Abraham Lincoln and Robert
E. Lee were cousins. William E. Barton, famous Lincoln biographer, has
traced the two leaders of the opposing forces in the Civil War to the same
distinguished ancestor, Colonel Richard Lee; who arrived in Virginia in
1642 and died in 1664.
The genealogy of Col.
Richard Lee's descendants is given as follows: Abraham Lincoln, son of
Nancy Hanks Lincoln, daughter of Lucy Hanks, daughter of Anne Lee Hanks,
daughter of William Lee, son of William Lee, son of William Lee, son of
Colonel Richard Lee. Robert E. Lee, son of General Henry Lee, son of Henry
Lee, son of Henry Lee, son of Richard Lee, son of Richard Lee, son of
Colonel Richard Lee.
Thanks to The Kentucky
American Presidents who are
Our new President, George
Walker Bush, is a descendant of four Pilgrims. His father, former
President George Herbert Walker Bush, is descended from John Howland and
his wife Elizabeth Tilley, and her father John Tilley, through the
Howland's daughter Hope; and Francis Cooke through the Howland's daughter
Jane. George W's mother Barbara Pierce Bush is a descendant of Henry
Samson, through his son, Stephen.
John Adams, our second
President, and his son, John Quincy Adams, our sixth president, were
descended from John Alden through John's daughter Ruth.
James Garfield, our
twentieth President, was a ninth generation descendant of John Billington
through his son, Francis.
Ulysses S. Grant,
eighteenth President, was a descendant of Richard Warren through Warren's
son, Nathaniel. President Grant's son, Frederick Dent Grant, joined the
District of Columbia's Mayflower Society in 1903 and his son, Ulysses S.
Grant III, joined the same society in 1950.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt,
our thirty-second President, had six Mayflower lines. Through his father,
James Roosevelt, he descended from John Howland and wife, Elizabeth and
her father, John Tilley. Through his mother Sara Delano, he descended from
Isaac Allerton, Degory Priest, Francis Cooke and Richard Warren (he had
four Warren lines).
William Howard Taft,
twenty-seventh President, line (Francis Cook), has been discredited in the
Zachary Taylor, was our
twelfth President. He descended from two Pilgrims, William Brewster,
through his daughter, Fear, who was also Isaac Allerton's second wife.
Thanks to Whittier Area
Genealogical Society Newsletter, PO Box 4367, Whittier, CA 90607-4367.
More Internet sites to check out
forms, such as pedigree charts and family group sheets, make it easier to
organize your research. You can find these free forms at the Ancestors
Research logs (forms used
to record the documents you've searched and the results) are available at:
Correspondence logs (logs
for keeping a record of letters sent out for data or letters received) are
Diana J. Muir, Professional
Genealogist and teacher of eight free online genealogy classes:
Are you researching New
Historical New York Times
Project is a great new free resource on the Civil War.
Seagate Technologies and
Carnegie Mellon University's Universal Library have teamed up to bring you
the Historical New York Times Project, which offers direct scans of
microfilm shot of nearly every issue of the New York Times during the
Civil War, all presented online in an easy-to-navigate format.
The Society of
www.sog.org.uk, has selected Origins.net,
to provide exclusive Internet access for an initial ten-year period to
important elements of its valuable collections of indexes and genealogical
data. You will be able to access not only data from Scotland but now from
England. Check out the Origins.net web site.
Thanks to GEMS of
Genealogy, Bay Area Genealogical Society, PO Box 283, Green Bay, WI
We know summer has arrived in Scotland when.......
* The rain is warm. *
People open their curtains. * It never gets dark - apart from night time.
* The rain clouds are fluffier. * You can take off one of your three
jumpers. * Your umbrella gets a sun tan. * Locals drive around in their
cars with the windows open and the heaters on. * Craft and gift shops
unexpectedly appear from nowhere. * Locals move down to their finger-less
gloves. * Scaffolding appears on historic buildings.
