermoriston House Burnt, and Glenmoriston Forfeited. The Forfeited Estates Commissioners and their Difficulties. The Court of Sir Patrick Strachan. The Battle of Glenshiel. The Commissioners' Factors. The Factors in Glenmoriston. Patrick Grant joins Donald Murchison. The Fight of Afch-nam-Muileach. General Wade. Fort-Augustus Built. Wade's Eoads. Galley placed on Loch Ness. Glenmoriston purchased for Iain a' Chragain. The Price and its Application. Iain a' Chragain's Death. His Career and Character.

CHAPTER XIV
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1719 TO 1746

Sir James Grant. The Forty-Five. The Three Alexanders of Urquhart support Prince Charles. A Message of Welcome to the Prince. Agitation and Threatenings. Jacobite Recruits from Urquhart and Glenmoriston. Ludovick Grant's Policy of Caution. The Prince's Letter to the Gentlemen of Urquhart. His Cause espoused by the Minister. A Sabbath-Day's Meeting in support of the Prince. The Factor's Reports to Ludovick. Ludovick's Letters to the Factor. Patrick Grant of Glenmoriston joins the Prince. Their First Interview. Prestonpans. Colonel Macdonell's Demand. Achmonie's Mission to Castle Grant. Ludovick's Message to the Gentlemen of Urquhart. Macdonell in Urquhart. An interrupted March. The Macdonalds and the Erasers in Urquhart. The Conference of Tornashee. Doubts and Hesitations. Corrimouy and Achmonie visit Ludovick. The Earl of Cromartie, the Master of Lovat, and Macdonald of Barisdale in the Parish. Achmonie's Undertaking to the Laird of Grant. The Cause of the Prince prospers in the Parish. The Factor in Despair. The Prince's arrival in Inverness. New Recruits from Urquhart.

CHAPTER XV
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1746

The Battle of Falkirk. The Duke of Cumberland in Scotland. Prince Charles at Inverness. Cumberland crosses the Spey. The Men of Urquhart and Glenmoriston summoned to join the Prince. Culloden. Incidents of the Battle and Flight. Alexander Grant's Exploits. Heroic Wives. Ludovick Grant and his Eight Hundred in Urquhart. Rebel-Hunting. Protections promised, and the Men of Urquhart and Glenmoriston Surrender. Fears and Forebodings. Treachery. Despair and Maledictions. Ludovick's Intercession and its Result. Shewglie and his Son and the Minister in Tilbury Fort. Shewglie's Death. Release of his Son and the Minister. Banishment to Barbados. The Fate of the Exiles. Notices of some who Returned. Donald Mackay. William Grant. Donald Macmillan. Alexander Grant. Donald Grant. Alexander Ferguson. Donald Ferguson.

CHAPTER XVI
OLDEN TIMES IN THE PARISH 1746 TO 1747

The Government's Treatment of Ludovick Grant. Glen-Urquhart harried by the English Cavalry. The Blanket Raid. Invermoriston House Burnt, and the Glenmoriston People Plundered. Cumberland at Fort-Augustus. Atrocities in Glenmoriston. A Reign of Terror. The Story of Roderick Mackenzie. Cattle dealing between English Soldiers and Southern Drovers. Gay Life in the English Camp. Horse-Racing Extraordinary. The Seven Men of Glenmoriston. The Wanderings of Prince Charles. The Prince in Glenmoriston. His Three Week's Life with the Seven Men. An Oath of Secrecy and Fidelity. The Prince's Movements. His Escape. His Appearance and Habits. Devotion of the Seven Men. The English leave Fort-Augustus. Famine and Pestilence in the Parish. The Use of Arms and the Wearing of the Hghland Dress Prohibited. A Terrible Oath. Results of Culloden. Close of the Olden Times.

CHAPTER XVII
THE CHURCH IN THE PARISH BEFORE THE REFORMATION

Introduction of Christianity. St Ninian and Ternan. The Temple, or St Ninian's Chapel. The Story of Merchard. His Church in Glenmoriston. Traditions concerning Him. His wonderful Bell. Drostan, Patron Saint of Urquhart. His Chaplainry and Croft. Relapse of the People into Paganism. St Columba's Mission. Marvellous deeds in the district of Loch Ness. Opposition of the Druids. Columba in Urquhart. Conversion of Emchat and Yirolec. Invermoriston Church. Columba's Well. St Adamnan. The Church of Abriachan. The Mission of Curadan. The Church of Corrimony. Gorman. The Churches of Lag an t-Seapail, Achnahannet, Pitkerrald, Kilmichael, and Kilmore. The Celtic Clergy and their Services. Fall of the Druids. Their Religion and its Remains. The Roman Catholic Church Established. Origin of Parishes and Church Endowments. Erection of the Parish of Urquhart. The Parish Church and its Property. The Chapels and their Crofts. The Chancellor of Moray. The Clergy of the Church and Chapels. The Reformation. The Parish Priest turns Protestant. Loss of the Church Lands in the Parish. The People Spiritually Destitute.

