Here is an overview of Scottish Manufacturing which I
believe was prepared in 2009.
The UK has the world's largest aerospace industry
outside the USA.
With a turnover of more than £22 billion in 2005, it
supports a highly skilled workforce of over 276,000. Aerospace is the
second largest contributor to the UK economy after pharmaceuticals. The UK
has around 13% of the world market.
With around 10% of the UK aerospace industry in
Scotland, there are 150 companies in the civil aerospace and defence
equipment industries. These employ over 30,000 people.
Aerospace accounts for 3-4% of manufacturing as a
whole. There are three main parts of the industry in Scotland:
Maintenance, repair and overhaul. The fastest
growing part of the industry in Scotland, with growth concentrated in
the west of Scotland.
Manufacture and design. The most widely distributed
part of the industry in Scotland
Avionics. The electronic equipment that goes on to
aircraft and related products. This is the most technically advanced
part of the industry.
Chemicals and pharmaceuticals
The Scottish chemicals
manufacturing sector has an annual output in excess of £3.1 billion
Over 16,000 people are
Over 60% of products
manufactured in Scotland are exported.
World scale companies such
as AstraZeneca, Akzo Nobel, Avecia, Innovene, Ciba, Exxon,
GlaxoSmithKline, Rhodia and Syngenta have Scottish operations.
Chemical exports account
for 12% of manufacturing exports in Scotland (£1.7b), second only to
the electronics industry.
Grangemouth represents 33% of the Scottish
chemicals industry in turnover terms.
More than 1000 companies
that design, develop or supply electronic products or services are
located in Scotland.
Over 45,000 people are
employed directly and approximately 29,000 indirectly.
Electronics contributes 14%
to Scotland’s GDP.
Scotland makes 28% of
Europe’s PCs; more than 7% of the world’s PCs; and 29% of Europe’s
Electronics accounts for
12% of Scotland’s total manufacturing employment and for more than
half of Scottish exports.
The biggest export products are PCs and peripherals
such as printers.
Food and drink
Today Scotland employs
122,000 people in the food and drink processing sector and its
associated supply chain, which generates £7.57 billion in sales.
A further £2 billion comes
from agriculture, aquaculture and fish catching.
Food and drink is the
largest employer within Scottish manufacturing and accounts for more
than a quarter of manufacturing exports.
Scottish farmers and
fishermen provide more than one third of our raw materials and are
major suppliers to the UK industry.
£3.65 billion worth of food and drink were exported
There are over 590
organisations in Scotland's life sciences community - employing
over 29,500 people.
Scotland is home to 15% of
the UK's life sciences companies.
Over 50 academic
institutions and 80 companies are engaged in drug discovery.
There are more than 100
Scottish-based medical devices companies.
Scottish researchers work in many areas, from
developing new therapies for cancer and heart disease, through to
understanding the causes of Alzheimer’s disease.
Paints, inks and other coatings
Note: the statistics in this section are for the UK as a
whole rather than Scotland alone.
Some 450 companies employ around 20,000 people
Combined sales turnover is over £2.2 billion with
exports of £400 millions.
Coatings are produced for a variety of uses,
including the automotive sector, marine, wood finishing, DIY paints,
packaging, coatings for plastics, and, in the case of printing inks,
The industry is changing,
with the introduction of modern manufacturing systems, and a strong
emphasis on customer service.
Five of the largest
manufacturers of coatings in Europe are based in Britain.
The coatings industry
comprises a handful of large multinational companies and hundreds of
small and medium-sized enterprises.
increasingly sophisticated - protecting, beautifying, insulating,
reflecting light etc.
100 tonnes of ink is used
each day for printing newspapers
A jumbo jet needs 2 tonnes of paint.
Scotland’s textile sector is a highly technical industry
in a competitive global market. The industry has an annual turnover of
£1,084 million. In recent years the textile and clothing industry has seen
continuous change. Expertise in design, production and innovation underpin
There are currently 450
textile companies in Scotland, directly employing over 17,000 people.
After several decades of
steady decline in employment numbers, this is now slowing.
Productivity has increased
12% in the last five years. It remains lower than other manufacturing
industries, but the gap is narrowing.
A higher proportion of the
workforce is now employed in highly skilled jobs, in areas such as
design and product development.
5.7% of Scottish
manufacturing jobs are in the textiles sector.
In the last five years, the
proportion of the workforce employed in non-manufacturing jobs
has risen from 15% to 32 % - with managerial and professional
occupations accounting for 13% of jobs.
Average wages in the textile sector remain below
the Scottish average, but the gap has decreased significantly as low
skill jobs move offshore.
You can learn more about these industries at Scottish Enterprise