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The Scottish Nation
Dalrymple


DALRYMPLE, (formerly written Dalrimpill,) a surname derived from a barony of that name, now a parish, in the district of Kyle, Ayrshire. There seems to be a conspiracy on the part of our Scottish topographers and statistical writers to deduce the names of places generally from the Gaelic, even in districts of the country where the Gaelic never prevailed. Hence, the name Dalrymple is said by some of them to be an abbreviation of the Gaelic words Dail-a’-Chruimpuill, signifying “the dale of the crooked pool;” a derivation very likely discovered, as in many instances appears to have been the case, long after the name had become familiarly known, as it exactly describes the situation of the village where the church of Dalrymple stands, at a bend or turn of the river Doon. A river, however, is not a pool, and the present parish church was not built till 1764. Others, rejecting this etymology, state that it is derived from Dal-ry-mole, also Gaelic, denoting the valley of the slaughter of a king or kings, there being a tradition that there was a battle fought, before the Christian era, in the valley of Dalrymple, in which two kings, Fergus and Coilus by name, were slain. If it were so, the words Dalle-rois-mel – derived from the french, and signifying the vale of the melée of kings – would much better express the meaning. The Saxon words dahl and hrympel form the most obvious etymon, and together come nearest to the exact pronunciation of the name; the surface of the parish having, from the numerous rising grounds, or little mounds or knolls, with which it undulates throughout, a very rumpled or puckered appearance.

      The barony of Dalrymple was held in ancient times by a family who, according to the custom of those days, assumed their name from it. Adam de Dalrymple, the descendant of this family, lived in the reign of Alexander the Third, and died in 1300. His son, Gilchrist de Dalrymple, was contemporary with Robert the Bruce. He had a son, Malcolm de Dalrymple, who, in the reign of David the Second, divided his lands between his two sons, John and Roland. On the 30th of May 1371, John Kennedy of Dunure, ancestor of the marquis of Ailsa, (to whom more than half of the parish of Dalrymple now belongs) obtained from Robert the Second a charter of confirmation of half the barony of “Dalrimpill,” upon the resignation of Malcolm, the son of Gilchrist, the son of “Adam de Dalrimpill;” and on 13th September 1377, the same John Kennedy obtained another charter from the same monarch of the other half of the barony, upon the resignation of Hugh, son of Roland de Dalrympill.

      John, above-mentioned, the elder son of Malcolm, appears to have been the father of William de Dalrymple, who, in 1450, acquired the lands of Stair-Montgomery, in the same county, on his marriage with Agnes Kennedy, heiress of that estate, and grand-daughter of Malcolm de Carrick de Stair. He was thus the first of the Dalrymples of Stair. Their son, William Dalrymple of Stair, married Marion, daughter of Sir John Chalmers of Gadgirth in Ayrshire. This lady was one of the Lollards of Kyle, who were summoned, in 1494, before the king’s council. They had a son, William, who predeceased his parents, leaving a son, William Dalrymple of Stair. By his wife, Margaret, daughter of Wallace of Cairnhill, the latter had a son, James Dalrymple of Stair, who was one of the first who made open profession of the reformed doctrines. In 1544, he joined the earls of Lennox and Glencairn against the earl of Arran, then regent. In 1545, he obtained a remission for being “in feir of weir” (warlike array) at the unlawful convocation of the queen’s lieges on the muir of Glasgow, with Mathew sometime earl of Lennox, and William earl of Glencairn. By his wife Isabel, daughter of George Crawford of Lochnorris, he had a son, James Dalrymple of Stair, who was one of those that signed the confession of faith, and entered into an association for the defence of the reformed religion in 1562. He joined Arran who, in 1548, had been created by the French king duke of Chatelherault, in France, and now bore that title, in his opposition to the marriage of the queen with Darnley in 1565, for which he obtained a remission in 1566. In the following year he entered into the association for the defence of the young king, James the Sixth. He died in 1586. His son, John Dalrymple of Stair, had a son, James Dalrymple, who succeeded him. His name occurs in the list of Ayrshire barons who, in 1600, were indicted for abiding from the raid of Dumfries appointed by the earl of Angus, warden of the west marches, for the trial and punishment of disorderly persons on the borders. He married Janet, daughter of Fergus Kennedy of Knockdaw, and died in 1624. His son, James Dalrymple, an eminent lawyer and statesman, was the first viscount of Stair (so created in 1692) of whom a memoir is given elsewhere. [See STAIR, first viscount.]

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      Sir James Dalrymple, the second son of the first viscount of Stair, first designated of Borthwick, afterwards of Killoch, and subsequently of Cousland, was the ancestor of the Dalrymples of Cranstoun, who now possess the earldom of Stair. He was one of the principal clerks of session, a man of great learning, and one of the best antiquaries of his time. He published ‘Collections concerning the Scottish History preceding the death of King David the First, anno 1153,’ Edin. 1705, 8vo; and ‘Vindication of the Ecclesiastical part of his Historical Collections, in answer to a late Pamphlet, entitled The Life of John Sage, &c.’ Edin. 1714, 8vo. He was created a baronet of Nova Scotia, 28th April 1698. He was thrice married, and had eight sons and five daughters. Admiral John Dalrymple, who died in October 1798, was his grandson, being the only son of his third son Robert, writer to the signet, to whom his father left the Killoch estate. The eldest son, Sir John Dalrymple, the second baronet, was designated of Cousland. He was one of the principal clerks of session, appointed on his father’s demission from that office on 30th September 1708. He was twice married, and had five sons and six daughters. His first wife was Elizabeth, eldest daughter of William Fletcher of New Cranstoun, advocate, whose widow, his father, Sir James, had taken for his second wife. By Sir John’s contract of marriage with Miss Fletcher, dated 7th August 1702, to which his father was a party, he acquired the lands of New Cranstoun, which estate, together with those of Cousland and Heriotmuir, in the county of Edinburgh, being the family estates, were entailed on the heirs of the marriage, with remainder to the other sons of Sir James. On Sir John’s death, 24th May 1743, he was succeeded by his eldest son, Sir William Dalrymple, third baronet, of Cousland. He was twice married, and had eight sons and six daughters. His second son, William, a colonel in the army, distinguished himself on several occasions, particularly at the capture of Omoa, on the Spanish Main, in the West Indies, where he commanded. His uncle, Hugh, left him the Fordell estate in Mid Lothian, and the Cleland estate in Lanarkshire. He died in 1791, leaving issue. Three of Sir Williams’ sons by his second marriage were also in the army. The third baronet died 26th February 1771. Of his eldest son, Sir John Dalrymple, afterwards by right of marriage Sir John Dalrymple Hamilton Macgill, fourth baronet, an eminent lawyer and miscellaneous writer, a memoir is given below. He married his cousin, Elizabeth Hamilton Macgill, daughter of Thomas Hamilton of Fals, Esq., and heiress and representative of the viscounts Oxenford (a title dormant since 1706), by whom he had a numerous family. His eldest son, Thomas, died an infant. William, the second, a midshipman on board his majesty’s ship Santa Margarita, was killed in the eighteenth year of his age, 29th July 1782, in an action with the Amazone French frigate, off the coast of Virginia. The third son also died an infant, and he was succeeded, on his death, in 1810, by his fourth son, Sir John Hamilton Dalrymple, fifth baronet, who assumed the name of Hamilton, through his mother, by whom the estates of Oxenford and Fala were acquired. He was a general in the army, and colonel of the 26th regiment. he married on 23d June 1795, Henrietta, eldest daughter of the Rev. Robert Augustus Johnson, at Kenilworth, in Warwickshire, and aunt of the earl of Craven, by whom he had no issue. This lady died in 1823, and he married, secondly, 8th June 1825, Adamina, daughter of Adam Viscount Duncan. On the death of his kinsman, John William Henry, seventh earl of Stair, in March 1840, Sir John succeeded to that title as eighth earl, and was created a baron of the United Kingdom as Baron Oxenford of Cousland, 11th August 1841, with remainder to his brother, North Dalrymple, Esq. of Cleland and Fordell, who succeeded as ninth earl of Stair, on the death of his brother in January 1853. See STAIR, earl of.

