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The Scottish Nation
Burgh


BURGH, a surname in Scotland, the same as De Bourg, De Burgh, Bourke, or burke in Ireland, and Burroughs in England, derived from De Bourg, originally French. The family of De Bourg or Burke was one of the most powerful of the Norman settlers in England, and under Strongbow, the principal branch settled in Ireland in 1169. In process of time, the name was written Bourk in England and Ireland, and in many Irish families it is now Burke, but in 1752, King George the Second, by letters under his signet royal and sign manual, granted to the earl of Clanricarde, (Ulrick Bourke of London,) and Thomas Bourke of Ireland, and their descendants, full power, licence, and authority, to assume and use the name of De Burgh. In Scotland the name is limited and never attained to any eminence.

BURGH, JAMES, a voluminous writer, was born at Madderty in Perthshire in 1714. After receiving the rudiments of education at the school of his native place, he was sent to the university of St. Andrews, with the view of studying for the church, but bad health soon obliged him to quit college. Having given up all thoughts of becoming a clergyman, he entered into the linen trade; which not proving successful, he went to England, where he was employed at first as a corrector of the press. About a year afterwards he removed to Great Marlow, where he was engaged as assistant in a free grammar school. It was here that he commenced author by writing a pamphlet, entitled, ‘Britain’s Remembrancer,’ published in 1746, which was followed by various others. This one, however, being adapted to the feeling of the times, went through five editions in three years, and was ascribed to some of the bishops. In 1747 he opened an academy at Stoke Newington in Middlesex, where, and at Newington Green in the neighbourhood, for nineteen years he conducted his school with great success. Having acquired a competence, Mr. Burgh determined upon retiring from business, his more immediate object being to complete one of his works called ‘Political Disquisitions,’ the first two volumes of which appeared in 1774 and the third in 1775. Upon quitting his school in 1771, he settled in Colebrooke Row, Islington, where he continued to reside till his death, August 26, 1775, in the 61st year of his age. – Stark’s Biographia Scotica.

      Mr. burgh’s works (most of which have long since ceased to be read) are:

      Britain’s Remembrancer. Lond. 1745, 1766.

      Thoughts on Education. 1747.

      An Hymn to the Creator of the World. To which was added, in prose, An Idea of the Creator from his Works. 2d edit. 1750, 8vo.

      A Warning to Dram Drinkers. 1751. 12mo.

      The Free Enquirer. Printed in the General Evening Post. 1753-4 .

      An Essay on the Dignity of Human Nature; or, A Brief Account of the certain and established Means for attaining the true end of our existence. Lond. 1754, 4to. Reprinted in 2 vols. 8vo.

      The Art of Speaking. Lond. 1762, 1792, 8vo. Three editions. Used mostly as a school-book.

      Crito; or Essays on Various Subjects. 1766-7, 2 vols. 12mo. 2d vol. contains, Essay on the Origin of Evil, and the Rationale of Christianity; with one on Political Nature, and on the Difficulty and Importance of Education.

      The Constitutionalist. Printed in the Gazetteer. 1770.

      Political Disquisitions, or an Inquiry into Public Errors, Defects, and Abuses. Illustrated by, and established upon, facts and remarks extracted from a variety of authors, ancient and modern; calculated to draw the timely attention of government and people, to a due consideration of the necessity, and the means of reforming those errors, defects, and abuses; of restoring the Constitution, and saving the State. 1774-5, 3 vols. 8vo.

      The Colonist’s Advocate; a periodical paper in the Gazetteer.

      Directions, Prudential, moral, religious, and scientific. Printed for the sole use of his pupils. Pirated and sold by a bookseller under the title of Youth’s Friendly Monitor.


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