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The Scottish Nation
Cleghorn


CLEGHORN, GEORGE, a learned physician, the son of a farmer at Granton, near Edinburgh, was born there, December 13, 1716. He received the elements of his education in the parish school of Cramond. In 1728 he was sent to Edinburgh to be instructed in the classics, and in 1731 he commenced the study of physic and surgery under the illustrious Dr. Alexander Monro, with whom he remained for five years. While yet a student, he and some other young men, among whom was the celebrated Fothergill, established the Royal Medical Society of Edinburgh.

      Early in 1736 he was appointed surgeon in the 22d regiment of foot, then stationed at Minorca, on which island he continued for thirteen years. In 1749 he accompanied his regiment to Ireland; and in autumn 1750 he went to London to publish his treatise on ‘The Diseases of Minorca.’ While there he attended the anatomical lectures of the celebrated Dr. Hunter. In 1751 he settled in Dublin, and began to give an annual course of lectures on anatomy. A few years afterwards, he was admitted into the university as lecturer on anatomy, and from this he was advanced to be professor. In 1777, when the Royal Medical Society was established at Paris, he was nominated a fellow of it; and in 1784, the College of Physicians in Dublin elected him an honorary member. He died in December 1789. His works are:

      Observations on the epidemical Diseases of Minorca, from 1744 to 1749; containing a short account of the climate, productions, inhabitants, and endemial distempers of Minorca. London, 1751, 1768, 1799, 8vo.

      Index of an Annual Course of Lectures. Dublin, 1767, 8vo.

      Case of a Feather swallowed by a Young Lady. Med. Obs. and Inq. iii. p. 7. 1766.

      The Case of an Aneurismal Vorix. Ib. p. 110

CLEGHORN, WILLIAM, M.D., a nephew of the preceding, was his associate lecturer on anatomy at Trinity College, Dublin. He was the author of a clever dissertation ‘De Igne,’ and died in 1783.


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