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      Three other families of Dalrymple, all descended from the first Viscount Stair, bear the honours of the baronetage, namely, the Dalrymples of North Berwick; the Dalrymples of Hailes in Haddingtonshire, now Dalrymple-Fergusson, bart., and the Dalrymples of High Mark, Wigtonshire; the former two of Nova Scotia, created respectively in 1697 and 1700, and the latter of Great Britain, created in 1815.

      Sir Hew Dalrymple, the first baronet of North Berwick, was the third son of the first Viscount Stair. He was admitted advocate 23d February 1677, and afterwards constituted one of the commissaries of Edinburgh, on the resignation of his brother, Sir James. On 11th January 1695 he was chosen dean of the faculty of advocates, in place of Sir James Stewart, lord advocate, and held that office till his elevation to the bench. He was created by King William a baronet, 29th April 1697, and by letter dated 17th March 1698 he was nominated by the king president of the court of session, in the room of his father, that office having been vacant since his death in 1695. Some opposition to his admission in the usual manner, – that is, without undergoing his probationary trials, by hearing cases for three days in the outer house, as customary with the other judges, – was occasioned by the discontent of Sir William Hamilton, Lord Whytlaw, who expected to have got this appointment, through the interest of Lord Tullibardin, at that time secretary of state. When Sir Hew Dalrymple was sitting as Lord Probationer, Lord Whytlaw shunned to sit with him in the outer house [Fountainhall’s Decisions, vol. ii. p. 1.] After undergoing the usual probation, he was admitted, took the oaths, and his seat as president of the court of session, 7th June 1698. He represented the burgh of New Galloway in the Scots parliament from 1696 to 1702, and in 1703 he sat as member for North Berwick. In 1706 he was one of the commissioners appointed to arrange the articles of Union, of which he was a steady supporter. Besides being president of the court of session, he was also a commissioner and trustee for improving the fisheries and manufactures of Scotland.

      In 1713, he was much annoyed by the chancellor (Seafield) who frequently presided in court, and claimed the right of subscribing the decisions. President Dalrymple, in consequence, absented himself from the house, for the purpose of forming a party in the court against the chancellor. [Wodrow’s Analecta, MS. iii. 254.] In 1726, he went to London, to solicit permission to resign with a pension equal to his salary, and also to procure the appointment of an ordinary lord of session for his second son Hew. In the latter object he was successful, but not so in the former. Sir Robert Walpole opposed giving him a pension upon his resignation, as forming a bad precedent, and the answer to his application was, according to Wodrow, “that the king was so well pleased with his services as president, he could not want him at the head of that society,” on which that writer remarks, “this, as the English speak, is a being kicked up stairs.” He continued president till his death, on 1st February 1737, in the eighty-fifth year of his age. Macky in his Memoirs, page 211, says of him, “He is believed to be one of the best presidents that ever was in that chair, and one of the compleatest lawyers in Scotland; a very eloquent orator, smooth and slow in expression, with a clear understanding, but grave in his manner.” Lord Woodhouselee in his life of Lord Kames (vol. k. p. 30) passes this eulogium on President Dalrymple: “If he inherited not the distinguished talents of his father, the viscount of Stair, and his elder brother the secretary, he was free from that turbulent ambition and crafty policy which marked the characters of both; and, with sufficient knowledge of the laws, was a man of unimpeached integrity, and of great private worth and amiable manners.” His lordship collected the decisions of the court of session from June 1698 to 21st June 1720, printed at Edinburgh in 1758, folio. He was twice married, first to Marion, daughter of Sir Robert Hamilton of Pressmannon, one of the lords of session, by whom he had five sons and three daughters; and secondly, to Elizabeth, daughter of John Hamilton of Olivestob, Esq., the widow of Hamilton of Bangour, and mother of the poet, by whom he had no issue. Robert, his eldest son, was created a knight bachelor, and died before his father. His son succeeded as the second baronet, as after stated.

      Hew Dalrymple of Drummore, the second son, was born 30th November 1690, and admitted advocate 18th November 1710. Being appointed a lord of session, he took his seat on the bench 29th December 1726, by the judicial title of Lord Drummore, and on 13th June 1745, was nominated a lord of justiciary.. He died at his seat of Drummore, in the county of Haddington, 18th June, 1755. Being at the time of his death governor of the Edinburgh Musical Society, the members of that body met in Mary’s chapel on the 27th of the same month, and performed a concert as a token of respect for his lordship’s memory, which was attended by a numerous company, all dressed in deep mourning. [Scots Mag. vol. xviii. p. 316.] Lord Woodhouselee, in his Life of Lord Kames (vol. i. p. 36) describes Lord Drummore as having “inherited the talents and genius of his forefathers; and as having been an acute and sound lawyer, and possessed of a ready, distinct and forcible, though not a polished elocution;” and as having had “a great command of wit and humour.” By his wife, Miss Horn, heiress of Horn and Westhall, Aberdeenshire, he had twelve children. His second son, Hugh Horn Dalrymple of Westhall or Westerhall, died without issue. Robert, the third son, succeeded his brother, and took the name of Horn, also of Elphinstone, having married the daughter and heiress of Sir James Elphinstone of Logie in Aberdeenshire. [See ELPHINSTONE, surname of.] David, the fourth son, passed advocate 8th January 1743, and was appointed sheriff depute of Aberdeen in 1748. He was named a lord of session, and took his seat on the bench as Lord Westhall, 10th July 1777. He died 26th April 1784, in the sixty-fifth year of his age.

