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The Ellen Payne Odom Genealogy Library Family Tree
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Jerald E. Blair was a war hero whose final days were spent fighting pulmonary disease and living on his Army pension in a modest rental house in West Sacramento. Mr. Blair served in three wars and won the nation's third-highest award for gallantry, died Thursday of complications from the disease. He was 75.

Mr. Blair resided in West Sacramento for the past two decades. He had retired from the Army several years earlier as a sergeant first class. One of his last tours of duty was in Vietnam, where he was a member of the Green Berets, as the Army's Special Forces troops are known. But it was during the Korean War that he distinguished himself in combat on March 24-26, 1953, and earned the Silver Star for gallantry. Mr. Blair was wounded during the Korean War, and later spent a year in a full body cast after his parachute failed to fully open during training near Fort Lewis, Washington. "He had a plate in his head, never could hear right. His health wasn't that good," said his second wife, Claudette.

Mr. Blair was a full-blooded Sioux "who never claimed all the benefits he was entitled to," his wife said. "He was so proud. He went through a lot and paid a lot for it." He received the Silver Star for his "Unswerving devotion to duty" after his platoon leader was wounded and evacuated during fighting near Chorwon, Korea. At the time he was serving with Company A, 32nd Infantry Regiment. Mr. Blair immediately "took command of his unit and led it through the trenches for a counterattack on enemy-held position," according to the citation accompanying his Silver Star award.

"When his platoon came under withering enemy fire (he) unhesitatingly exposed himself in order to better direct his men in their...attack," the Citation reads.... Mr. Blair was born in Spokane, Washington on May 29, 1926. He never knew the names of his parents, who put him up for adoption a few months later, his wife said. "All he knew was they were both Sioux," she said. He was adopted by Sallie and Nello Blair, and was reared in Poplar, Montana, where he graduated from high school.

Survivors include his wife, the former Claudette Horton, of West Sacramento; sons, Nello Blair of Spokane, Washington and Norman Blair of Simi Valley; and two grandchildren.

Delawares published by Bridgestone Books
A new book on the Delaware People has been published. A 24 page, full color hardback book entitled The Delaware People has been printed and has just been released for distribution. This book is another in a series of 30 books published by Bridgestone Books about American Indian people. Each book features a particular Indian tribe.

The book is written by author Allison Lassieur for school age children who are learning for the first time about the American Indian. This book will answer most questions a child would have about the historical clothing, foods, homes and language of the Delaware Tribe. It is presented in a simple topical way and the pictures even tell the story. A child could read it himself or a teacher could read it out loud to her class.

Photographs of members of the Delaware Tribe of Indians are featured in the book. The Delaware People provides a suggested projects a child could do and directions on how to acquire information for those who want to further study the Delaware people.

The Delaware People is carried in the Delaware Tribe of Indians' Gift Shop. It regularly sells for $13 but is on sale for $10. To order the book by credit card call 1-800-700-9870, or send amount plus $1.50 for shipping and handling on $0-$10, or $11+ 20% of purchase to Delaware Indian Gift Shop, 220 N.W. Virginia Ave., Bartlesville, OK 74003. This book review is by Annette Ketchum. Thank you to the Delaware Indian News.

State of Georgia funds archaeological dig at Ebenezer site in Georgia
State of Georgia will provide $20,000 grant for archaeological dig at Ebenezer. At the request of Representative Ann Purcell, Governor Roy Barnes has approved a $20,000 grant from the Governor's Discretionary Fund for an archaeological dig at New Ebenezer. Plans for a dig accelerated when Jerusalem Church announced construction plans for an expansion of their facilities. Disturbing the soil with construction equipment can destroy priceless artifacts. Furthermore, once a building has been constructed on the site, historical remains and artifacts under the surface of the ground become permanently inaccessible. The cost of a total comprehensive dig on the site where construction is to take place would be $89,000. The governor's grant will allow for some serious archaeology, including the determination of whether there are human burials on the planned construction site.

There is a strong possibility of human burials being found. Many historical documents make reference to a cemetery in the churchyard of the wooden church building in use before the present brick church building was finished in 1770. This cemetery, whose exact location has been lost and whose wooden grave markers have deteriorated and disappeared with time, predates the present cemetery at New Ebenzer. If human burials are unearthed as a result of construction, Georgia law requires an immediate cessation of work and notification of the proper authorities. Thus, there is a need to determine if human burials are present on the site and have the matter resolved prior to the start of construction.

The archaeological dig will be conducted by Dan and Rita Elliot of the LAMAR Institute. The Elliotts have been doing archaeological work at Ebenzer for the last fourteen years. They regard Ebenezer as the best lost city for archaeology in the Eastern United States. A 1987 shovel test by the Elliotts of the planned construction are revealed "a large amount of colonial period artifacts and strongly indicates that important archaeological deposits are located there."

The Georgia Salzburger Society would like to obtain additional funds, bringing the total to the $89,000 needed for a total comprehensive dig of the planned construction site. Otherwise, the opportunity to recover more Salzburger history and artifacts will be lost forever. If you can contribute or if you know a source of funds, please contact GSS President Vince Exley as soon as possible. Contact Vince as follows: phone 770-926-3334, email: <oxcart1212@aol.com> or write to him at 4910 Rocky Valley Drive, Marietta, GA 30066-1147.