Thanks to The Palm Beach
Thistle, The Scottish American Society of Palm Beach County, Inc., PO Box
15722, West Palm Beach, FL 33416.
Sticky Notes banned!
The California State
Library system has Banned Post-it-Notes because testing by the National
Archives has shown that they leave a residue, which can damage books. In
addition, the narrow ones sold in sets of five colors can pull the printed
word right off the page.
So, if you choose to use
them in your personal books, be sure that the sticky part does not cover
any ink. Never use sticky notes in library books to mark your place- take
along some strips of paper or use blank call slips at the library.
Thanks to Bureau County
Genealogical Society, PO Box 402, Princeton, IL 61356-0402.
Types of records encountered in research
There are basically three
kinds of records you use in researching family history and validating
information. The most important are primary records - records that were
written by, or hold information given by, someone who served as a witness
at an event, such as a birth.
Primary Records include
birth and marriage records, as well as Bible records. (Death records are
not considered primary records because the informant may not have known
the deceased well. The birth and death dates may also be inaccurate on
these records, and parental information may not have been available.)
Bible records are considered primary records because the information is
typically provided by someone with knowledge of the event, at the time the
event took place.
Secondary Records are those
written by someone who knew about the person but wasn't actually there at
the time the event took place. These records include probate and land
records written by clerks and attorneys, and census records, which contain
information given by a person within the household.
Tertiary Records are those
written by people who were not witnesses to an event, and who wrote the
material long after the event occurred. These records include county
histories, biographies, family histories, and school and tax records.
It is wise to seek evidence
to confirm dates and resources from secondary and tertiary records.
The Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Descendant Project underway
To honor the permanent
members of the Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery that completed the trip to
the Pacific Ocean, the Clatsop County, Oregon, and the Pacific County,
Washington, Genealogical Societies are offering a "Corps of Discovery
Descendant Certificate" to any person who can document they are a
descendant to any permanent member of the 1804-1806 expedition.
Data will be stored at the
Lewis & Clark Trail Heritage Foundation, Inc. Library in Great Falls,
Montana. A book will be published after May 22, 2004, the official start
of the 200th anniversary of the expedition and include all the accepted
genealogical data. For an application packet contact: The Lewis & Clark
Project, PO Box 372, Warrenton, OR 97146;
www.pacifier.com/~karenl ; or Pacific County Genealogical Society,
Thanks to Reunions
Three Pusser brothers came to Pulaski (the portion which is not
Bleckley) County, Georgia from Union County, North Carolina in late 1849
or early 1850. Traveling by oxcart, the journey took eighteen days and
nights. The families established homesteads in the area east of present
John Pusser, the eldest
brother, was born May 10, 1818. He married Edith Helms prior to moving to
Georgia. They first lived in a log cabin and later built a large two-story
house for their ten children. The Pusser homestead also included a
blacksmith shop and sawmill. John's occupation was listed in the census
records as "Planter" and he reportedly acquired numerous tracts of land in
Pulaski (and possibly Dodge) County. His estate also included many hundred
heads of sheep and cattle. He died March 28, 1887 and Edith died May 10,
1916. Both are buried in the Bethany Baptist Church Cemetery in Bleckley
John's children donated one
acre of his estate to the Methodist Episcopal Church for the purpose of
establishing a church in their neighborhood. This property is the current
site of Antioch Cemetery, northeast of Cochran in Bleckley County. The
church, which was built on the donated land, burned and was not rebuilt.
