William and Louisa
Anderson Part III -
Old Calabar Period, 1849-1889, & Closing Years, 1889-1895
Tup: health of Mrs. Anderson, which had been
declining for a considerable period, became such as to make it necessary for Dr.
Hewan to advise a visit to Scotland. After pointing out the reasons for this
step, Dr. Hewan said, in a letter dated 27th June 1861 :
Mrs. Anderson's departure is a great trial to us
all. She, of all others, can be least spared. She is not a mere local, but a
very general blessing; and it is impossible for me to convey in adequate terms
the admiration in which she is held, not only by the members of the Mission and
by the natives, but by every European resident or sojourner. Her good works, her
deeds of Christian benevolence, her laborious, self-sacrificing efforts in
behalf of all classes of the community who come within her reach, will never be
fully known. Many a poor creature's life has been saved through her painstaking,
unwearied efforts, with God's blessing; and may we not hope that a few souls
have lived through the same instrumentality? From her household have gone forth
a few well-trained young women. Some of the young men at Creek Town did
themselves good service in seeking wives at her hands ; and even as far distant
as Ikoneto the heart of a youth at the present moment beats joyously at the
prospect of carrying off one of her prizes.
And another letter from Calabar says of her:
Were I so presumptuous as to write an epistle at
present to the United Presbyterian Church, I should be disposed to borrow from
Rom. xvi. 1, 2, and to say, "I commend unto you Louisa, our sister, who is a
servant of the Church which is at Calabar; that ye receive her in the Lord, as
becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of;
for she hath been a succourer of many."
Mrs. Anderson reached Liverpool about the 10th of
August. She went to stay at Dalkeith, and was twice dangerously ill. The Record
We have deemed it right to submit to the Church
these notices of a most useful woman, because we are persuaded that many have
little idea of the benevolent and self-denying labours which the wives of our
The following extract from Mr. Anderson's Journal
shows the estimation in which Mrs. Anderson was held by the native Christians:
Tuesday, November 19. Much gratified to-day on
receiving a visit from one of the native members of the church. When he came
into my study he began a lengthened statement about the importance of
Christians, members of the same church, loving one another and helping one
another in times of sickness and difficulty. I was beginning to wonder what help
he could be needing or wishing, or what he would be begging or borrowing.
To my agreeable surprise, he wound up by laying
three dollars on the table before me, as a help to me to pay the doctor in
Scotland who is attending Mrs. Anderson, with a pressing charge to "tell doctor
to make her sick done quick, and make her soon come back to Old Calabar."
A useful person was removed in the person of
Wednesday, Aug. 4, 1861.Thomas Hogan, the native
pilot, one of the most intelligent of the Calabar people, and the most constant
attender at public worship among the Duke Town gentlemen, died this day. I shall
miss him a good deal. In palavers between the natives and the whites he was
generally on the right side. He has frequently acted the part of
Nicodemusperhaps I should say, Gamalielin the native councils when mission
matters have been discussed. He was possessed of no great wealth, but his
superior intelligence gave him great weight among his countrymen. He has been,
for several weeks, unable to articulate. When he and I had our last
conversation at the beginning of his illnessI asked him if he believed in
Jesus as his Saviour, and was able to commit all matters into His hands. His
reply was, "Certainly, certainly." "Well," I said, "good-bye; hold by that, and
you'll find all right."
Sabbath, December 8.Usual meetings. Was somewhat
surprised to sec King A. and a considerable number of his friends in church.
After service some of the young men asked me if I knew what had made him come. I
replied that I did not. One of them told me it was something God had done that
made him come. "What was that?" "Last Sunday, that time you speak God's word,
all his people do work at his new house. Plenty of them be in a sand pit, making
plaster for the walls. Then the pit fall incover seven men, and when they take
them out, two dead. Then King Archibong promise he no will spoil God's Sunday no
more." "Ah! it be true; God do that."
With reference to the translations that had been
or were being made, Mr. Anderson wrote in his annual Report:
I have not attempted any translations into Efik
during the year further than has been necessary in oral instruction. I have,
however, in common with other brethren, carefully revised the proofs of the Efik
New Testament, now being carried through the press by Mr. Goldie. As Mr. Goldie
has finished the New Testament, and as Mr. Robb has begun the Old, I feel the
importance of preparing readers for the books, and endeavour to act accordingly,
though this may be reckoned a more humble employment than preparing books for
And with reference to the
readers he says:
In looking over the school rolls of former years,
and at the same time taking a mental sweep of the town, I think I am on the safe
side when I state that I believe one hundred young people have been taught to
read the Bible pretty fluently in Duke Town school, . . . and that there are
fully sixty able to read the portions of Scripture already translated into Efik
fluently and with the understanding.
