It may interest some
readers to learn the names (so far as they can be traced) of some of
those gallant soldiers of fortune who served in the German wars. I
present them, as they are to be found in the pages of Sir Thomas
Urquhart of Cromarty, Munro’s “List of the Scottish officers in
chiefe, called officers of the held, that served his Majesty of
Sweden, Anno 1632,” a scarce pamphlet entitled.“ The Scots Nation
and Union vindicated from Reflections cast on them in an Infamous
Libel, &c. London 1714,” and many other sources.
Sir Alexander Leslie of Balgonie, Governor of the cities on the
Baltic, Commander in Westphalia, entitled “Scoticani foederis
supremus dux.” There is a charter under the Great Seal of Scotland,
granted 6th July 1636, in which he is styled Generali Majori in
Inferiore Saxonia. He was afterwards famous as Earl of Leven.
Sir Patrick Ruthven,Governor of Ulme and Mariburg, Colonel of a
Dutch regiment, and afterwards Earl of Forth, died in 1651. Sir
Robert Douglas of Whittinghame ; “ commanded the left wing of
Tortensohn’s army, (at Jankowitz,) and led the charge of cavalry
celebrated in military history as being the first charge en muraille
ever executed against a formed body of infantry, and which on this
occasion decided the fate of the day.”
James, Marquis of Hamilton, K.G., beheaded by Cromwell.
Andrew Rutherford, afterwards Earl of Teviot; killed at Tangiers,
Sir James Spence of Wormiston, Count of Orcholm, and Lord of
Moreholme, afterwards Chancellor of Sweden.
George, Earl of Crauford-Lindesay; slain by a lieutenant of his
regiment, whom he had struck with a baton, and who. was acquitted by
a court-martial; yet “General Lesly, being then governor of Staten,
where the Earl was buried, caused him (the Lt.) to be immediately
apprehended, and shot at a post.” The Earl was Colonel of a Dutch
Alexander, master of Forbes, afterwards a Colonel in the Scottish
army that invaded England.
Lord Hugh Hamilton.
Sir James King of Barrocht, Governor of Vlotho on the Weser, and
afterwards Lord Eythen in Aberdeenshire.
Sir David Drummond, Governor of Stettin in Pomerania; taken prisoner
at Gartz, where he died of his wounds.
Sir James Ramsay, the Black Colonel of Scots, and Governor of Hanau;
put to death by the Imperialists in the castle of Dillingen.
John Leslie of Maines.
Thomas Kerr, Colonel of Scots; killed at the siege of Leipzig.
Sir John Ruthven.
John Renton, killed at the siege of Novogorod in Russia.
William Forbes, (son of Lord Forbes,) killed before Bremer sconce.
William Legge, Governor of Bremer sconce.
Colonels and Lieutenant-Colonels.
Sir John Hepburn, 1st Colonel of the Green Brigade, killed at
Robert Munro, 2d Colonel, Green Brigade, afterwards Major-General of
the Scots army in Ireland, and author of the “Expedition.”
Sir James Lumsden, 3d Colonel of Green Brigade, Governor of Osnaburg;
afterwards Major-General in Scotland, and Governor of Newcastle.
Stargate, 4th Colonel of the Green Brigade during its first
Sir James Hepburn of Waughton, killed in Lorraine, 1637.
Sir Donald Mackay, Lord Reay, Colonel of a Scots Brigade; died
Governor of Bergen, 1649.
Sir James Ramsay the Fair, Governor of Brissac.
Sir David Leslie, Colonel of Horse, afterwards Lord Newark, and
Major-General of Scots at the battle of Worcester.
Ludorick Leslie, Colonel of Scots; afterwards Governor of Berwick
John Leslie of Wardis, Colonel of Scots.
John Leslie, the omnipotent, Lieutenant-Colonel of Sir John
Ruthven’s regiment of Dutch.
Alexander Leslie, (son of Field-Marshal Leslie.)
Robert Leslie, Colonel of the old Scots regiment.
George Leslie, Governor of Fecht, where he was killed.
Sir John Hamilton, Colonel of Scots, resigned at Wurtzburg.
Sir Frederick Hamilton, Colonel of a Scots and Irish regiment,
afterwards Colonel under Charles I.
