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Other Pages of Historical Interest
Significant Time Line Dates in Scottish History


BC 4000

Beginning of the Neolithic Age in Scotland

3000

Possible dating for Early Cave Dwellers Near Oban in Scotland

1800

Beginning of the Bronze Age in Scotland

400

Beginning of the Iron Age in Scotland

AD 83

Agricola Invasion of Scotland

85

The Battle of Mons Graupius

115

End of the First Roman Occupation of Scotland

208

Invasion of Septimius Severus

397

First Christian Church Founded in Scotland by St Ninian

501

Foundation of the Kingdom of Dalriada (Dalriata)

430

Roman control of Britain ends

521

Birth of St Columba

563

St Columba arrives in Iona

664

The Synod of Whitby

685

Battle of Dunnichen

794

Beginning of the Norse Invasions of Scotland

802

Norse invasion of Iona

843

Kenneth MacAlpine crowned King of Scots and Picts

1005

Malcolm II 1005 - 1034

1014

The Battle of Clontarf, Regaining of the Hebrides and Northern Scotland

1018

Battle of Carham. Annexation of Lothian and Cumbria

1018

Duncan MacAlpine succeeds Strathclyde

1034

Duncan I 1034 - 1040

1040

Macbeth 1040 - 1057

1040

Macbeath slays Duncan MacAlpine I

1057

Malcom III (Canmore)1057 – 1093
1070Malcolm Canmore marries Margaret
1093Donald Bain 1093 - 1094
1094Duncan II (son of Canmore) 1094 - 1094

1094

Duncan II (second reign) 1094 - 1097

1097

Edgar (son of Canmore) 1097 - 1107

1098

Western Isles retaken by Magnus Bareleg the King of Norway

1107

Alexander I 1107 - 1124

1124

David I 1124 - 1153

1138

Battle of the Standard

1153

Malcom IV 1153 - 1165

1165

William the Lion 1165 - 1214

1174

William the Lion Defeated in the Battle at Alnwick

1174

Treaty of Falaise with the subjection of Scotland to England

1189

Scotland's Independance regained and accepted by Richard I

1214

Alexander II 1214 - 1249

1222

Conquest of Argyle by Alexander II

1230

Final Pacification of Moray

1235

Final Pacification of Galloway

1237

Alexander II abandons Claim to Northern Counties of England

1249

Alexander III 1249 - 1286

1263

Battle of Largs

1266

Western Isles ceded to Scotland with the Treaty of Perth

1286

Death of Alexander III

1286

Margaret (The Maid of Norway) 1286 - 1290

1290

Maid of Norway dies

1290

First Interregnum 1290 - 1292 (time between two reigns)

1292

John Balliol 1292 - 1296 (awarded the Scottish Crown by Edward I)

1296

Edward I Invaded Scotland, Abdication of John Balliol

1296

Second Interregnum 1296 - 1306 (time between two reigns)

1296

Revolt by William Wallace

1297

Battle of Stirling Bridge

1298

First Battle of Falkirk

1305

William Wallace executed

1306

Assassination of Comyn

1306

Robert I 1306 -1329

1314

Battle of Bannockburn

1320

The Declaration of Arbroath

1326

First Burgh Representatives in Parliament

1328

Treaty of Northampton

1329

Death of Robert Bruce

1329

David II 1329 - 1371

1332

Invasion of Scotland by Edward Balliol

1332

The Battle of Dupplin

1333

Battle of Halidon Hill

1346

Battle of Neville's Cross

1371

Robert II 1371 - 1390 (the first of the Stewarts crowned)

1385

French Expedition to Scotland

1388

The Battle of Otterburn

1390

Robert III 1390 - 1406

1402

Duke of Rothsey dies

1406

James I 1406 - 1437

1406

James I captured by the English

1407

Burning of the Lollard, James Resby

1411

The Battle of Harlaw

1412

University of St Andrews Founded

1424

James I returns to Scotland

1433

James Craw Burned

1437

James I assassinated at Perth

1437

James II 1437 - 1460

1451

University of Glasgow founded

1452

James II kills William, 8th Earl of Douglas

1455

The Battle of Arkinholm and the Fall of the Douglases

1460

Death of James II

1460

James III 1460 - 1488

1472

Annexation of Orkney and Shetland Islands to Scotland

1472

St Andrews appointed an Archbishopric

1482

First Rebellion against James III Lauder Bridge

1488

Battle of Sauchieburn and Assassination of James III

1488

James IV 1488 - 1513

1493

End of the Lordship of the Isles

1495

King's College Aberdeen founded

1496

First Education Act Passed

1503

Marriage of James IV and Margaret Tudor

1513

Battle of Flodden and Death of James IV

1513

James V 1513 - 1542

1528

Patrick Hamilton burned

1532

College of Justice Founded (Court of Session)

1542

The Battle of Solway Moss and Death of James V

1542

Mary 1542 - 1567

1544

Hertford's Invasion of Scotland and the Burning of Edinburgh, including Holyrood Palace. Fires lasted for 3 Days

1545

Hertford's again invades of Scotland but was defeated at Ancrum

1545

Hertford returns and destroys 5 towns, 240 villages, also the Abbeys of Kelso, Melrose, Dryburgh and Eccles