Do you have illegitimate ancestors?
Sooner or later, most genealogists stumble across an illegitimate ancestor. Old parish registers often reveal this information, but there were various ways of expressing illegitimacy, some of them in Latin. In Latin, "ignotus" means unknown. So records sometimes say, "nomine ignoto" meaning the fathers name was unknown.

"Filius Populi" means son of the people. This reference in English records often covers cases where the father was known to be a local man, but might be one of two men. It also can mean that the father was anybody's guess.
"Filius nullius" means son of none. This terminology was used in cases where the father was a stranger (in that parish) or the mother couldn't or wouldn't say who he was.

There are other tiny clues to be found in parish records, so it's important to copy the references exactly. For example, if you find a record that reads something like "Johannes filius Mariae Jones et reputat (ur) de Johanni Smith, it translates to John. Son of Mary Jones and by repute of John Smith. What that means is that the father either admitted paternity or that paternity had been proved. But if the records read "Johannes filius Mariae Jones et imnputat de Johanni Smith," it means the mother claimed the father was John Smith, but he wouldn't admit it or else the case hadn't been settled. Other terms you may run into are "ut fertur" meaning as it is said (or believed it if you like), and "dictus" or "p(rea) dictus, meaning the said, aforesaid (man). "Voctus" means called or known as.

A common way of showing illegitimate paternity in English records was to give a child his father's full name and his mother's surname. The idea was that if the couple married later, the mother's surname would be dropped. Knowing about the use of double surnames for illegitimate children is very useful to genealogists, but in genealogy, there are always exceptions. In London, Lancashire, Yorkshire and among nonconformists, the use of a complimentary second surname from the mother's family, the pastor or a rich uncle, came into vogue in the early 1800s and again in the later Victorian period.

If you discover a reference to John Jones Smith, and it occurs anywhere but in a recognized gentry family before about 1840 in England, it should alert you to the possibility of illegitimacy, but remember the exceptions. In the late 19th century the English sometimes used hyphenated surnames such as Armstrong-Jones, but for reasons of ancestral snobbery, not illegitimacy, so when researching English records, remember this popularity of double surnames in particular localities and time periods for other reasons that the marital status of a child's parents before assuming an ancestor was illegitimate.

Thanks to The Illuminator Newsletter of the Zion Genealogical Society of Zion, Illinois.

Can DNA identify Christopher Columbus?
Spaniards hope to use DNA testing to solve the mystery over Columbus' two gravesites. A pair of Spanish high school teachers want to harness new technology to settle an old argument: who's buried in Christopher Columbus' tomb? Make that tombs. Authorities in Seville, Spain and Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic both claim to be watching over the remains of the explorer, known in Spanish as Cristobal Colon.

For more than 100 years, historians have debated which side is right. The only sure way to find out, says history teacher Marcial Castro, is dig up both sets of bones, glean some strands of DNA and compare them to DNA from Hernado Colon, Columbus' son through an extramarital affair. Hernando Colon's remains are the only available, authenticated ones of a close relative of Columbus, Castro says. They're buried at the cathedral in Seville; along with the bones that Spain says are his father's.

In the Dominican Republic, a huge, cross-shaped monument called the Faro a Colon, or Columbus Lighthouse, also purports to hold the remains of Christopher Columbus. Castro, 38, teaches in a public high school in Seville province, studies genealogy on the side and has published several papers on historical figures. This is by far his grandest investigation yet. The Andalusian regional government has acted as intermediary and formally asked church officials in Seville to open Columbus's tomb.

"My heart is jumping our of my chest," said Castro, who is working with colleague Sergio Algarrada, a biology teacher at Ostippo High School in Estepa town. They've enlisted help from Jose Antonio Lorente, director of the Laboratory of Genetic Identification of the University of Granada, to examine DNA from the various sets of remains. Lorente usually works on criminal cases but has also helped identify people killed under military regimes in Latin America. His lab works regularly with the FBI. But it is not clear if the Catholic church in Spain will go along, or if authorities in Santo Domingo will allow the bones in the Columbus Lighthouse to be disturbed by the probing fingers of science. Luis Yaport, deputy director of the monument, said the final decision would be up to Dominican President Hipolito Mejia and church officials. "If it really can be proven that these are Columbus' remains, or that they are not, wonderful!" Yaport said from Santo Domingo.

Another unknown is whether enough intact DNA could be recovered to carry out genetic tests. The double helix that provides the blueprint of human life degrades over time, and it's been 500 years. "Columbus's DNA will be in bad shape," Lorente predicted. Still, Castro said the Spanish academic community is also excited about his proposal, for which he has requested funding from National Geographic, and no one seems worried by the prospect of Spain learning it's got the wrong person buried in Seville.