      James the third son of President Dalrymple, was designed of Nunaw. John, the fourth son, a captain in the Enniskillen dragoons, who died at Ayr, where he latterly resided, 19 April 1753, was the father of Lieutenant-general Sir Hugh Whiteford Dalrymple, created a baronet in 1815, of whom afterwards. William, the fifth son, a captain in the army, married a lady, who was cruelly murdered in her own house in Cavendish Square, London, on the 25th March 1746, by her footboy, after receiving upwards of forty wounds.

      Sir Robert Dalrymple, the eldest son of the first baronet of North Berwick, (who as above stated predeceased his father,) was a knight bachelor, and was twice married, first in March 1707 to Johanna Hamilton, only child of John master of Bargeny, and secondly to Anne, eldest daughter of Sir William Cunningham of Caprington. By the former he had three sons and two daughters, and by the latter he had four sons and a daughter, Anne, married to the fifth earl of Balcarres.

      Sir Hew, the eldest son, succeeded his grandfather, in 1734. John, the second son, who was an advocate, got, in right of his mother, the estate of Bargeny, by a decree of the house of peers in 1739, upon the death of his mother’s cousin, James, fourth Lord Bargeny, when he was obliged to change his name to Hamilton, [See ante, BARGENY Lord,] but dying without issue, 12th February 1796, the estates returned to the elder branch, who also assumed the name as afterwards mentioned. Robert, the third son, was a physician. William, the fourth son, and eldest by the second marriage, was a Spanish merchant long settled at Cadiz. James, the fifth son, was a captain of dragoons. Charles, the sixth, took for his second wife, 23d December 1769, Mrs. Dalrymple, widow of Colonel Campbell Dalrymple, of the family of Drummore, and formerly governor of Guadaloupe. Stair, the youngest son, died in India.

      Sir Hew, the second baronet, was M.P. for Haddingtonshire. In 1756 he obtained a reversionary grant of the office of king’s remembrancer in the exchequer for Scotland, to which he succeeded in 1768. He died at London 30th November 1790. He was twice married, and by his first wife, a Miss Sainthill, daughter of a surgeon in London, he had two sons. Robert Stair Dalrymple, the elder, died at Manchester, 11th September 1768, in the twenty-fourth year of his age, being then a captain of dragoons.

      The younger son, Sir Hew Dalrymple, third baronet, assumed the name of Hamilton, in addition to his own, on succeeding to the Bargeny estate, 12th February 1796, by the death of his uncle, John Hamilton, Esq., advocate, as above stated. He married Janet, second daughter of William Duff, of Crombie, Esq., by whom he had ten sons and four daughters, all of whom died young, except four sons and two daughters. He was for some years in the army, but sold out on his marriage in 1774. He represented the county of East Lothian in several parliaments, and died at Bargeny 13th January 1800. The second son, John, was a lieutenant-general in the army.

      His eldest son, Sir Hew Dalrymple-Hamilton, the fourth baronet, of North Berwick and Bargeny, born 3d January 1774, was seven years in the guards and one in the dragoons. He first represented the county of Haddington and afterwards Ayrshire in parliament. He was also lieutenant-colonel of the Ayrshire militia. He married at London 19th May 1800, the Hon. Jane Duncan, eldest daughter of Adam, first Viscount Duncan, by whom he had a daughter, Henrietta-Dundas, born 8th November 1801, married in 1822 to Augustin-Louis-Joseph-Assimir-Gustave-de-Franquetot, duc de Coigny in France. This lady now possesses the Bargeny estates in Ayrshire. Sir Hew died 23d February 1834, and was succeeded by his brother.

      Major-general Sir John Dalrymple Hamilton, who married 30th July 1806, Charlotte, only daughter of Sir Patrick Warrender of Lochend, Bart., and had two sons and five daughters. He died 26th May 1835.

      His eldest son, Sir Hew Hamilton-Dalrymple, sixth baronet, born in 1814, entered the army, and in 1847 became lieutenant-colonel of the 71st foot, but retired in 1852. He served at the capture of Coorg in the East Indies in April 1834; and in 1846 was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Haddingtonshire. He married in 1852 the only daughter of Robert Arkwright, Esq. of Sutton Scarsdale, Derbyshire. Heir presumptive, his brother, John Warrender.

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      The first of the Dalrymples of Hailes, who became so distinguished, was the Hon. Sir David Dalrymple, an eminent lawyer, the fifth son of the first viscount of Stair. He was created a baronet on the 8TH May 1700, and in 1703 was member for Culross in the Scots parliament. In 1706 he was one of the commissioners for arranging the articles of Union, and was afterwards lord advocate of Scotland in the reigns of Queen Anne and George the First (from 1709 till 1720). His eldest son, Sir James Dalrymple, the second baronet, held the office of auditor of the exchequer. By his wife, Lady Christian Hamilton, second daughter of Thomas, sixth earl of Haddington, he had sixteen children. Sir David, the eldest, was the celebrated Lord Hailes, the eminent lawyer and accurate historian, of whom a memoir is given below, as is also one of the fifth son, Alexander, the distinguished hydrographer. John, the fourth son, lord provost of Edinburgh in 1774, and in several succeeding years, married Anne, daughter of Walter Pringle, Esq. of St. Kitts, by whom he had two sons, James and John. Provost Dalrymple died 8th August 1779.

      Sir David Dalrymple, Lord Hailes, married first, on 12th November 1763, Anne Brown, only daughter of Lord Coalston, one of the lords of session; by her he had a son who died an infant, and a daughter, Christian, born on the 28th December 1765, who inherited the family estate, and died on the 9th January 1838. Lady Dalrymple died 18th May 1768, and on 20th March 1770, Lord Hailes married, secondly, Helen, youngest daughter of Sir James Fergusson, baronet, Lord Kilkerran, also a lord of session, and by her had a daughter, Jane, born 30th May 1777, and married, 8th November 1799, her cousin James Fergusson, Esq., who, in 1813, on the death of his uncle, Sir Adam Fergusson, became Sir James Fergusson, fourth baronet, of Kilkerran. Leaving no male issue, the baronetcy, on the death of Lord Hailes, in 1792, descended to his nephew, James.

