Charles Reade published It's never too
late to mend.
Second Penal Servitude Act.
Perth General Prison completed.
Prisons (Scotland) Administration Act
abolished General Board of Directors. 101 prisons closed since
1840. Act closed further 21 leaving 56.
Dangerous and Criminal Lunatics Bill
South Prison Glasgow closed.
West Prison Aberdeen closed.
Distinction between jails and
Formation of Howard Association.
Last convict ship sailed to Western
Greenock Nelson St. prison built.
Prisons Act which brought all prisons
in the UK under control of central government beginning of modern
British prison system.
Prisons Commission for Scotland
Number of prisons reduced to 56.
Royal Commission introduced the Star
Class System - first offenders segregated from others.
Recommendation on prison diets.
Prison Commissioners closed 13 prisons
leaving cell accommodation for 1,938 males and 1,168 females.
Average daily population 2,024 males and 1,028 females. Star Class
Imprisonment for civil debt generally
Construction started Barlinnie.
Report on education in prisons in
England. Scotland brought in line.
New prison Dumfries built.
Total number of prison staff 429.
Powers over Scottish prisons
transferred from Home Dept to Scottish Secretary.
12 Cells added to Inverness prison.
Peterhead Harbour Refuge Act.
French prison bearth closed.
Peterhead prison opened.
Aberdeen prison built.
Number of prisons reduced to 14.
1 committal to prison per 75
Report on prison diet.
Fine or Imprisonment Act.
New dietry introduced.
Paupers to be medically examined
before being committed to prison.
Total number of prison staff 454.
First extension Aberdeen finished
New prison at Inverness occupied.
Built by prison labour.
Second extension Aberdeen completed.
Probabtion Offenders Act.
Childrens Act. Prohibition
imprisonment for those under 14. Between 14 and 16 required a
certificate from the court.
Criminal Justice Act instituted
First attempt to organise State
assistance for discharged convicts.
Greenock Nelson St. prison closed.
Howard Association united with Penal
The term Prison Officer superseded
Approval to build State Assylum at
Children and Young Persons Act.
Provisions regulating the sentencing and treatment of young
Cutlasses withdrawn Peterhead.
Peterhead the only prison which
flogging can be given.
Criminal Justice Act abolished penal
servitude and hard labour, sentences to particular prison
divisions, sentences of whipping and prisoner's ticket of leave
also substituted the term inmate for convict.
Inmates of the Criminal Lunitic Dept.
no longer subject to prison rules.
All weapons discontinued Peterhead.
Management committee set up to run
Courts given powers to suspend
Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty)
Criminal Justice Act removed the power
to order corporal punishment. Parole introduced.
Social Work Act reduced from 17 to 16
the Minimum age for committal on a sentence of detention.