Saturday, Jan. 18, 1862. Stirring and solemn
intelligence received yesterday per Retriever, viz., news of the death of the
Prince Consort, and of the outrage on the mail steamer Trent. The flags in the
river and at the mission stations have been half-mast to-day. One feeling of
sadness pervades all hearts here on account of the sore bereavement of our
widowed Queen. From Old Calabar the prayer ascends as fervently as from any
locality in her own dominions, "The Lord bless, preserve, and comfort her and
her fatherless children."
Monday, Feb. 3.Devoured the greater part of the
newly published Life and Times of Dr. Lawson. Felt the more interested in the
volume that my father was an elder in Selkirk congregation when under the
pastoral care of the sage. In early boyhood I was accustomed to hear my father
speak in rapturous strains of Dr. Lawson.
Wednesday, 5.Our usual congregational meeting
was held this evening. The treasurer having a balance of church-door collections
in his hand, it was cordially resolved to testify our congregational gratitude
to the Mission Board by transmitting £7, 7s. to its funds. The sum is small, but
the congregation also is small. We find that it requires a pretty considerable
sum to keep our two churches, fences, etc., in repair during a year.
Friday, 28.This has been a sore month on us on
account of measles. A good many of the young people have not been able to attend
school on account of the disease. A great many have died. During the past few
weeks nine of my house children have been prostrated by it. A tenth has been
sick of fever for a few days. Owing to Mrs. A.'s absence, I have had more
doctoring, cooking, and nursing to look after than ever I have had in all my
lifetime before. All of our young people arc now out of danger.
Saturday, April 12.Great fire in town this
afternoon. The premises of one of the principal native traders, Yellow Duke,
including an excellent European house, barely finished, if indeed fully
finished; the premises of the late King Duke, and adjoining tenements, were in
about two hours burned to the ground.
Sabbath, 13.Usual meetings to-day, and usual
attendance. No gentlemen present, however. I went to the king's after service,
and found them all sitting condoling with Yellow Duke. They appeared all very
sober (in our Scottish sense of the word) on account of yesterday's calamity. I
told them that I well knew what Yellow Duke was at that moment feeling, for, as
they all knew, my house had at one time been consumed by fire. I spoke to them
briefly in reference to the event. The substance of the remarks ma)' be
scripturally Englished thus: "Hear ye the rod, and who hath appointed it."
Wednesday, 16.Great sacrifice made to Ndem Efik
to-dayI suppose on account of the fire of last Saturday. Some say that a new
high priest of the Ndem has been installed.
Thursday, 17.King A. and all the gentry spent
several hours this morning adorning Ndem Efik's house.
Sabbath, 20.Spoke seriously to-day to King A.
after public service was over, about the wickedness and foolishness of trusting
to anything, save God Himself, as a protection from fire, famine, sickness, or
any other evil. He pleaded that the worship of, or rather by, Ndem Efik had been
taught by God to the fathers of the Calabar people, just as He had taught the
fathers of the white people to worship in Bible fashion. I endeavoured to show
him that there is but one Father of all, one Mediator for all, and one Book, one
law for all; and that whoever disregards this one Mediator and this one Book is
a rebel against God.
Sabbath, 27.No gentlemen save one at church
to-day, all the rest being offering a great sacrifice, this being Calabar
Monday, 28.Set out after forenoon school to take
the round of the town again, to remonstrate with the gentlemen individually
against their perpetual idolatry and Sabbath - breaking. Most of them were
engaged, but several of them listened with attention to my remonstrance and
counsel. They complain of fires, and sicknesses, and palavers with white men.
These, I tried to show them, are just the means employed by God to chastise them
for their obstinate rejection of Him and His word. I told them that I would not
be a true friend to them, or a faithful servant of God, if I did not warn them
that their country can have neither peace nor prosperity till they change their
course. Almost forgot to state that the late great reduction in the price of
palm oil is one of the things which at present distresses them. This also, I
assured them, cometh from the Lord.
