(formerly written Dalrimpill,) a surname derived from a barony of that
name, now a parish, in the district of Kyle, Ayrshire. There seems to be a
conspiracy on the part of our Scottish topographers and statistical
writers to deduce the names of places generally from the Gaelic, even in
districts of the country where the Gaelic never prevailed. Hence, the name
Dalrymple is said by some of them to be an abbreviation of the Gaelic
words Dail-a’-Chruimpuill, signifying “the dale of the crooked
pool;” a derivation very likely discovered, as in many instances appears
to have been the case, long after the name had become familiarly known, as
it exactly describes the situation of the village where the church of
Dalrymple stands, at a bend or turn of the river Doon. A river, however,
is not a pool, and the present parish church was not built till 1764.
Others, rejecting this etymology, state that it is derived from
Dal-ry-mole, also Gaelic, denoting the valley of the slaughter of a
king or kings, there being a tradition that there was a battle fought,
before the Christian era, in the valley of Dalrymple, in which two kings,
Fergus and Coilus by name, were slain. If it were so, the words
Dalle-rois-mel – derived from the french, and signifying the vale of
the melée of kings – would much better express the meaning. The
Saxon words dahl and hrympel form the most obvious etymon,
and together come nearest to the exact pronunciation of the name; the
surface of the parish having, from the numerous rising grounds, or little
mounds or knolls, with which it undulates throughout, a very rumpled or
The barony of
Dalrymple was held in ancient times by a family who, according to the
custom of those days, assumed their name from it. Adam de Dalrymple, the
descendant of this family, lived in the reign of Alexander the Third, and
died in 1300. His son, Gilchrist de Dalrymple, was contemporary with
Robert the Bruce. He had a son, Malcolm de Dalrymple, who, in the reign of
David the Second, divided his lands between his two sons, John and Roland.
On the 30th of May 1371, John Kennedy of Dunure, ancestor of
the marquis of Ailsa, (to whom more than half of the parish of Dalrymple
now belongs) obtained from Robert the Second a charter of confirmation of
half the barony of “Dalrimpill,” upon the resignation of Malcolm, the son
of Gilchrist, the son of “Adam de Dalrimpill;” and on 13th
September 1377, the same John Kennedy obtained another charter from the
same monarch of the other half of the barony, upon the resignation of
Hugh, son of Roland de Dalrympill.
above-mentioned, the elder son of Malcolm, appears to have been the father
of William de Dalrymple, who, in 1450, acquired the lands of
Stair-Montgomery, in the same county, on his marriage with Agnes Kennedy,
heiress of that estate, and grand-daughter of Malcolm de Carrick de Stair.
He was thus the first of the Dalrymples of Stair. Their son, William
Dalrymple of Stair, married Marion, daughter of Sir John Chalmers of
Gadgirth in Ayrshire. This lady was one of the Lollards of Kyle, who were
summoned, in 1494, before the king’s council. They had a son, William, who
predeceased his parents, leaving a son, William Dalrymple of Stair. By his
wife, Margaret, daughter of Wallace of Cairnhill, the latter had a son,
James Dalrymple of Stair, who was one of the first who made open
profession of the reformed doctrines. In 1544, he joined the earls of
Lennox and Glencairn against the earl of Arran, then regent. In 1545, he
obtained a remission for being “in feir of weir” (warlike array) at the
unlawful convocation of the queen’s lieges on the muir of Glasgow, with
Mathew sometime earl of Lennox, and William earl of Glencairn. By his wife
Isabel, daughter of George Crawford of Lochnorris, he had a son, James
Dalrymple of Stair, who was one of those that signed the confession of
faith, and entered into an association for the defence of the reformed
religion in 1562. He joined Arran who, in 1548, had been created by the
French king duke of Chatelherault, in France, and now bore that title, in
his opposition to the marriage of the queen with Darnley in 1565, for
which he obtained a remission in 1566. In the following year he entered
into the association for the defence of the young king, James the Sixth.
He died in 1586. His son, John Dalrymple of Stair, had a son, James
Dalrymple, who succeeded him. His name occurs in the list of Ayrshire
barons who, in 1600, were indicted for abiding from the raid of Dumfries
appointed by the earl of Angus, warden of the west marches, for the trial
and punishment of disorderly persons on the borders. He married Janet,
daughter of Fergus Kennedy of Knockdaw, and died in 1624. His son, James
Dalrymple, an eminent lawyer and statesman, was the first viscount of
Stair (so created in 1692) of whom a memoir is given elsewhere. [See
STAIR, first viscount.]