Columbus died in the Spanish city of Valladolid on May 20, 1506. He had asked to be buried in the Americas, but no church of sufficient stature existed there so he was interred in a monastery in Valladolid. Three years later, his remains were moved to a Carthusian monastery on the island of La Cartuja in Seville. In 1537, Maria de Rojas y Toledo, widow of Columbus's son Diego, was allowed to send the bones of her husband and his father to the cathedral in Santo Domingo for burial. There they lay until 1795, when Spain ceded the island of Hispaniola to France and decided Columbus' remains should not fall into the hands of foreigners. So set of remains that the Spaniards thought were Columbus' were dug up from behind the main altar in the newly built cathedral and shipped to a cathedral in Havana, where they remained until the Spanish-American War broke out in 1898 and Spain brought them to Seville. It did so amid controversy.

In 1877, workers digging inside the Santo Domingo cathedral unearthed a leaden box containing 13 large bone fragments and 28 small ones. It was inscribed "Illustrious and distinguished male, don Cristobal Colon." The Dominicans said these were the real remains of Columbus and that the Spaniards must have taken the wrong body in 1795. The remains the Dominicans found are the ones kept in the lighthouse. Lorente, who has found a genetic match of 500 plus years old bones from a Spanish nobleman and his mother, is optimistic he can obtain enough DNA to solve the Columbus quest.

"It is a major challenge, but in any case it is not the first time we have done this," he said. Thanks to Newsletter published by the Arizona Genealogical Advisory Board, Inc., PO Box 5641, Mesa, AZ 85211-5641, www.azgab.org.

The Family Tree helps a Georgia man find his own family tree!
This story started about four years ago. We have a recycling area for magazines, newspapers and glass. I look through the newspapers from out of town/state and one day I found a newspaper with the name of The Family Tree. It looked like something different. While looking through it I found out that the Coleman family was part of Clan Buchanan.

They sent me a form on which I could record my parents, their parents and so on. Not having much to go on, I sent a copy each to my brothers. One lives in Ohio and the other lives in Atlanta, Georgia. This started the ball rolling.

After many hours on the Internet, visiting with relatives in Kentucky, visiting cemeteries, talking with folks on the telephone and many, many hours putting together a history of the Virginia Coleman and the Kentucky Coleman families, I now know that our 8th great-grand father was born in England in 1622. I have a copy of each grandfather by name and his children. There are 10 generations of this Coleman family. I have many pictures of old relatives. I soon hope to add these to the other information I have sent to the Moultrie Library, in Moultrie, Georgia.

Thanks to The Family Tree for making this trip through my history. Any family member can reach me at: Carl Coleman, 308 Sparta Street, Warner Robins, GA 31088.

Here's a puzzle for you
Susan wants to know: What do you call the person for whom you are named? For example, if you are named for your grandmother, your are HER "namesake." Your Grandmother is YOUR "_(what)_"? What is the term that is the counterpart to "namesake"? If you have the answer, email Helen Smith at Hsmithlv@prodigy.net

Thanks to The Prospector, Clark County Nevada Genealogical Society, PO Box 1929, and Las Vegas 89125-1929.

Where did the term black market come from?
In medieval England there were nomadic mercenaries who wandered the countryside and would sell their services to the highest bidder. These were hardened fighters who lived solitary lives in the wilderness. They did not have the luxury of servants to polish their armor and it would oxidize to a blackish hue and they came to be known as black knights.

At local town festivals they would have exhibition jousting matches in which the winner of the fight would win the loser's weapons and armor. The local gentry, softened by the good life, would lose to these black knights. The nomadic knights didn't have much use for an extra set of armor and would sell it back to them immediately after the fight. The losing nobility would be forced to buy back their armor and after market came to be known as the "Black Market."

Thanks to The Prospector, Clark County Nevada Genealogical Society, PO Box 1929, Las Vegas, NV 89125-1929.

Global Positioning is a good way to keep track of obscure cemeteries
To make the locations of obscure and lost cemeteries easier to find you can use a Global Positioning System (GPS). It can help pinpoint the location within feet using Latitude and Longitude. It is useful in finding graves positions in rural areas where many are abandoned, overgrown or there are just a few. The GPS devices can usually be purchased for under a hundred dollars and may even be found in pawnshops.

Editor's question: Wonder if you could drive your GPS equipped car to the cemetery and use that?

The Internet can help you with German genealogy!
A good site for beginners in German Genealogy studies with connections to resources for German research, book stores and a helpful section on German history, culture and language is http://home.att.net/~wee-monster.

Thanks to The Prospector, Clark County Nevada Genealogical Society, PO Box 1929, Las Vegas, NV 89125-1929.

A tip for keeping photocopies organized
To keep photocopies from books properly grouped (just in case they get shuffled), I pencil in a code at the library and when I get home, I use transparent Avery labels and a tiny font and type all the relevant information on enough labels to place a label on each page from one source. Quick and easy!

Thanks to Billie Hamilton and The Prospector, Clark County Nevada Genealogical Society, PO Box 1929, Las Vegas, NV 89125-1929.

Ein Zungenbrecher, a tongue twister for you
Try repeating this sentence five times fast: Es klapperten die Klapperschlangen bis die Klappern schlapper klangen. (The rattlesnakes rattled until their rattles sounded listless.) Help! My tongue is twisted into a knot!