      Sir James, the fourth baronet, the elder son of John Dalrymple, lord provost of Edinburgh, perished at sea in the end of the year 1800, the title became extinct, and in January 1838, the estate of New Hailes fell to Sir Charles Fergusson of Kilkerran, who took the name of Dalrymple before his own. [See DALRYMPLE-FERGUSSON, surname of.]

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      The family of Dalrymple of High Mark, Wigtonshire, and Delrow Castle, Hertfordshire, who also possess a baronetcy, are descended from Captain John Dalrymple of the Enniskillen dragoons, the fourth son of the Hon. Sir Hew Dalrymple, first baronet of North Berwick, as above mentioned. Captain Dalrymple had an only son, Sir Hew Whiteford-Dalrymple, a general in the army, and colonel of the 51st foot, born at Ayr, 3d December 1750, and knighted at St. James’, 5th May 1779. He was created a baronet 6th May 1815. He married 16th May 1783, Frances, youngest daughter and coheir of General Francis Leighton, and had two sons and three daughters. He died 9th April 1830. Sir Adolphus-John, second baronet, born in London, 3d February 1784, married in June 1812, Anne, daughter of Sir James Graham, first baronet of Kirkstall, M.P. for Carlisle, without issue; a lieutenant-general in the army in November 1851; was M.P. for Weymouth in 1817, for Appleby in 1819 and 1820, and for the Haddington district of burghs from 1826 to 1831; unsuccessfully contested Brighton in 1832 and 1835, but was returned in 1837, and was again unsuccessful in 1841. The brother of the second baronet, Leighton-Cathcart Dalrymple, C.B., a lieutenant-colonel in the 15th hussars, died unmarried in 1820.

DALRYMPLE, JAMES, first Viscount Stair, an eminent lawyer and statesman, was born at Drummurchie, Ayrshire, in May 1619. He lost his father before he had attained his fifth year, and after receiving the elementary part of his education at the school at Mauchlin, he was sent, at the age of fourteen, to the university of Glasgow, and in 1637 took the degree of master of arts. In the following year he had a company of foot in the earl of Glencairn’s regiment. In 1641 he stood a candidate, in military uniform, for the chair of philosophy in Glasgow college; and was the successful competitor. In 1647 he resigned his professorship, and having turned his attention to the study of the civil law, he was, in February 1648, admitted an advocate, and soon became eminent at the bar. In 1649 he was appointed secretary to the commissioners sent to Breda, to invite Charles the Second to come to Scotland, and during his absence he was appointed by the parliament one of the commissioners for revising the ancient books of law, the acts of parliament, and practice of the several judicatures. He returned home in 1650 with the other commissioners, some time before the king, but waited upon his majesty at his landing in Scotland, as appears from the following entry in Balfour’s Annals (vol. iv. p. 17): “20 May. The housse this afternoone dispatched Arthur Erskyne of Scottscraige, to the northe, with instructions to attend the king’s landing; and with him Mr. James Dalrymple, the commissioners secretary, with letters to them.” He afterwards used every exertion to unite all parties for the king’s interest, and also in raising an army for the invasion of England. After the king’s defeat at Worcester he continued his practice as an advocate, but when the oath called the Tender was imposed, he and a number of the most eminent lawyers of the day absented themselves from the court, and did not again attend its sittings till Cromwell either laid the oath aside, or did not insist upon its being taken. In July 1657 he was, on the recommendation of General Monk, approved of by Cromwell as one of the commissioners for the administration of justice in Scotland. He seems to have been a great favourite with Monk, who consulted him on various matters of state; and particularly before marching with his army into England in 1659. When he asked his opinion as to the best mode of settling the three nations, he advised him to call a full and free parliament; and at the same time earnestly recommended that the courts of justice, which had for some time been interrupted in their sittings, might be again opened. This advice was followed by Monk, as appears by his letters addressed to Sir James Dalrymple, dated from Dunstable, 7th June 1659, which Forbes says he saw in the possession of Sir James Dalrymple of Borthwick. [Forbes’ Journal, quoted in Haig and Brunton’s Senators of the College of Justice, page 364.] At the restoration he repaired to London to wait on Charles the second, by whom he was knighted, and made one of the lords of session, 14th February 1661. On the 4th November 1662 he was appointed vice-president in absence of the president. In 1663, when the declaration was enacted, he resigned his seat on the bench rather than subscribe it, and with his eldest son went on a tour to France. On his return he waited on the king at London, when his majesty intimated to him that he could not accept of his resignation, and would rather allow him to explain in what sense he could sign the declaration; and, having done so to the satisfaction of the king, his majesty addressed a letter to the lords of session, dated 21st April 1654, stating his pleasure that he should continue one of their number, on receipt of which they again reponed him in his office. He then signed the declaration, with the qualification that “he was content to declare against whatever was opposite to his majesty’s just right and prerogative.” He was created a baronet, June 2, 1664; and in 1670 was appointed one of the commissioners to treat of a union of the two kingdoms, an attempt which at that time proved abortive. He was shortly after appointed a privy councillor, and in January 1671 he succeeded Gilmour of Craigmillar as lord president. In consequence of “the many great and signal services” done to the city of Edinburgh by Sir James Dalrymple, the Town Council, on the 15th December 1676, passed a resolution that he and all future presidents of the court of session should have their house rent paid by the town, a privilege which was relinquished by President Forbes in the year 1741. When the course of persecution of the Presbyterians began under Lauderdale, Sir James Dalrymple used all his influence with that minister to pursue moderate measures, which gave great offence to Archbishop sharp and the prelatical party. He also did all he could to dissuade the duke frm bringing in the Highland host upon the western counties; but not succeeding he entered his dissent against this inroad in the Council books. [Murray’s Literary History of Galloway, p. 139.] According to Burnet, however, [Hist. of His Own Times, vol. ii. p. 136] Sir James pretended that by a fall his hand was out of joint; “so he signed none of these wild orders.” In 1681, when the famous test act was proposed in the Scots parliament, Sir James, with the view of neutralizing it, suggested that the first, or Knox’s Confession of Faith, should be added, which was adopted. This highly offended the duke of York, and as he himself refused to take it, he was obliged to resign his office of president, and retire to his country seat in Wigtonshire. Receiving a hint from the king’s advocate that it was intended to commit him to prison, he deemed it expedient to take refuge in Holland in October 1682. At Leyden he published his ‘Physiologia nova Experimentalis,’ by which he acquired considerable reputation. During his exile, Spence, the secretary of Argyle, having under torture confessed that Sir James Dalrymple was privy to the Ryehouse plot, he was prosecuted for treason, and outlawed on the 17th March 1685; but his son, Sir John Dalrymple, become Lord Advocate in 1687, procured him a pardon. The subjoined woodcut is from an engraving of his portrait by Sir John Medina, in Park’s Walpole’s Royal and Noble Authors:


[portrait of Sir James Dalrymple]

      While he resided in Holland, he was much in favour with the prince of Orange, and before he sailed for England he asked his highness what was his true design in invading his father-in-law’s dominions. The prince replied that it was for the glory of God, and for securing and establishing the Protestant religion, on which the aged statesman, who had spent six years in exile for the same cause, pulled off his wig and said, “Though I be now in the seventieth year of my age, I am willing to venture that (meaning his head,) my own and my children’s fortunes in such an undertaking.” He accompanied the prince to England, and was consulted by him in the arrangements of government consequent on the Revolution, as he had been by Monk previous to the Restoration, which shows that in both of these remarkable crises of affairs, the greatest reliance was placed on his political sagacity and judgment by the prime movers in them. After the settlement of affairs, he was re-appointed lord president of the court of session, November 1, 1689, and raised to the peerage, under the title of Viscount Stair, Lord Glenluce and Stranraer, on the 21st April 1690. He died November 25, 1695, in the 76th year of his age.

      His lordship published;

      Institutions of the Law of Scotland, deduced from its original, and collated with the Civil, Canon, and Feudal Laws, and with the Customs of our neighbouring Nations. Edin. 1681, folio. 2d edition, much enlarged. Edin. 1693, folio. 3d edition, enlarged, with Notes, by John Gordon and William Johnstone, Advocates. Edin. 1759, fol. Subsequent editions by George Brodie, Edin. 1826-7, 2 vols, folio; and by John Shank More. Edin. 1828, 2 vols. folio.

      Decisions of Lords of Court and Session, with Acts of Sederunt, June 1661, to July 1681. Edin. 1683-7. 2 vols. folio.

      Physiologia Nova Experimentalis. Lugd. Bat. 1686, 4to. Published during the Author’s Exile.

      A Vindication of the Divine Perfections, &c. by a Person of Honour. 1695, 8vo.

      Apology for Himself. Edin. 1690, 4to. Reprinted for the Bannatyne Club, by William Blair, Esq. Edin. 1825, 4to.

DALRYMPLE, JOHN, 3d earl of Stair. See STAIR.

DALRYMPLE, SIR DAVID, LORD HAILES, an eminent lawyer, antiquary, and historian, the eldest son of Sir James Dalrymple, second baronet of Hailes, and brother of Alexander Dalrymple, the eminent hydrographer, a memoir of whom is subsequently given, was born at Edinburgh October 28, 1726. He was educated at Eton school, and after attending the university of Edinburgh, studied the civil law at Utrecht. He returned to Scotland in 1746, and was admitted advocate February 23, 1748. As a barrister he was not distinguished; for his utterance was rapid, and his articulation rather indistinct. But his deep knowledge of law, his unwearied application, the solidity of his judgment and his probity, raised him to high esteem. He continued eighteen years at the bar before he was raised to the bench. During this period he dignified his profession by uniting scientific researches with those of law, directing the lights of history and antiquities on its obscurities. In 1751 appeared his first publication, a collection of ‘Sacred Poems.’ From that period scarcely a year passed in which he did not print some original work of his own, or revise and bring into notice some learned and useful publication by others, neglected and in danger of being lost to posterity. Every edition almost which he published he improved. On the death of Lord Nisbet, he was, in March 1766, created a lord of session, when he assumed the title of Lord Hailes; and on the resignation of his father-in-law, Lord Coalston, he was appointed, 3d May 1776, one of the lords of justiciary. As a judge, he was distinguished for his strict integrity, unwearied diligence, and dignified demeanour. One of his characteristics, however, was a minute observance of forms, which often exposed him to ridicule. His lordship became more conspicuous as a scholar and author than as a judge. His researches were chiefly directed to the history and antiquities of his native land, and to the illustration of the early state of the Christian Church. The first volume of his ‘Annals of Scotland’ appeared in 1776, and the second in 1779. This, the most important or his works, contains the history of fourteen princes, from the accession of Malcolm Canmore to the death of David the Second. In 1776, also he published the first volume of the remains of ‘Christian antiquity,’ a work of great erudition, containing accounts of the martyrs of Smyrna and Lyons in the second century, with explanatory notes, dedicated to Bishop Hurd. The second volume, dedicated to Dr. Newton, bishop of Bristol, appeared in 1778, and the third volume in 1780, dedicated to Dr. Thomas Balgray. He published several other works treating of the early ages of Christianity, which were evidently suggested by the appearance of Gibbon’s ‘Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire,’ and in the critical notes to these he able exposes the misrepresentations and inaccuracies of that historian. In 1786 he published a quarto volume, entitled, ‘An Inquiry into the Secondary Causes which Mr. Gibbon has assigned for the rapid Progress of Christianity,’ which he inscribed to Dr. Hurd, bishop of Worcester, and which was a complete answer to Gibbon’s statements and conclusions. His lordship wrote also a few sketches of eminent Scotsmen, designed as specimens of a Biographia Scotica. His writings are distinguished by sound judgment, acuteness, fidelity, accuracy, and candour rarely equalled. In accuracy he is not approached by any historical writer of his time. It is his most characteristic quality. The writer of the preface to an octavo edition of his ‘Annals’ very justly observes that “an historian was wanting whose principal endowments were a sagacious spirit of criticism to distinguish truth from falsehood, and a freedom from prejudice to let that truth be known. He wages war in every page with credulity and imposture, and his industry in exploring the sources of authentic history is equally commendable with the zeal which he has shown in clearing these sources from every taint of fiction.” The historical documents and state papers, which have been discovered since his day, testify strikingly to his wonderful correctness in many details that would have been passed over by an ordinary historian. The deep research, scrupulous fidelity in examining authorities, as well as the acute judgment and judicious spirit of investigation for which he was so remarkable, admirably fitted him for the branch of historical inquiry on which he entered, and his Annals continue to be consulted and followed by all writers desirous of attaining to the truth on the most obscure portion of our national history. It is only to be regretted that he stopped at a period of no less interest, the accession of the House of Stuart. In his labours and studies, he was persevering and indefatigable, scarcely allowing himself any recreation or exercise whatever. Except regular motion in his carriage five days a-week during session between his seat at New Hailes, five miles from Edinburgh, and the Court, with his journeys during the circuit twice a-year, and sometimes after it short excursions to England, his habits were almost quite sedentary.


[portrait of Sir David Dalrymple]

      Predisposed by corpulence and by the form of his body, which was shortnecked, he was attacked by symptoms of apoplexy on his way from the court of session, when about to come out of his carriage near his own door at New Hailes, on the 26th November 1792. He obtained some temporary relief, but died of a second attack, on the 29th, in the sixty-seventh year of his age. A funeral sermon was preached on the occasion by the Rev. Dr. Carlyle of Inveresk. He was twice married, as already stated.