Dalrymple, the second son of the first viscount of Stair, first designated
of Borthwick, afterwards of Killoch, and subsequently of Cousland, was the
ancestor of the Dalrymples of Cranstoun, who now possess the earldom of
Stair. He was one of the principal clerks of session, a man of great
learning, and one of the best antiquaries of his time. He published
‘Collections concerning the Scottish History preceding the death of King
David the First, anno 1153,’ Edin. 1705, 8vo; and ‘Vindication of the
Ecclesiastical part of his Historical Collections, in answer to a late
Pamphlet, entitled The Life of John Sage, &c.’ Edin. 1714, 8vo. He was
created a baronet of Nova Scotia, 28th April 1698. He was
thrice married, and had eight sons and five daughters. Admiral John
Dalrymple, who died in October 1798, was his grandson, being the only son
of his third son Robert, writer to the signet, to whom his father left the
Killoch estate. The eldest son, Sir John Dalrymple, the second baronet,
was designated of Cousland. He was one of the principal clerks of session,
appointed on his father’s demission from that office on 30th
September 1708. He was twice married, and had five sons and six daughters.
His first wife was Elizabeth, eldest daughter of William Fletcher of New
Cranstoun, advocate, whose widow, his father, Sir James, had taken for his
second wife. By Sir John’s contract of marriage with Miss Fletcher, dated
7th August 1702, to which his father was a party, he acquired
the lands of New Cranstoun, which estate, together with those of Cousland
and Heriotmuir, in the county of Edinburgh, being the family estates, were
entailed on the heirs of the marriage, with remainder to the other sons of
Sir James. On Sir John’s death, 24th May 1743, he was succeeded
by his eldest son, Sir William Dalrymple, third baronet, of Cousland. He
was twice married, and had eight sons and six daughters. His second son,
William, a colonel in the army, distinguished himself on several
occasions, particularly at the capture of Omoa, on the Spanish Main, in
the West Indies, where he commanded. His uncle, Hugh, left him the Fordell
estate in Mid Lothian, and the Cleland estate in Lanarkshire. He died in
1791, leaving issue. Three of Sir Williams’ sons by his second marriage
were also in the army. The third baronet died 26th February
1771. Of his eldest son, Sir John Dalrymple, afterwards by right of
marriage Sir John Dalrymple Hamilton Macgill, fourth baronet, an eminent
lawyer and miscellaneous writer, a memoir is given below. He married his
cousin, Elizabeth Hamilton Macgill, daughter of Thomas Hamilton of Fals,
Esq., and heiress and representative of the viscounts Oxenford (a title
dormant since 1706), by whom he had a numerous family. His eldest son,
Thomas, died an infant. William, the second, a midshipman on board his
majesty’s ship Santa Margarita, was killed in the eighteenth year of his
age, 29th July 1782, in an action with the Amazone French
frigate, off the coast of Virginia. The third son also died an infant, and
he was succeeded, on his death, in 1810, by his fourth son, Sir John
Hamilton Dalrymple, fifth baronet, who assumed the name of Hamilton,
through his mother, by whom the estates of Oxenford and Fala were
acquired. He was a general in the army, and colonel of the 26th
regiment. he married on 23d June 1795, Henrietta, eldest daughter of the
Rev. Robert Augustus Johnson, at Kenilworth, in Warwickshire, and aunt of
the earl of Craven, by whom he had no issue. This lady died in 1823, and
he married, secondly, 8th June 1825, Adamina, daughter of Adam
Viscount Duncan. On the death of his kinsman, John William Henry, seventh
earl of Stair, in March 1840, Sir John succeeded to that title as eighth
earl, and was created a baron of the United Kingdom as Baron Oxenford of
Cousland, 11th August 1841, with remainder to his brother,
North Dalrymple, Esq. of Cleland and Fordell, who succeeded as ninth earl
of Stair, on the death of his brother in January 1853. See STAIR, earl of.
families of Dalrymple, all descended from the first Viscount Stair, bear
the honours of the baronetage, namely, the Dalrymples of North Berwick;
the Dalrymples of Hailes in Haddingtonshire, now Dalrymple-Fergusson, bart.,
and the Dalrymples of High Mark, Wigtonshire; the former two of Nova
Scotia, created respectively in 1697 and 1700, and the latter of Great
Britain, created in 1815.
