If you have been reading
our Domestic Annals of Scotland you'll
have seen reference to the fact that up to 30,000 Scots went to fight in
this war on the side of Germany although it is also true to say that
Scots also fought on the other side as well. Great concern was
shown in Scotland at that time as to the many young men that were
leaving the country. It is for this reason that I wanted to bring
you a story of this war so we can better understand why so many Scots
went to fight in it.
From our book
Scots in Germany - "But only when the
bloody torch of the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) shed its lurid light
over the whole of Europe and when Gustavus Adolfus’ fame, not only as
that of a saviour of the cause of protestantism, but also as that of an
unusually brilliant general and strategist, rapidly spread over the
civilised world, a great number of Scottish officers, many of them of
noble rank, enlisted in the Swedish Army, to go, as it were, through the
high school of military training, and Scotland became the country in
which by far the most numerous levies of soldiers for the "Lion of the
North," were raised. Between twenty and thirty thousand men made the
cause of the Swedes and of German Protestantism their own."
The History of the Thirty Years' War
by Frederick Schiller
Translated from the German by the
Rev. A. J. W. Morrison, M.A.
The present is the only collected edition of
the principal works of Schiller which is accessible to English readers.
Detached poems or dramas have been translated at various times, and
sometimes by men of eminence, since the first publication of the
original works; and in several instances these versions have been
incorporated, after some revision or necessary correction, into the
following collection; but on the other hand a large proportion of the
contents have been specially translated for this edition, in which
category are the historical works which occupy this volume and a portion
of the next.
Schiller was not less efficiently qualified
by nature for an historian than for a dramatist. He was formed to excel
in all departments of literature, and the admirable lucidity of style
and soundness and impartiality of judgment displayed in his historical
writings will not easily by surpassed, and will always recommend them as
popular expositions of the periods of which they treat. Since the first
publication of this edition many corrections and improvements have been
made, with a view to rendering it as acceptable as possible to English
Introduction. -- General effects of the
Reformation. -- Revolt of Matthias. -- The Emperor cedes Austria and
Hungary to him. -- Matthias acknowledged King of Bohemia. -- The
Elector of Cologne abjures the Catholic Religion. -- Consequences. --
The Elector Palatine. -- Dispute respecting the Succession of Juliers.
-- Designs of Henry IV. of France. -- Formation of the Union. -- The
League. -- Death of the Emperor Rodolph. -- Matthias succeeds him. --
Troubles in Bohemia. -- Civil War. -- Ferdinand extirpates the
Protestant Religion from Styria. -- The Elector Palatine, Frederick
V., is chosen King by the Bohemians. -- He accepts the Crown of
Bohemia. -- Bethlen Gabor, Prince of Transylvania, invades Austria. --
The Duke of Bavaria and the Princes of the League embrace the cause of
Ferdinand. -- The Union arm for Frederick. -- The Battle of Prague and
total subjection of Bohemia.
State of the Empire. -- Of Europe. -- Mansfeld. -- Christian, Duke of
Brunswick. -- Wallenstein raises an Imperial Army at his own expense.
-- The King of Denmark defeated. -- Death of Mansfeld. -- Edict of
Restitution in 1628. -- Diet at Ratisbon. -- Negociations. --
Wallenstein deprived of the Command. -- Gustavus Adolphus. -- Swedish
Army. -- Gustavus Adolphus takes his leave of the States at Stockholm.
-- Invasion by the Swedes. -- Their progress in Germany. -- Count
Tilly takes the Command of the Imperial Troops. -- Treaty with France.
-- Congress at Leipzig. -- Siege and cruel fate of Magdeburg. --
Firmness of the Landgrave of Cassel. -- Junction of the Saxons with
the Swedes. -- Battle of Leipzig. -- Consequences of that Victory.
Situation of Gustavus Adolphus after the Battle of Leipzig. --
Progress of Gustavus Adolphus. -- The French invade Lorraine. --
Frankfort taken. -- Capitulation of Mentz. -- Tilly ordered by
Maximilian to protect Bavaria. -- Gustavus Adolphus passes the Lech.
-- Defeat and Death of Tilly. -- Gustavus takes Munich. -- The Saxon
Army invades Bohemia, and takes Prague. -- Distress of the Emperor. --
Secret Triumph of Wallenstein. -- He offers to Join Gustavus Adolphus.
-- Wallenstein re-assumes the Command. -- Junction of Wallenstein with
the Bavarians. -- Gustavus Adolphus defends Nuremberg. -- Attacks
Wallenstein's Intrenchments. -- Enters Saxony. -- Goes to the succour
of the Elector of Saxony. -- Marches against Wallenstein. -- Battle of
Lutzen. -- Death of Gustavus Adolphus. -- Situation of Germany after
the Battle of Lutzen.
Closer Alliance between France and Sweden. -- Oxenstiern takes the
Direction of Affairs. -- Death of the Elector Palatine. -- Revolt of
the Swedish Officers. -- Duke Bernhard takes Ratisbon. -- Wallenstein
enters Silesia. -- Forms Treasonable Designs. -- Forsaken by the Army.
-- Retires to Egra. -- His associates put to death. -- Wallenstein's
death. -- His Character.
Battle of Nordlingen. -- France enters into an Alliance against
Austria. -- Treaty of Prague. -- Saxony joins the Emperor. -- Battle
of Wistock gained by the Swedes. -- Battle of Rheinfeld gained by
Bernhard, Duke of Weimar. -- He takes Brisach. -- His death. -- Death
of Ferdinand II. -- Ferdinand III. succeeds him. -- Celebrated Retreat
of Banner in Pomerania. -- His Successes. -- Death. -- Torstensohn
takes the Command. -- Death of Richelieu and Louis XIII. -- Swedish
Victory at Jankowitz. -- French defeated at Freyburg. -- Battle of
Nordlingen gained by Turenne and Conde. -- Wrangel takes the Command
of the Swedish Army. -- Melander made Commander of the Emperor's Army.
-- The Elector of Bavaria breaks the Armistice. -- He adopts the same
Policy towards the Emperor as France towards the Swedes. -- The
Weimerian Cavalry go over to the Swedes. -- Conquest of New Prague by
Koenigsmark, and Termination of the Thirty Years' War.
The Lion of the North
Gustaf II Adolf, King of Sweden, 1594-1632 -- Fiction - by Henty, G.
A. (George Alfred) (1832-1902). This is historical fiction but you may
well enjoy the story.