Bishop's and Earl's Palaces In Kirkwall on the A960.
Tel: 01856 875461
The Bishop's Palace is a 12th-century hall-house, later much altered, with a round tower
built by Bishop Reid in 1541-48. The notorious Patrick Stewart, Earl of Orkney, built the
adjacent Earl's Palace between 1600 and 1607. Joint ticket for all Orkney monuments.
Blackhammer Chambered Cairn On the island of Rousay, 5 HY 414 276 A long cairn bounded by a retaining wall, with a chamber divided into seven
compartments. Of Neolithic date.
Brough of Birsay On a tidal island at Birsay, 20 miles north west of Kirkwall, 6 HY 239 285 The ruins of a Norse church of the 12 century and of a Norse village.
Gurness At Aikerness, 14m NW of Kirkwall on the A966.
Tel: 0831 579478.
Surrounded by a warren of Iron Age buildings, this broch probably dates to the 1st century
AD. Vikings may have built the long house on top of the ruined broch. The grave of a
Viking woman was found nearby. Joint ticket for all Orkney monuments.
Dounby Near Dounby, 6 HY 325 228 The last surviving horizontal water mill in Orkney, of type well represented in
Shetland and Lewis. In working order.
Cubbie Row's Castle and St Mary's
Chapel On the island of Wyre, 6 HY 442 264 The castle is probably one of the earliest stone castles to survive in Scotland,
built in about 1145 by the Norseman Kolbein Hruga. It is a small rectangular tower
enclosed in a circular ditch. The ruined chapel is of late 12th century date, in
Cuween Hill Chambered Cairn About half mile south of Finstown, which is seven miles west north west of Kirkwall, 6 HY 364
128 A low mound covering a Neolithic chambered tomb with four cells. Contained the bones
of men, dogs and oxen when discovered.
Dwarfie Stane Towards the north end of Hoy, 7 HY 244 005 A huge block of sandstone in which a Neolithic burial chamber has been cut.
Earl's Palace, Birsay In Birsay The gaunt remains of the residence of Robert Stewart, Earl of Orkney, constructed
round a courtyard in the late 16th century.
Eynhallow Church On the island of Eynhallow, 6 HY 359 289 The ruins of a 12th century church and a group of domestic buildings.
Grain Earth-House About one mile north west of Kirkwall, 6 HY 442 117 A well built Iron Age earth-house, with underground chamber supported on stone
Hackness, Martello Tower At the south east end of Hoy, 7 ND 338 912 One of a pair of towers built between 1813 and 1815 to provide defence against French
and American privateers for British convoys assembling in the sound of Longhope. Provided
a base for a 25 pounder cannon and its crew.
Holm of Papa Westray Chambered Cairn On the island of Holm of Papa Westray, 5 HY 509 518 A massive tomb, with a long, narrow chamber divided into three, with 14 beehive cells
opening into the walls. There are engravings on the walls.
Knap of Howar On the island of Papa Westray, 5 HY 483 519 Probably the oldest standing stone houses in north-west Europe, dating from the early
Neolithic period. Two houses approximately rectangular, with stone cupboards and stalls.
Contemporary with the chambered tombs of Orkney.
Knowe of Yarso Chambered Cairn On the island of Rousay, 5 HY 404 279 An oval cairn with concentric walls enclosing a chambered tomb divided into three
compartments. Of Neolithic date.
Kirkwall Cathedral Kirkwall
Maes Howe 9m W of Kirkwall on the A965.
Tel: 01856 761606
This world famous tomb was built in Neolithic times, before 2700 BC. The large mound
covers a stone-built passage and a burial chamber with cells in the walls. Runic
inscriptions tell of how it was plundered of its treasures by Vikings. Joint ticket for
all Orkney monuments. Admission, shop and refreshements at nearby Tormiston Mill.
Midhowe Broch On Rousay, 6 HY 371 308 A well preserved broch, with remains of later buildings round it.
Midhowe Chambered Cairn On the island of Rousay, 6 HY 372 306 A huge and impressive megalithic chambered tomb in an oval mound, with 25 stalls. Of
Neolithic date. Now protected by a modern building.
Castle On the island of Westray, 5 HY 429 488 A fine ruined Z-plan tower, built between 1560 and 1573 but never completed.
Remarkable for its large number of hun loops and impressive staircase.
Orphir, Earl's Bu and Church Eight miles west south west of Kirkwall, 6 HY 334 043 The Earl's Bu is the name of the foundations of ancient buildings which may be an
Earl's palace of the Viking period. The church is of 12th century date, and consists of
the chancel and part of the nave of the only medieval round church in Scotland.
Pierowall Church On the island of Westray, 5 HY 438 487 The ruins of a medieval church with some finely lettered tombstones.
Quoyness Chambered Cairn On the island of Sanday, 6 HY 677 378 A megalithic tomb with triple retaining walls, containing a passage and main chamber,
with six subsiduary cells. Of Neolithic date.
Rennibister Earth-House About four and a half miles west north west of Kirkwall, 6 HY 397 127 A good example of an Orkney earth-house, like that at Grain.
Ring of Brogar Stone Circle
and Henge About 5 miles north east of Stromness, 6 HY 294 134 A magnificent circle of upright stones with an enclosing ditch spanned by causeways.
Of late Neolithic date.
Church of St Magnus On the island of Egilsay, 6 HY 466 304 The complete but roofless ruin of a 12th century church with a round tower,
Skara Brae 19m NW of Kirkwall on the B9056 6 HY 231 188
Tel: 01856 841815
Uncovered by a storm in 1850 Skara Brae is one of the best preserved groups of Stone Age
houses in western Europe. The houses contain stone furniture, hearths and drains and
present a remarkable picture of life of Neolithic times. Joint ticket for all Orkney
Stones of Stenness Circle
and Henge About five miled north east of Stromness, 6 HY 306 126 The remains of a stone circle surrounded by remains of a circular earthwork.
Taversoe Tuick Chambered Cairn On the island of Rousay, 6 HY 426 276
A megalithic chambered mound with two burial chambers, one above the other, Of Neolithic
Tormiston Mill About nine miles west of Kirkwall on the A965
Tel: 01856 761606 An excellent late example of a Scottish watermill. It was probably built in the
1880's. The watershed and most the machinery have been retained. Now forms a reception
centre for visitors to Maes Howe.
Unstan Chambered Cairn Almost three and a half miles north north east of Stromness, 6 HY 283 117 A mound covering a stone burial chamber divided by slabs into five compartments. Of
Westside Church, Tuquoy On the island of Westray, 5 HY 455 432 A roofless 12th century Romanesque church
Wideford Hill Chambered Cairn About two miles west of Kirkwall, 6 HY 409 122 A fine chambered cairn with three concentric walls and a burial chamber with three
large cells. Of Neolithic date.
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