3. David Hamilton, his son and heir, is said to
be the first of the family who formally took the surname. He was
alive in 1381, but date of death indefinite. One of his sons was
the ancestor of the Hamiltons of Bathgate.
4. John, or as he became Sir John of Cadzow,
succeeded his father before 1392. Three years after he granted
the lands of Bawdriston or Balderston to Adam Forrester of
5. James Hamilton of Cadzow is named son and heir
to his father, Sir John, in a writ in 1397 granting him the
lands of Kinneil. Died before 1440.
6. James Hamilton, the eldest son succeeded, and
was first to take prominent place in Scottish history. Became
the first Lord Hamilton.
7. James, second Lord Hamilton and first Earl of
Arran, son of the preceding by the Princess Mary. A Regent
during part of minority of James V. Died about 1529.
8. James, second Earl of Arran, succeeded his
father while a minor. Governor of Scotland during minority of
Queen Mary. Duchy of Chatel-herault in France granted the Earl.
Died, Hamilton, 1574 or 1575.
9. John, afterwards first Marquis of Hamilton,
third son of preceding. Advanced in Royal favour. Advised the
King, James VI., in all matters of sport. A staunch Protestant.
Died, April, 1604.
10. James, second Marquis, succeeded his father
at 15. Attended King James VI. on his visit to Scotland, 1617.
Created a Peer of England and a Knight of the Garter. Died
suddenly at Whitehall, March, 1625.
11. James, third Marquis and first Duke.
Succeeded father at age of 19. Became intimate with Charles I.
Sent by King to put down disturbances over Laud's Service Book.
Executed at Westminster, 1649.
12. William, second Duke, brother of the
preceding. Mortally wounded at Battle of Worcester, 1657.
13. Anne, Duchess of Hamilton in her own right,
succeeded her uncle. Married William, Earl of Selkirk. King
Charles II. bestowed on William the courtesy title of Duke of
Hamilton for life. The Duke and Duchess did much to extend and
14. James, Earl of Arran, fourth Duke of
Hamilton, eldest son of Duchess Anne and Duke William, succeeded
five years after his father's death, which occurred in April,
1694, his mother not conveying the titles and lands to him till
then. He was then forty-one. Duchess Anne long survived her
husband, and even outlived her son by four years. James had an
eventful career. He was created Duke of Brandon, and was killed
in the celebrated duel with Lord Mohun in 1712.
15. James, fifth Duke of Hamilton and second Duke
of Brandon, succeeded his father when about ten years of age. He
was three times married. He died, aged forty, in March, 1743.
16. James, sixth Duke of Hamilton, succeeded his
father at the age of nineteen. In 1755 he received the Order of
the Thistle from George II. He died in England, January, 1758.
17. James George, seventh Duke of Hamilton,
succeeded at the age of three. In 1761, by the death of
Archibald, Duke of Douglas, the young Duke became the male
representative and chief of the House of Douglas. His guardians
asserted his right to the Douglas and Angus estates, and this
led to the well-known "Douglas Cause." The House of Lords,
however, in February, 1769, decided in favour of Mr. Douglas,
son of Lady Jane Douglas or Stewart, sister of the Duke of
Douglas. The young Duke of Hamilton died the same year, at the
age of fourteen.