Dalrymple, the first baronet of North Berwick, was the third son of the
first Viscount Stair. He was admitted advocate 23d February 1677, and
afterwards constituted one of the commissaries of Edinburgh, on the
resignation of his brother, Sir James. On 11th January 1695 he
was chosen dean of the faculty of advocates, in place of Sir James
Stewart, lord advocate, and held that office till his elevation to the
bench. He was created by King William a baronet, 29th April
1697, and by letter dated 17th March 1698 he was nominated by
the king president of the court of session, in the room of his father,
that office having been vacant since his death in 1695. Some opposition to
his admission in the usual manner, – that is, without undergoing his
probationary trials, by hearing cases for three days in the outer house,
as customary with the other judges, – was occasioned by the discontent of
Sir William Hamilton, Lord Whytlaw, who expected to have got this
appointment, through the interest of Lord Tullibardin, at that time
secretary of state. When Sir Hew Dalrymple was sitting as Lord
Probationer, Lord Whytlaw shunned to sit with him in the outer house [Fountainhall’s
Decisions, vol. ii. p. 1.] After undergoing the usual probation, he
was admitted, took the oaths, and his seat as president of the court of
session, 7th June 1698. He represented the burgh of New
Galloway in the Scots parliament from 1696 to 1702, and in 1703 he sat as
member for North Berwick. In 1706 he was one of the commissioners
appointed to arrange the articles of Union, of which he was a steady
supporter. Besides being president of the court of session, he was also a
commissioner and trustee for improving the fisheries and manufactures of
In 1713, he was
much annoyed by the chancellor (Seafield) who frequently presided in
court, and claimed the right of subscribing the decisions. President
Dalrymple, in consequence, absented himself from the house, for the
purpose of forming a party in the court against the chancellor. [Wodrow’s
Analecta, MS. iii. 254.] In 1726, he went to London, to solicit
permission to resign with a pension equal to his salary, and also to
procure the appointment of an ordinary lord of session for his second son
Hew. In the latter object he was successful, but not so in the former. Sir
Robert Walpole opposed giving him a pension upon his resignation, as
forming a bad precedent, and the answer to his application was, according
to Wodrow, “that the king was so well pleased with his services as
president, he could not want him at the head of that society,” on which
that writer remarks, “this, as the English speak, is a being kicked up
stairs.” He continued president till his death, on 1st February
1737, in the eighty-fifth year of his age. Macky in his Memoirs, page 211,
says of him, “He is believed to be one of the best presidents that ever
was in that chair, and one of the compleatest lawyers in Scotland; a very
eloquent orator, smooth and slow in expression, with a clear
understanding, but grave in his manner.” Lord Woodhouselee in his life of
Lord Kames (vol. k. p. 30) passes this eulogium on President Dalrymple:
“If he inherited not the distinguished talents of his father, the viscount
of Stair, and his elder brother the secretary, he was free from that
turbulent ambition and crafty policy which marked the characters of both;
and, with sufficient knowledge of the laws, was a man of unimpeached
integrity, and of great private worth and amiable manners.” His lordship
collected the decisions of the court of session from June 1698 to 21st
June 1720, printed at Edinburgh in 1758, folio. He was twice married,
first to Marion, daughter of Sir Robert Hamilton of Pressmannon, one of
the lords of session, by whom he had five sons and three daughters; and
secondly, to Elizabeth, daughter of John Hamilton of Olivestob, Esq., the
widow of Hamilton of Bangour, and mother of the poet, by whom he had no
issue. Robert, his eldest son, was created a knight bachelor, and died
before his father. His son succeeded as the second baronet, as after
Hew Dalrymple of
Drummore, the second son, was born 30th November 1690, and
admitted advocate 18th November 1710. Being appointed a lord of
session, he took his seat on the bench 29th December 1726, by
the judicial title of Lord Drummore, and on 13th June 1745, was
nominated a lord of justiciary.. He died at his seat of Drummore, in the
county of Haddington, 18th June, 1755. Being at the time of his
death governor of the Edinburgh Musical Society, the members of that body
met in Mary’s chapel on the 27th of the same month, and
performed a concert as a token of respect for his lordship’s memory, which
was attended by a numerous company, all dressed in deep mourning. [Scots
Mag. vol. xviii. p. 316.] Lord Woodhouselee, in his Life of Lord Kames
(vol. i. p. 36) describes Lord Drummore as having “inherited the talents
and genius of his forefathers; and as having been an acute and sound
lawyer, and possessed of a ready, distinct and forcible, though not a
polished elocution;” and as having had “a great command of wit and humour.”
