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South Lanarkshire
Crawford


Population 370 (approx)

The village of Crawford is situated adjacent to the M74 south of Abington.

It has been a stopping place for travellers since the days of the stagecoach, and the Crawford Inn was a well used staging post. It had many famous patrons including Sir Robert Peel, Henry Duke of Bordeaux, rightful heir to the French crown, and Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte.

It is also adjacent to the main railway line south, and before the station closed in 1965, being easily accessible from Glasgow and Edinburgh, Crawford became a popular holiday location. Good angling on the Clyde was and still is one of its attractions.

The scenery around Crawford is stunning and there are many good walks in the area which attract groups of ramblers. Many of the houses in Crawford were built by merchants and businessmen from the cities as holiday homes where families with their servants spent the summer months. There are also a number of smaller cottages, and recently a few new builds.

Now bypassed by the motorway, there are two remaining hotels which mainly serve the trucks which stop overnight. There is also a guesthouse and a Bed and Breakfast for tourists passing through. There is one village store/Post Office which is well stocked and also offers sandwiches and hot food take-away service.

Work has commenced in the building of what will be the largest wind farm in Europe. Over the next 3 years 152 turbines will be appearing on both sides of the M74 around Crawford and Elvanfoot, producing enough energy to power over 200,000 households.

Two bus services, Edinburgh/Dumfries and Leadhills/Lanark, pass through the village.

The local school, Crawford Primary, is a feeder school for Biggar High School. Crawford is served by the Lanark and Carluke Advertiser and the Lanark Gazette.

History

Crawford is an ancient settlement. Evidence of Mesolithic (middle stone age) people has been found in the form of stone tools by the banks of the River Clyde near Crawford. In 1992 archaeologists excavated part of a Bronze Age site normally submerged by Camps Reservoir.

On the opposite side of the Clyde from the village is the site of a Roman Fort, which was partially excavated in 1938, then again between 1961 and 1966. It was concluded that the fort had three periods of occupation by the Romans between 80 AD and 163 AD.

A little to the east of the site of the fort are the ruins of Castle Crawford or Tower Lindsay, for generations the ancestral home of the Lindsay family. David Lindsay was created the Earl of Crawford in 1398 and was given a charter by Robert III elevating Crawford from a barony to a regality.

William Wallace, on his mother's side was related to the Crawford Lindsays and he led an assault on Crawford Castle to seize it from a garrison of English soldiers who held the castle.

James V was a regular visitor to the castle for hunting and hawking expeditions. The hills around Crawford became known as a hunting ground for kings and princes.

The last King to visit Crawford was Edward VII in October 1906 as part of a royal shooting-party when he was the guest of Lord Colebrooke at Glengonnar. It was reported that his party had excellent sport, having bagged 76 grouse, 14 black game, and two hares on Midlock moor and then he "suppit kail" at Midlock Farm.


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