I was almost disappointed. We had heard so much, in
Britain and in Scotland, of Vimy Ridge. The name of that famous hill had
been written imperishably in history. But to look at it first, to see it
as I saw it, it was no hill at all! My eyes were used to the mountains
of my ain Scotland, and this great ridge was but a tiny thing beside
them. But then I began to picture the scene as it had been the day the
Canadians stormed it
and won for themselves the glory of all the ages to follow, I pictured
it blotted from sight by the hell of shells bursting over it, and raking
its slopes as the Canadians charged upward. I pictured it crowned by
defences and lined by such of the Huns as had survived the artillery
battering, spitting death and destruction from their machine-guns. And
then I saw it as I should, and I breathed deep at the thought of the men
who had faced death and hell to win that height and plant the flag of
it. Aye, and the Stars and Stripes of America, too!
ken that tale?There was an American who had enlisted, like so
many of his fellow countrymen before America was in the war, in the
Canadian forces. The British Army was full of men who had told a white
lie to don the King's uniform. Men there are in the British Army who
winked as they enlisted and were told: "You'll be a Canadian? "
"Aye, aye, I'm a Canadian," they'd say.
"From what province?"
"The province of Kentuckyor New York or
Well, there was a lad, one of them, was in the first
wave at Vimy Ridge that April day in 1917. 'Twas but a few days before
that a wave of the wildest cheering ever heard had run along the whole
Western front, so that Fritz in his trenches wondered what was up the
noo. Well, he has learned, since then! He has learned, despite his
Kaiser and his officers, and his lying newspapers, that that cheer went
up when the news came that America had declared war upon Germany. And
so, it was a few days after that cheer was heard that the Canadians
leaped over the top and went for Vimy Ridge, and this young fellow from
America had a wee silken flag. He spoke to his officer.
"Now that my own country's in the war, sir," he said,
"I'd like to carry her flag with me when we go over the top. Wrapped
around me, sir------"
"Go it! " said the officer.
And so he did. And he was one of those who won
through and reached the top. There he was wounded, but he had carried
the Stars and Stripes with him to the crest.
Vimy Ridge! I could see it. And above it, and beyond
it, now, for the front had been carried on, far beyond, within what used
to be the lines of the Hun, the aeroplanes circled. Very quiet and lazy
they seemed, for all I knew of their endless activity and the precious
work that they were doing. 1 could see how the Huns were shelling them.
You would see an aeroplane hovering, and then, close by, suddenly, a
ball of cottony white smoke. That was shrapnel bursting, as Fritz tried
to get the range with an anti-aircraft gunan Archie, as the
Tommies call them. But the plane would pay no heed, except, maybe, to
dip a bit or climb a little higher to make it harder for the Hun. It
made me think of a man shrugging his shoulders, calmly and
imperturbably, in the face of some great peril, and I wanted to cheer. I
had some wild idea that maybe he would hear me, and know that some one
saw him, and appreciated what he was doingsome one to whom it was not
an old story. But then I smiled at my own thought.
Now it was time for us to leave the cars and get some
exercise. Our steel helmets were on, and glad we were of them, for
shrapnel was bursting near by sometimes, although most of the shells
were big fellows, that buried themselves in the ground and then
exploded. Fritz wasn't doing much casual shelling the noo, though. He
was saving his fire until his observers gave him a real target to aim
at. Butthat was no so often, for our
aeroplanes were in command of the air then, and his flyers got precious
little chance to guide his shooting. Most of his hits were due to luck.
"Spread out a bit as you go along here," said Captain
Godfrey. "If a crump lands close by there's no need of all of us going!
If we're spread out a bit, you see, a shell might get one and leave the
rest of us."
It sounded cold blooded, but it Was not. To men who
have lived at the front everything comes to be taken as a matter of
course. Men can get used to anything; this war has proved that again, if
there was need of proving it. And I came to understand that, and to
listen to things I heard, with different ears. But those are things no
one can tell you of; you must have been at the front yourself to
understand all that goes on there, both in action and in the minds of
We obeyed Captain Godfrey readily enough, as you can
guess. And so I was alone as I walked toward Vimy Ridge. It looked just
like a lumpy excrescence on the landscape; at hame we would not even
think of it as a foothill. But as I neared it, and as I remembered all
it stood for, I thought that in the atlas of history it would loom
higher than the highest peak of the great Himalaya range.
