TABLE OF CONTENTS
Fairfax's Grant — The first Settlements west of the Blue Ridge, in
Virginia— Grants to Vanmeter — Joist Hite removes to Virginia — Other
Settlers — Frederick County set off — Extracts from the Records of
Chapter I. - The Settlements on the Opequon
Verses by a Young Lady — Visit to the Church and Church-yard — The Early
Settlers — Names of Families—Extent of Settlement — Missionaries— First
Pastor—Second Pastor—Third Pastor — Inscription on a Tomb-stone —
William Hoge—Robert White — Samuel Glass.
Chapter II. - Settlements on the Forks of Shenandoah
Stone Church, Augusta — Grants to Burden and Beverly — Missionaries— Mr.
Craig, the first Pastor—His Early Life — Emigrates to America while a
Youth — Visits the Triple Forks — His views of the Congregation — His
Domestic Arrangements — The old Burying-ground — Epitaphs of the three
Chapter III. - Tinkling Spring
The Name — John Lewis—Col. Patton — John Preston — John Vanlear — John
M’Cue—James C. Willson.
Chapter IV. - Presbytery of Hanover - From its Formation to its Remodelling
Samuel Davies — Effort to remove Jonathan Edwards to Virginia —
Formation of Hanover Presbytery — The Records — John Craig — John
Todd—Extracts from the Records of the Council of State — Letter to
Whitfield — Efforts for a College in Kentucky — Close of Life — Robert
Henry — Origin of Briery Congregation — Anecdote of Mr. Henry — His
Death — John Wright — Causes of Toleration — John Brown — John Martin —
Some Acts of Presbytery.
Chapter V. - New Providence
Origin of the Congregation, from Mr. Houston’s Letter — Building the
Church — Classical School — Samuel Brown—His Birth—Education —
Missionary Tours — Settlement — Labors — Estimation of his Charge — Of
his Brethren — His Death.
Chapter VI. - Hanover Presbytery from 1758 to 1770.
Henry Pattillo—William Richardson—Andrew Millar—Samuel Black —Hugh
M’Aden — Richard Sankev—James Waddell, D. D.—James Hunt—David Rice —
Mrs. Samuel Blair’s Sketch of Herself—James Creswell — Charles Cummings
— Samuel Leake—David Caldwell — Joseph Alexander — Thomas
Jackson—William Irwin — Hezekiah Balch—The Presbytery of Orange formed
Chapter VII. - Timber Ridge
First Inhabitants—Ephraim M’Dowell — Epitaph — Mary Greenlee —
Missionaries — Call to John Brown — His Life and Labors — His
Supporters, a list of—List of Subscribers, and the sums given for his
support — The Alexander Family—Archibald Alexander.
Chapter VIII. - Hanover Presbytery from 1770 to Formation of Virginia
James Campbell — Samuel Edmundson— Caleb Wallace—William Graham — James
Templeton — Samuel M’Corkle— Samuel Stanhope Smith—John B. Smith —
Edward Crawford — Archibald Scott — Samuel Doak — John Montgomery —
James M’Connel—Benjamin Erwin—William Willson — James Crawford — Samuel
Shannon — James Mitchel — Moses Hoge—John M’Cue—Adam Rankin—Samuel
Carrick—Samuel Houston—Andrew M’Clure—John D. Blair.
Chapter IX. - Settlements on the Holston
Letters from Ex-Governor Campbell on the Early Settlements on
Holston—Call to Mr. Cummings—Incidents in his Life—The Campbells of
Holston—Official Report of the Battle of King’s Mountain—The Loss in
Campbell’s Regiment—Col. Patrick Ferguson -Incidents in his Life.
Chapter X. - Rev. Messrs. James Mitchel and Samuel Houston
Mr. Mitchel’s Appearance—His Birth and Ancestry—His entrance on the work
of the ministry—His Conversion—Visits Kentucky—Is Ordained—Removes to
'Bedford—The Great Awakening—Anecdote of his preaching in Newmarket—His
Preaching—His Sickness and Death. Mr. Houston’s birth and
education—Journal of his military tour, and his account of the battle of
Guilford — Enters the Ministry — Goes to Tennessee — Returns to
Virginia—Settles at High Bridge —His Death — His Epitaph.