Zwei Aberglauben, two German superstitions
In 1994, 38 percent of Germans believed that when you hear a cuckoo, it's good luck to shake your purse (to prevent it from ever being empty) and that it's bad luck to see a spider in the morning. It's bad luck to your editor to see a spider anytime! Eeeeeek!

Thanks to Munchner Merkur, 14/15/ May 1994 via Sacramento German Genealogy Society, PO Box 660061, Sacramento, CA 95866-0061.

Eine Ironie, and irony
"Important papers will often demonstrate their importance by moving from where you left them to where you can't find them." Richard L. Hooverson

Thanks to Sacramento German Genealogy Society, PO Box 660061, Sacramento, CA 95866-0061.

Did you know that Halloween was a Celtic celebration of ancestors & spirits?
Many people may not realize that the earliest observation of Halloween was a Celtic celebration of appreciation of their ancestors. Samhuinn, which extended for 31 October to 2 November, was a time Celtic Druids set aside to free themselves from the constraints of their highly structured society. The people would show their lack of inhibition by wearing strange clothing and playing pranks, while children would knock on neighbors' doors asking for treats. These activities, however, were not central to the celebration.

What was most important to the Druids was the belief that on these days contact could be made with departed spirits and guidance or inspiration is received. Therefore, the dead were not feared, but celebrated as loving guardians and guides. Ultimately, the days of Samhuinn were renamed by early Christians to be Hallowe'en (31 October), All Hallows (All Saints Day) [1 November], and All Souls Day (2 November).

Thanks to Encarta, Microsoft Systems via Stovall Journal, 6377 Limewood Avenue, Memphis, TN 38134.

2003 Clan MacFarlane Society Scholarship offered
Any secondary school student within a year of graduation, or a graduate of a secondary school who has worked for up to a year after graduation, who plans to attend a four-year college or university, is eligible to apply for the 2003 Clan MacFarlane Society Scholarship.

In case of international students whose school systems are unlike that of the United States, "secondary school" may be interpreted as any school which is normally completed at approximately 16-20 years of age, and "college or university" may be interpreted as the next level of education after such a school. Candidates will be judged without regard to race, creed, color, national origin or political affiliation. Applications must be in English and documentation in a language other than English must be accompanied (not substituted) by a translation. Grants will be in U.S. dollars only.

Deadlines for application transcripts and letter of recommendation must be in the hands of the Chair of the Scholarship Committee no later than March 15, 2003. The award will be announced between May 1 and May 31, 2003. Questions about eligibility, or any phase of the application process, should be addressed to the Chair of the Scholarship Committee at Scholarship@macfarlane.org.

Mr. Joseph U. N. Debuque, 85, of Beed Ave., CMA Member #306, died Saturday April 20, 2002, at his home after a lengthy illness. He was the husband of the late Inez M. (Nodding) Dubuque, with whom he spent 62 years of marriage. Born in Saskatchewan, Canada, he was the son of the late Ulrick and Edith (Legasse) Dubuque. He was a graduate of Lynn Classic High School, class of 1935. He was employed at the Daily Evening Item as a printer and a proofreader, retiring in 1979. He was an active member of the Lynn Historical Society and the New England Genealogical Society. He was a member of the Knights of Columbus, the Franco American Genealogical Society, St. Vincent de Paul Society, St. Jean's Church and St. Jean's Church Choir. He was also the former secretary and treasurer of the Typographical Union. Mr. Dubuque leaves two sons, three daughters, eleven grandchildren, nine great-grandchildren and several nieces and nephews.

Rats and more rats!
There were so many rats in Frankfurt in the late 1400s that a man was stationed at the city gate and collected a pfennig for each rat brought in by cart or wagon. The rat's tail would be cut off and the body thrown into the river. The tails were kept as a means to keep count. Frankfurt Jews were taxed 5000 rat-tails each year.

Thanks to German Interest Group Newsletter, May 2000 via Bureau county Genealogical Society, 629 South Main Street, Princeton, IL 61356-2012.

Seeking information on any family member of GUSTEDA WREN, born 1899, McClellanville, SC to father SIDNEY WREN. Contact Paula M. Jones, 111 W. Indian Bluff Dr., LaGrange, GA 30240, 706-884-4563, danj@mindspring.com


"Oyez, oyez, oyez," says the town crier!
What is the meaning of the word "Oyez" which is pronounced either "o-yay," or "o-yez," or "o-yes" depending on where you were raised? Officially, it is used there times in succession by the Marshal of the Court to introduce the opening of a court of Law. Until the 18th century, speaking English in a British court of law was not required; one could use Law French, a form of French that evolved after the Norman Conquest, when the Anglo-Norman became the language of the official class in England.

"Oyez" descends from the Anglo-Norman "oyez," the plural imperative of "oyer," 'to hear'; thus "oyez" means 'hear ye' and was used as a call for silence and attention. Although it would have been much heard in medieval Britain, it is first recorded as an English word fairly late in the Middle English period, in a work composed around 1425. Since this phase worked so well in a court of law, the town criers used it to draw the attention of the mostly illiterate public to matters of importance. The criers or bellmen were usually people of some standing in the community, as they had to be literate enough to read and write proclamations. The crier would read a proclamation, usually at the entrance of the local pub or inn, then nail it to the door post - from which comes the expression "posting a notice," as well as naming newspapers as the post.