Beyond the ridge, beyond the actualline of the trenches, miles away, indeed, were the German
batteries from which the shells we heard and saw as they burst, were
coming. I was glad of my helmet, and of the cool assurance of Captain
Godfrey. I felt that we were as safe, in his hands, as men could he in
such a spot.
It was not more than a mile we had to cover, but it
was rough going, bad going. Here war had had its grim way without
interruption. The face of the earth had been cut to pieces. Its surface
had been smashed to a pulpy mass. The ground had been ploughed, over and
over, by a rain of shells, German and British. What a planting there had
been that spring, and what a ploughing ! A harvest of death it had been
that had been sown, and the reaper had not waited for summer to come,
and the harvest moon. He had passed that way with his scythe, and where
we passed now he had taken his terrible, his horrid, toll.
At the foot of the ridge I saw men fighting for the
first time, actually fighting, seeking to kill an enemy. It was a
Canadian battery we saw, and it was firing, steadily and methodically,
at the Huns. Up to now I had seen only the vast industrial side of war,
its business and its labour. Now I was, for the first time, in touch
with actual fighting. I saw the guns belching death and destruction,
destined for men miles away. It was high angle fire, of course, directed
by observers in the air.
But even that seemed part of the sheer, factory like
industry of war. There was no passion, no coming to grips in hot blood,
here. Orders were given bythe battery
commander and the other officers as the foreman in a machine shop might
give them. And the busy artillerymen worked like labourers, too,
clearing their guns after a salvo, loading them, bringing up fresh
supplies of ammunition. It was all methodical, all a matter of routine.
"Good artillery work is like that," said Captain
Godfrey, when I spoke to him about it. "It's a science. It's all a
matter of the higher mathematics. Everything is worked out to half a
dozen places of decimals. We've eliminated chance and guesswork just as
far as possible from modern artillery actions."
But there was something about it all that was
disappointing, at first sight. It let you down a bit. Only the guns
themselves kept up the tradition. Only they were acting as they should,
and showing a proper passion and excitement. I could hear them growling
ominously, like dogs locked in their kennel when they would be loose and
about, and hunting. And then they would spit, angrily. They inflamed my
imagination, did those guns; they satisfied me and my old-fashioned
conception of war and fighting, more then anything else that I had seen
had done. And it seemed to me that after they had spit out their deadly
charge they wiped their muzzles with red tongues of flame, satisfied
beyond all words or measure with what they had done.
We were rising now, as we walked, and getting a
better view of the country that lay beyond. And so I came to understand
a little better the value of a height even so low and insignificant as
Vimy Ridge in that flat country. While the Germans held it they could
overlook all our positions, and all the advantage of natural placing had
been to them. Now, thanks to the Canadians, it was our turn, and we were
Weel, I was under fire. There was no doubt about it.
There was a droning over us now, like the noise bees make, or many flies
in a small room on a hot summer's day. That was the drone of the German
shells. There was a little freshening of the artillery activity on both
sides, Captain Godfrey said, as if in my honour. When one side increased
its fire the other always answered; played copy cat. There was no
telling, ye ken, when such an increase of fire might not be the first
sign of an attack. And neither side took more chances than it must.
I had known, before I left Britain, that I would come
under fire. And I had wondered what it-would be like. I had expected to
be afraid, nervous. Brave men had told me, one after another, that every
man is afraid when he first comes under fire. And so I had wondered how
I would, and I had expected to be badly scared and extremely nervous.
Now I could hear that constant droning of shells, and, in the distance,
I could see, very often, powdery squirts of smoke and dirt along the
ground, where our shells were striking, so that I knew I had the Hun
lines in sight.
And I can truthfully say that, that day, at least, I
felt no great fear or nervousness. Later I did, as I shall tell you, but
that day one overpowering emotion mastered every other. It was a desire
for vengeance. Yon were the Huns, the men who had killed my boy. They
were almost within my reach. And as I looked at them there in their
lines a savage desire possessed me, almost overwhelmed me indeed, to
rush to those guns and turn them to my own mad purpose of vengeance.