Chapter XI. - The Captivity and Escape of Mrs Inglish 1756
George Draper emigrates from Pennsylvania — Residence on the Allegheny—
Inroads of the Indians — Col. Patton killed—The Family taken Captive —
Go down the Kanawha to Ohio — Goes to the Big Scioto — Her Occupation —
Goes to the Big Bone Licks — Escapes with an old Dutch Woman — Her
Journey Homewards — Escapes the observation of the Indians in sight—Iler
Sufferings — The old Woman threatens to kill her—Reaches the Frontier—Is
Recognised — Meets her Husband — The Search for her Child—Various
Battles with the Indians — Her Son, the captive, comes home—Is Educated
Married — His various removals, and Incidents in his Life.
Chapter XII. - Cornstalk and the Battle at Point Pleasant
The Shawanees owned the Valley of the Shenandoah — First known of
Cornstalk — His Endowments — An Indian Confederacy—An expedition against
them planned — Point Pleasant the rendezvous — Tories collected — Gen.
Andrew Lewis to command — The march down the Kenawha — The approach of
the Indians — The spirit of the Soldiers—Cornstalk leads the Indians—The
Shawanees—Lewis prepares for Battle — The Fight commences soon after
sunrise, and lasts all day—Attacked in the rear, the Indians retreat —
The Governor arrests the pursuit—Cornstalk in Conference — Eminent Men
in the Battle—Cornstalk visits the Point — Is detained as Hostage— His
Son visits him — Is detained—Both Slain.
Chapter XIII. - Rev. William Hill, D.D - From his Birth to his
Settlement in Winchester
Birth-place — Education —Loses his Mother — Enters College—A Revival in
College — Professes Religion — Is deprived of the use of his income —
Revival on Guinea Creek — Mr. Hill lives at Col. Read's— Becomes
Candidate for the Ministry — Is Licensed — A Missionary Tour —
Interesting Incidents—Ride with Mr. Turner—Sick at Winchester—Second
Mission—Visits Richmond—Col. Gordon’s — David Smith — Methodist
Meeting—Williamsburg^Mr. Holt—Third Mission— Has Cary Allen as his
Companion—Goes over to the Holston —Matthew Lyle—Returns and visits the
Potomac—Visits the Valley around Winchester—Ordained and settled in
Jefferson County— His Endowments to Preach—Is Married—Winchester
Chapter XIV. - Rev. James Turner
His Birth-place and Parentage—His Appearance—His Early Habits—
Marries—Is Awakened under Mr. Lacy's preaching—The Beefsteak Club — Mr.
Turner visits his Mother in distress — Is hopefully Converted— Exhorts
in Meetings — The Club broken up — Is taken on trial for Licensure — His
Endowments as a Speaker—C\o-Pastor with Mr. Mitchel — Anecdote told by
his Son — His Appearance at Presbytery—At Synod in Lexington — His Will
— His Death.
Chapter XV. - Bethel and her Ministers
Origin of Bethel — First Pastor, Mr. Cummings — Second Pastor, Mr. Scott
— His Origin — His entrance to the Ministry—The new Meeting-House—
Memorial of Presbytery — The Memorial of Messrs. Smith and
Todd—Convention of the Presbyterian Church — Soldiers in the Revolution
— Alarm at the approach of Tarleton — An old Soldier—Sacred Lyric by
Davies — Mr. Scott’s Appearance — His Preaching — His Abilities — His
Death — His Family — The Exercises— Rev. William M’Pheeters, D. D.— His
Origin — His Pious Mother — Her Experience and Death—Letter from Dr.
M’Farland— He enters the Ministry—Preaches in Kentucky—In Bethel—Called
to Raleigh—Organizes a Church — Resigns the Pastoral Care — His Domestic
Relations — A Letter from his Daughter — Death of his Son — His own
Chapter XVI. - Archibald Alexander - His Licensure and Settlement in
His first Ministerial Services—When taken under care of Presbytery -—His
Trial Pieces — His Companions in Study—His Examinations — Is made Elder
— Goes to the Assembly—His visit to Mr. Hoge— His visit to Philadelphia
— Graham’s Attachment to the Youth — His Trial Sermon for Licensure —
His Examination and Licensure in Winchester — His Winter’s Work — The
attention excited by his Preaching — Becomes a resident in Charlotte —
Is ordained — The Copartnership — Materials for Church History — Mrs.