By his wife, Miss Horn, heiress of Horn and Westhall, Aberdeenshire, he
had twelve children. His second son, Hugh Horn Dalrymple of Westhall or
Westerhall, died without issue. Robert, the third son, succeeded his
brother, and took the name of Horn, also of Elphinstone, having married
the daughter and heiress of Sir James Elphinstone of Logie in
Aberdeenshire. [See ELPHINSTONE, surname of.] David, the fourth son,
passed advocate 8th January 1743, and was appointed sheriff
depute of Aberdeen in 1748. He was named a lord of session, and took his
seat on the bench as Lord Westhall, 10th July 1777. He died 26th
April 1784, in the sixty-fifth year of his age.
James the third
son of President Dalrymple, was designed of Nunaw. John, the fourth son, a
captain in the Enniskillen dragoons, who died at Ayr, where he latterly
resided, 19 April 1753, was the father of Lieutenant-general Sir Hugh
Whiteford Dalrymple, created a baronet in 1815, of whom afterwards.
William, the fifth son, a captain in the army, married a lady, who was
cruelly murdered in her own house in Cavendish Square, London, on the 25th
March 1746, by her footboy, after receiving upwards of forty wounds.
Dalrymple, the eldest son of the first baronet of North Berwick, (who as
above stated predeceased his father,) was a knight bachelor, and was twice
married, first in March 1707 to Johanna Hamilton, only child of John
master of Bargeny, and secondly to Anne, eldest daughter of Sir William
Cunningham of Caprington. By the former he had three sons and two
daughters, and by the latter he had four sons and a daughter, Anne,
married to the fifth earl of Balcarres.
Sir Hew, the
eldest son, succeeded his grandfather, in 1734. John, the second son, who
was an advocate, got, in right of his mother, the estate of Bargeny, by a
decree of the house of peers in 1739, upon the death of his mother’s
cousin, James, fourth Lord Bargeny, when he was obliged to change his name
to Hamilton, [See ante, BARGENY Lord,] but dying without issue, 12th
February 1796, the estates returned to the elder branch, who also assumed
the name as afterwards mentioned. Robert, the third son, was a physician.
William, the fourth son, and eldest by the second marriage, was a Spanish
merchant long settled at Cadiz. James, the fifth son, was a captain of
dragoons. Charles, the sixth, took for his second wife, 23d December 1769,
Mrs. Dalrymple, widow of Colonel Campbell Dalrymple, of the family of
Drummore, and formerly governor of Guadaloupe. Stair, the youngest son,
died in India.
Sir Hew, the
second baronet, was M.P. for Haddingtonshire. In 1756 he obtained a
reversionary grant of the office of king’s remembrancer in the exchequer
for Scotland, to which he succeeded in 1768. He died at London 30th
November 1790. He was twice married, and by his first wife, a Miss
Sainthill, daughter of a surgeon in London, he had two sons. Robert Stair
Dalrymple, the elder, died at Manchester, 11th September 1768,
in the twenty-fourth year of his age, being then a captain of dragoons.
The younger son,
Sir Hew Dalrymple, third baronet, assumed the name of Hamilton, in
addition to his own, on succeeding to the Bargeny estate, 12th
February 1796, by the death of his uncle, John Hamilton, Esq., advocate,
as above stated. He married Janet, second daughter of William Duff, of
Crombie, Esq., by whom he had ten sons and four daughters, all of whom
died young, except four sons and two daughters. He was for some years in
the army, but sold out on his marriage in 1774. He represented the county
of East Lothian in several parliaments, and died at Bargeny 13th
January 1800. The second son, John, was a lieutenant-general in the army.