It was all I could do, I tell you, to restrain
myself; to check that wild, almost ungovernable impulse to rush to the
guns and grapple with them myselfmyself fire them at the men who had
killed my boy. I wanted to fight! I wanted to fight with my two hands;
to tear and rend, and have the consciousness that I flashed back, like a
telegraph message from my satiated hands to my eager brain that was
spurring me on.
But that was not to be. I knew it, and I grew calmer,
presently. The roughness of the going helped me to do that, for it took
all a man's wits and faculties to grope his way along the path we were
following now. Indeed, it was no path at all that led us to the Pimple,
the topmost point of Vimy Ridge, which changed hands half a dozen times
in the few minutes of bloody fighting that had gone on here during the
The ground was absolutely riddled with shell holes
here. There must have been a mine of metal underneath us. What path
there was, zigzagged around. It had been worn to such smoothness as it
possessed since the battle, and it evaded the worst craters by going
around them. My madness was passed now, and a great sadness had taken
its place. For here, where I was walking, men had stumbled up with
bullets and shells raining about them. At every step I trod ground that
must have been the last resting-place of some Canadian soldier, who had
died that I might climb this ridge in a safety so immeasurably greater
than his had been.
If it was hard for us to make this climb, if we
stumbled as we walked, what had it been for them? Our breath came hard
and fast, how had it been with them? Yet they had done it! They had
stormed the ridge the Huns had proudly called impregnable. They had
taken, in a swift rush, that nothing could stay, a position the Kaiser's
generals had assured him would never be lost, could never be reached by
The Pimple, for which we were heading now, was an
observation post at that time. There, there was a detachment of
soldiers, for it was an important post, covering much of the Hun
territory beyond. A major of infantry was in command; his head-quarters
were a large hole in the ground, dug for him by a German shellfired by
German gunners who had no thought further from their minds than to do a
favour for a British officer. And he was sitting calmly in front of his
headquarters, smoking a pipe, when we reached the crest and came to the
He was a very calm man, that major, given, I should
say, to the greatest repression of emotion. I think nothing would have
moved him from that phlegmatic calm of his. He watched us coming,
climbing and making hard going of it. If he was amused he gave no sign,
as he puffed at his pipe. I, for one, was puffing, too; I was panting
like a grampus. I had thought myself in good condition, but I found out
at Vimy Ridge that I was soft and flabby.
Not a sign did that major give until we reached him.
And then, as we stood looking at him, and beyond him at the panorama of
the trenches, he took his pipe from his mouth.
"Welcome to Vimy Ridge!" he said, in the manner of a
host greeting a party bidden for the week-end.
I was determined that that major should not outdo me.
I had precious little wind left to breathe with, much less to talk, but
I called for the last of it.
"Thank you, major," I said. "Can I join you in a
"Of course you can!" he said, unsmiling. "That is, if
you've brought your pipe with you."
"Aye, I've my pipe," I told him. "I may forget to pay
my debt, but I'll never forget my pipe."
And no more I will.
So I sat down beside him, and drew out my pipe, and
made a long business of filling it, and pushing the tobacco down just
so, since that gave me a chance to get my wind. And when I was ready to
light up I felt better, and I was breathing right, so that I could talk
as 1 pleased without fighting for breath.
My friend the major proved an entertaining chap, and
a talkative one, too, for all his seeming brusqueness. He pointed out
the spots that had been made famous in the battle, and explained to me
what it was the Canadians had done. And I saw
and understood better than ever before what a great feat that had been,
and how heavily it had counted. He lent me his binoculars, too, and with
them I swept the whole valley toward Lens, where the great French coal
mines are, and where the Germans have been under steady fire so long,
and have been hanging on by their eyelashes.
It was not the place I should choose, ordinarily, to
do a bit of sight-seeing. The German shells were still humming through
the air above us, though not quite so often as they had. But there were
enough of them, and they seemed to me close enough for me to feel the
wind they raised as they passed. I thought for sure one of them would
come along, presently, and clip my ears right off. And sometimes I felt
myself ducking my head; as if that would do me any good ! But I did not
think about it; I would feel myself doing it, without having intended to
do anything of the sort. I was a bit nervous, I suppose, but no one
could be really scared or alarmed in the unplumbable depths of calm in
which that British major was plunged.
It was a grand view I had of the valley, but it was
not the sort of thing I had expected to see. I knew there were thousands
of men there, and I think I had expected to see men really fighting. But
there was nothing of the sort. Not a man could I see in all the valley.