Women were often employed in spreading the news of items that had been lost, the arrival of fresh food at the market or some piece of local intelligence. One such person was Beetty Dick of Dalkeith in Midlothian (1693-1773). Beetty used a large wooden trencher that she hit with a spoon. The din was just about enough to stir the graveyard. The sound would rattle out at different places in the town, causing crowds to assemble to hear the latest announcement, for which Beetty charged a sum of one penny. Every night she was employed to bawl out "tripe, piping hot, ready for supper the nicht at 8 o'clock at Jeanie McMillan's, head of North Wynd. Gang hame, bairns, and tell your folks about it."

Thanks to the Palmetto & Thistle, Scots-American Society of Brevard, PO Box 3325, Melbourne, FL 32902-3325, http://www.spindata.com/sasb.

Have you wondered what they stand for?
Starting with the 1900 census, under Naturalization status appears one of the following abbreviations for persons of foreign birth. (Unless the enumerator forget to fill in that column) Naturalized (NA); papers filed (PA); alien (AL); or no record (NR).

Thanks to The Genie's View, LaSalle County Genealogy Guild, 115 W. Glover St., Ottawa, IL 61350.

Hints on etiquette from a bygone time
These rules are taken from a little book written in 1834 as a serious guide to good manner. It amusingly illustrates the customs of a bygone period. "Although these remarks will not be sufficient in themselves to make you a gentleman, yet they will not be sufficient in themselves to make you a gentleman, yet they will enable you to avoid any glaring impropriety, and do much to render you easy and confident in society."

Dinners: Well-bred people arrive as near the appointed dinner hour as they can. It is vulgar assumption of importance purposely to arrive half an hour behind times; besides the folly of allowing eight or ten hungry people such a tempting opportunity of discussing your foibles.
Ladies should never dine with their gloves on - unless their hands are not fit to be seen.
You cannot use your knife, fork or teeth too quietly.
Do not practice the filthy habit of gargling water from your finger bowl, albeit the usage prevails among a few.
Bread should never be cut less than an inch and a half thick. There is nothing more plebeian than thin bread at dinner.
It is considered vulgar to take soup twice.
Do not pick your teeth much at table.

Introductions: Never "introduce" people to each other without previous understanding that it will be agreeable to both.
Do not insist upon pulling off your gloves on a hot day when you shake hands with a lady. If it be off, why, all very well; but it is better to run the risk of being considered ungallant to present a clammy ungloved hand.

Visiting: Never leave your hat in the hall when you pay a visit to a lady; it makes you look too much at home. Take it with you into the drawing room.

Smoking: If you are so unfortunate to have contracted the low habit of smoking be careful to practice it under strict restrictions; at least, as long as you are desirous of being considered fit for civilized society. The first mark of a gentleman is a sensitive regard for the feelings of others; therefore smoke where it is least likely to prove personally offensive by making your clothes smell; then wash your mouth and brush your teeth.

Dancing: If you are entirely a stranger, it is to the "master of ceremonies" you must apply for a partner and point out (quietly) any young lady with whom you should like to dance. Do not, on any account go to a strange lady and request her to dance, as she will unhesitatingly "decline the honor," and think you impertinent fellow for your presumption.

Thanks to The Republican Times - Ottawa 9/10/73 via The Genie's View, LaSalle County Genealogy Guild, 115 W. Glover St., Ottawa, IL 61350.

To Delinquent subscribers
I thought you'd like to hear what OTHER editors have had to say about folks who do not support their publications. These make my "Please send a Postage Hero contribution" please sound pretty tame!

Anathemas of the Craft on the Man who would not pay the Printer: May he be shod with lighting, and compelled to wander over a desert of gunpowder. N.O. Picayune.
May he have sore eyes and a chestnut burr for an eye stone. Baltimore Clipper.
May he wither under the voluminous curse of Dr. Slop. Evening Post
May his sorrows double daily and his life lengthen in the same ratio that his sorrows are multiplied. Frankfort Yeoman.
May every day of his life be more despotic than the Dey of Algiers. N.Y. News.
May he repose his weary limbs at night on a bed full of fleas and inhale the odor of ten thousand bed bugs. Cincinnati News.
May he, upon pulling on a tight boot, find a live hornet in the bottom! May he be rode on a rail, after getting his boot off, with the sharp edge up, with a bushel bag of sand tied to each leg, by a torch light procession, and hissed by all the boys in 10 miles round. Brownlow's Whig.
May he be compelled to walk, during the day, with bare feet, over prickly pears; and sleep at night in a muskeete chaparral, without a blanket or lariat to keep the rattlesnakes off. Houston Beacon.
May he have a scolding wife and smoking chimney, and may his days be many. Western Texas.
We wish he may have to ride on the back of a rough-trotting mule, one thousand miles over a bad road and have a porcupine saddle. Fair Dealer.

Thanks to Fair Dealer - Ottowa, IL, May 15, 1852 via The Genie's View, LaSalle County Genealogy Guild, 115 W. Glover St., Ottawa, IL 61350.