Mr. Anderson reported that on
June 14, 1862, King A. and all the gentlemen of
Duke Town proper took a poor Albino girl slave down the river to the
neighbourhood of Parrot Island, and there murdered her to Ndem Efik. Glad that
neither Cobham Town nor Henshaw Town have had anything to do with the outrageous
In July a cruel attack was made by the Duke Town
people, fully armed, upon the defenceless inhabitants of Ekri Mimbo, and a large
number of savage butcheries was carried out there and among the captives brought
to Duke Town. The next entry in the Journal refers to Mr. Anderson's protest:
Sabbath, August 3.Strongly protested to-day
against the murders of the past week, and against any countenance being shown to
the murderers in their deeds of blood. I am glad to be able to record that many
even of the heathens around entirely disapprove of the course pursued by King A.
and friends with the Kkri Mimbo people.
Mrs. Anderson, after fourteen months' absence,
arrived at Duke Town on August 31, 1862.
Monday, Oct. 27.Mrs. A. got a dash to-day of a
poor little motherless infant. The poor creature seems to have been half
starved; but we trust that a little proper attendance and nourishment will
effect a change on her for the better. We call her Christina Duncan, after a
benevolent friend whose bounty enables us to adopt such a feeble, helpless
object without additional pecuniary burden on ourselves.
Tuesday, Dec. 30.Called upon King A. to-day, for
the first time for several months. The reason of my declining so long to visit
him has beenas he quite well knewto show my abhorrence of the murders
committed by him in the middle of the year. I have been repeatedly advised to
renew intercourse with him. Only on Saturday last, one of our native young men
put the case to me thus: "Suppose an edep-eyena nurse bought to take care of an
infantfind her charge very troublesome, he cry, cry, cry, no will be quiet and
good, she must put him down and scold him a little bit; but would it be proper
for her to leave child altogether, say she no will lift him up again?" "No, it
would not." "Ah, then, you see, you be nurse for King A. and we; and suppose we
do bad, make palaver, but no cast we off altogether."
Thursday, Jan. 1, 1863.Accompanied by Mrs. A.,
went round town to give our native friends the compliments of the season. She
has not seen King A. since her return till to-day. Both of us expressed to him
our ardent desire that nothing may occur again (in the murdering line to
interrupt our friendly relations with him.
Sabbath, 4.Good meetings to-day. King A. at
church for the first time since the 8th of June. We began the concert for prayer
in the evening.
Saturday, 10.Brought to a termination the
concert for prayer recommended by the Evangelical Alliance. Since Tuesday
evening we have felt the want of moonlight a great drawback to attendance. It
would be a great comfort to us, and to millions of our fellow-worshippers
between the tropics, were the Committee of the Alliance to appoint the week of
prayer when the whole week is supplied with moonlight. Christians in Europe,
with their artificial light from gas, etc., naturally overlook such a matter as
that referred to, but it is of great importance.
Monday, Feb. 2.Commenced somewhat of a new
scheme of operations here. Mrs. Sutherland having been, to my great
satisfaction, translated from Old Town to this place, entered on her labours
here to-day. It is arranged that she teach school each forenoon, save that of
Saturday, and that I teach each afternoon and on Saturday forenoon. This will
allow me to visit from house to house in the forenoon, and Mrs. S. to do so in
Several of the river friends gave us lectures for
a few weeks in succession, on Benin, Memory, Music, etc.
Friday, 20.After a long and severe drought, all
nature revived this evening by a gentle delightful shower of about an hour's
continuance. What was rather unusual for the first rain of the seasona tornado.
Sabbath, March 1.Very few at forenoon native
service. King A. (who now attends very regularly; was sick. Went to see him
after service. Found nearly all the other gentlemen beside him. I proposed to
them, that as they "lose church" in the proper place, we should "keep church"
then and there. They were all agreeable; so I spoke with them a little, and
conducted prayer among them.
Friday, April 3.Received this day a copy of Mr.
Waddell's Missionary Reminiscences} kindly transmitted to me by the author.
Began at once to read it, and got deeply interested in it. It revives my own
recollections of bygone days and distant scenes, of Jamaica meetings and
fellow-labourers there, many of whom have fallen asleep.
Saturday, 4. livery spare moment of this day
devoted to Mr. W.'s goodly volume. A good deal of what is said about Old Calabar
strikes me with all the charm of novelty. It must be pleasing to the esteemed
author of this excellent book to look back in the evening of his life to a
morning and midday so laboriously and usefully spent.