CHAPTER XVIII
THE CHURCH IN THE PARISH FROM THE REFORMATION TO THE REVOLUTION

The Church of the Reformation. John Knox's Superintendents. Episcopacy. Presbytery Established. Scarcity of Preachers. Exhorters and Readers. Mr James Farquharson, Exhorter in Urquhart. The Parish under the Charge of Andrew McPhail. John McAllan, first Protestant Minister. The Rev. Alexander Grant. New Churches. Grant's Troubles with the Church Courts. He resists the Covenant, but is forced to Subscribe. The Rev. Duncan Macculloch. His Want of Maintenance, and Troublous Career. His Deposition. A Six Years' Vacancy. Restoration of Episcopacy. Macculloch Reinstated. A Presbyterial Visitation. Lamentable state of the Parish. Macculloch's Resignation. How he slew a Glenmoriston Man. Loose and unruly walking in the Parish. Searching for a Minister. The Rev. James Grant. His Presbyterial Trials. Induction Ceremonies. Persecution of Roman Catholics. Papal statistics of the Parish. The Rev. Robert Monro appointed Preacher in Abertarff and Glenmoriston. His Difficulties, Privations, and Irregularities. Lord Lovat's Midnight Marriage. Presbyterial visitation of Urquhart. Peace and Prosperity. The Elders. The Rev. Robert Gumming. Monro's Protest. Prelacy in the Parish. Troubles in the Church. The Revolution. Presbytery Re-Established.

CHAPTER XIX
THE CHURCH IN THE PARISH FROM THE REVOLUTION TO THE DISRUPTION

Episcopacy in the Parish. The Rev. Robert Cumming remains Episcopalian, but retains the Living. Cumming and the Presbyterian Clergy. The State of the Parish. Presbyterian Missionaries. Presbytery Meetings in the Parish. The Rev. William Gordon. A Missionary Preacher settled in Glenmoriston. The Rev. John Grant. He favours Prince Charles and is imprisoned in England. His Death and Character. The Rev. James Grant. The Rev. James Fowler. Troubles in the Parish. The Meetings of Duncan of Buntait. The Factor interferes and mysteriously Dies. The Rev. James Doune Smith. Charges of Immorality. The People desert the Church. Presbyterial Enquiry. Smith interdicts the Presbytery. The Disruption. The Rise, Influence, and Character of the Men. State of Religion in Glenmoriston. The Rev. Robert Monro. Royal Bounty Missionaries. Glenmoriston erected into a Parish quoad sacra. Churches and Chapels in Olden Times. Worship and Church Service in the Past. Legends and Relics of the Saints. Festival Days. Gaelic Liturgy. The Gaelic Bible. Gaelic Tunes. The Sabbath in Olden Times. Sports and Pleasures. - -Sunday Christenings and Penny Weddings. Lykewakes. atroduction of Puritanism. Its Progress and Effects.

CHAPTER XX
EDUCATION AND CULTURE IN THE PARISH

Education before the Reformation. The Parochial System. Unsuccessful attempts to plant Schools in the Parish. The First School. Charity Schools at Duldreggan, Milton, Pitkerrald, and Bunloit. The First Parish School. Subsequent Agencies. The Education Act. Old Salaries. Old School Books. Gaelic in Schools. Old Punishments. Cock-fighting and other Sports. Urquhart Authors. James Grant of Corrimony. Charles Grant. Lord Glenelg. Sir Robert Grant. James Grant. John Macmillan. Buchanan Macmillan, King's Printer. Patrick Grant. James Grassie. Angus Macdonald. William Grant Stewart. William Somerled Macdonald. James Grant, Balnaglaic. Allan Sinclair. The Bards of the Parish. Iain Mac Eobhainn Bhain. Ewen Macdonald. Shewglie and his Daughter. Alasdair Mac Iain Bhain. Iain Mac Dhughaill. John Grant. Archibald Grant. Angus Macculloch. Lewis Cameron. Angus Macdonald. William Mackay. Hugh Fraser. Survival of Bardism.

CHAPTER XXI
FOLK-LORE IN THE PARISH

Decay of Folk-lore. Decline of the Ceilidh. Satan in the Parish. His Conflicts with the Men. The Death of the Factor. Fair Ewen of the Goblin. Hags and Goblins. Cailleach & Chrathaich. Destruction of the Macmillans. Cailleach Alltan-Diinain. Death of Macdougalls and Macdonalds. Cailleach Allt-Saigh. Cailleach Chragain-na-Caillich. Donald Macrae's Adventure. Daibhidh and Mor of Corri-Dho. Their Feud against the Men of Urquhart. Bocan na Sleabhaich. The White Mare cf Corri-Dho. The Death of Alasdair Cutach. The Fairies and their Haunts. Theft of Mothers and Babes. Other Depredations. Fairy Lovemaking and its Results. Gay Life in Fairy Knowes. The Fairy Smith of Tornashee. The Witches of the Parish. Their Pastimes and Pursuits. Divination. Dead Men and Demon Cats. A Famous Seer.-^The Evil Eye. Second Sight. Sacrifices and Safeguards.