Dollars, dollars, dollars?
Have you ever tried to figure out the value of your ancestor's farm, his Civil War pension, etc? What would it be worth in today's dollar? Here's a very neat and very easy-to-use website http://www.westegg.coem/inflation.  It does the figuring for you from 1800 to 2001.

Thanks to The Genealogy Society of southern Illinois Newsletter, June 2002 via Cobb County Genealogical Society, Inc., PO Box 1413, Marietta, GA 30061-1413.

Learn in Atlanta in October workshops
A workshop opportunity for genealogist, historians, and librarians, who want to learn skills and techniques for researching original records at regional archives, is being held in Atlanta, Georgia. The 13-18 of October 2002 event is not a beginning genealogy workshop. Enrollment is limited to thirty. The workshop will focus on federal records from the Southeastern United States and will include study at the National Archives Southeast Region in East Point, Georgia. Activities will be held in the Atlanta area at the Hampton Inn Southlake and in a state-of-the-art classroom on the campus of Clayton College and State University, both in Marrow, Georgia.

Workshop staff includes J. Mark Lowe, CG, who is the director of Regional In-depth Genealogical Studies Alliance (RIGS Alliance), the sponsor of the event. Other staff are RIGS Geiger, CGRS, CGL, and Pamela Boyer Porter, CGRS, CGL, and staff members from NARA's Southeast Region. For information about the RIGS Alliance workshop, visit the Web site at http://www.RIGSAlliance.org, email info@RIGSAlliance.org, write to RIGS Alliance Workshop, PO Box 1273, Jasper, GA 30143, fax 706-266-3314.

Hidden treasures in 1840 census!
The names of Revolutionary War pensioners (veterans or their widows) were recorded on the reverse of each page of the 1840 population schedules. By order of the federal government, these names were published in a volume titled: A Census of Pensioners for Revolution or Military Service With Their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as returned by the Marshals of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. The Blair and Rives edition of this book was published in 1841. Over a period of time, volunteer Kathy Leigh has retyped the entries found in the 1841 edition and then reformatted the entries. The result version can be searched online at
http://www.usgennet.org/usa/topic/colonial/census/index.html

Thanks to Federation of Genealogical Societies Forum, PO Box 200940, Austin, TX 78720-0940.

Researching Wisconsin?
Hundreds of Wisconsin local newspapers, and a few from other states, have been indexed and placed on the Internet. Titled the Wisconsin Local History & Biography Articles, the project is directed by the Wisconsin Historical society. The visitor can search by community, subject, or surname. When there is a match, the entire original article appears for viewing. These 50,000 pages, containing nearly 16,000 articles, were preserved in scrapbooks at WHS in the late 19th centuries. Most articles were published between 1860 and 1940; a few are for dates before and after those years.
Search at http://www.shsw.wisc.edu/wlhba.

Thanks to Federation of Genealogical Societies Forum, PO Box 200940, Austin, TX 78720-0940.

Cajun research? Here's help.
The 1990 U.S. Census of Population was the first census to include an ethnic group listing for "Cajun/Acadia." This has special meaning for Louisiana residents. Ten percent of Louisiana's population listed themselves as Cajun. This totals about 400,000, while approximately another 25,000 listed Cajun as their secondary ancestry. Vermilion Parish, located in central Acadiana, has the highest concentration of Cajun: 50 percent of its total population claim that ancestry. Nationwide, according to the census, most people if Cajun/Acadian ancestry remain close to the ancestral home. Of the 700,000 people listing themselves as part of this ethnic group, 77 percent resided in Louisiana or Texas. A county-by-county listing of total population and Cajun population can be found at: http://www.cajunculture.com/other/populati.htm.

Thanks to Federation of Genealogical Societies Forum, PO Box 200940, Austin, TX 78720-0940.

Jewish help on the Internet
Routes to Roots Foundation (RTRF) has placed on the Internet the complete Jewish holdings of the State Archives of Belarus, Lithuania, Moldavia, Poland and Ukraine in a common searchable database. It is the result of years of effort on the part of Miriam Weiner, RTRF president, who worked closely with the head archivists of the five countries.

Because of the political upheavals in the past century, records are scattered for many towns and cities.
The consolidated inventory brings them all under one umbrella. As an example, the RTRF database shows that the Jewish records of Volkovysk (now in Belarus) are in three different countries (Poland, Russia and Belarus) and five different archives.

By publishing the inventory on the Internet, the database will be updated regularly as new information surfaces about other collections or to correct errors. In addition, as the archives receive additional collections, they have agreed to send the updated information to RTRF to keep the website current. The Home Page is at http://www.rtrfoundation.org.

Thanks to Nu? What's New?, ezine of Avotaynu via Federation of Genealogical Societies Forum, PO Box 200940, Austin, TX 78720-0940.