Sabbath, 5.Felt disposed this morning to blame
Mr. Waddell's book for any want of preparation for the services of this day, but
I soon found in the native services, A.M., that the reading of the Twenty-Nine
Years had been an excellent preparative for the work of the day. It enabled me
to speak to them under fresh views of the grandeur of my work as a missionary,
the value of the gospel, the high privileges which the Calabarese, and especial
by the Duke Town people, have long neglected and misimproved, and the importance
of immediate attention to the one thing needful.
Monday, 6.Very glad to hear from a trustworthy
source this morning, that when several of the minor gentlemen proposed to go on
with the renewal of the palaver-house roof yesterday after morning service, King
A. peremptorily forbade it, and expressed his determination to try to keep God's
da)7 henceforth better than he had ever done.
Thursday, 30.Since Mrs. Sutherland entered on
the discharge of her duties at this station, three months ago, I have been
relieved of half of the work of the school, and have thus been enabled to devote
more time than formerly to the very important work of teaching "from house to
house." But a "house" here is equal in population to a "village" with you; some
of our houses, with their various "yards" being occupied by one hundred persons.
To teach here from house to house is thus to teach "publicly."
In his annual Report for 1863 Mr. Anderson wrote
regarding his visitation work :
Since I was relieved (by Mrs. Sutherland) of the
half of the work of the school, I have devoted the forenoon to going from house
to house. I find that it scarcely holds here as yet, that a "house-going
minister makes a church-going people." It seems rather otherwise, yet it is just
what might be expected. Such are the indolence and listlessness (in regard to
spiritual matters) of many, that the}' profess to consider it enough that they
hear the word of God in their own houses. Why should they trouble themselves to
go elsewhere to hear God's word? This department of duty is, however, very
important. Multitudes cannot get, and multitudes more will not go to the public
services of the sanctuary; so the only way to reach them is to go to them. One
thing has struck me a good deal in my visitations, namely, the knowledge of
several important Scripture truths among some who have never attended either
church or school. . . . Some old people have learned Christ's name and something
of His work from their children. I spend some interesting and happy hours in
endeavouring to explain to willing learners "the first principles of the oracles
of God." Mrs. Anderson has been unable to visit during the latter portion of the
year. Mrs. Sutherland, with her usual energy, devotes the afternoon to visiting
and instructing the women, of whom a large number is to be found in every house,
inaccessible to any teachers but females.
Another year of unbroken health calls loudly fur
a tribute of praise to the Giver of all good. Oh to be enabled to make a
suitable return! Five years and a half have now elapsed since my return to this
country. I believe that I have now the privilege of returning home for a season;
but I have no inclination to avail myself of the privilege. I cordially
sympathise with the wish of my yokefellow, and have no desire to leave the soil
of Calabar again till the resurrection morning. In so far as my intercourse with
the natives is concerned, this has been the busiest, and, I may add, the
happiest (probably because the busiest) year which I have spent among them.
Perhaps I have erred in confining myself too much to school duties during
previous years, thus allowing too little time for dealing with the adult
population. I must now endeavour "to redeem the time" by double diligence. One
thing I long to seethat is, the quickening influence of Him whose office it is
to "breathe upon these slain that they may live."
Sabbath, Jan. 3, 1864.Usual meetings. Much
larger attendance than usual at the English service P.M. I accept this as "a
token for good." King A. agreed during the week to allow the large town bell to
be rung for public worship each Sabbath morning, beginning to-day; but behold,
when the time came, "tongue no live." The bell itself was taken down and
concealed during "man-of-war palaver" in May 1862, and has only lately been
reining, and has not yet been used. I was authorised to ring the bell in the
Egbo palaver-house, but it was found lying flat on the ground, and of course
Sabbath, 10.New cases of smallpox. The large
bell could not be rung to-day, lest the demon of the disease should be
irritated, and become more severe in his operations. All sorts of noises, such
as drum-beating, bell-ringing, etc., are strictly forbidden. There is, withal, a
solemn feeling in the minds of the people which may prove beneficial.
Tuesday, 26.Dr. Hewan I gave us a lecture on the
prevalent malady, smallpox. Another medical gentleman who was present pronounced
a high eulogium on the lecture.
Thursdays 1. Mrs. Edgerley and Mrs. Sutherland
both very busy to-dayas they have been for some time past in vaccinating great
numbers of the natives, the great proportion of whom seem very anxious to
undergo the operation.