Chapter XVII. - Rev. Messrs. Cary Allen and William Calhoon
Parentage of Allen—His Peculiarities—His Reflections on the Hogs— His
commencing a course of Classical Studies — His Comic Power— ' John
Gilpin — His Conversion—Desires the Ministry—Difficulties in the
way—Becomes Candidate — Is Delayed — Is Licensed—Goes to Kentucky with
Robert Marshall — His Preaching on Silver Creek — Returns to
Virginia—Incident in Campbell—Again visits Kentucky —Mr. Calhoon goes in
company—Allen’s attempt to imitate Calhoon —His Mission in Virginia—Col.
Skillern — Sermon at his House — Address to the Negroes — His Interview
at a Tavern — Infidelity rebuked in Lexington by him — Letter from
Daniel Allen—William Calhoon — His Childhood — Enters College — Takes
Allein’s Alarm to William Hill—Becomes Candidate for the Ministry—Goes
to Kentucky with Cary Allen—Settles in Kentucky—Removes to Virginia —
Settles in Albemarle—Removes to Augusta County—His Characteristics— His
Interview with William Wirt — Mr. Wirt’s Conversion.
Chapter XVIII. - John H. Rice, D. D.
His Birth-place — His Parentage;—His Early Training — Loss of his Mother
— Makes profession of Religion — His Youthful Studies — Goes to Liberty
Hall — Lives with Mr. Baxter at New London — Private Teacher at Malvern
Hills — His Improvement and his Trials — Returns Home—His Sickness —
Seeks the office of Tutor in College.
Chapter XIX. - Messrs Alexander and Rice Associated in College
Efforts of the Board to get a President — Mr. Alexander declines — Mr.
Blair declines — Apply to Mr. Alexander again — He accepts — Removes to
College — Rice and Alexander conjoined become lasting
Friends—Arrangements for Preaching—Members of Hanover Presbytery—The
Charitable Fund—Mr. Rice leaves College — Mr. Alexander visits Ohio —
Mr. Speece becomes Tutor—The Subject of Baptism — Estimation of Mr.
Chapter XX. - George A. Baxter - From his Birth to his Rectorship
Graham, Rice, and Baxter — Baxter’s Birth-place and Parentage — Incident
in his Early Life — His Teacher, M’Nemara— Member of College—Professes
Faith—Mr. Stuart’s Letters—Is Licensed—Marries— Col. Fleming — Chosen
Rector of Washington Academy, Lexington.
Chapter XXI. - Messrs Alexander and Rice and a Second Time Associated at
Circumstances — Mr. Alexander goes to Assembly—By the residence of Dr.
Waddell—Visits New England — Returns to the College — Becomes Son-in-law
of Dr. Waddell — Call to Cumberland — Mr. Rice’s Letter to Mrs. Morton —
Specimens of Preaching — His Difficulties— Is Married — Becomes
Candidate for the Ministry — Is Licensed — Minutes of Presbytery
transcribed — Mr. Rice called to Cub Creek—Mr. Tompkins, a Baptist
Minister—Second step towards a Theological Seminary—Dr. Alexander’s
estimation of Mr. Rice at that time.
Chapter XXII. - George A. Baxter and the Awakening at the Commencement
of the Nineteeth Century
Ministers of the Synod of Virginia — Mr. Baxter visits Kentucky — Letter
to Archibald Alexander, giving in detail the facts and circumstances of
the Revival in Kentucky—Revival in Bedford — Mr. Baxter, with some young
people, visits Bedford.
Chapter XXIII. - Dr. Baxter - Rector and President
His Income—His Duties in College—The Studies of College—Number of
Students completing their Studies — Endowment of the.College by the
Cincinnati — Name of the Institution changed — Dr. Baxter as
President—He is invited to other Institutions—His Domestic Affairs.
Chapter XXIV. - Rev. Daniel Blain
Birth-place — Parentage — Childhood — Seeks an Education — Goes to
Liberty Hall—Licensed—Is Associated with Mr. Baxter—Is Married — One of
the Committee on the Magazine — His Articles — An Extract— His Early
Death — Mary Hanna — Letter from S. B. Wilson, D. D.—Matthew Hanna.