They were under cover, of course. When I stopped to think about it, that
was what I should have expected, of course. If I could have seen our
laddies there below, why, the Huns could have seen them too. And that
would never have done.
I could hear our guns, too, now, very well. They were
giving voice all around me, but never a gun could I see, for all my
peering and searching around. Even the battery we had passed below was
out of sight now. And it was a weird thing, and an uncanny thing, to
think of all that riot of sound around, and not a sight to be had of the
batteries that were making it.
Hogge came up while I was talking to the major.
"Hello!" he said. "What have you done to your knee, Lauder?"
I looked down and saw a trickle of blood running
down, below my knee. It was bare, of course, because I wore my kilt.
"Oh, that's nothing," I said. I knew at once what it
was. I remembered that as I stumbled up the hill, I had tripped over a
bit of barbed wire and scratched my leg. And so I explained.
"And I fell into a shell-hole, too," I said. "A wee
one, as they go around here." But I laughed. "Still, I'll be able to say
I was wounded on Vimy Ridge."
I glanced at the major as I said that, and was half
sorry I had made the poor jest. And I saw him smile, in one corner of
his mouth, as I said I had been "wounded." It was the corner furthest
from me, but I saw it. And it was a dry smile, a withered smile. I could
guess his thought.
"Wounded!" he must have said to himself, scornfully.
And he must have remembered the real wounds the Canadians had received
on that hillside. Aye, I could guess his thought. And I, shared it,
although I did not tell him so. But I think he understood.
He was still sitting there, puffing away at his old
pipe, as quiet and calm and imperturbable as ever, when Captain Godfrey
gathered us together to go on. He gazed out over the valley.
He was a man to be remembered for a long time, that
major. I can see him now, in my mind's eye, sitting there, brooding,
staring out toward Lens and the German lines. And I think that if I were
choosing a figure for some great sculptor to immortalize, to typify and
represent the superb, the majestic imperturbability of the British
Empire in time of stress and storm, his would be the one. I could think
of no finer figure than his for such a statue. You would see him, if the
sculptor followed my thought, sitting in front of his shell-hole on Vimy
Ridge, calm, dispassionate, devoted to his duty and the day's work;
quietly giving the directions that guided the British guns in their work
of blasting the Hun out of the refuge he had chosen when the Canadians
had driven him from the spot where the major sat.
It was easier going down Vimy Ridge than it had been
coming up, but it was still hard going. We had to skirt great, gaping
holes torn by monstrous shells that had torn the very guts out of the
"We're going to visit another battery," said Captain
Godfrey. "I'll tell you I think it's the best hidden battery on the
whole British front. And that's saying a good deal, for we've learned a
thing or two about hiding our whereabouts from Fritz. He's a curious
one, Fritz is, but we try not to gratify his curiosity any more than we
"I'll be glad to see more of the guns," I said.
"Well, here you'll see more than guns. The major in
command at this battery we're heading for, has a decoration that was
given to him just for the way he hid his guns. There's much more than
fighting that a man has to do in this war if he's to make good."
As we went along I kept my eyes open, trying to get a
peep at the guns before Godfrey should point them out to me. I could
hear firing going on all around me, but there was so much noise that my
ears were not a guide. I was not a trained observer, of course; I would
not know a gun position at sight, as some soldier trained to the work
would be sure to do. And yet I thought I could tell when I was coming to
a great battery. I thought so, I say.
Again, though, I had that feeling of something weird
and uncanny. For now, as we walked along, I did hear the guns, and I was
sure, from the nature of the sound, that we were coming close to them.
But, as I looked straight toward the spot where my ears told me that
they must be, I could see nothing at all. I thought that perhaps Godfrey
had lost his way, and that we were wandering along the wrong path. It
did not seem likely, but it was possible.
And then, suddenly, when I was least expecting it, we
"Well, here we are!" said the captain, and grinned at
And there we were indeed! We were right among the
guns of a Canadian battery, and the artillerymen were shouting their
welcome, for they had heard that I was coming, and recognized me as soon
as they saw me. Buthow had we got here? I looked around me, in utter
amazement. Even now that I had come to the battery I could not
understand how it was that I had been deceived, how that battery had
been so marvellously concealed that, if one did not know of its
existence and of its exact location, one might literally stumble over it
in broad daylight.
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