Saturday, 20.Mrs. A., who is seldom able to go
to town, felt sufficiently vigorous to-day to warrant her to share in a measure
with the other ladies in the good work of vaccination. She vaccinated King A.
and others. Mrs. E. had already had the honour of operating on his Majesty, but
no vesicle was produced.
Sabbath, April 10. Eighteenth anniversary of
the arrival of the Mission. Took notice of this at all our meetings. Had a long
and interesting conversation about midday with Mohammeda native of Hausaland,
now a slave, or rather servant, to a gentleman from Bonny who has been for
several years resident here, who wishes to renounce the religion of the False
Prophet and profess Christianity. He is pretty intelligent, but needs to be
further instructed in the doctrine of Christ.
Saturday, May 28. Usual turn round town. Eyo
Archibong, our king's only full brother, died yesterday, and I found all the
gentlemen engaged in preparations for the funeral. Poor prospect for to-morrow's
meeting in town.
Sabbath, 29.As anticipated, but a small
attendance at town meeting A.M. As a preacher, Death does not yet constrain the
Calabarese to go to the sanctuary. Mr. Edgerley and I exchanged P.M., he
addressing the English congregation at Duke Town, and I the Efik meeting at Old
Friday, July 1.Finished perusal of Mr. Robb's
MS. translation of the Pentateuch. I did not begin the study of Efik yesterday,
and it seems but right for me to say that I have read Mr. R.'s translation with
both pleasure and profit. I consider that he has made a capital job of it. I
trust we shall soon have the books of Moses in print, without the comments of
another African bishop [Colenso].
Sabbath, 3.Mail arrived, p.m., bringing to us
the sad and unexpected intelligence of the death of Rev. J. Baillie. It seems
but the other day that he left us in hope of a speedy return. "Frail man!"
Sabbath, 10.At the close of sermon this P.M.,
made a short statement in reference to our departed friend, Rev. J. Baillie, who
had several times, but too seldom, proclaimed to us the words of eternal life.
All here sympathise deeply with his bereaved brothers.
Sabbath, 17.One of our countrymen received into
Church fellowship. His mind was not fully made up on Friday evening, but was so
to-day, thanks in great measure to Rev. Dr. Andrew Thomson's little work on
"Early Communicating." This is not the first time that that valuable treatise
has done good service here. Mr. Edgerley was to have dispensed the Communion
to-day among us, but was prevented by sickness. We had a comfortable season.
Thirty-one sat at the table of the Lord.
Monday, 25.Finished my fifth transcription of
the Book of Proverbs in Efik. I translated the book a number of years ago, but
for various reasons kept it in hand. Some of us are of opinion that it would be
well to have it in circulation among our young people, and hence the revision
Thursday, 28.Our usual English prayer meeting
this evening. Had the happiness of receiving, by baptism, into the fellowship of
the Church, William Cobham,1 a young man, a slave, belonging to (how grating
these words!) Henry Cobham. William has been for years waiting on the means of
instruction, and conducting himself in a very becoming way. One of his letters
appeared in the Juvonile Missionary Magazine some time ago.
The following is the letter:
October 1 /10 63.
Mv Dear Loved Master - I have to tell you this
tiling about myself, that I was very sorry about trouble with myself. Sir, I was
very glad for joining- myself for church, but the thing that make me sorrow,
because in Calabar here, if boy like me try to go for God's side, Calabar man,
or woman, or your friend, or your father, or your father's son, make you spoil
and then turn back from Cod's word. Suppose a boy like me, they say, How we
born, here we not know God's word, and poor slave like you want to know God's
word past we ? You want to do good for God; God like you past we? So Calabar be;
suppose they no like God's word to hear, so they no like their people hear and
follow God's word. My dear sir, I been follow that word you been ask me say:
Suppose you sit for God's table, then your father and all his sons come sec
that, they no vexed with you? So I see it be true. Bui sometimes my heart tell
me say: If you will for true to follow God, and cast yourself for Jesus to keep
Him as your Saviour, then anything that trouble you, you need to care nothing
about. So I think some time, when my heart trouble me, say: This country no good
for you; but every day carefully [carefulness, anxiety] trouble my heart all
time and all night still, so I try to agreed for [arrange with] you to take me
out of this country. If you please to do so for me, God shall blessed you. If no
be so, if I do wrong to agreed, so please tell me again; but I pray for God to
help me every morning I rise up, and every night I lie down.--Truly yours, Wm.