Love your life, perfect your life, beautify all things in your life, seek to make your life long and of service to your people... Show respect to all people, but grovel to none... Tecumseh

What month is it? In Gaelic!
Here are the Gaelic months of the year, with translations and a phonetic version;

January -Am Faoilleach um Feul-yoch
February -An Gearran un G-yarran
March - Am Mart um Marsht
April -An Giblean ung G-yarran
May - An Ceitean ung K-yaetchan
June - An t-Og-mhios un Tawg-viss
July - An t-Luchar un tchoocher
August - An Lunasdal un loonuss-dull
September - An t-Sultain an tool-teen
October - An Damhair un dah-vir
November - An t-Samhainn un taveen
December - An dubhlachd un doo-lochk

Thanks to The Dunrobin Piper, Clan Sutherland Society of N.A., 156 New Estate Road, Littleton, MA 01460.

Perseverance is a great element of success. If you only knock long enough and loud enough at the gate, you are sure to wake up somebody. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Working on MO?
Missouri WWI Records full text on line now! The state of Missouri has but a database of WWI Service Records online at: http://www.sos.state.mo.us/archives/ww1/default.asp This database contains over 145,000 cards of Army and Marine personnel from Missouri between 1917 and 1919. (There are plans to add the records of over 18,000 Navy personnel).

Thanks to The West Florida Genealogical Society Newsletter, PO Box 947, Pensacola, FL 32591-0947.

Here's great help from the LDS!
FamilySearch: you can find FamilySearch computers at the Family History Library of the Church of Latter-day Saints or at one of the branch Family History Centers. The FamilySearch computer contains several databases of information: the Social Security Death Index, the Military Index, the Ancestral File, and the International Genealogical Index. You can use these resources to search for information about your family members right on the computer. You can also use the FamilySearch computer to look up items in the Family History Library Catalog. FamilySearch is also now available on the Internet through the Web site of the LDS http://www.familysearch.org.

The Ladson Genealogy Library is moving
With funds appropriated by the state and the approval of the Board of Regents, the Ladson Genealogy will be moving its collection from the current site to the former Belk's store on Church St., Vildalia, Georgia. The new site will undergo renovations before the move. The Ladson Genealogy Library was formed in the 1970s from a collection of books donated by the late John E. "Jack" Ladson, Jr. Visit them on the web at http://www.toombs.public.lib.ga.us/ladson.htm. As always, check before you plan a research trip to see the current location and times that this facility will be open especially now that they are moving.

Thanks to CGGS Newsletter, PO Box 2024, Warner Robins, GA 31099-2024.

Old whisky casks give Scottish salmon its delicious taste
Where does Scottish salmon get its flavor? There are many uses for those wonderful old Oakwood Whisky containers when the distilleries finish with them. In the North of Scotland, famous for smoked salmon, the "Smokeries" purchase them and the casks continue to provide, yet again, another "life" in Scottish industries. They are reduced to fine shavings that are then burned beneath the rows of salmon. The rising smoke impregnates the fish, creating the delicious flavor to grace sumptuous and appetizing means throughout the world

Thanks to Frances Hutton-Grant via The Scottish Society of Louisville, Inc. Newsletter, PO Box 32248, Louisville, KY 40232-2248.

Looking beyond Ellis Island
Most people think Ellis Island has existed since people started arriving on ships to New York and in some cases assume it was the only port of entry into the United States. In addition to New York there were a number of eastern seaboard ports our ancestors used to arrive in the United States (Boston, Baltimore and Philadelphia).

Castle Garden was officially opened on 1 August 1855. Before this there was no set place where immigrants were processed. Castle Garden was located in Battery Park in Manhattan. It was closed on 18 April 1890 and Ellis Island opened 1 January 1892, during the interim 18 months immigrants were processed through the Barge Office on the southwest tip of Manhattan. The Barge Office was also used when the wooden buildings on Ellis Island were destroyed by fire on 14 December 1897 until the buildings on Ellis Island were reopened on 17 December 1900

Here are a number of sites on the Internet that deal specifically with the immigration center:

Castle Garden, New York City, Immigrant Station:
http://www.home.att.net/~germanroots/ellisland/castlegarden.html 
Immigrant Processing Centers for New York
http://germanroots.home.att.net/ellisisland/
The Immigrant Experience: http://members.tripod.com/~L_Alfano/immig.htm

Thanks to Helen Imburgia; published in Cousin to Cousin, Spring 2002; published by the Upper Shore Genealogical Society of Maryland via The Green Country Quarterly, Broken Arrow, Oklahoma Genealogical Society, PO Box 1244, Broken Arrow, OK 74013-1244.

I am looking for my sister WILLIE LUE ALBERT JONES, last known address, 1626 Amsterdam Ave., Apt. 2 E, New York, NY 10031. Date of birth 12-14-1918, Moultrie, Georgia. She was married to DALLAS JONES (date unknown - Orlando, Florida) Last known address, 1640 Amsterdam Ave., Apt 2C, New York, NY 10031. My last contact with either one was June 1990. Barbara Jean Albert Barber, 122 9th Ave. N.W., Moultrie, GA 31768, telephone 229-985-6108.

Congratulations to the Clan Donald graduates
From Hawaii, Roderick A. Gammon II may now be addressed as Doctor Gammon. Rod has recently completed the requirements for a Ph.D. in Chinese Linguistics at the University of Hawaii, Manoa. Rod's area of expertise in computer applications in the translation of languages, specifically in Mandarin Chinese, although the programs will apply to other languages such as Japanese, Korean, or Arabic. Rod has been selected by the National Science Foundation as one of three scientists to spend the summer in Taiwan. As far as is known, he is the first linguist to have been chosen for this program.