Chapter XXV. - Dr. Rice - Residence in Charlotte
Members of the Church—Colored Members — Mr. Rice teaches School —An
Incident—Slave Population — Slaves Members, their condition —The Account
of them by Rev. S. J. Price — Articles in the Magazine—Donation by Mr.
Baker—Collections for a Library—Mr. Alexander removes from Virginia—Dr.
Iloge chosen President—Reasons for accepting the Office — Dr. Alexander
Moderator of Assembly — His Sermon — A Seminary determined upon — Mr.
Rice opens Assembly— His Studies—His Desires—Anecdote of Drury Lacy—Mr.
Lacy visits Richmond — Propositions to remove Mr. Rice to
Richmond—Situation of Hanover Presbytery.
Chapter XXVI. - William Hill in Winchester, 1800-1818.
Population of Winchester — Unable to agree upon the Candidates — Turn
their attention to Mr. Hill—Unanimous Invitation — His Influence—The
Situation of the Congregation—A Revival—William Williamson—John Lyle—Mr.
Hill’s Preaching—His Domestic Engagements— An Incident.
Chapter XXVII. - Dr. Rice - His Residence in Richmond
Richmond at the time of his Removal — The Burning of the Theatre—
Renewed Efforts to get Mr. Rice to Richmond—He determines to go —
Removes to Richmond — Letter to Dr. Alexander — Reception in Richmond —
Presbytery in Richmond — Installation Services—Virginia Bible
Society—Difficulties to be overcome—An Incident—The Monumental Church —
Friendship of Mr. Buchanan — New Church —The Christian Monitor — Death
of Mrs. Morton—The last days of Drury Lacy—Application for an Act of
Incorporation—Rev. Samuel J. Mills — The Magazine—The Printing Press—The
Pamphleteer— The University of Virginia — Josiah Smith — Mr. Chester’s
Visit — Young Men’s Missionary Society — D. D. — Meeting of General
Assembly, 1820 and 1822 — The General Association of Connecticut — Of
Massachusetts — Dr. Sprague’s Account.
Chapter XXVIII. - The Messrs Randolph
Theodore Tudor becomes a Pupil—Taken Sick—Visited by his Mother — She
becomes a Believer — John Randolph of Roanoke — Tudor goes to Harvard
University — Leaves College — Visits England, and Dies — Randolph’s
Letter to Rice — The Trials of John Randolph — His Opinion of Dr. Hoge—Letter
to Judge Henry St. George Tucker — Death of Mrs. Randolph.
Chapter XXIX. - Rev. Conrad Speece D.D. - His Youth and Ministry to 1820
His Birth-place—Of German Origin—Samuel Brown encourages him— Begins his
Classic Education under Mr. Graham — Great Success in Study—Makes
profession of Religion—Begins the study of Divinity — Stops his trials
on account of difficulty about Baptism — Becomes Tutor at Hampden Sidney
— Is Immersed — Returns to the Presbyterian Church, and is licensed to
preach — Settles in Maryland — Returns to Virginia—Settles in Powhatan —
Removes to Augusta— His Journal — His Installation — The case of George
Bourne — On account of his doings on the subject of Slavery, Mr. Bourne
is deposed— The case goes before the Assembly — Back to Presbytery —
Again to Assembly—The Deposition Confirmed — Mr. Speece's opinions on
Chapter XXX. - John H. Rice, D.D. - His Removal to Prince Edward
Circumstances leading to his removal—The labors and last days of Dr.
Hoge — The estimation in which Dr. Hoge was held—The Assembly founds a
Theological Seminary, excited by a memorial from Philadelphia
Presbytery, on the proposition of Archibald Alexander — Mr. Hoge’s death
— Mr. Alexander chosen President of Hampden Sidney College — Mr. J. T.
Cushing chosen Professor — The Seminary transferred to Hanover
Presbytery — J. H. Rice chosen Professor — He is chosen President of
Princeton College — Letter from Dr. Miller — Letter from Dr. M’Dowell —
Second Letter from Dr. Miller — Dr. Rice to Dr. Woods—Third Letter from
Dr. Miller— Mental Exercises of Dr. Rice—Declines the Presidency of the
College - Letter to Dr. Alexander —Death of Mrs. Wood—Fourth Letter from
Dr. Miller—Visit to the Eastern Shore—Accepts the Professor- ship—Visit
to the State of New York.