You will see from the above that poor William had
no hope of being able to follow Christ fully unless he were taken out of this
country. He is in much better spirits now than when he wrote the above letter;
and I trust that the day is not far distant when he shall take his place among
the professed followers of the Lamb.
Tuesday, August 23.Amused and gratified in going
through market this morning by perceiving what I may call a book-stall. The
collection exposed for sale was very limited, however, consisting only of a few
numbers of the Illustrated London News, 60 coppers (= 1s. 6d.) per copy, and of
Fun at a lower rate. The seller, a boy to me unknown, seemed to meet with
considerable demand for his wares. Oh could the surrounding hundreds read !
Tuesday, 30.The sixth annual meeting of the
Presbytery of Biafra was held to-day at Duke Town. Mr. Goldie, the retiring
moderator, preached a very solemn, searching, and suitable sermon from 1 Cor.
ix. 27, last clause. Intimation of the sermon had been made on the Sabbath, and
the attendance both of Europeans and natives was, considering the state of the
weather, very respectable.
Monday, Sept. 12.A somewhat novel penalty
inflicted to-day on the eldest son of one of our late kings. Being unable to pay
his debts, he was publicly deprived of all his Egbo privileges. There is a good
deal of muttering against King A. for resorting to such a step with such a
personagea prince of the blood. It is said that such a thing has never been
done before. I rather like to see a new thing of this stamp, seeing it furnishes
a new argument against idolising old customs merely because they are old.
Thursday, 15. Heard good news to-dayviz., that
two clays ago King A. called his people together and publicly declared to them
his disbelief in Idiong and all the old superstitions of the country; his belief
in the truth of God's word, seeing his own heart tells him that what the
missionaries teach from that word is true; and his resolution to become a "good
man" himself, as soon as his brother's ikpo is over. He called upon all his
people to witness that he had done everything that could be done, according to
Efik fashion, for the recovery of his brother, and that all had failed, because
God "no will that his brother get better." This sentiment was, God only was to
be feared and prayed to. I earnestly pray that his feelings may be permanent.
Wednesday, Oct. 12.Visited Ikorofiong for the
first time for several years. Stood by the graves of Mrs. Baillie and her
Willie. My memory went off to bygone days and a far-off land. For several years
she was one of my brightest scholars in Jamaica. When last I saw her, in Duke
Town mission-house, she was nursing simultaneously her own fair child and his
black foster-brother. Here, in this quiet corner, all three slumber quietly.
What a glorious waking awaits them!
Saturday, 29.In going my usual rounds to-day,
met with two things somewhat encouraging: George Duke took down a Bible,
adjusted his spectacles, and read to me, very correctly, the third chapter of
Genesis. Went afterwards to King A.'s, and found him to be quite in an inquiring
mood. Had an interesting conversation with him about the one thing needful. He
repeated to me his feelings and purposes as hinted above. I gave him what
encouragement I could to do as well as to purpose.
Sabbath, Nov. 6. Gave notice to-day during both
servicesEnglish and Efikof the week of prayer appointed by the Synod of our
Church on behalf of its Foreign Missions. Read and explained minute of Synod,
and tried to impress upon all who heard me that it would be most shameful, while
others are praying for us, if we pray not for ourselves. Not to tax our
countrymen's time too much, I intimated that there should be only two public
English services during the week, one of them to be conducted by Mr. Edgerley.
Recommended private and social prayer on behalf of the Home Church, as well as
on our own behalf, and on behalf of other mission fields.
Friday, 11.All the meetings have been well
attended. We shall now look for showers of blessings, though I can hardly say
that there is, as yet, here any "sound of abundance of rain."
Tuesday, 29.It has long been felt among us that
we ought to have a more suitable and commodious place of worship than the
present. A congregational meeting was held this evening to make some definite
arrangement in regard to the matter. The treasurer's report was so favourable
and encouraging, that a committee was appointed to set about the work with as
little delay as possible.
Tuesday, Dec. 6.Our sixth course of lectures was
commenced this evening. After a brief resume of the previous courses, I called
attention to "Daniel as a Pattern to Young Men."
Tuesday, 13.Mr. Goldie gave an excellent lecture
this evening on "The Advantages of being Young."
In his annual Report for 1864 Mr. Anderson wrote
regarding the efforts that were being made to raise funds for a new church on
the Mission Hill:
The want of a more commodious place of worship
has long been felt by us, and measures have been adopted for supplying the
desideratum. Native gentlemen (not Christians), river gentlemen (not connected
with the Church), brethren of the Mission, and most of the members of the
Church, have entered into the scheme very heartily; and, to my mind, the list of
contributions and contributors is a very satisfactory and gratifying one. It is
but due to state that the originator of the measure was John Howard Louche, Esq.