1546

George Wishart burned

1546

Cardinal Beaton murdered

1547

Battle of Pinkie

1557

The First Covenant Drawn Up Pledging Scotland to be Portestant

1567

James VI 1567 - 1625 ( James I of England)

1558

Walter Mill (a Very Old Man), Probably the Last Heretic to be Put to Death, was Burned at St Andrews

1559

John Knox returns from the continent

1560

End of Franco-Scottish Alliance and Protestantism established

1560

The Treaty of Edinburgh

1561

Mary returns from France

1561

First Book of Discipline

1565

Marriage of Mary to Darnley

1566

Riccio murdered

1567

Darnley murdered

1567

Marriage of Mary to Bothwell

1568

Abdication of Queen Mary

1568

Battle of Langside

1568

Mary flees to England

1570

Regent Moray Murdered

1571

Regent Lennox slain

1572

John Knox dies

1572

Regent Mar dies

1573

Edinburgh Castle Captured and End of Religious Wars in Scotland

1578

Second Book of Discipline

1582

Raid of Ruthven

1582

Edinburgh University founded

1587

Mary executed

1603

Union of the Crowns of England and Scotland

1603

James I of England 1603 - 1625 ( VI of Scotland)

1610

Episcopacy established

1618

The Five Articles of Perth

1625

James VI dies

1625

Charles I 1625 - 1649

1625

Act of Revocation Passed

1633

Visit of Charles I to Scotland

1637

The Scottish Prayer Book

1637

Riot within the Church of St Giles

1638

The National Covenant

1638

Abolishment of Episcopacy

1639

First Bishop's War

1640

Second Bishop's War

1643

Solemn League and Covenant

1644

The Battle of Marston Moor

1645

Battle of Philiphaugh

1648

The Battle of Preston

1649

Charles I Executed

1549

Charles II 1649 - 1651

1650

Montrose Executed

1650

Battle of Dunbar

1650

The Battle of Worcester

1651

1651 - 1660 Commonwealth and Protectorate

1660

Charles II 1660 - 1685

1661

Restoration of Episcopacy

1666

The Pentland Rising

1669

The First Letter of Indulgence

1679

Archbishop Sharp Murdered

1679

The Battle of Drumclog

1679

The Battle of Bothwell Bridge

1680

The Sanquhar Declaration

1685

Charles II dies

1685

James II 1685 - 1689 (James VII of Scotland)

1685

Invasion by Earl of Argyle

1687

Three Letters of Indulgence

1688

James Renwick Executed

1689

James VII Deposed

1689

William III ( II of Scotland) and Mary II 1689 - 1694

1689

The Battle of Killiecrankie

1689

The Battle at Dunkeld

1690

Re-establishment of Presbyterianism

1692

The Massacre of Glencoe

1694

William III 1694 - 1702 ( without Mary II)

1696

The Passing of the Education Act

1702

William III dies

1702

Anne ( Daughter of James II) 1702 - 1714

1704

Act of Security Passed

1707

Union of the English and Scottish Parliaments

1708

Abolition of the Scottish Privy Council

1708

French attempt Invasion of Scotland

1714

Death of Anne

1714

George I 1714 - 1727

1715

The Fifteen Rebellion, Jacobite Rising

1715

The Battle of Sheriffmuir

1725

The Malt Tax and the Shawfield Riots

1727

George I dies

1727

George II 1727 - 1760

1736

The Porteous Riots

1745

The Forty-Five Rebellion, Jacobite Rising

1746

The Battle of Culloden

1747

The Abolition of Secretary Of State Office

1748

Heritable Jurisdictions Abolished

1750

The First Turnpike Act Passed

1760

George II dies

1760

George III 1760 - 1820

1760

Founding of Carron Iron Works at Falkirk

1763

Swing Plough invented by James Small

1769

Steam Engine Patented by James Watt

1782

Rotary Steam Engine Built By James Watt

1784

Threshing Machine Invented by Andrew Meikle

1790

Forth and Clyde Canal Opened

1793

Thomas Muir Sentenced to Deportation for Sedition

1799

Serf Labour in Scottish Mines Abolished

1801

Blackband Ironstone Discovered by David Mushet

1801

Symington's Steamboat, The Charlotte Dundas Sails

1812

The Steamdriven Boat The Comet first sailed

1812

Bell's Comet

1820

George IV 1820 - 1830

1820

The Radical War

1822

The Caledonian Canal Completed

1828

Hot Blast Furnace patented by James Neilson

1830

William IV 1830 - 1837

1832

The First Reform Act Passed

1833

The Burgh Reform Act Passed

1837

Victoria 1837 - 1901

1843

The Disruption

1845

The Scottish Poor Law Passed

1846

The Potato Famine

1846

Abolition of Trade and Merchant Privileges

1867

The First Public Health Act Passed

1868

The Second Reform Act Passed

1872

The Education Act Passed with Compulsory Education

1885

The Third Reform Act Passed, Secretary of State for Scotland Restored

1886

The Crofters Holding Act Passed

1889

County Councils Established

 



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