Sir James Hamilton, Colonel of Scots.
William Hamilton, son of Lord Abercorn, killed in Germany.
Alexander Hamilton of Redhouse, (called Dear Sandie,) Colonel of
Scots, and General of artillery.
Hugh Hamilton of Deserf, Colonel of Dutch, created a baron of
Sweden, 1654, and Knight of the Tower and Sword.
Sir John Henderson, afterwards a Colonel in the Imperial service.
Robert Munro, the Black Laird of Fowlis, Colonel of Dutch horse and
foot; wounded by a musket-ball, of which he died, and was buried at
John Munro of Obstell, Colonel of Scots; slain on the banks of the
Sir Hector Munro, Colonel of Dutch; died at Hamburg in 1635, and was
“buried at Buckstehood, in the old land on the Elve.”
Assint Munro. (There were 27 Field-officers and 11 captains of this
Sir John Ruthven, commanded a Dutch Brigade.
Sir Francis Ruthven of Redcastle, (nephew of Sir Patrick Ruthven,)
Colonel of Dutch, and Governor of Monell.
James Seaton of Gargunnock, Colonel of a Swedish regiment.
John Seaton, his brother.
James Seaton. Lost a leg at the storming of Riga, 1621.
Sir John Kinninmond.
John Kinninmond, “with one leg, Governor of .”
William Kinnimond. (There were four Colonels of this name.)
Sir Arthur Forbes, Lieutenant-Colonel of the Masters Scots regiment;
killed in single combat at Hamburg.
Alexander Forbes, the Bauld.
Alexander Forbes, (called Finnes Forbes,) Colonel of Finnes.
John Forbes, Colonel first of Dutch and then of Swiss. He afterwards
entered the service of Louis XIII.
“Potaghee Forbesse, Lieutenant-Colonell to foote.”—(Munro.)
John Forbes of Tulloch, killed at the battle of Nordlingen, 1634.
Francis Sinclair, (brother of Caithness.)
John Sinclair, (brother of Caithness,) Lieutenant-Colonel of Munro’s
regiment; killed at Newmarke.
David Sinclair, Colonel of Horse.
John Sinclair, his brother.
George Sinclair, Colonel of the Sinclair regiment massacred at
Kringellen in 1612.
Alexander Lindsay, Lord Spynie, Colonel of Scots; died in 1647;
Muster-Master-General for Scotland.
Henry Lindsay, (son of the Laird of Bainshaw,) severely wounded at
the battle of Lutzen, 1632; died at Hamburg 1639, leaving his
property to the Lord Balcarres and Master of Spynie, with five
hundred dollars to pay for his funeral.
John Lindsay of Bainshaw, killed at Neu Brandenburg.
Alexander Lindsay, his brother, slain in Bavaria.
Sir George Cunninghame.
William Cunninghame, Colonel of Scots in Prussia.
Alexander Cunninghame, Colonel of Dutch.
Robert Cunninghame, Governor of Damiene, killed at Woodstock in
Alexander Ramsay, Governor of Creutzenach, and
Quarter-Master-General to Bernard, duke of Saxe-Weimar.
James Stewart, last Lord St Colme.
George Stewart, Lieutenant-Colonel of Conway’s regiment, with three
companies of which he was lost by shipwreck on the Danish coast.
Sir William Stewart of Auchintean and Newton-Stewart; he survived
the Revolution, and died at a good old age.
Robert Stewart, Lieutenant-Colonel of Lumsden’s pikemen, under Otto
William Baillie, Colonel of Dutch, and afterwards a
Lieutenant-General in Scotland.
John Urquhart of Cromarty, “a valiant souldier, expert commander,
and learned scholar.”
Sir William Gunn, Lieutenant-Colonel of Sir P. Ruthven’s Dutch
regiment; afterwards knighted by Charles I. for his bravery at the
Brig of Dee.
James Spence the younger.
James Scott, Governor of Riga and Colonel of Finnes.
Alexander Hay, Lieutenant-Colonel “of Dragooners.”
Sir Henry Bruce, taken prisoner at Nordlingen, and left unransomed
in the hands of the Imperialists.
William Troope, killed in the Pfaltz.
