This work embodies the
results of some studies of the history of the Isle of Bute, suggested to me
here by visible relics of the olden time. It is the product of the few
leisure hours which could be gathered up for several years out of a busy
clerical life. As a labour of love it has been executed with much
difficulty, since so important a subject demanded much research among
authorities, manuscript and printed, in the National Record Offices and
great libraries, access to which is not easy to students in the country, who
have a limited time at their disposal to ransack rare and expensive works.
In writing I have kept in
view the purpose of producing a readable book, as much as possible free from
technical phraseology, so that the ordinary reader may not be wearied with
multitudinous details which the pure antiquary considers imperative ; and I
have endeavoured to strike the golden mean without defrauding the subject of
its primary demand for definite accuracy.
It will have fulfilled my
design if it causes those who are privileged to breathe the fragrant air of
Bute to take a protective interest in those fascinating fragments preserved
here, and if it draws upon these relics the attention of others who love
Bute has already been
fortunate in having local historians who have made good use of the scanty
materials available for the more modern epochs of history. Their labours
will be more fitly acknowledged, and a bibliography of their works given, in
the second volume. Recent research, however, has opened up richer
treasure-houses to the chronicler, and invested the decaying memorials of
old with a new romantic interest.
Merit I venture to claim for
this new work in respect of the exquisite architectural illustrations of St
Blaan’s Church prepared by Mr William Galloway, architect, who has laid me
under deepest obligation by permitting reduced copies to be taken of his
drawings of that interesting edifice, and of the similarly fine work of Mr
James Walker, architect, Paisley. I have to thank the Society of Antiquaries
of Scotland for the use of several engravings of objects found in Bute. The
minor illustrations have been prepared from drawings by my own pen.
I have also to acknowledge
obligations to the Rev. J. B. Johnstone, B.D., Falkirk, author of ‘
Place-Names of Scotland’; the Rev. John Dewar, B.D., Kilmartin; and the Rev.
D. Dewar, Applecross, who have kindly given me valuable aid in reference to
the “Appendix on Place-Names,” for which, as it stands, I am entirely
responsible : as well as to Mr James Kay, forester, Bute; the Rev. John
Saunders, B.D., Kingarth ; and the Rev. Peter Dewar, M.A., North Bute, who
have kindly assisted me in my inquiries.
The second volume will
contain chapters on the Homes and Haunts of the Stewarts, the Roman and
Reformed Churches, the Burgh of Rothesay, the Brandanes, the Barons of Bute,
and the House of Stuart, and will be illustrated.
J. KING HEWISON.
The Manse, Rothesay, September 1893.
Chapter I. What’s in a name?
Chapter II. Prehistoric Inhabitants
Chapter III. Monuments of Unrecorded Times
Chapter IV. The Introduction of Christinity - The British Church
Chapter V. The Irish Church
Chapter VI. The Hermits
Chapter VII. The Christian Odyssey
Chapter VIII. Belted King and Royal Abbot
Chapter IX. “Blaan the Mild f Cenngarad"
Chapter X. The Consecrated Colony
Chapter XI. The Seven Sleepers
Chapter XII. Moss-Grown Relics of the Celtic Church
Chapter XIII. The Northmen and Vikings
Chapter XIV. The Bishops of Sodor and Man
Appendix I. The Isles of
Appendix II. Charter Disponing the Church of Kingarth to Paisley
Appendix III. Extracts from Dean Munro's Description of the Western Isles
Appendix IV. Extracts from Martin's Description of the Western Islands
Appendix V. Place Names in Bute
PREFACE TO THE SECOND VOLUME
In this volume I have carried
out my intention of providing an account of the Stewards of Scotland, and a
history of ‘Bute in the Olden Time,’ from the thirteenth down to the
eighteenth century, to which I have added a few of the more important facts
which link the last two centuries to the present time.
Having no special brief to
furnish, in fullest detail, the romantic history of the Royal Stewards, I
have been hampered in the effort to condense, within the straitened
framework of language attractive to the reader, many important unpublished
results of researches which should add a new interest to the mystery of the
origin of the Stewarts who occupied the throne of Scotland.