Solomon Pusser was born
about 1823. He first married Ada Austin in North Carolina and they had two
children. After moving to Georgia, Solomon initially resided with his
brother John in Pulaski County but later moved to Laurens County. He
married second Spicey Fountain in Laurens County on October 7, 1855. It is
not known if they had any children. On March 4, 1862, Solomon enlisted in
Co. G of the 49th GA Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Confederate States
Army. He was captured by the Union Army at Hagerstown, Maryland just prior
to the Battle of Gettysburg. Solomon subsequently died November 4, 1863
after being admitted to the USA Smallpox Hospital at Point Lookout Prison
Pryor Green Pusser was born
May 1828. He first married Martha Mullis, daughter of Griffin and Coalson
Smith Mullis, on October 5, 1850. They had five children prior to Martha's
untimely death one week after the birth of their daughter Sarah. Pryor
Green then married Juliette Holland less than eight weeks after Martha's
death. He and Juliette had seven children. Pryor Green was a successful
farmer and businessman in the Cochran area. He died May 6, 1910 and is
interred in the Salem Baptist Church Cemetery. Interestingly, Pryor Green
had served as a witness on the 1882 deed which conveyed six acres of land
(including the current cemetery site) to the deacons of the Salem Baptist
The name change from Pusser
to Purser seems to have initially transpired in Pryor Green's line in the
early years of the twentieth century. Many, although not all, of the older
tombstones at Salem show the Purser variation. Ironically, Pryor Green's
first wife was listed as "Mrs. Pusser" and his second wife was listed at
"Mrs. Purser". In contrast, many of the older markings at Antioch and
Bethany, were most of John's descendents are buried, exhibit the original
A thorough search of most
family trees will usually turn up a famous and/or infamous relative. The
same is true with the Pusser/Purser lineage. One of John Pusser's
great-grandsons was Buford Pusser, the legendary McNairy County, Tennessee
sheriff whose life as depicted in the Walking Tall books and movies. In
contrast, another branch of this same family tree we find the family of
the convicted murderer whose shocking story was told on the front pages of
the Macon Telegraph and in Jaclyn Weldon White's book, Whisper to the
Black Candle: Voodoo, Murder and the Case of Anjette Lyles.
Today, the descendents of
John and Pryor Green Pusser number in the thousands. Many still live in
the middle Georgia area. Wherever they reside, all share in a proud
heritage of the Pusser/Purser name.
Thanks to Wiregrass
Genealogical Society, 45 25th Avenue, Eastman, Georgia 31023.
The American Pledge of Allegiance began when?
The original Pledge of
Allegiance was drawn up in the office of The Youth's Companion magazine in
Boston and appeared in the issue for 8 September 1892. It was published to
celebrate the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America, and was first
used in the public schools to celebrate Columbus Day, 12, October 1892.
The pledge was reprinted in leaflet form, and thousands were sent by the
magazine to schools throughout the country to mark the anniversary.
Several years later a
controversy developed among the descendants of two former staff members of
the Youth's Companion, Francis Bellamy and James Upham, as to who was the
author of the pledge. To resolve the question, Col. James A. Moss, U.S.
Army (Retired) and the U.S. Flag Association of Washington, DC, appointed
a committed of experts in 1939. The Committee consisted of two professors
of American History, Charles C. Tansill and Bernard Mayo, and a professor
of political science, W. Reed West. The committee weighed carefully the
evidence presented by the opposing families, and decided unanimously in
favor of Bellamy.
When first published, the
pledge read "my flag" rather than "the flag of the United States." When
representatives of various patriotic organizations came together on 14
June 1923, for the first National Flag Conference, a change in the wording
was adopted. The rationale for the change was that it prevented ambiguity
among foreign-born children and adults, who might have the flag of their
native land in mind when reciting the pledge.
The pledge received the
official recognition of Congress in an Act approved on 22 June 1942. The
phrase "under God" was added to the pledge by an Act of Congress passed on
14 June 1954. At that time President Dwight D. Eisenhower said that "in
this way we are reaffirming the transcendence of religious faith in
America's heritage and future; in this way we shall constantly strengthen
those spiritual weapons which forever will be our county's most powerful
resource in peace and war."
"I pledge allegiance to the
flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it
stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for
Thanks to Sons of the
America Revolution, Jacksonville Chapter, Florida Society, PO Box 40581,
Jacksonville, FL 32203-0581.