      A list of his works is subjoined:

      Sacred Poems, or a Collection of Translations and Paraphrases from the Holy Scriptures; by various authors. Edinburgh, 1751, 12mo. Dedicated to Charles Lord Hope; with a Preface of ten pages.

      Proposals for carrying on a certain Public Work in the city of Edinburgh. Edin. 1751, 8vo. A jeu-d’esprit.  .

      The Wisdom of Solomon, Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach, or Ecclesiasticus. Edin. 1755, 12mo.

      World, No. 140. Sept. 4, 1755. A meditation among books.

      Ditto, No. 147. Thursday, Oct. 23, 1755. “Both these papers are replete with wit and humour; and the last one is introduced with a high character of it and of the author, by Mr. Moore, the editor and chief author of the World.”

      Ditto, No. 204. Thursday, Nov. 25, 1756. “A piece of admirable wit,” on “Good Things, and the propriety of taxing them.”

      Select Discourses, (in number nine,) by John Smith, late Fellow of Queen’s College, Cambridge. Edin. 1756, 12mo.; with a Preface of five pages – “many quotations frm the learned languages translated – and notes added, containing allusions to ancient mythology, and to the erroneous philosophy which prevailed in the days of the author – various inaccuracies of style have been corrected, and harsh expressions softened.”

      British Songs, Sacred to Love and Virtue. Edin. 1756, 12mo.

      A Discourse of the unnatural and vile Conspiracy attempted by John Earl of Cowry and his brother, against his Majesty’s person, at St. Johnstoun, upon the 5th of August 1600. Edin. 1757, 12mo. Edition and notes by Lord Hailes.

      A Sermon which might have been preached in East Lothian upon the 25th Day of October, 1761, from Acts xxviii. 1, 2. “The barbarous people showed us no little kindness.” Edin. 1761, 12mo. “Occasioned by the country people pillaging the wreck of two vessels, viz., the Betsy Cunningham, and the Leith packet, Pitcairn, from London to Leith, cast away on the shore between Dunbar and North Berwick. All the passengers on board the former, in number seventeen, perished; five on board the latter, October 16 , 1761. Reprinted at Edinburgh, 1794, 8vo. The first edition is scarce. An affecting Discourse, which is said to have produced the restitution of some part of the pillage.

      Memorials and Letters relating to the History of Britain in the reign of James I.; published from the originals, Glasgow, 1762, 8vo. Addressed to Philip Yorke, Viscount Boystoun. “From a collection in the Advocates’ Library, by Balfour of Danmyln.” An enlarged edition was printed at Glasgow, 1766, 8vo.

      The Works of the ever memorable Mr. John Hales, of Eton, now first collected together. Glasgow, 1765, 3 vols. – preface of three pages. Dedicated to William (Warburton) bishop of Gloucester.

      A Specimen of a Book, entitled, Ane compendious Booke of Godlie and Spiritual Sangs, collectit out of sundrie parts of Scripture; with sundrie other Ballates changed out of prophaine Songs for avoyding of Sin and Harlotrie, with augmentation of sundrie Gude and Godlie Ballates, not contained in the first edition. Printed by Andro Hart. Edin. 1765, 12mo., with a glossary of 4 pages.

      An Account of the Preservation of Charles II. after the Battle of Worcester, drawn up by himself. To which are added, his Letters to several Persons. Glasgow, 1766, 8vo. From the MSS. of Mr. Pepys, dictated to him by the King himself, and communicated by Dr. Sandby, Master of Magdalen College. The Letters are collected from various sources, and some of them are now first published. Dedicated to Thomas Holles, duke of Newcastle, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. Some copies have a reprinted title-page, dated Edinburgh 1801, with one or two additional Letters, and a Portrait prefixed of General Thomas Dalziel.

      The Secret Correspondence between Sir Robert Cecil and James VI. 1766, 12mo.

      A Catalogue of the Lords of Session, from the Institution of the College of Justice in 1532; with Historical Notes. Edin. 1767, 4to.

      A Specimen of Notes on the Statute Law of Scotland. No date, 8vo, very rare.

      A Specimen of similar Notes during the Reign of Mary Queen of Scots. No date, 8vo, very rare.

      The Private Correspondence of Dr. Francis Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester and his Friends, in 1725. Never before published. 1768, 4to.

      An Examination of some of the Arguments for the high antiquity of Regiam Majestatem, and an Inquiry into the authenticity of the Leges Malcolmi. Edin. 1769, 4to.

      Historical Memoirs concerning the Provincial Councils of the Scottish Clergy, from the earliest accounts of the aera of the Reformation. Edin. 1769, 4to.

      Canons of the Church of Scotland drawn up in the Provincial Councils held at Perth, anno 1242=69. Edinburgh, 1769, 4to.

      Ancient Scottish Poems; published from the Manuscript of George Bannatyne, 1658. Edin. 1770, 12mo.

      Remarks on the History of Scotland. Edinburgh, 1773, 12mo.

      Remarks on the Latin Poems of Dr. Pitcairn, in the Edinburgh Magazine for February 1774.

      Huberti Langueti Epistolae ad Philippum Sydneium equitem Anglum, accurante De Dalrymple de Hailes, Equite. Edin. 1776, 8vo.

      Annals of Scotland, from the accession of Malcolm III. to the accession of Robert I., with an Appendix containing eight Dissertations. Edinb. 1776, 1 vol. 4to. Another edition. Edin. 1779, 4to.

      Annals of Scotland, from the Accession of Robert I. sir-named Bruce, to the Accession of the House of Stewart; with an Appendix containing nine Dissertations. By Sir David Dalrymple. Edinburgh, 1779, 1 vol. 4to. This work, with some of the minor publications, was reprinted in three vols. 8vo. Edin. 1819.

      Specimen of a Scottish Glossary. Printed, but not published.

      Account of the Martyrs of Smyrna and Lyons in the 2d century, with Explanatory Notes. Edin. 1776. This forms the first volume of the following work:

      Remains of Christian Antiquity, with Explanatory Notes. Edinburgh, 1776-8-80, 3 vols. 12mo.

      Coelii Firmiani Lactantii divinarum Institutionum liber quintus, seu de Justitia. Edin. 1797, 12mo.

      Sermons by that eminent divine, Jacobus a Voragine, Archbishop of Genoa. Translated from the originals, 1779. Edin. 12mo.

      Octavius; a Dialogue, by Marcus Minucius Felix. Edin. 1781, 12mo.