Hugh Somerville, A.D.C. to Gustavus Adolphus at Lutzen.
James Montgomerie, slain in single combat.
Edmonds, who captured the Count de Bucquoi.
Mackean, Lieutenant-Colonel; killed in storming the Altenburg.
M‘Dougal, afterwards Major-General in the Imperial service.
M‘Dougal, Lieutenant-Colonel, slain in Swabia.
M‘Dougal, (usually called Dewbattel;) raised to the Colonelcy of the
Life Guards, from the rank of sergeant in four years. He attacked
Landsberg, defended Sweinfurt, defeated the Austrians at Liegnitz,
and performed many other brilliant actions.
Henry Fleming, Colonel of Swedes at the siege of Riga in 1621. It is
difficult to ascertain whether this officer was really a Scotsman,
or a cadet of the family of Fleming, created Barons of Sweden by
Eric XIV. in 1561.
Beaton, Lieutenant-Colonel of Skeuttes regiment.
Henderson, Colonel commanding “the reserve of Scottish infantry” at
the battle of Lutzen.
Muster, Colonel. At Riga,
Chapelle, a French officer, and Muster, a Scotsman, stormed the Sand
Half-moon at the head of three thousand chosen soldiers.”
McKenzie of Pitscardie, (brother of Seaforth.)
John Crichton, son of the Lord Sanquhar.
John Gordon, Colonel of Dutch.
Robert Hanna, killed in Alsace.
Sir William Lawson of Boghall.
Sir William Borthwick of Johnstone-Bum.
Ludovick Drummond, son of Lord Maderty, killed before Copenhagen.
Sir James Livingstone of Brighouse, afterwards Earl of Callender,
and Field-Marshal of the Scottish army in 1651.
Sir William Bellenden, Colonel (alternately of Scots and English) in
Silesia and Nether Lusatia.
Thomas Hume of Carrolside, Lieutenant-Colonel of the Rhine-grave’s
regiment of Horse; afterwards a Colonel in France.
Robert Lumsden of Bewhanie, afterwards slain at the storming of
Thomas Thomson, Colonel of Swedes.
Sir John Meldrum, Colonel of Infantry.
Douglas, Colonel of German Reiters.
Sandilands, killed in the Pfaltz.
James Burdon, Governor of Dutchnieve.
Robert Burdon, Governor of Rushnieve.
Walter Leckie, Colonel of Swedes.
Robert Weir, killed in Saxony.
James Dickson, killed in the Pfaltz.
James Monipenny, Lieutenant-Colonel of Horse, promoted on the field
of Leipzig for his bravery.
William Ogilvie, John Cockbum, Peter More, George Colin, John Naim,
Alexander Irving, Herbert Gledstaines, David Edingtoune, John Lyall,
William Heron, William Philip, Liddel, Armstrong, Burder, Finlayson,
Taylor, and Cuming of Relugas, were all Scottish Commanders of Horse
and Foot in Sweden, but of them we know nothing more than the name.
Francis Sinclair, many of whose descendants are still in Sweden.
George Pringle of Balmung, who married a daughter of Sir Patrick
Patrick Ruthven, killed at the battle of NSrdlingen.
David King, of Sir J. Ruthven’s regiment, killed at Ntirdlingen.
Bothwell, of Ramsay’s regiment, killed at Wurtzbuig.
Sidserf, of Ramsay’s regiment, killed at Nfirdlingen.
Mackenzie, afterwards Adjutant-General to the Emperor Ferdinand.
William Stewart, of Munro's regiment.
William Bruntisfield, of Sir J. Ruthven’s regiment; “ died of his
wounds at Buckstehood in the Oldland.”—(Munro.)
William Sennot, of Munro’s regiment, died of the plague at Stettin.
John Forbes, David Munro, William Falconer, William Keith,
Sanderson, Mill, and Cunninghame, were all Majors, with many more
whose names are now lost, while an attempt to enumerate the captains
and subalterns would be a fruitless task; but enough have been given
to prove the truth of Burnet’s assertion, that nearly the whole
Swedish army was at one time officered by Scottish cavaliers. There
were three English Colonels—Austin, Cassels, and Fleetwood.