Chapter XXXI. - Dr. Rice - His Entrance on the Work of the Professorship
State of Hanover Presbytery—Of Hampden Sidney—President Cushing—Mr>
Rice’s situation, by an eye-witness—Mr. Marsh—The Professor’s House —
The Inauguration — The first class of Students — Mr. Marsh employed —
Funds of the Seminary — A great Southern Seminary—Dr. Alexander’s
visit—Mr. Roy appointed Agent—Little Scholarship—Funds transferred to
the Trustees of General Assembly — The Assembly accepts the keeping of
the funds, and takes the oversight of the Seminary —The nine Resolutions
— The Synod of Virginia agrees to take the place of the Presbytery^—The
Synod of North Carolina agrees to join with Synod of Virginia — Dr.
Caldwell in debate —Matthew Lyle —The Episcopal Controversy—Review of
Bishop Ravenscroft’s four Sermons and his Pamphlet.
Chapter XXXII. - Dr. Rice - His Agencies
Reasons for entering on them—Visits New York in summer of 1827-Extracts
from his Letters — Goes up the North River—Visits Philadelphia in the
fall of 1827, and winter of 1827-8—Mr. Nettleton’s visit to Virginia
followed by great religious excitements — Dr. Rice’s Letters about it —
Mr. Goodrich chosen Professor.
Chapter XXXIII. - Last Labors of Dr. Rice
He preaches the Sermon before the Board of Foreign Missions—James B.
Taylor — Dr. Rice’s Library bought for the Seminary—Dr. Rice’s plan for
a full course of study under four Professors—Students reduce the price
of board — Dr. Rice states his position—The Boston House —Agency in
North Carolina—Hanover Presbytery divided—A Series of Letters addressed
to Ex-President Madison—Visit to New York— Goes Home Sick—His last
Chapter XXXIV. - Last Illness of Dr. Rice
Confined to his House — Letter to Dr. Wisner— Memorial to the Assembly
on Foreign Missions—Its disposition — Mr. Staunton assists Dr. Rice —
Illness increases — Drs. M’Aulev and M’Dowell elected Professors — Mr.
Ballentine attends upon Dr. Rice — The Closing Scene of his Life — Major
Morton — The Burial.
Chapter XXXV. - Spirit and Example of Dr. Rice
1st. Indefatigable in his Efforts — 2d. Earnest in Intellectual
Improvement—3d. A Friend of the Colored Race—4th. Was fond of his Pen
—5th. A quick sense of the Ridiculous—6th. Happy in his Domestic
Relations — 7th. Always caring for the Seminary — Letter to Dr.
M’Farland— 8th. Excels in the Class Room — 9th. Abundant in Labors — his
Chapter XXXVI. - Dr. Baxter - Inaugurated Professor
Chosen Professor — Enters upon the duties of his Office — His Inaugural
Address — Dr. Hill’s Charge — The State of the Southern Churches.
Chapter XXXVII. - Dr. Hill - From 1818 to leaving Winchester
Domestic Affliction—Winchester, a visit to, in 1853 — Burial of
Elizabeth M. Hill — Visit to the Grave-Yards — Daniel Morgan — Gen.
Robedeau—Judge White — Various Inscriptions — Dr. Hill finds Trouble —
Proposes a renewal of their Covenant to the Church — His habits in
Discussions — Some Collisions — Subject of Dancing— Choice of a
Successor — A new Church organized—John Matthews, D. D.— Mr. Riddle
settled in Winchester—Is removed to Pittsburg— Dr. Hill resigns his
Charge — Removes to Presbytery of West Hanover— To Alexandria — To
Chapter XXXVIII. - Dr. Speece - The Close of Life
His views of Theological Seminaries — An active friend of the Temperance
Cause—State of the Question—Death—Dr. Baxter’s opinion of him — New
Measures — Dr. Hendren’s opinion of him — His Library— Poetry, the last
from his Pen.