From Granada Hills, California: Megan McMillan, younger daughter of Mac and Linda Clark McMillan and granddaughter of Lou and Skip Clark has graduated as Valedictorian from John F. Kennedy High School in Granada Hills. She was the president of the Utopians Senior Honor Society, a member of the California Scholarship Federation and a member of "Best Buddies," a student organization mentoring developmentally challenged students in the school. She was a four-year Varsity Soccer player and a three-year Varsity Track and Field participant in the Shotput. Megan will be attending California State University, Northridge, majoring in Linguistics.

From San Diego, California, Tim Gladson, younger son of Carol and Robert Gladson has graduated as Valedictorian from Bible Missionary Fellowship High School. Tim graduated first in his class, have maintained a straight A average. This summer Tim and his brother traveled to Scotland and in the fall will attend Rosemont College.

From Pasadena, California, Maura Schmitz, daughter of Commissioner Diane Carey-Schmitz and Marion Schmitz has graduated from middle school at Ramona Convent Secondary School in Alhambra, California. She received the Presidential Award for Academic Achievement, membership in the Philomathion Honor Society, and a Service Award for tutoring students at a neighborhood elementary school. Maura will attend high school at Ramona in the fall. Congratulations to all the graduates.

Donald MacDonell of Glengarry honored posthumously in Scotland
A heroic clan chief whose World War II exploits inspired a famous book and film about the "wooden horse" escape drama is to have a permanent memorial to his incredible life. Donald MacDonell was a Battle of Britain Spitfire ace who later gathered intelligence in Russia during the Cold War. But few knew that the 22nd clan chief of the MacDonells of Glengarry was one of the "wooden horse" heroes.

After being shot down MacDonell was sent to Stalag Luft III POW camp where he became adjutant in charge of Allied prisoners and helped organize escape attempts. The most famous involved using a wooden gym vaulting horse to dig a tunnel under the noses of the German guards. Day after day the horse was carried into the exercise yard, with the tunnel diggers hidden inside, and placed over the entrance to the escape route. To get rid of the soil without the German "ferrets" noticing the prisoners carried it in bags suspended inside their trousers. The soil was then scattered on the compound when they walked.

When the film The Wooden Horse from the Eric Williams novel of the same name was released in 1950, it became an instant hit, and remains a "stiff upper lip" classic. As a Squadron Leader aged only 25, MacDonell was one of Winston Churchill's "Few." He led No. 64 Squadron from Kenley in Surrey, and was credited with eight confirmed "kills" with a further three possible, a feat which won him the Distinguished Flying Cross.

MacDonell's luck ran out in March 1941 when he was raked by Messerchmit fighter over France. He had to ditch in the sea where he was picked up a German E boat. MacDonell inherited the clan chiefdom while a POW. After the war he held high-ranking appointments in the War Office and was chief flying instructor at RAF Cranwell. But his life of daring do wasn't over, and after promotion to Air Commodore he was sent to Moscow as air attach‚ to the British embassy. He was officially a diplomat, but one of his duties was to discover as much as possible about Soviet air defenses.

The war hero died aged 85 three years ago at his home in Fortrose, Easter Ross. A specially commissioned memorial was unveiled of Clan Donald heartland at Armadale in Skye on June 10 when clansmen from all over the world gather in hounour of their late chief. Among those present was Lord Godfrey Macdonald, High Chief of Clan Donald, and his wife, Claire, Sir Iain Macdonald, Captain of Clan Ranald, and Ranald MacDonell, Chief of Glengarry and his wife, Lady Carolyn.

The memorial consists of a rock taken from clan land at Glengarry, surmounted by a bronze raven created by noted sculptor Gerald Laing depicting the Glengarry crest, Crcag an Fhithich, The Raven's Rock. The unveiling was performed by MacDonnell's widow, Lois, his sons Ranald, 60, the 23rd clan chief, James MacDonell of Scotus, and daughter Penny MacDonell.

Mrs. MacDonell said: "The unveiling will be a wonderful moment for the family and the clan. He was a wonderful and incredible man. My husband said that The Wooden Horse film was very true to life and indeed some of the actors were in the camp at the same time as him."

Thanks to Cuimhnich, Clan Donald - USA, South Pacific Region, 1685 Casitas Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91103.

Donald T. MacClellan, Jr., past president of Clan MacLellan, passed away unexpectedly August 6, 2002 in Gainesville, FL at the age of 69. Prior to becoming president, he served Clan MacLellan in several capacities. Donald earned his bachelors degree in chemical engineering from the University of Florida and his Master's degree in Theology from Lexington (KY) Theological Seminary. He was a veteran of the Korean conflict.  After retiring as a chemical engineer from Columbia Gas Company in Lexington, KY, he returned to Putnam County, Florida, the home of four generations of his family. Our condolences to his widow, Bess, his son, Marshall Edward MacClellan, his daughters Deborah Kay Powell and Brenda G. Jones, and his siblings and grandchildren.


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