Who were my mother's ancestors? WILLIAM CROSS and wife ANGHARD
ELLIS, son JOHN CROSS born 1587. Charlynch, Somersetshire, England.
Contact: Richard Morrissey, 28656 Murietta (Riverside) CA 92586.
Were Civil War soldiers twins? THOMAS MORRISEY (1846-1865), also
JAMES MORRISEY, company K, 8th heavy artillery of Albion, Orleans County,
New York. Contact: Richard Morrissey, 28656 Murrieta, Sun City, CA 92586.
You Say: "I got it off the Internet"; and I wonder.......
* Have you contacted the
compiler? * Have you located the original source? * Have you located
records the online source suggests? * Have you considered that the online
source might be incorrect? * Have you considered using offline sources as
well? * Are you using the Internet source as a clue?
Thanks to Polish
Genealogical Society of Wisconsin
Rannoch Moor featured in TV series and new book
It is reported in
Strathspey & Badenoch Herald, that the fictitious UK hit television series
Monarch of the Glen is about to be screened nationwide in the United
It is filmed in Badenoch
with Arderikie House being the prime location. However, one of the sites
used in filming is Rannoch Moor.
The cameras were in action
at the Newtonmore Highland Gathering last August. The program has been
highly successful in the UK and a second series has now started with the
prospect of others in the future. It is hoped that the tourist industry in
Badenoch will prosper as a result of the TV film.
For more information, to to
search for Monarch, Glen and TV.
Sir Sean Connery Received William Wallace Award
Sir Sean Connery received
the prestigious American-Scottish Foundation William Wallace Award at the
National Tartan Day Capitol Ceremony, April 5, 2001.
Special guests were
Scottish Parliament Representatives, Henry McLeish, First Minister;
Patricia Ferguson, Deputy Presiding Officer; John Swinney, Leader of the
Opposition; and British Ambassador, His Excellency Sir Christopher Myer.
We are so tickled to report
that Sir Sean Connery is a Family Tree subscriber! Congratulations, Sir!
Scotland is open for visitors!!
The Scottish Tourist Board
is getting the message across that Scotland is open to tourists during the
foot-and-mouth outbreak through its website:
A "Scotland is Open for
Business" section has been launched on the website which spotlights all
the attractions, activities and events available in the 14 regions of
Scotland to promote the country in the United Kingdom and abroad.
Daily travel news bulletins
will be posted on the site as well as sensible information for visitors on
what foot-and-mouth is, and appropriate precautions which should be
The website is the
recognized source of accurate information on the impact of foot-and-mouth
disease in Scotland and is linked to all relevant sites, such as the
National Trust for Scotland and RSPB.
STB Chief Executive Peter
McKinlay said: "We are very concerned about the reporting of foot and
mouth, particularly abroad, and want to ensure that messages about
Scotland being open for business are seen far and wide. Our website
receives 10,000 user sessions every day and is accessed by people from all
over the world. We hope that this website will help to educate,
communicate and encourage people to come to Scotland, particularly as
large parts of the country are now accessible."
Clan Hay AGM to be held at Richmond, Virginia
The Clan Hay Society,
American Branch, will hold its 2001 Annual General Meeting on October 27th
and 28th at the Richmond Highland Games and Celtic Festival, in Richmond,
For details, please contact
William Hay Kommalan at 410-255-5065.
Dunnell, Minnesota plans 100th Anniversary
On July 6, 7 and 8, 2001,
Dunnell, Minnesota will host the 100th Anniversary of the founding of
their town. The celebration will include parades, an old-fashioned outdoor
movie, an all-school reunion and a museum of Dunnell memorabilia.
The town of Dunnell was
named after a famous citizen of the State of Minnesota, Mark Hill Dunnell,
who served 8 terms in the United States Congress at the turn of the last
century. Mark Dunnell moved to Minnesota from Maine after he served in the
Civil War. His predecessors were Scots of Clan Donald and they settled in
Maine starting in 1634.
