Andrews, Scott and six other Raiders were tried, and
were executed in Atlanta in June 1862. They were all buried in Chattanooga
National Cemetery. Some of the other Raiders were imprisoned but some
escaped prison in October 1862. Six others were exchanged as POWs in March
1863. That same month Secretary of War Stanton awarded surviving Raiders
the Medal of Honor.
LOCUST GROVE GEORGIA founded in the late 1700s, was
settled by families fleeing the aftermath of the French Revolution. Others
who early-on peopled it were landowners escaping slave uprisings in Haiti.
Later, Irish immigrants were drawn to Locust Grove.
The prosperous townspeople founded Locust Grove
Academy, chartered as a Catholic school in 1821. Many prominent Georgia
citizens were educated there, including Confederacy vice president
Alexander Stephens. Roman Catholic families built a log sanctuary there
more than 200 years ago.
The original church and Locust Grove itself are
long-gone now. Only a graveyard remains, in Taliaferro County 50 miles
west of Augusta.
In the early 1980s, the Rev. John Fallon and his
parishioners organized a cleanup of the old cemetery. Using $5,000 from
the Atlanta Archdiocese they cleaned away the weeds and brush, restored
the gravestones and made it respectable again. Two years ago the Georgia
General Assembly voted to appropriate $30,000 to the DNR Historical
Preservation Division to be awarded as a grant to the archdiocese to
restore the cemetery. Now, DNR has suspended giving grants to any Georgia
churches for historical preservation projects, fearing that it could
violate the separation of church and state [Ho, hum! How
about the separation of tombstone and burial site?].
BETH GAY HAS READ A BOOK, actually, she reads a lot
of books, but this one on DNA was especially exciting for genealogy,
The Seven Daughters of Eve by Dr. Bryan Sykes a professor of
Genetics at the Institute of Mol-ecular Medicine at Oxford University.
Beth had read about Dr. Sykes' work with the Ice Man,
the Cheddar Man, and the Romanoff family of Russia's historic days of
royal rulers [seems like we have read news accounts of the
Ice and Cheddar Men awhile back]. She learned about the special
nature of our mitochondrial DNA from The Seven Daughters of Eve.
Our mitochondrial DNA is special because it
is passed on to the next generation only through the egg
[and not the ones we have for breakfast, either].
This DNA is inherited only through your mother who inherited it from her
mother who inherited it from her mother - and on and on down through the
dim corridors of time.
Dr. Sykes writes that mitochondrial DNA produces a
direct link to our maternal ancestors. We all inherit other genes from
many other ancestors, but only mitochondrial DNA traces a direct line from
our mother. Beth says "About the only sure thing in genealogy is that none
of us is missing even one of our millions of ancestors".
"I read of a college professor who asked his class,
'Who in this class had ancestors in the eighth century?'
Not one student raised his hand.
We may not know about them, but you can know for sure
that you had ancestors in the eighth century and the seventh and the sixth
and right back down through all the years that man has been on earth."
"How could Dr. Sykes find descendants of the Ice Man?
How could he find living people directly descended from Cheddar Man?
In his book, he tells about his research into a
remarkable gene that passes undiluted from generation to generation
through the maternal line. After plotting thousands of DNA sequences from
all over the world, Dr. Sykes found that they clustered around a handful
of distinct groups. Among Europeans and North American Caucasians, there
are, in fact, only seven.
The conclusion was absolutely staggering. Almost all
people of native European descent, wherever they may now live, can trace
their ancestry back to one of seven women, hence The Seven Daughters of
Eve. He named them Ursula, Xenia, Helena, Velda, Tara, Katrine and
Beth observes, "With a painless swipe of a little brush
on the inner part of my own cheek, I have learned that I come from Helena,
who saw the last of the Ice Age and who lived 20,000 years ago. Any
cousins who are reading this and who share my mother's family, you are
Dr. Sykes tells in his book of how he took a DNA sample
from a Caribbean woman whose family had been sold into slavery centuries
before and whose DNA was traced back to Kenya. He details the story of the
Ice Man, Cheddar Man and the Romanoffs too. Along the way you'll learn
about the DNA of hamsters [Beth, he's gone too far now! You
know I ain't kin to no hamster!].
JACKIE in OCALA TELLS BETH: "….no matter how hard
you try, you cannot baptize a cat." [that doesn't sound
like something our Baptist friends would admit, and we don't know Jackie!]