His eldest son,
Sir Hew Dalrymple-Hamilton, the fourth baronet, of North Berwick and
Bargeny, born 3d January 1774, was seven years in the guards and one in
the dragoons. He first represented the county of Haddington and afterwards
Ayrshire in parliament. He was also lieutenant-colonel of the Ayrshire
militia. He married at London 19th May 1800, the Hon. Jane
Duncan, eldest daughter of Adam, first Viscount Duncan, by whom he had a
daughter, Henrietta-Dundas, born 8th November 1801, married in
1822 to Augustin-Louis-Joseph-Assimir-Gustave-de-Franquetot, duc de Coigny
in France. This lady now possesses the Bargeny estates in Ayrshire. Sir
Hew died 23d February 1834, and was succeeded by his brother.
Sir John Dalrymple Hamilton, who married 30th July 1806,
Charlotte, only daughter of Sir Patrick Warrender of Lochend, Bart., and
had two sons and five daughters. He died 26th May 1835.
His eldest son,
Sir Hew Hamilton-Dalrymple, sixth baronet, born in 1814, entered the army,
and in 1847 became lieutenant-colonel of the 71st foot, but
retired in 1852. He served at the capture of Coorg in the East Indies in
April 1834; and in 1846 was appointed a deputy lieutenant of
Haddingtonshire. He married in 1852 the only daughter of Robert Arkwright,
Esq. of Sutton Scarsdale, Derbyshire. Heir presumptive, his brother, John
The first of the
Dalrymples of Hailes, who became so distinguished, was the Hon. Sir David
Dalrymple, an eminent lawyer, the fifth son of the first viscount of
Stair. He was created a baronet on the 8TH May 1700, and in
1703 was member for Culross in the Scots parliament. In 1706 he was one of
the commissioners for arranging the articles of Union, and was afterwards
lord advocate of Scotland in the reigns of Queen Anne and George the First
(from 1709 till 1720). His eldest son, Sir James Dalrymple, the second
baronet, held the office of auditor of the exchequer. By his wife, Lady
Christian Hamilton, second daughter of Thomas, sixth earl of Haddington,
he had sixteen children. Sir David, the eldest, was the celebrated Lord
Hailes, the eminent lawyer and accurate historian, of whom a memoir is
given below, as is also one of the fifth son, Alexander, the distinguished
hydrographer. John, the fourth son, lord provost of Edinburgh in 1774, and
in several succeeding years, married Anne, daughter of Walter Pringle,
Esq. of St. Kitts, by whom he had two sons, James and John. Provost
Dalrymple died 8th August 1779.
Dalrymple, Lord Hailes, married first, on 12th November 1763,
Anne Brown, only daughter of Lord Coalston, one of the lords of session;
by her he had a son who died an infant, and a daughter, Christian, born on
the 28th December 1765, who inherited the family estate, and
died on the 9th January 1838. Lady Dalrymple died 18th
May 1768, and on 20th March 1770, Lord Hailes married,
secondly, Helen, youngest daughter of Sir James Fergusson, baronet, Lord
Kilkerran, also a lord of session, and by her had a daughter, Jane, born
30th May 1777, and married, 8th November 1799, her
cousin James Fergusson, Esq., who, in 1813, on the death of his uncle, Sir
Adam Fergusson, became Sir James Fergusson, fourth baronet, of Kilkerran.
Leaving no male issue, the baronetcy, on the death of Lord Hailes, in
1792, descended to his nephew, James.
Sir James, the
fourth baronet, the elder son of John Dalrymple, lord provost of
Edinburgh, perished at sea in the end of the year 1800, the title became
extinct, and in January 1838, the estate of New Hailes fell to Sir Charles
Fergusson of Kilkerran, who took the name of Dalrymple before his own.
[See DALRYMPLE-FERGUSSON, surname of.]
The family of
Dalrymple of High Mark, Wigtonshire, and Delrow Castle, Hertfordshire, who
also possess a baronetcy, are descended from Captain John Dalrymple of the
Enniskillen dragoons, the fourth son of the Hon. Sir Hew Dalrymple, first
baronet of North Berwick, as above mentioned. Captain Dalrymple had an
only son, Sir Hew Whiteford-Dalrymple, a general in the army, and colonel
of the 51st foot, born at Ayr, 3d December 1750, and knighted
at St. James’, 5th May 1779. He was created a baronet 6th
May 1815. He married 16th May 1783, Frances, youngest daughter
and coheir of General Francis Leighton, and had two sons and three
daughters. He died 9th April 1830. Sir Adolphus-John, second
baronet, born in London, 3d February 1784, married in June 1812, Anne,
daughter of Sir James Graham, first baronet of Kirkstall, M.P. for
Carlisle, without issue; a lieutenant-general in the army in November
1851; was M.P. for Weymouth in 1817, for Appleby in 1819 and 1820, and for
the Haddington district of burghs from 1826 to 1831; unsuccessfully
contested Brighton in 1832 and 1835, but was returned in 1837, and was
again unsuccessful in 1841. The brother of the second baronet, Leighton-Cathcart
Dalrymple, C.B., a lieutenant-colonel in the 15th hussars, died
unmarried in 1820.