To find “the root of many
kings” among the Celts of Scotland, I have ransacked every likely place for
facts, with such success, chronicled herein, as may possibly provoke some
other zealous investigator to follow up the clues through those unpublished
MSS., which are the treasures of the Royal Irish Academy in Dublin, and
which my examination did not exhaust. By their means the ghost of Banquo may
yet become more vocal than he was to King Macbeth.
To ensure reliable
investigation into the connection of Alan—the progenitor of the
Stewards—with Brittany, I visited that ancient province, and in the Public
Library at Rennes, as well as in the British Museum, verified the
supposition that the Fitz Alans were also Bretons. On my return, I had the
honour and good fortune to receive from the Right Honourable the Earl of
Crawford and Balcarres the use of a large collection of MSS. referring to
the Fitz Alans and their Breton contemporaries, which were gathered during a
lifetime by the late learned peer, his father, who had given much attention
to the early history of his ancestry. Many of these documents are extracts
from the chartularies of French monasteries and records of Brittany, made by
distinguished French scholars, notably Monsieur Francisque Michel.
I have to thank the Earl of
Crawford and Bal-carres for his kindness in intrusting this valuable
collection to me.
I have also to thank the Most
Noble the Marquess of Bute, K.T., for his courtesy in permitting me to study
in Mountstuart Library, to have access to his charters, and to publish the
Report on Rothesay Castle, drawn up by Mr Burges, architect.
To the many friends who have
assisted me in the production of this work, including those artistic helpers
whose names are associated with the beautiful plates throughout this volume,
and are mentioned in the descriptive Index, I tender my thanks.
For ten years I have, in
imagination, listened to the voices of the saintly and patriotic makers of
our Fatherland, and have followed throughout these western regions our
immortal heroes,—Aidan from Erin to Iona—Wallace from Lanark to London—
Bruce from Carrick to Cardross—the Brandanes from Bute to Bannockburn and
many another field; but now the accomplishment of this work brings the
regret that I must forbear their “pastyme and gud companie,” and let the
sword of freedom descend, darkling, into its rusty scabbard,—the sweet chant
of St Blaan turn into the wind-gusts whistling through his still roofless
fane—the countenance of Walter, gallant companion of the Bruce, “ seemly to
sycht,” find base presentment in the mutilated effigy that memorialises his
fame in the Lady Kirk—and communion in the brave days of old become
exchanged for association in the diurnal conflicts of a more flexible, and
therefore a meaner age, wherein too many consider patriotism to be a
J. KING HEWISON.
The Manse, Rothesay, March 1895.
CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLUME.
Chapter I. The Prigin of the
Chapter II. The Stewards of Scotland
Chapter III. The Brandanes
Chapter IV. The Home of the Stewarts
Chapter V. The Barons of Bute
Chapter VI. The Royal Burgh
Chapter VII. The Roman Church
Chapter VIII. The Reformed Church
Chapter IX. Three Centuries of Civil Life in Bute
Appendix I. Genealogy of
Maormor of Leven
Appendix II. Genelogical Tble of the Stewards of Scotland
Appendix III. Preception De Ecclesia B. Marine De Combornid
Appendix IV. Inquisition made in Norfolk in 1275
Appendix V. Donatio De Sparlaid
Appendix VI. Auctoramentum De Guguen
Appendix VII. Fondation Du Prieure De S. Florentsous Dol
Appendix VIII. Charter of Fitz Jordan to Marmoutiers
Appendix IX. Carta De Molendino De Bortone
Appendix X. Carta Henrict Regis Anglorum De Cella S. Trini-Tatis Eboracensis
Appendix XI. Charter of St Florent Attested by Alan
Appendix XII. Donation X Riarmoutiers Par Jourdain
Appendix XIII. Genealogical Table of the Fitz Alans and Stewarts
Appendix XIV. Genealogical Table showing the Descent of the Stewards
Appendix XV. Mr J. R. Thomson's Report on Rothesay Castle
Appendix XVI. List of Stewart Charters
Appendix XVII. The Bannatynes of Kames
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