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History of the Parish of Banchory-Devenick
Two Mile Cross


The spot, which formerly went by the title of the Two Mile Cross, was on the Old Deeside Road, west of Kaimhill, and almost directly south of the two reservoirs which have been constructed north of the Deeside Railway. Recent improvements have obliterated the actual cross, but considerable historical interest still hangs round the spot.

A cairn was raised here in commemoration of Sir John Seton of Pitmedden, who was killed at the battle of the Bridge of Dee in 1639/ but it has since been removed.

Montrose, after defeating the Covenanters at Tippermuir on 1st September, 1644, marched northwards and forded the Dee at the Mills of Drum. Ten days later the citizens had marched to the Two Mile Cross, but next day “thay returnit bak to the toune at nicht.” Montrose immediately pitched his camp on the spot they had vacated. Two days after, he despatched a commissioner to the magistrates of Aberdeen, bearing a letter which he had written at his tent door on a drum head. This characteristic communication was couched in the following terms :—

“Loveing freindes—Being heir for the maintenance of Religion and liberty and his Mas. Just authority and service, thes ar in his RIas. Name to requyre you that Immediatly, upon the sight heirof, you rander and give up yr toune, In the behalf of his Mas., othervvayes, that all old persons, women, and children doe come out and reteire themselfs, and that those who stayes Expect no Quarter.—I am, as you deserve,

(Signed) MONTROSE.”

The magistrates refusing to surrender, the battle of the Justice Mills ensued, when the citizens were completely defeated.

In September, 1645, Major M‘Donald encamped his army, consisting of “about 700 Irishes,” at the Cross, and partly at the Bridge of Dee. Tradition asserts that a warrior, while riding on a white horse, was here cruelly slain by a ball from a cannon fired from the Covenanters’ Faulds on south side of the Bridge of Dee. Doubtless the death of Seton, before described, gave origin to the story.


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