Chapter XXXIX. - Going into the Convention
Position of the Southern Churches in regard to matters in Controversy —
1st. Examination of Ministers—2d. Churches formed on the Plan of
Union—Plan of Union — 3d. Case of Rev. Albert Barnes — 4th. Cause of
Foreign Missions — Reception and disposition of Dr. Rice's Memorial —
Presbytery of Baltimore resolves to engage in Foreign Missions—Western
Foreign Missionary Society formed—Report laid before the Assembly, 1832
— Central Board of Foreign Missions — Western Board transferred to
Assembly — Not Accepted — Dr. Miller’s Letter about Dr. Rice’s
Memorial—5th. The Act and Testimony —Against Errors—6th. The Subject of
Slavery—Lastly. A Division of the Presbyterian Church — Position of the
Virginia Synod — Act of the Virginia Synod, adopted at Petersburg — The
Virginia Presbyteries determine to go into Convention.
Chapter XL. - The Convention of 1837
The President— Movements of Southern Members — Committee of
Business—Resolutions Proposed—Errors Condemned — In Doctrine, Order, and
Discipline — Memorial Prepared — Miscellaneous Resolutions.
Chapter XLI. - The Assembly of 1837
Expectation of the Churches—The Opening Services—The Presentation of the
Memorial — The Report of the Committee on it — Resolution abrogating the
Plan of Union — Debate upon it — Postponement of the Debate on Errors of
Doctrine — Resolution for Citation — Debate upon it — Messrs. Beman and
Plumer—Committee on the State of the Church — The peaceable division of
the Church contemplated — The Committee Disagree — Their Reports — Dr.
Baxter’s Principle on a Constitutional Question — Brought forward in
Convention — And in the Assembly — Debate upon its application to the
Western Reserve—The Vote—Foreign Missions—Preparations for a Lawsuit —
Errors Condemned — Protests Entered—Where they may all be found —
Adjournment of the Assembly.
Chapter XLII. - The Division of the Virginia Synod
The Excitement on account of the action of the Assembly — Dr. Baxter’s
Position and Course—Watchman of the South — Action of the
Presbyteries—Action of the Board of Directors of Union Theological
Seminary — Resignation of Professors — Position of Drs. Hill and Baxter
— Division of Presbyteries, beginning with Abington — Election of new
Professors—Records of Hanover Presbytery—Dr. Hodge’s and Dr. Hill’s
History of the Infancy of Presbyterianism in America — Later Researches
— The time Makemie came to America — The Separation of the opposing
parts of the Synod — Rev. Wm. M. Atkinson— His Labors, Sickness, and
Death—His Birth—Entrance on the Ministry—His Lovely Character.
Chapter XLIII. - George A. Baxter D.D. - Closing Scene of his Life
Circumstances of his Last Days — Dr. Hendren’s estimation of Dr. Baxter
— Mr. Bocock’s Address — Dr. Baxter’s Writings—Mr. Morrison’s Letter.
Chapter XLIV. - Recollections - Sacrament at Monmouth
Dr. Leyburn’s Recollections of Mr. Turner — Of Mr. Mitchel—Of Dr. Speece—
Of Dr. Baxter — The Sacrament at Monmouth.
Chapter XLV. - Rev. Clement Read
His Ancestry—Genealogy of Families — The Carrington Family—Mr. Read’s
Education — His Wife’s Ancestry — His Entrance on the Ministry with the
Republican Methodists—Mr. Lacy’s Letters about the Union of
Denominations — Mr. Read joins the Presbyterian Church — A Calvinist in
Creed — His View of the Duties of the Church—His Habits.
Chapter XLVI. - Messrs Logan Bowyer and Anderson
The Labors of Mr. Logan in the Ministry — Judge Johnston’s Letter
concerning Col. Bowyer — Mrs. Bowyer—Col. Anderson — His Military Life —
Chapter XL VII. - Fredericksburg - John B. Hoge and James H. Fitzgerald
Location of the City—Orphan Asylum — First place of worship for the
Presbyterians — John Mark — First Presbyterian Minister — Recollections
of Fredericksburg — The Worshippers at the Presbyterian Church — The
Order at Church — The Meeting of Synod — The Preaching of John B. Hoge—Of
Dr. Alexander—Sketch of John B. Hoge — Of James H. Fitzgerald.