Mr. Dunnell's memory will
be honored and his living relatives, who have documented the entire family
lineage, will all be present.
Henry Donnell landed 1634
in Virginia aboard the merchant ship Bonaventure on a fishing voyage. He
settled in Yorke, Maine where he was a landowner.
For more information,
contact Mary Dunnell Peters at
Moore Family Reunion set for July 14, 2001
On July 14, 1786, Shawnee
Indians, under the leadership of the notorious half-breed, Black Wolf,
swooped down out of what is now Ohio, attacking the Captain James Moore
family in Abb's Valley in southwest Virginia. The family was killed,
except for 9 year old Mary, who was captured and sold into slavery in
Canada. Her brother, Joseph, also escaped the massacre. He was visiting
relatives at the time in Rockbridge County, Virginia, the former home of
the Moore family.
Two years earlier, her
brother James, at the age of 14, was captured by the self-same Black Wolf
and also sold into slavery in Canada.
For a number of years, the
Moore descendants have held family reunions in July on the Saturday
closest to the date of the massacre. This year the reunion will be held on
July 14th, exactly 215 years from that fateful day.
The reunion will start with
a Dutch treat picnic lunch at noon at Christ First United Methodist Church
in Abb's Valley, Tazewell County, Virginia, near Bluefield, West Virginia.
The church is across the road from the Moore Monument and massacre site.
All descendants of Captain
James Moore are welcome and urge to attend. For further information
contact Robert H. Moore, Jr., 56 Governor's Lane, Princeton, New Jersey
08540, or call 609-688-9377.
A famous battle, originally fought by Highland soldiers on the
banks of the Nile, was re-enacted in Northwest Scotland recently by
Americans. The scene was famous Fort George, Europe's largest
Forty kilted, rifle and
bayonet-wielding Yanks, mostly Californians, armed with Gatling gun and
cannons, reenacted the textbook battle of Tel-el-Kebir.
The spectacular event saw
pyrotechnics used to augment the sounds of the guns and the smoke of the
battle. The impressive group, called "Bydand Forever" after the Gordon's
Gaelic Regimental motto which means "Steadfast", staged the battles for
Historic Scotland. They have recreated the maneuvers and tactics of the
Gordon Highlanders through painstaking archival research. All their
uniforms and equipment are exact replicas of originals and the Highland
riflemen are augmented by a Royal Navy crew and Royal Artillerymen.
The original battle of
Tel-el-Kebir was fought by The Gordon Highlanders and other British
regiments sent to Egypt by HRH Queen Victoria. It was done to restore the
overthrown and bankrupt Egyptian government and to protect Britain's
interests in the Suez Canal. The battles at Fort George were the
largest-scale performances by Bydand Forever in its 10-year history, and
were complete with Egyptian soldiers firing Snyder rifles and 12-pounder
canons at them from fortified positions.
Historic Scotland North
regional director, Bob McIlwraith said, "Bydand Forever were definitely
the highlight of this year's events programmer!"
Bydand Forever is actually
a commemorative team officially sanctioned by The Gordon Highlanders
Regimental Museum in Aberdeen, Scotland. Now they are back in the United
States performing a Scottish and Victorian events throughout the
Southwest. They may have Colorado and Ft. Henry, Canada on their
performance schedule this year. For their fourth triennial tour of
Scotland in 2003, they are trying to work in a special appearance at the
Edinburgh Military Tattoo. They were barracked and fed with the Royal
Highland Fusiliers during their stay at Fort George, and performed twice
at the annual Tattoo in nearby Inverness.
Their shows at Fort George
were widely publicized and brought thousands of spectators to Fort George.