      Of the Manner in which the Persecutors Died, by Lactantius. Edin. 1782. 12mo.

      Disquisitions concerning the Antiquities of the Christian Church. Glasgow, 1783, 12mo.

      Sketch of the Life of John Barclay, Author of Argenis. Edin. 1786, 4to.

      An Inquiry into the Secondary Causes which Mr. Gibbon has assigned for the rapid progress of Christianity. Edin. 1786, 17887, 4to. An edition was also printed in Edinburgh in 1808, 12mo.

      The Opinions of Sarah, Duchess Dowager of Marlborough; published from her original Manuscripts. Edinburgh, 1788, 12mo.

      A Translation of the Address of Q. Septim. Tertullian to Scapula Tertullius, Proconsul of Africa. Edinburgh, 1790, 12mo.

      The Additional Case of Elizabeth, claiming the Title and Dignity of Countess of Sutherland. 4to.

      Sketch of the Life of John Hamilton, a Secular Priest, who lived about 1600. 4to.

      Sketch of the Life of Sir James Ramsay, a General Officer in the Armies of Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden.

      Sketch of the Life of Mark Alexander Boyd. 4to.

      Life of George Lesley, (an eminent Capuchin Friar in the early part of the 17th century). 4to.

      Specimen of a Life of James Marquis of Montrose.

      Davidid Humei Scoti, summi apud suos philosophi, de vita sua acta, liber singularis; nunc primum Latine redditus. Edin. 1787. 4to.

      Adami Smithi, LL.D., ad Guliemum Strahanum armigerum, de rebus novissimis Davidis Humei Epistola, nunc prinum Latine reddita. Edin. 1788. 4to.

DALRYMPLE, SIR JOHN, of Cranstoun, fourth baronet of that family, an eminent lawyer and miscellaneous writer, descended from James, second son of the first Viscount Stair, was born in 1726. He was admitted advocate in 1748, and in his father’s lifetime he held the situation of solicitor to the board of excise. In 1771 he succeeded to the baronetcy, and in 1775 he distinguished himself much at a meeting of freeholders (of which he was chosen preses), in opposition to a bill then pending in parliament, and deemed prejudicial to their elective franchise and other privileges. In 1798 he discovered the art of making soap from herrings, and employed people at his own expense, for the purpose of giving instruction to all those who were inclined to acquire a knowledge of the process. In 1776 he was appointed one of the barons of the Scottish court of exchequer, an office which he resigned in 1807. He was the author of ‘Memoirs of Great Britain and Ireland,’ some ‘Tracts on Feudal Law,’ and several other publications, of which a list is subjoined. He died February 26, 1810, aged eighty-four. He had married, in October 1760, his cousin, Elizabeth, only child and heiress of Thomas Hamilton MacGill of Fala, and heiress and representative of the viscounts Oxenford, with whom he got these estates, and in consequence added the names of Hamilton and MacGill to his own. By this lady he had several children, as mentioned above. His works are:

      An Essay towards a General History of Feudal Property in Great Britain, under various heads. London, 1757, 8vo. 2d edit. 1758, 8vo. 3d edit. 1758, 8vo. 4th edit. corrected and enlarged, 1759, 12mo.

      Considerations on the Policy of Entails in great Britain. Edin. 1765, 8vo. A pamphlet.

      Memoirs of Great Britain and Ireland, from the Dissolution of the last Parliament of Charles II. until the Sea Battle off La Hogue. Edin. 1771, 3 vols, 4to. This work gave rise to various Publications and Observations on a late Publication, &c. 1773, 4to, anon. And an Examination, &c. by J. Towers. 1773, 8vo. Reprinted with a Continuation till the Capture of the French and Spanish Fleets at Vigo. London, 1790, 3 vols, 8vo.

      Three Letters to the Right Hon. Viscount Barrington. London, 1778, 8vo.

      The Question considered, Whether Wool should be allowed to be Exported when the Price is low at home, on paying a Duty to the Public. London, 1782, 8vo.

      Queries concerning the conduct which England should follow in Foreign Politics in the present state of Europe. Lond. 1789, 8vo.

      Plan of Internal Defence, as proposed by Sir John Dalrymple to a Meeting of the County of Edinburgh, 12th Nov. 1794. 1794, 8vo.

      Consequences of the French Invasion. London, 1798, 8vo.

      Oriental Repertory. Vol. i. 1810, royal 4to.

DALRYMPLE, ALEXANDER, an eminent hydrographer, the fifth son of Sir James Dalrymple of Hailes, Haddingtonshire, the second baronet of that family, was born July 24, 1737. He was educated at Haddington, and in 1752 went out to Madras as a writer in the East India Company’s service. While there he made hydrography his particular study, and in 1759 undertook a voyage of observation to the Eastern Islands, in which he gave great satisfaction to his superiors. In 1763 he returned to England, and having distinguished himself much by his writings respecting a southern continent, he would have been employed to conduct the expedition sent to the South Sea under Captain Cook, had he not insisted on having the undivided command of the vessel engaged for the occasion, although he had never served in the navy. In 1775 he was restored to his standing on the Madras establishment, where he remained till 1780, when having been appointed hydrographer to the East India Company, he returned home. In 1795 he was appointed hydrographer to the Admiralty, an office which he held till May 1808, when, having refused to resign it, on the ground of superannuation, and to accept of a pension, he was dismissed from his situation, an event which is supposed to have hastened his death, which took place June 19, 1808. This event occasioned a discussion in the House of Commons the same month. He was a fellow of the Royal Society and of the Antiquarian Society. A portrait of Alexander Dalrymple, with memoirs of his life from his own pen, is inserted in the European Magazine for November 1802. His works are very numerous. Subjoined is a list of them:

      Account of the Discoveries in the South Pacific Ocean previous to 1764. Lond. 1767, 8vo.

      Memorial to the Proprietors of East India Stock. 1768, 8vo.

      Plan for extending the Commerce of this Kingdom, and of the East India company, by an Establishment at Balambangan. London, 1769, 1771, 8vo.

      An Historical Collection of the South Sea Voyages. London, 1769, 2 vols. 4to.

      A Letter to the Court of Directors for Affairs of the United Company of Merchants of England trading to the East Indies, concerning the proposed Supervisorship. London, 1769, 8vo.

      A second Letter on the same subject. London, 1769, 4to.

      An Account of what has passed between the India Directors and Alexander Dalrymple, as printed. Lond. 1769, 8vo.

      Vox Populi Vox Dei; Lord Weymouth’s Appeal to the General Court of India Proprietors considered. 1769, 4to.

      An Historical Account of the several Voyages and Discoveries in the South Pacific Ocean, being chiefly a literal translation from the Spanish writers. Lond. 1770, 2 vols. 4to. 1771, 4to.

