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Scotland in the Middle Ages
Glossary


Agayn, 262, against, contrary to
Algatis, 172, omnimodo
Allossede, 258, praised
Alswa, 156, also
Amerciament, 172, fine, penalty
Analy, 172, alienate
Anent, 184, towards
Appelis, 183, accuses
Appelyt, 183, accused
Armuris, 228, arms
Askit, 172, asked
Assoillie, 260, pardon
Assythment, 191, compensation for slaughter
At, 155, that
Avise, 220, advice
Aw, 155, owe, ought
Awn, 172, own
Ayre, 172, heir

Baith, 220, both
Bak, 190, back
Bak-berand, 182, bearing on his back (the stolen goods)
Bankvar, 244, a bench with cabinet
Bord claiths, 247, table-cloths
Bare, 259, plain
Be, 262, by
Bedde, 172, bed
Behovit, 172, behoved
Beis, 183, is Ber, 190, bear
Ber, 245, bear, barley
Bilyve, 258, quickly
Blonkkes, 258, steeds
Blude, 181, blood
Borch, 184, bail or surety
Bot, 156, but
Bot, 187, unless
Bots, 182, compensation, atonement
Bowglis, 244, bugle beads
Braches, 259, hounds
Braid, 251, broad
Breme, 259, fierce
Browd, 246, broider
Brugh, 190, burgh
Busken, 258, dress
But, 172, unless
Brynnyngis, 261, burnings

Cacheres, 258, hunters
Cald, 264, called
Calden, 258, called
Canell, 242, cinnamon
Candyllaris, 244, chandeliers
Cariagia, 216, carriages exacted as service
Chaft, 257, jaw
Chalangit, 188, challenged, accused
Chargeours, 244, large dishes
Charred, 259, led
Chastyd, 264, chastised
Chesid, 228, chose
Clene, 188, clean, innocent
Clenge, 184, cleanse, acquit
Clengying, 183, acquitting
Collectas, 216, levies
Communatez, 261, estates
Compulsator, 271, process of compelling
Consavit, 220, conceived
Constreignit, 172, constrained
Convickyt, 193, convicted
Costlikly, 228, costly
Cosynage, 156, cousinship, relation
Cowerlats 244, coverlets
Cowssings, 244, cushions
Cuk stull, 190, cucking-stool or pillory
Cumly, 228, comely
Cummys, 172, comes
Curt, 271, court
Customys, 155, customs

Dang, 256, beat
Dedde, 172, death
Dedes, 264, deeds
Defowle, 262, indignity
Delyte, 228, delight
Deyd, 264, died
Dome, 156, judgment
Doubtet, 260, redoubted
Dowt, 264, fear
Drede, 155, dread
Dungen, 190, beaten
Dykpot, 188, ordeal pool

Efter, 188, after
Eftir, 172, after
Eld, 188, age
Er, 190, ear
Erl, 181, earl

Faderis, 172, fathers
Falyhyd, 264, failed
Fang, 182, stolen goods
Fav, 264, faith
Feirde, 262, fourth
Ferding, 190, farthing
Fewte, 155, fealty
Fore, 262, for
Forfalt, 193, forfeit
For-qwhy, 260, because
Forsuer, 190, renounce
Forthi, 264, wherefore
Foul, 188, guilty
Fra, 264, after
Fra, 191, from
Furthwartis, 191, forward
Futfells, 245, a kind of skins

Gaif, 204, gave
Galyga, 242, some kind of spice
Gamyn, 265, play
Gangande, 261, going
Gatharion, 193, horse (?)
Ger, 261, make
Gert, 228, made
Gevyn, 188, given
Geyf, 172, give
Gif, 172, if
Gle, 265, merriment
Gome, 258, man
Grantit, 271, admitted
Gretly, 172, greatly
Greyff, 188, magistrate
Grots, 243, groats
Gruntel, 257, snout
Gud, 156,188, good

Habit and repute, 184, held and reputed
Haf, 190, have
Halde, 155, hold
Halden, 172, held
Haldyn, 190, held
Halikirc, 262, holy church
Halpenny, 190, halfpenny
Hand-habend, 182, having in his hand (the stolen goods)
Hangit, 188, hanged
Haterit, 155, hatred
Hatheles, 258, nobles
Hawle, 258, hall
Hecht, 256, hight, named
Hed, 190, head
Hele, 172, health
Hem, 258, them
Hendeste, 258, fairest
Her, 258, their
Het, 187, hot
Hevene-riche, 258, heaven
Heyrschippis, 261, robberies
Hing, 190, hang
Hingit, 190, hanged
Hor, 258, their
Hortus olerum, 125, "kail yard," cabbage garden
Huntes, 259, huntsmen
Hym, 190, him
Hyrdman, 183, hered-man, a noble
Hyrr, 262, her
Hys, 262, his

Ilk, 219, each
Ilk, 172, same
Ilk ane, 190, each one
Inquirit, 271, examined
Into, 265, in
Inewe, 258, enough
luges, 193, judges
Iugit, 193, judged

Jarl, 231, earl
Jowele, 228, jewel
Justis, 264, justice
Justified, 182, brought to justice

Kail, 125, colewort
Keip, 193, keep
Kinrik, 204, kingdom
Kist, 246, chest
Knawen, 262, known
Konynge, 258, skill
Kow, 181, cow
Ky, 181, cows
Kyn, 262, kindred
Kynrike, 261, kingdom
Kythe, 258, country