18. Douglas, brother of the preceding, succeeded
as 8th Duke at the age of thirteen. He had as a tutor Dr. John
Moore, father of Sir John Moore, the hero of Corunna. The Duke
came of age in 1777, and raised a regiment of foot, the 82nd,
which distinguished itself in the American War. He put forward
the claim that he was entitled to be summoned to Parliament as
the Duke of Brandon, and the claim was upheld. Was invested with
the Order of the Thistle in 1786. He died at Hamilton, 2nd
August, 1799, without issue, and was succeeded by his uncle. The
Duke was married in 1778 to Elizabeth Anne, daughter of Peter
Burrcll, of Beckenham in Kent. It was DouglaB who
presented the Rev. Robert Rennie with the living of Bo'ness
parish. It would seem to be this Duke, who, shortly after his
marriage, presented to the town what Dr. Rennie describes as the
elegant building, said to be an exact model of Inveraray House,
at the head of the harbour. The ground floor was intended for a
prison, the second floor for a court room, and the attic storey
for a school. The original intention was not carried out, and
the building was in 1795 going to ruin. Any rooms in repair were
at that time being used as granaries. If the original intention
with respect to the use of the building had been carried out,
the Doctor says the house would have been highly useful and
ornamental to the place. The building collapsed nearly thirty
years ago, owing to the mineral workings below. Its tower,
however, remained, but was taken down about 1889. A shaft was
then opened beside it and material taken down to build up a
secure foundation. Thereafter the tower was rebuilt, and still
stands securely. At the front is a panel containing the Hamilton
coat of arms.
19. Archibald, ninth Duke of Hamilton, uncle of
the preceding, succeeded at the age of fifty-nine. He inherited
large estates in England both from his mother and his
grandmother. Before succeeding to the Dukedom he was for a time
M.P. for the county of Lancaster. He died in England 16th
February, 1819, and was buried at Lancaster beside his wife, who
died before he succeeded to the dukedom. She was the fifth
daughter of the sixth Earl of Galloway by his second marriage.
They had two sons and three daughters. The sons were Alexander,
who succeeded as tenth Duke, and Archibald,
for long M.P. for Lanark—an eloquent speaker and a strong
opponent of the Administration of Pitt. He exerted himself
greatly in the cause of burgh reforms, and died unmarried in
20. Alexander, tenth Duke, succeeded his father
when 52 years of age. He was fond of the fine arts, and spent
several years on the Continent in their study. Like his father,
he was for a time a Member of Parliament. In 1806, however, he
was called to the House of Lords under the title, Baron Dutton.
He was named Ambassador to Russia, but resigned office on a
change of Ministry. Nevertheless, he travelled largely in Russia
and Poland. He died in August, 1852, at the age of 85. The Duke
married his cousin, second daughter and co-heir of William
Beckford, Font Hill, Gifford, Wiltshire. They had a son, who
succeeded, and a daughter Susan.
21. William Alexander Anthony Archibald, eleventh
Duke of Hamilton, born February, 1811, succeeded at the age of
41, and died in Paris in July, 1863.' In 1843, he married the
Princess Mary of Baden, youngest daughter of the reigning Grand
Duke of Baden, and the cousin of the late Emperor Napoleon III.
They had issue, two sons and one daughter.
The volume of the marriage celebrations of Duke
William and the Princess Marie has a few references to Kinneil.
There was a great gathering and procession at Hamilton of all
the tenantry. Kinneil tenants joined the procession at Larkhall,
but no names are given. The battalions from the different
parishes in which the Ducal Estates were situated were
marshalled and each placed under a Leader. The tenants from each
parish wore a distinguishing plant in their hats. Each Leader
carried a flag on which was inscribed the name of his parish in
gold letters. Kinneil men all woro a sprig of holly in their
hats, and they were led by Robert Rutherford, Esq. This
gentleman, it would seem, was the Mr. Rutherford, W.S.,
Edinburgh, who was the Edinburgh agent for the Estate at that
time. The tenants were all on horse-back—1500 horsemen
altogether. Over 2500 were entertained to dinner in different
halls in Hamilton. There was a deal of speech-making, but there
is no reference to any orator from Kinneil. The Duke, however,
specially thanked the Kinneil men for their presence.
22. William Alexander Louis Stephen, the elder
son of the preceding, succeeded as twelfth Duke in 1863 at the
age of 18. He was maintained and confirmed by the Emperor
Napoleon III. in the title of Due de Chatelherault in France,
20th April, 1864. He died in 1895, aged 50. The Duke was
well-known in sporting and racing circles. He married, in 1873,
Mary Montague, eldest daughter of the seventh Duke of
Manchester. They had a daughter, Mary Louise, of Brodick Castle,
Arran. She was married on 14th June, 1906, to James, the Marquis
of Graham, eldest son of the Duke of Montrose.