      Memoir of the chart of the West Coast of Palawan or Paragua. London, 1771, 4to.

      A Journal of the Schooner Cuddalore on the Coast of China. London, 1771, 4to.

      A Journal of the Schooner Cuddalore on the Coast of Hainau, 1760. London, 1771, 4to.

      Essay on the Most Commodious Methods of Marine Surveying. London, 1771, 4to.

      Memoirs of the Chart of part of the Coast of China. London, 1771, 4to.

      Memoir of a Chart of the China Sea. London, 1771, 4to.

      Proposition of a Benevolent Voyage to Introduce Corn, &c., into New Zealand, &c. London, 1771, 4to.

      Memoir of a Chart of the Bay of Bengal. Lond. 1772, 4to.

      General View of the East India Company’s Affairs; written in 1769. To which are added, Some Observations on the Present State of the Company’s Affairs. London, 1772, 8vo.

      Considerations on a Pamphlet, entitled, Thoughts on our Acquisitions in the East Indies, particularly respecting Bengal. London, 1772, 8vo.

      A Collection of Charts and Memoirs. London, 1772, 4to.

      The Rights of the East India Company. Lond. 1773, 8vo.

      A Letter to Dr. Hawkesworth, occasioned by some groundless and illiberal imputations in his account of the late Voyages to the South. London, 1773, 4to.

      Observations on Dr. Hawkesworth’s Preface to the 2d edition. London, 1773, 4to.

      Memorial of Dr. Juan Louis Arias. In Spanish. London, 1773, 4to.

      Proposition for Printing, by Subscription, the MS. Voyages and Travels in the British Museum. London, 1773, 4to.

      A full and clear Proof that the Spaniards can have no right to Balmabangan. London, 1774, 8vo.

      Address to the Proprietors of the East India Stock, London, 1774, 4to.

      Collection of Plans of Ports in the East Indies. London, 1775, 4to.

      Collection of Voyages, chiefly in the Southern Atlantic Ocean; from the original MMS. by Dr. Halley M. Bouvet, &c., with a Preface concerning a Voyage on Discovery, proposed to be undertaken by Alexander Dalrymple, at his own expense: Letters to Lord North on the subject and Plan of a Republican Government. London, 1775, 4to.

      An Historical Relation of all the Expeditions from Fort Malbro’ to the Islands off the West Coast of Sumatra, 1775, 4to.

      Account of the Subversion of the Legal Government at Madras, by imprisoning the Governor, Lord Pigot. London, 1777, 4to.

      Copies of Papers Relative to the Restoration of the King of Tanjore, the Imprisonment of Lord Pigot, &c. Printed by the East India Company for the use of the Proprietors. 1777, 4to.

      Account of the Transactions concerning the Revolt at Madras. 1777. Appendix.

      Letter to the Court of Directors, 19th June 1777. Memorial, 19th June 1777.

      Considerations on the present State of Affairs between England and America. London, 1778, 8vo.         

      Letter to Proprietors of East India Stock, 8th May 1777. Journal of the Grenville. 1778, 4to. Published in the Philosophical Transactions.

      Considerations on the East India Bill, 1769. 1778, 8vo.

      Account of the Subversion of the Legal Government of Fort St. George, in answer to Mr. Andrew Stuart’s Letter to the Court of Directors. 1778, 4to.

      State of the East India Company, and Sketch of an Equitable Agreement. London, 1780, 4to.

      Explanation of the Map of the East India Company’s Lands on the Coast of Coromandel. London, 1781, 4to.

      Account of the Loss of the Grosvenor. 1783, 8vo.

      Short Account of the Gentoo mode of collecting Revenues on the Coast of Coromandel. 1783, 8vo.

      Reflections on the present state of the East India Company. 1783, 8vo.

      A Retrospective View of the Ancient System of the East India Company; with a Plan of Regulation. 1784, 8vo.

      Postscript to Mr. Dalrymple’s Account of the Gentoo mode of Collecting the Revenues on the Coast of Coromandel; being Observations on a perusal of it by Moodoo Kistna. 1785, 8vo.

      A serious Admonition to the Public on the intended Thief Colony at Botany Bay.

      Extracts from Juvenilia, or Poems, by George Wither. 1785, 24mo.

      Fair State of the Case between the East India Company and the Owners of Ships in their Service; with Considerations on Brought’s Pamphlet concerning East India Shipping. 1786, 8vo.

      Review of the Contest concerning four new Regiments offered for the India Service. 1788, 8vo.

      Plan for Promoting the Fur Trade and securing it to this Country, by uniting the operations of the East India and Hudson’s Bay Companies. 1789, 4to.

      Memoir of a Map of the Lands round the North Pole. 1789, 4to.

      A Letter to a Friend on the Test Act. 1790, 8vo.

      An Historical Journal of the Expeditions by Sea and Land to the North of California, in 1768-69-70, when Spanish Establishments were first made at San Diego and Monte-rey. Translated from the Spanish MS. by William Reveley, Esq., To which is added, A Translation of Cabrera Buenoes’ Description of the Coast of California, and an Extract from the MS. Journal of M. Sauvague le Muet, 1714. 1790, 4to.

      The Spanish Pretensions fairly discussed. 1790, 8vo.

      The Spanish Memorial of the 4th June considered. 1790, 8vo.

      Plan for the Publication of a Repertory of Oriental Information. 1790, 4to.

      The Oriental Repertory, published by Mr. Dalrymple. London, 1791-7, 2 vols. 8vo, 4to.

      Parliamentary Reform, as it is called, improper in the present State of this Country. London, 1793, 8vo.

      Mr. Fox’s Letter to his worthy and independent Electors of Westminster fully considered. 1793, 8vo.

      Observations on the Copper Coinage wanted for the Circars. 1794, 8vo.

      The Poor Man’s Friend. 1795, 8vo.

      A Collection of English Songs; with an Appendix of original Pieces. London, 1796, 8vo.

      A fragment on the India Trade, written in 1791. 1797, 8vo.

      Thoughts of an Old Man of Independent Mind though Dependent Fortune. 1800, 8vo.

      Memoirs of Maria Antionette, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of France and Navarre. Translated from the French. London, vol. i. royal 8vo.

      Catalogue of Authors who have written on Rio de la Plata, Paraguay, and Chaco. London, 1809, 4to.

      A Paper concerning the General Government for India. 8vo.

      Notes on Lord Pigot’s Narrative.

      On the Formation of Islands. Phil. Trans. Abr. xii. 454. 1767.

      Journal of a Voyage to the East Indies in 1775. 1b. xiv, 386. 1778.


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