Lachen, 258, take
Laff, 190, loaf
Lathyd, 264, loathed
Lauch, 155, law
Lede, 265, lead
Ledynge, 258, men
Leil, 183, legalis, lawful, trustworthy
Leffull, 188, lawful
Lemed, 258, gleamed
Lengede, 258, dwelt
Lentyrn, 188, lent
Lentynwar, 248, a kind of skins
Lesum, 271, lawful
Leue, 258, loved
Leyff, 187, leave
Londes, 258, lands
Lordis, 228, lords
Luve, 155, love
Luwe, 265, love
Luwyd, 264, loved
Lyande, 172, lying
Lyf, 186, life
Lyffe, 258, live
Lyffede, 258, lived
Lyking, 183, choice
Lym, 186, limb

Mair, 191, more
Makless, 258, matchless
Makys, 193, makes
Males, 258, trunks
Medful, 264, praiseworthy
Mekil, 190, much
Melis, 258, speaks
Memore, 260, memory
Menyd, 264, bemoaned
Merciament, 186, penalty
Mertrick, 236, martin cat
Meuros, 260, Melrose
Molde, 258, earth
Mony, 228, many
Mote, 259, blasts
Mute, 155, meeting of court
Mute-hill, 204, mount of council and judgment

Na, 155, nor
Nede, 172, need
Nevo, 181, nephew
Nocht, 172, not
Nocht, 204, nought
Nother, 156, neither
Noumer, 219, number

Oblisyng, 262, obligation
Obolus, 190, a halfpenny
Of, 190, off
Offerand, 271, offering
Of-kest, 259, off-threw
Ogettheyrn, 181, a young lord
Ongers, 243, a coin
Ony, 155, any
Ouder, 193, either
Outan, 193, except
Oysed, 228, used

Pece, 193, peace
Peraventour, 262, peradventure
Perfit, 271, perfect
Perseu, 271, prosecute
Pes, 264, peace
Pessybil, 264, peaceful
Plenerly, 261, fully
Poer, 262, poor
Potyngary, 242, apothecary stuff
Pouer, 172, power
Poverte, 172, poverty
Prism, 216, exactions
Prys, 264, price
Purchest, 172, acquired
Puttis, 172, puts
Pewder veschall, 244, pewter plates

Quha, 188, who
Quharfor, 172, wherefore
Quhether, 172, whether
Quhilkis, 190, which
Quhil, 271, till
Quhilk, 155, which
Quhit, 188, quit
Quhwite, 228, white
Qwhete, 264, wheat
Qwhilom, 260, formerly
Qwhylles, 258, while

Radness, 156, fear
Rainit, 256, rained
Realte, 2G2, royalty
Rechen, reach
Redyly, 172, readily
Remede, 265, help
Requer, 262, require
Renkkes, 258, knights
Reyflake, 188, robbery
Richt, 156, right
Rurd, 259, noise
Rychtwysely, 172, righteously
Rydand, 261, riding
Ryssyll brown, 244, fine cloth (?)

Sairly, 190, sorely
Sal, 155, shall
Sall, 188, shall
Salute, 243, a coin
Samyn, 193, same
Sare, 264, sore
Sawfyd, 264, protected
Sawld, 264, sold
Say, 244, silk
Sayand, 172, saying
Schew, 262, show
Scheep, 190, sheep
Scheriff, 187, sheriff
Schorn, 190, cut
Scroschats, 243, sweetmeats
Seke, 172, sick
Serviatis, 244, table napkins
Sculis, 271, schools
Seyn, 261, seen
Shone, 190, shoes
Slachteris, 261, slaughters
Sons, 265, plenty
Spek, 193, speak
Stad, 265, placed
Stanche, 172, stop
Statut, 188, enacted
Sted, 228, stead
Stek, 242, piece
Sua, 172, so
Succar valans, 243, sugar of different crystalisations
Succar lacrissye, 243, sugar of different crystalisations
Succar candy, 243, sugar of different crystalisations
Suer, 155, swear
Suppowall, 262, support
Swenvel, 242, a kind of spice
Swilk, 190, such

Thai, 156, they
Takles, 258, garments
Takyn, 193, token
Tane, 188, taken
Tayntet, 188, proved
Tayssillis, 243, teazle
Techaris, 271, teachers
Tendys, 268, tithes
Than, 172, then
Thar, 187, there
Ther, thare, 258, where
Theyff, 190, thief
Thir, 219, these
Throu, 172, through
Thruch, 156, through
Thyft, 183, theft
Till, 204, to
Tod, 236, fox
Traist, 256, trust
Trowhe, 258, troth
Trussen, 258, pack
Trystors, 259, hunting stations
Twa, 190, two
Twapert, 181, two-thirds
Tyffen, 258, arrange
Tyn, 172, lose
Tynsall, 156, loss

Uplandman, 184, a man dwelling out of burgh

Vche, 258, each
Verray, 172, true
Veray, 172, true
Visnet, 193, vicinage, trial by jury
Vewters, 259, trackers
Walde, 172, would
War, 172, were
Watz, 258, was
Weill, 256, well
Weren, 258, were
Wers, 182, capitis ęstimatio, the prices at which every man was valued by the Saxon law
Whilk, 203, which
Wit, 262, know
Wites, 182, the king's fine for violation of the law
Withouten, 172, without
Withoutyn, 261, without
Wollys, 260, wools
Wranget, 262, wronged
Wrangwisly, 172, wrongfully
Wyrk, 264, work
Wyt (it is for to wyt), 172, be it known
Wyze, 258, goeth

Yhe, 261, ye
Yhete, 172, yet
Yhour, 262, your
Yod, 259, went
Yowle, 256, howl
Yrn, 187, iron
Ys, 260, is


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