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The Scottish Nation
Clark, Clarke or Clerk


CLARK, CLARKE, or CLERK, a surname derived from the ecclesiastical office of Clerk, or clericus. See CLERK.

CLARK, JOHN, physician and medical writer, the son of a wealthy farmer, was born at Roxburgh in 1744. Destined for the church, he attended the theological classes at the university of Edinburgh; but afterwards devoted himself to the study of medicine. On leaving college, he was appointed assistant-surgeon in the service of the East India Company; and in 1773 he published his ‘Observations on the Diseases in Long Voyages to Hot Countries, and particularly in the East Indies.’ He received the degree of M.D. from the university of St. Andrews, and having settled in practice at Newcastle-on-Tyne, he contributed greatly to the improvement of the public hospital there, and founded a dispensary. He died at Bath, April 24, 1805. He belonged to the Medical Society of Edinburgh, to whose Transactions he was a contributor. His works are:

      Observations on the Diseases in long voyages to hot Countries, particularly on those which prevail in the East Indies; and on the same Diseases as they appear in Great Britain. London, 1773, 8vo. London, 1793, 2 vols. 8vo.

      Observations on the Hepatitis. Med. Com. v. p. 423. 1777.

      History of a Case of obstructed secretion of Urine. Med. Com. vi. p. 204. 1778.

      Observations on Fevers, especially those of the continued Type: on Scarlet Fever, with Ulcerated Sore Throat, as it appeared in 1778; a comparative view of Scarlet Fever, and the Origina Maligna. London, 1780, 8vo.

      Letter on the Influenza, as it appeared in Newcastle, 1801, 12mo.

      A Collection of Papers, intended to promote an Institution for the Cure and Prevention of Infectious Fevers, in Newcastle and other populous towns; together with communications of the most eminent Physicians, relative to the safety and importance of annexing Fever Wards to the Newcastle and other Infirmaries. Part i. and ii. Newcast., 1802, 12mo.

      Sketch of Professional Life and Character. By John Ralph Fenwick, M.D. of Durham. London, 1806, 8vo.

CLARKE, JOHN, an engraver, who flourished in the seventeenth century, was a native of Scotland, but the exact place of his birth is now known. He executed two profile heads in medal of William and Mary, dated 1690; and prints of Sir Matthew Hale, George baron de Goertz, and Dr. Humphrey Prideaux. He also engraved seven little heads of Charles the Second, his queen, Prince Rupert, the prince of Orange, the dukes of York and Monmouth, and General Monk. He died about 1697.

CLARKE, STEPHEN, a musical composer of the 18th century, was the organist of the Episcopal Chapel, in the Cowgate, Edinburgh. He was a teacher of music, and composed many musical pieces of great merit. His name will be remembered as the selector and arranger of the melodies for Johnson’s ‘Scots Musical Museum’ to which Burns contributed so much, and the first volume of which was published at Edinburgh in 1787, and the sixth, which completed the work, in 1803. About 1790 Clarke published two Sonatas for the Pianoforte or Harpsichord, in which are introduced favourite Scotch airs, respectfully dedicated to Mrs. Erskine, junior, of Mar. He died at Edinburgh on the 6th August 1797. After his death, his son and successor, William Clarke (who died in 1820) appears to have rendered Johnson the like service in harmonizing the airs for the concluding volume of the Musical Museum.


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