There were great festivities and rejoicings at
Hamilton and elsewhere on the Ducal estate on the coming of age
of the twelfth Duke, which occurred 3 years after his
succession. These also have been preserved in an interesting
volume. His mother, the Princess Marie, Duchess of Hamilton, was
held in great affection and esteem, and shared conspicuously in
the enthusiastic congratidations. The day of-the great event was
Monday, 12th March, 1866. Bo'ness held high holiday, and the
town was gaily ornamented at various parts with flags. In the
afternoon a dinner took place in the Town Hall atj which the
tenantry, with the gentry of the neighbourhood and the Harbour
Trustees of Bo'ness were present. About 100 gentlemen sat down
to dinner, during which a band of music performed. The chair was
occupied by Mr. Turnbull, Kinneil, supported by James Webster,
Esq., Staneacre, Hamilton ; the Rev. Mr. Mackenzie and others.
Mr. John Begg, Kinneil Ironworks, and Mr. Alexander Kirkwood,
farmer, Hainings, discharged the duties of croupiers.
The health of the young Duke was proposed in
eulogistic terms by the chairman, and was received by the
company with the utmost enthusiasm and drank with all the
honours. The Rev. Mr. Mackenzie proposed the health of Her
Highness the Duchess of Hamilton. The toast met with a warm and
The foresters and workmen on the estate were
entertained to a supper and ball at Kinneil House, while £32 was
given to be distributed among the poor. The sum of £15 was given
the "old residenters" of Bo'ness, and £5 to the band,
23. Alfred Douglas, thirteenth Duke, son of
Captain Charles Henry Douglas Hamilton, R.N., succeeded his
kinsman, the preceding Duke, at the age of 33, having been born
6th March, 1862. He is the premier peer of Scotland, heir-male
of the House of Douglas, Hereditary Keeper of Holyrood House ;
late Lieutenant R.N.; claims the Dukedom of Chatelherault. On
4th December, 1901, His Grace married Miss Nina Poore, youngest
daughter of Major Robert J. Poore, Wilts. The heir to the
Dukedom, the Marquis of Douglas and Clydesdale, was born 3rd
February, 1903. There are several other children. In the autumn
of 1903 the Duke and Duchess and the infant Marquis of Douglas
and Clydesdale paid a private visit to Kinneil House, and there
met and entertained their agricultural tenantry. On 17th July,
1908, however, they paid their first public visit to the town,
and were presented by the Town Council with an address of
welcome. They were most heartily received. The visit coincided
with the Annual Children's Festival and the Crowning of the
School Queen, Her Grace the Duchess performing the latter
ceremony. That same day they entertained the members of the Town
Council and representatives of the local public bodies at
luncheon in Kinneil house.
In 1911 the Duchess graciously gifted to the town
of Bo'ness a Nurses' Home.
The Arms of the Hamilton Family (as recorded in
the Lyon Register) are:—
and 4th Grand Quarters Counter-quartered, 1st and 4th, Gules,
Three Cinquefoils Ermine; 2nd and 3rd Argent, a Lymphad Sable
Sails Furled Proper Flagged Gules ; 2nd and 3rd Grand Quarters,
Argent, a Man's Heart Gules Ensigned with an Imperial Crown
Proper, on a Chief Azure of Three Stars of the First.
on a Ducal Coronet an Oak-tree Fructed and Penetrated .
Transversely in the Main Stem by a Frame Saw Proper, the Frame
Or for Hamilton ; 2nd, on a Chapeau Gules turned up Ermine a
Salamander in Flames Proper, for Douglas, Supporters.—Two
Antelopes Argent, Armed, Gorged, with a Ducal
Coronet, Chained and Unguled Or. Mottoes.—Through
: Jamais Arriere.