first Viscount Stair, an eminent lawyer and statesman, was born at
Drummurchie, Ayrshire, in May 1619. He lost his father before he had
attained his fifth year, and after receiving the elementary part of his
education at the school at Mauchlin, he was sent, at the age of fourteen,
to the university of Glasgow, and in 1637 took the degree of master of
arts. In the following year he had a company of foot in the earl of
Glencairn’s regiment. In 1641 he stood a candidate, in military uniform,
for the chair of philosophy in Glasgow college; and was the successful
competitor. In 1647 he resigned his professorship, and having turned his
attention to the study of the civil law, he was, in February 1648,
admitted an advocate, and soon became eminent at the bar. In 1649 he was
appointed secretary to the commissioners sent to Breda, to invite Charles
the Second to come to Scotland, and during his absence he was appointed by
the parliament one of the commissioners for revising the ancient books of
law, the acts of parliament, and practice of the several judicatures. He
returned home in 1650 with the other commissioners, some time before the
king, but waited upon his majesty at his landing in Scotland, as appears
from the following entry in Balfour’s Annals (vol. iv. p. 17): “20 May.
The housse this afternoone dispatched Arthur Erskyne of Scottscraige, to
the northe, with instructions to attend the king’s landing; and with him
Mr. James Dalrymple, the commissioners secretary, with letters to them.”
He afterwards used every exertion to unite all parties for the king’s
interest, and also in raising an army for the invasion of England. After
the king’s defeat at Worcester he continued his practice as an advocate,
but when the oath called the Tender was imposed, he and a number of the
most eminent lawyers of the day absented themselves from the court, and
did not again attend its sittings till Cromwell either laid the oath
aside, or did not insist upon its being taken. In July 1657 he was, on the
recommendation of General Monk, approved of by Cromwell as one of the
commissioners for the administration of justice in Scotland. He seems to
have been a great favourite with Monk, who consulted him on various
matters of state; and particularly before marching with his army into
England in 1659. When he asked his opinion as to the best mode of settling
the three nations, he advised him to call a full and free parliament; and
at the same time earnestly recommended that the courts of justice, which
had for some time been interrupted in their sittings, might be again
opened. This advice was followed by Monk, as appears by his letters
addressed to Sir James Dalrymple, dated from Dunstable, 7th
June 1659, which Forbes says he saw in the possession of Sir James
Dalrymple of Borthwick. [Forbes’ Journal, quoted in Haig and
Brunton’s Senators of the College of Justice, page 364.] At the
restoration he repaired to London to wait on Charles the second, by whom
he was knighted, and made one of the lords of session, 14th
February 1661. On the 4th November 1662 he was appointed
vice-president in absence of the president. In 1663, when the declaration
was enacted, he resigned his seat on the bench rather than subscribe it,
and with his eldest son went on a tour to France. On his return he waited
on the king at London, when his majesty intimated to him that he could not
accept of his resignation, and would rather allow him to explain in what
sense he could sign the declaration; and, having done so to the
satisfaction of the king, his majesty addressed a letter to the lords of
session, dated 21st April 1654, stating his pleasure that he
should continue one of their number, on receipt of which they again
reponed him in his office. He then signed the declaration, with the
qualification that “he was content to declare against whatever was
opposite to his majesty’s just right and prerogative.” He was created a
baronet, June 2, 1664; and in 1670 was appointed one of the commissioners
to treat of a union of the two kingdoms, an attempt which at that time
proved abortive. He was shortly after appointed a privy councillor, and in
January 1671 he succeeded Gilmour of Craigmillar as lord president. In
consequence of “the many great and signal services” done to the city of
Edinburgh by Sir James Dalrymple, the Town Council, on the 15th
December 1676, passed a resolution that he and all future presidents of
the court of session should have their house rent paid by the town, a
privilege which was relinquished by President Forbes in the year 1741.
