A haggis is a small animal native to
Scotland. Well when I say animal, actually it's a bird with vestigial wings - like the
ostrich. Because the habitat of the haggis in exclusively mountainous, and because it is
always found on the sides of Scottish mountains, it has evolved a rather strange gait. The
poor thing has only three legs, and each leg is a different length - the result of this is
that when hunting haggis, you must get them on to a flat plain - then they are very easy
to catch - they can only run round in circles.
catching your haggis, and dispatching it in time honoured fashion, it is cooked in boiling
water for a period of time, then served with tatties and neeps (and before you ask, that's
potatoes and turnips).
The haggis is considered a great delicacy in Scotland, and
as many of your compatriots will tell you, it tastes great - many visitors from the US
have been known to ask for second helpings of haggis!
The noise haggis make during the mating season gave rise to
that other great Scottish invention, the bagpipes.
Many other countries have tried to establish breeding
colonies of haggis, but to no avail - it's something about the air and water in Scotland,
which once the haggis is removed from that environment, they just pine away.
A little known fact about the haggis is its aquatic ability
- you would think that with three legs of differing lengths, the poor wee beastie wouldn't
be very good at swimming, but as some of the Scottish hillsides have rather spectacular
lakes on them, over the years, the haggis has learned to swim very well. When in water, it
uses its vestigial wings to propel itself forward, and this it can do at a very reasonable
Haggis are by nature very playful creatures, and when
swimming, very often swim in a group - a bit like ducks - where the mother will swim
ahead, and the youngsters follow in a line abreast. This is a very interesting phenomenon
to watch, as it looks something like this :
/-\ /-\ /-\ /-\ / /
The long neck of the mother keeping a watchful eye for
This does however confuse some people, who, not knowing
about the haggis, can confuse it with the other great indigenous Scottish inhabitant, the
Loch Ness Monster, or Nessie as she's affectionately known, who looks more like this :
\ /-\ /-\ /-\ /-\ / /
From a distance, I'm sure you'll agree, the tourist can
easily mistake a family of haggis out for their daily swim, as Nessie, this of course
gives rise to many more false sightings, but is inherently very good for the tourist
industry in Scotland.
The largest known recorded haggis (caught in 1893 by a
crofter at the base of Ben Lomond), weighed 25 tons.
In the water, haggis have been known to reach speeds of up
to 35 knots, and therfore coupled with their amazing agility in this environment, are
extremely difficult to catch, however, if the hunter can predict where the haggis will
land, a good tip is to wait in hiding on the shore, beacuse when they come out of the
water, they will inevitably run round in circles to dry themselves off.
This process, especially with the larger haggis, gives rise
to another phenomenon - circular indentations in the ground, and again, these have been
mistaken by tourists as the landing sites of UFOs.
I hope this clears up some of the misconceptions about the
Haggis, that rare and very beautiful beastie of the Scottish Highlands (and very tasty
I have included here as much factual material as possible,
although there are many gaps in this subject, and some of the information has to be mere
No-one has as yet been able to ascertain the sex of
captured Haggis, and partially because of this, scientists assume the haggis is
This may also be a product of evolution, and does explain
the logistic problems of bringing two haggis together - after all, sure footed though the
beast is, if two were to mate on a Scottish hillside, it is a long fall down, and a slip
at the wrong time may very well result in a reduction by two of the total haggis
What is known about Haggis breeding is that, several days
prior to giving birth, the Haggis make a droning sound - very much like a beginner playing
the bagpipes for the first time - giving rise to the speculation that the bagpipes were
indeed invented in Scotland, simply to lure unsuspecting haggis into a trap. At the onset
of this noise, all other wildlife for a five mile radius can be seen exiting the area at
an extremely high rate of knots (wouldn't you if your neighbour had just started to play
the bagpipes?). The second purpose of the noise seems to be to attract other Haggis to the
scene, in order to lend help with the birth. This also gives rise to the assumption that
Haggis are tone deaf.
Haggis normally give birth to two or more young Haggis, or
"wee yins", as they are called in Scotland, and from birth, their eyes are open,
and they are immediately able to run around in circles, just like their parent.
The wee yins are fiercely independant, and it is only a
matter of weeks before they leave the parent, and go off foraging for food on their own,
although it is perhaps a two or three year period before they are themselves mature enough
to give birth.
Most Haggis hunters will leave the wee yins, due simply to
their size, but when attacked by other predators, they are still able to emit the bagpipe
like sound, which again has the effect of very quickly clearing the surrounding area of
all predators, and attracting other Haggis to the scene. This results in a very low infant
mortality rate, with most wee yins actually making it to adulthood.
The lifespan of the Haggis is again an unknown quantity,
but from taggings done in the Victorian era, we know that some haggis live for well over
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