His labours and liberality in the matter demand our grateful consideration.
Sabbath, Jan. 15, 1865.A quarter of a century
today since I first addressed an assembly of the sons and daughters of Ethiopia.
How swiftly time flies! It seems but a few days since I began my missionary work
Tuesday, Feb. 28.Mr. [Rev. Z.] Baillie gave the
closing lecture of the session. His theme, which he handled in a manner at once
amusing and instructive, was "Electricity."
During the session the lectures have been given
by various gentlemen. Subjects: "Valuable Remedies for various Disorders,"
"History of English Literature," "Biography of John Locke the Philosopher,"
"Social Responsibility," "Manliness."
Wednesday, April 26.At Creek Town to-day bidding
friends there good-bye for a season. Accompanied by Mr. Goldie, called on the
principal native gentlemen and had a few parting words with them. Spent an hour
or two at Old Town on return.
Thursday, 27.Round Henshaw Town, engaged as
Friday, 28.Round Cobham Town, engaged as
Saturday, 29. Round Duke Town, engaged as above.
Sabbath, 30. Usual services. In usual course next
Sabbath should be Communion Sabbath here, but Mr. Edgcrley kindly appointed the
celebration for to-day, that Mrs. A., his sister, and myself might have the
pleasure of uniting again, ere we leave, with our dear friends here in
commemorating the death of our Blessed Redeemer. Mr. Baillie preached, I
dispensed, Mr. Edgerley concluded.
May 1.Making preparations for our voyage, which
will be commenced to-morrow.
In a letter regarding Henny Cobham, the chief of
Cobham Town, who died on Nov. 9, 1865, Mr. Anderson wrote:
Mrs. Anderson appeared to have more influence
over him than almost anyone else. He used to admit that "Mammy Anderson good
past twenty Calabar women," and that "she be best man for Mission," etc.; but
even she sometimes failed to prevail on him to let some poor victim be unchained
He was very much affected on parting with Mrs.
Anderson and myself. He declared that he would never see us again. He
speechified to Mrs. Anderson to this effect: "What for you go leave me? Calabar
man do plenty thing missionary want him to do. We stop kill man, we keep God's
day, we do what you tell us to do, and now you leave we. I tell you true, mammy,
I go die now." We told him that we expected to come back in twelve moons, and
that then we would see him again ; but he refused to be comforted, and with the
tear in his eye he shook his head again, and said, "I never look you again." ...
In him we have lost one of the warmest-hearted of our native friends.
In a letter, Mr. D. E. Lewis, who had gone out as
a teacher and printer, and had arrived in Calabar along with the Rev. Win, C.
and Mrs. Thomson in the end of Jan., wrote as follows :
I am stopping in Duke Town with Mr. Anderson, who
has taken a great interest in my welfare. . . . The natives in Duke Town appear
to have a great respect for Mr. Anderson, and they do not at all relish the idea
of his going away, especially as the rumour has got afloat that he might not
return to the country.
Mr. and Mrs. Anderson and Miss Edgerley arrived
in Liverpool in June. The Rev. Zerub Baillie soon followed. He arrived in
Liverpool on July 15, and had to be carried ashore, being very weak and
seriously ill. Mrs. Anderson, who was accustomed to nurse Calabar patients, Mrs.
Cowan of Carron Hall (his mother-in-law), and others, [It happened that Dr. E.
Adam, who had been in Calabar, in whose medical skill Mr. Baillie had entire
confidence, was living in the same house, and he at once took him under his care
; and as soon as Dr. Hewan, who was in Paris, heard of his illness, he hurried
to his bedside; and these two gentlemen, aided by the advice of Dr. Bruce, "an
eminent and kindly physician of long standing in Liverpool," showed him
ceaseless attention.] hastened to wait upon him. But he died on Aug. 4. The body
was brought to Edinburgh, and on Aug. 8 was interred in the Grange Cemetery
beside that of his brother John, who died on May 7, 1S64. On the afternoon of
the Sunday following, Mr. Anderson preached in Broughton Place Church, which was
densely crowded, a most appropriate and beautiful sermon1 on the words, "Our
friend Lazarus sleepeth," and gave a brief but touching account of Mr. Baillie's
labours, death, and character.