When the course of persecution of the Presbyterians began under
Lauderdale, Sir James Dalrymple used all his influence with that minister
to pursue moderate measures, which gave great offence to Archbishop sharp
and the prelatical party. He also did all he could to dissuade the duke
frm bringing in the Highland host upon the western counties; but not
succeeding he entered his dissent against this inroad in the Council
books. [Murray’s Literary History of Galloway, p. 139.] According
to Burnet, however, [Hist. of His Own Times, vol. ii. p. 136] Sir
James pretended that by a fall his hand was out of joint; “so he signed
none of these wild orders.” In 1681, when the famous test act was proposed
in the Scots parliament, Sir James, with the view of neutralizing it,
suggested that the first, or Knox’s Confession of Faith, should be added,
which was adopted. This highly offended the duke of York, and as he
himself refused to take it, he was obliged to resign his office of
president, and retire to his country seat in Wigtonshire. Receiving a hint
from the king’s advocate that it was intended to commit him to prison, he
deemed it expedient to take refuge in Holland in October 1682. At Leyden
he published his ‘Physiologia nova Experimentalis,’ by which he acquired
considerable reputation. During his exile, Spence, the secretary of
Argyle, having under torture confessed that Sir James Dalrymple was privy
to the Ryehouse plot, he was prosecuted for treason, and outlawed on the
17th March 1685; but his son, Sir John Dalrymple, become Lord
Advocate in 1687, procured him a pardon. The subjoined woodcut is from an
engraving of his portrait by Sir John Medina, in Park’s Walpole’s Royal
and Noble Authors:
[portrait of Sir James Dalrymple]
While he resided in Holland, he was much in favour with the prince of
Orange, and before he sailed for England he asked his highness what was
his true design in invading his father-in-law’s dominions. The prince
replied that it was for the glory of God, and for securing and
establishing the Protestant religion, on which the aged statesman, who had
spent six years in exile for the same cause, pulled off his wig and said,
“Though I be now in the seventieth year of my age, I am willing to venture
that (meaning his head,) my own and my children’s fortunes in such an
undertaking.” He accompanied the prince to England, and was consulted by
him in the arrangements of government consequent on the Revolution, as he
had been by Monk previous to the Restoration, which shows that in both of
these remarkable crises of affairs, the greatest reliance was placed on
his political sagacity and judgment by the prime movers in them. After the
settlement of affairs, he was re-appointed lord president of the court of
session, November 1, 1689, and raised to the peerage, under the title of
Viscount Stair, Lord Glenluce and Stranraer, on the 21st April
1690. He died November 25, 1695, in the 76th year of his age.
His lordship published;
Institutions of the Law of Scotland, deduced from its original, and
collated with the Civil, Canon, and Feudal Laws, and with the Customs of
our neighbouring Nations. Edin. 1681, folio. 2d edition, much enlarged.
Edin. 1693, folio. 3d edition, enlarged, with Notes, by John Gordon and
William Johnstone, Advocates. Edin. 1759, fol. Subsequent editions by
George Brodie, Edin. 1826-7, 2 vols, folio; and by John Shank More. Edin.
1828, 2 vols. folio.
Decisions of Lords of Court and Session, with Acts of Sederunt, June 1661,
to July 1681. Edin. 1683-7. 2 vols. folio.
Physiologia Nova Experimentalis. Lugd. Bat. 1686, 4to. Published during
the Author’s Exile.
Vindication of the Divine Perfections, &c. by a Person of Honour. 1695,
Apology for Himself. Edin. 1690, 4to. Reprinted for the Bannatyne Club, by
William Blair, Esq. Edin. 1825, 4to.
DALRYMPLE, JOHN, 3d earl of Stair.
DALRYMPLE, SIR DAVID, LORD HAILES,
an eminent lawyer, antiquary, and historian, the eldest son of Sir James
Dalrymple, second baronet of Hailes, and brother of Alexander Dalrymple,
the eminent hydrographer, a memoir of whom is subsequently given, was born
at Edinburgh October 28, 1726. He was educated at Eton school, and after
attending the university of Edinburgh, studied the civil law at Utrecht.