Next, they traveled to The Gordon Highlanders Regimental Museum in
Aberdeen for a special reception and to scatter the ashes of one of their
departed soldiers into the Secret Garden. The first weekend in August they
were featured performers at the "Gordon 2000 Highland Homecoming" in the
shadow of historic Huntly Castle, also in Aberdeenshire. The village of
Huntly was the birthplace of The Gordon Highlanders in 1794. In addition
to performances at this huge and historic festival, Bydand Forever marched
through Huntly with The Highlanders, the regiment which was formed six
years ago when The Gordon Highlanders were amalgamated with The Queen's
If you want to learn more
about Bydand Forever, or the history of The Gordon Highlanders (which
Winston Churchill called "The finest regiment in the world!"), you can
look to the following sources. Bydand Forever's web site (currently under
reconstruction) is at
You can get a preview of
the beautiful Gordon Highlanders Regimental Museum at St. Luke's in
Aberdeen Scotland, at
www.gordonhighlanders.com. Information on Fort George can be found on
Historic Scotland's Web site,
If you are interested in
the Gordon 2000 Celebration, which brought together Gordon Highlanders
veterans and members of the House of Gordon from all over the world, a new
video of the historic event is available in either NTSC or PAL from TV
Services of Huntly, Scotland, at
Internships available in Wales
The National Assembly for
Wales, along with the University of Wales, has teamed up with Ohio
University to offer American Students a range of internships in the
Ohio University is the
gateway for U.S. students of any major to experience first-hand one of the
most exciting developments in modern European politics. Students of Welsh
descent or those directly interested in Welsh or Celtic studies are
particularly encouraged to apply.
In the context of
strengthening Welsh-American ties over the last few years, we hope this
unique opportunity for American students will be of interest to you. For
more information please visit:
www.cas.ohiou.edu/pols/walesinternship/ or e-mail
The Wales internship
Program is nonprofit and run by the Political Science Department of Ohio
University, in conjunction with the University of Wales, Swansea.#
Write David Norris, Wales
Internship Assistant, Political Science Department, Bentley Hall, Ohio
University, Athens, OH 45701.
Thanks to Y Drych, Box
8089, St. Paul, MN 55108-0089.
Women's Welsh Clubs of America Scholarships now available
It is time once again to be
thinking of the scholarships offered by The Women's Welsh Clubs of America
for those who qualify.
Applicants must be Welsh or
of Welsh descent, a citizen of the United States and meet certain
requirements such as:
1. Maintained a 3.0 or
better grad point average
2. Provide proof of financial need
3. Proof of enrollment as a full-time student or doing post-baccalaureate
4. Authorize the registrar of the school to send an official transcript
Applications are available
from the office of The Women's Welsh Clubs of America, Scholarship
Committee, 22199 Center Ridge Road, Rock River, Ohio 44116, or by
telephone 440-331-0420. Completed applications must be returned to the
above address on or before June 15, 20001.
Helena Liddle Wins Clan Donald Educational & Charitable Trust
Robert McGinnis, Secretary
of the Clan Donald Educational & Charitable Trust of Pittsburgh, announced
that the winner of this year's $7,500 scholarship awarded by the
Scholarship Committee of the Trust is Helena Liddle or Oakmont,
Ms Liddle will use the
scholarship to work toward here doctorate in Scottish Literature at the
University of Edinburgh. She has already completed her master's work at
Edinburgh and has won other scholarships in the past from clans MacBean,
Macbeth, MacLellan and Ferguson. Her mother, Nancy Hagen Liddle, is very
active in Scottish affairs in the Pittsburgh area, where she is a member
of the Pittsburgh St. Andrew's Society and dances with the Pittsburgh
Royal Scottish Country Dance Society.
Funding for the Clan Donald scholarship program is provided in a large
part by receipts from the Ligonier Highland Games, which are held on the
first weekend after Labor Day each year. This year's dates will be
Information about applying
for the Clan Donald scholarship or a schedule of events for the Ligonier
Games can be obtained by sending a stamped, self-addressed envelope to PO
Box 884, Bethel Park, PA 15102, or by checking the Games' web site at