At the Annual Missionary Meeting of the Synod in
May 1866, Mr. Anderson delivered a stirring address.
In a letter from Edinburgh to her husband's
niece, Miss Agnes Clohan, Wheeling, U.S.A., Mrs. Anderson wrote on April 3,
1866, an interesting description of her home in Calabar:
I am so glad the time is drawing near for our
return. I feel like a caged bird in this country. I never liked a town life at
any rate, and the artificial life of this country does not suit my taste. I long
to be in my happy African home again.
You will think I am a discontented, grumbling
body; well, I will tell you that I have been grumbling very much last week about
your uncle. He can get no rest. Preaching sometimesgenerally three times on the
Sabbaths, then three meetings during the week. Last week I thought he would be
laid up altogether, for he had a cold, and with so much speaking he was so rough
that I thought he would lose his voice, and yet, on he would go, here and there,
preachings and meetings. So I was like to be rebellious. I wish for his own sake
he would leave in May, but those who want him to supply this and that pulpit
wish him to stay on till June; and a letter this morning came asking him for a
Sabbath in July, but he will not stay till July. If he does, like Mr. Waddell,
he will get his health shattered, I fear, ere he gets away.
Did I ever give you a description of our home in
Calabar? I do not think I have, so I will try now, and that will help you to
imagine how we get on.
In 1855 our house was burnt. It took fire
accidentally from some bush burning. So they sent out from this country another
wooden house of three rooms, but much too small. So we kept up a mud-walled
cottage that we had built ere the new house arrived. Consequently, we had two
small houses ; the rooms of the wooden house being so small, served only as
bedrooms and a study. We lived chiefly in the mud-walled house, as the rooms
were larger and more airy-a comfortable house it has been, not very high, the
flooring raised only 4 feet, but we had the walls nicely papered. We are now
getting an addition to the other, which will make it larger and more
comfortable. It is less labour to have the house all in one; and when you come
to see us, or better, to live with us, we will have plenty of accommodation for
you. Then, we have about an acre of ground around the house, enclosed by a thick
hedge of limes, which is always fresh and green. Wc have within this enclosure a
flower garden in front, and a number of fruit trees planted in rows by your
uncle, who generally takes his spade every morning from 6 till 7, which is the
hour for worship. Under these trees, which are all large now, is a beautiful
walk, always cool and shaded by the trees. The fruit trees are oranges and
mangoes, breadfruit, soursop, custard apple, cocoanuts, cashu, palms of
different kindsdate palm, oil palm, etc.and a fine bamboo in the corner. Also
pineapples in abundance beside the hedge growing, but not yet in fruit.
I forgot to tell you that our house is built on a
hill, about 200 feet high, rising as it were right out of the river, so that we
look down on the hulks and ships ; and on the top it is tableland extending far
The road from Duke Town to Henshaw Town and other
villages passes just outside our fence. Then on the other side of the road
opposite our gate are the church and schoolhouse (a church on Sabbath, a
schoolhouse during the week), the printing office, Mrs. Sutherland's house, and
Miss Edgerley's. Then houses of some of the native Christians beyond them. So,
you see, we are not solitary. At the back of the mud-walled house we have
outrooms for the house-children, not near enough to be disturbed with their
talk, but near enough that I can see what is going on. We have generally a large
household some orphans that were brought to us when a few months old, too young
to be reared by native women. Such the)' used to bury with their dead mothers
till we took them. We do not find time to weary with so many to look after. When
we left Calabar we had 16 children under our care ; 10 entirely dependent on
usthe youngest 4 years old.
We rise at 5 or 6 o'clock in the morning,
according to the light we have, for we make the most of the mornings, and there
is only one hour of difference between the longest and shortest day. All except
the infants are employed till 7, when the bell rings for worship; breakfast
sharp at 8; children off to school at 8.30. I give out coppers for the
marketing, for we cannot get any quantity to buy at one time, and there is a
daily marketing. We attend to other household duties till I, when we dine, and
all who are able for work are employed sewing chiefly, or knitting and crochet
work. At 3 o'clock to school till 5. If no sick people in the house, I go to the
town to the gentlemen's yards and teach then-wives and daughters to read, and
also religious instruction, for they are not allowed to attend public meetings.
Indeed they seldom go out, and, if allowed to go out, they are attended by a
host of servants; and it is accounted a disgrace for the wives and daughters of
gentlemen to be seen much abroad.
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