JACOB JESSUP'S 1865 LETTER: (written
six days after General Lee had surrendered at Appomattox - communications
were so poor that Jacob's unit had not heard that the war was over).
Jacob was the oldest son of Hiram and Sallie J. Jessup, born circa 1838,
and he returned home at the close of the war, only to die in 1869 at the
old home place, his death possibly due to the privations he had to endure
while serving in the Confederate Army. He writes:
Beaufort County, N.C.
April the 15, 1865
Dear Father and Mother:
I again take up my pen to write you a few lines to let
you know that I am still in the land of the living and tolerably well at
this time and surely hoping when these few lines come to hand they may
find you all enjoying the same blessings of health.
Father, I have no good news to write you at this time.
We have hard times here plenty. We have been marching ever since we left
Kinston. We left Kinston on the 25th of March, and the worst of it is we
don't get nothing to eat hardly. We don't get but 3 or 4 little crackers
and one fourth pound of meat a day, and some days we don't get nothing
only what we can buy. It is getting so we can't buy anything, for it is
not here to buy.
We are living 4 miles below Washington
[known as 'Little Washington' in North Carolina] on Tar River. Our
men attacked Washington, County seat of Beaufort, two weeks ago, and they
have been fighting with cannon ever since. There hasn't been anybody
killed, only artillerymen. I have heard the whiz of the bomb shells and
saw them burst, but have escaped so far. But I don't know how soon I may
be beat down.
I have stood picket in plain view of the Yankee
pickets. There are three brigades of our men around Washington. They are
trying to starve the Yankees out. I don't know whether they will succeed
I wrote a letter yesterday and started it home. I don't
know whether it will get home or not. It is a bad chance about sending
letters or getting any, for we have got off so far from any post office.
It is 25 or 30 miles from any post office. We have to send letters by men
who are passing.
I got a letter from Lee since I left Kinston. I was
glad to hear you were all well. Lee wrote me in his letter that Mother
sent me some things by Mr.Frawlin, but I never got them . When you write
me again I want you to write me what you sent by Frawlin.
I don't think this war will last much longer. I think
starvation will bring it to a close. I saw in a paper the other day where
an officer who is at Fredricksburg had wrote a piece, and he says they
don't get but one pound of flour a day and one-half pound of meat for
three days and one spoon full of salt a week. Dried fruit was worth 32
dollars per bushel, potatoes 20 dollars per bushel at Fredricksburg.
Write soon. Direct your letters to Kinston, N.C., Co.E,
53rd Regiment. So I will bring my letter to a close by saying I remain
your affectionate son until death.
- submitted by John H. Oden
PO Box 7, Bath, NC 27808
To the NC Genealogical Society Journal
The letter is the property of the soldier's niece, Mrs.
Sam Adams of Pilot Mountain, NC who submitted it to the Washington
Daily News, Washington, North Carolina on Wednesday, 15 March 1944.
A BILL TO BRING TRAITORS TO TRIAL:
"As the American Revolution wound down in the period
between the cessation of hostilities and the signing of the peace treaty,
the state of North Carolina faced the problem of dealing with citizens who
had supported the British. In North Carolina…. they considered a bill
which named individuals required to stand trial for treason. In the end
the bill was not enacted into law but was referred to the next assembly
session. By the time the session convened in the spring of 1783, a peace
treaty between the United States and Britain was near.
North Carolina was in a different mood and the 1783
legislature passed "An Act of Pardon and Oblivion" which began as follows:
Whereas, it is the policy of all wise
states on the termination of civil wars, to grant an act of pardon and
oblivion for past offenses, and as divers of the citizens of this state,
and others the inhabitants thereof, in the course of the late unhappy war,
have become liable to great pains and penalties for offenses committed
against the peace and government of the state, and the general assembly
out of an earnest desire to observe the articles of peace, and on all
occasions disposed to forgive offences rather than punish where the
necessity for exemplary punishment has ceased.
II. Be it therefore Enacted by the General Assembly of
the State of North Carolina….that …. all manner of treasons, misprision of
treason, felony or misdemeanor, committed or done since the fourth day of
July,1776, by any person or persons whatsoever, be pardoned, released, and
put in total oblivion.
----From an article in the NCGS Journal for