CHAPTER XXII
INDUSTRIAL AND SOCIAL LIFE IN THE PARISH

Origin and History of Agriculture and Laud-Ownership. Davachs and other Divisions. Rise and Fall of Population. Sub-Division of Holdings. The Occupiers of the Soil. Origin of the Crofter. Leases. Agricultural Productions and Customs. Ancient Trade in Cattle, Skins, Wool, and Furs. Rents and Services. Foundation of Lewistown and Milton. Famines. Game Laws. An Ancient Royal Forest. Timber Traffic. Trades. Old Industries. Copper Mine. Iron Works. Lime Manufacture. Distaff and Spindle. Linen and Woollen Factories. Introduction of Spinning Wheels. Ale. An Ancient Brew-House. Whisky-Making. Modern Breweries. Roads and Bridges. Traffic on Loch Ness. Ancient Boats. Cromwell's Frigate. The Highland Galley. Steamboats. Highland Hospitality. Inns. Samuel Johnson at Aonach. The Dwellings of the Past. Modern Improvements. Law and Order. Sanctuaries. Baron Courts and their Procedure. Curious Administrative Division of the Parish. Church Courts. The Poor. Social Customs. Fights and Feuds. Modern Changes. The Conclusion.

APPENDICES

APPENDIX A:
Description of Urquhart Castle

APPENDIX B:
I. Details of Spoil taken from Glenmoriston in October, 1544

II. Details of Spoil taken from Tenants in Glen-Urquhart in April and May, 1545 .

APPENDIX C:

I. Lease by the Bishop of Moray to John Mackay and his Wife, of Achmonie. 1554

II. Lease by the Laird of Grant to Donald Cumming of Dulshangie, of Meikle Pitkerrald. 1660

III. Articles of Agreement between James Grant, Esquire of Grant [afterwards Sir James Grant], and James Delias, Mason at Garthkeen. 1770.

APPENDIX D:

Charter by the Bishop of Moray to John Mackay and his Wife and Son, of Achmonie. 1557

APPENDIX E:

Donald Donn

APPENDIX F:

Proceedings Brigadier Grant against Alexander Mac Uisdeau Glass in Buntait and his Mother

APPENDIX G:

Accompt Ludovick Colquhoun of Luss with the Publick for the Purchase Money of the Estate late of John Grant, late of Glenmoriston, attainted.

APPENDIX H:

I. A List of the Persons in Urquhart who were Concerned in the Rebellion, Surrendered themselves Prisoners to Sr. Ludovick Grant, and were by him brought in to Inverness. 1746.

II. A List of all the Men in Glenmoriston that Surrendered themselves to Sr. Ludovick Grant, May the 4th, and by him delivered to his Royall Highness the Duke of Cumberland, May the 5th, 1746.

III. List of Arms Surrendered to Ludovick Grant at Balmacaan, May, 1746.

APPENDIX I:

Report of the Cattle and other Effects taken by the Army from the Country of Urquhart in 1746.

APPENDIX J:

Extracts from Bishop Forbes' "Lyon in Mourning".

APPENDIX K:

The Seven Men of Glenmoriston.

APPENDIX L:

Notices of the Principal Families of the Parish.

APPENDIX M:

Letters of Collation by the Bishop of Moray in favour of Sir John Donaldson to the Chaplainry of St Ninians. 1556.

APPENDIX N:

Stipend of the Parish Minister at various periods.

APPENDIX O:

Selections from the Productions of the Bards.

APPENDIX P:

Baron Court Records.

APPENDIX Q:

I. Abstract Accompt of the Bussiness done at the Manufactureing Station of Glenmoriston and Neighbourhood by me, Alexander Shaw, Undertaker for said Station, the year 1764.

II. Account of the Distribution of Wheels and Reels ordered by the Honourable Commissioners of Annexed Estates to the Inhabitants in the Neighbourhood of the Manufactureing Station of Glenmoriston, the year 1764.

APPENDIX R:

Extracts from the Drumnadrochit Inn Visitors' Book.

APPENDIX S:

The Poor, and Fools.

APPENDIX T:

Papers concerning the Marriage of an Urquhart Heiress in 1737.

APPENDIX U:

The Urquhart Settlement in Nova Scotia.

APPENDIX V :

Urquhart and Glenmoriston Place-Names

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