He returned to Scotland in 1746, and was admitted advocate February 23,
1748. As a barrister he was not distinguished; for his utterance was
rapid, and his articulation rather indistinct. But his deep knowledge of
law, his unwearied application, the solidity of his judgment and his
probity, raised him to high esteem. He continued eighteen years at the bar
before he was raised to the bench. During this period he dignified his
profession by uniting scientific researches with those of law, directing
the lights of history and antiquities on its obscurities. In 1751 appeared
his first publication, a collection of ‘Sacred Poems.’ From that period
scarcely a year passed in which he did not print some original work of his
own, or revise and bring into notice some learned and useful publication
by others, neglected and in danger of being lost to posterity. Every
edition almost which he published he improved. On the death of Lord Nisbet,
he was, in March 1766, created a lord of session, when he assumed the
title of Lord Hailes; and on the resignation of his father-in-law, Lord
Coalston, he was appointed, 3d May 1776, one of the lords of justiciary.
As a judge, he was distinguished for his strict integrity, unwearied
diligence, and dignified demeanour. One of his characteristics, however,
was a minute observance of forms, which often exposed him to ridicule. His
lordship became more conspicuous as a scholar and author than as a judge.
His researches were chiefly directed to the history and antiquities of his
native land, and to the illustration of the early state of the Christian
Church. The first volume of his ‘Annals of Scotland’ appeared in 1776, and
the second in 1779. This, the most important or his works, contains the
history of fourteen princes, from the accession of Malcolm Canmore to the
death of David the Second. In 1776, also he published the first volume of
the remains of ‘Christian antiquity,’ a work of great erudition,
containing accounts of the martyrs of Smyrna and Lyons in the second
century, with explanatory notes, dedicated to Bishop Hurd. The second
volume, dedicated to Dr. Newton, bishop of Bristol, appeared in 1778, and
the third volume in 1780, dedicated to Dr. Thomas Balgray. He published
several other works treating of the early ages of Christianity, which were
evidently suggested by the appearance of Gibbon’s ‘Decline and Fall of the
Roman Empire,’ and in the critical notes to these he able exposes the
misrepresentations and inaccuracies of that historian. In 1786 he
published a quarto volume, entitled, ‘An Inquiry into the Secondary Causes
which Mr. Gibbon has assigned for the rapid Progress of Christianity,’
which he inscribed to Dr. Hurd, bishop of Worcester, and which was a
complete answer to Gibbon’s statements and conclusions. His lordship wrote
also a few sketches of eminent Scotsmen, designed as specimens of a
Biographia Scotica. His writings are distinguished by sound judgment,
acuteness, fidelity, accuracy, and candour rarely equalled. In accuracy he
is not approached by any historical writer of his time. It is his most
characteristic quality. The writer of the preface to an octavo edition of
his ‘Annals’ very justly observes that “an historian was wanting whose
principal endowments were a sagacious spirit of criticism to distinguish
truth from falsehood, and a freedom from prejudice to let that truth be
known. He wages war in every page with credulity and imposture, and his
industry in exploring the sources of authentic history is equally
commendable with the zeal which he has shown in clearing these sources
from every taint of fiction.” The historical documents and state papers,
which have been discovered since his day, testify strikingly to his
wonderful correctness in many details that would have been passed over by
an ordinary historian. The deep research, scrupulous fidelity in examining
authorities, as well as the acute judgment and judicious spirit of
investigation for which he was so remarkable, admirably fitted him for the
branch of historical inquiry on which he entered, and his Annals continue
to be consulted and followed by all writers desirous of attaining to the
truth on the most obscure portion of our national history. It is only to
be regretted that he stopped at a period of no less interest, the
accession of the House of Stuart. In his labours and studies, he was
persevering and indefatigable, scarcely allowing himself any recreation or
exercise whatever. Except regular motion in his carriage five days a-week
during session between his seat at New Hailes, five miles from Edinburgh,
and the Court, with his journeys during the circuit twice a-year, and
sometimes after it short excursions to England, his habits were almost
[portrait of Sir David Dalrymple]
Predisposed by corpulence and by the form of his body, which was
shortnecked, he was attacked by symptoms of apoplexy on his way from the
court of session, when about to come out of his carriage near his own door
at New Hailes, on the 26th November 1792. He obtained some
temporary relief, but died of a second attack, on the 29th, in
the sixty-seventh year of his age. A funeral sermon was preached on the
occasion by the Rev. Dr. Carlyle of Inveresk. He was twice married, as
list of his works is subjoined:
Sacred Poems, or a Collection of Translations and Paraphrases from the
Holy Scriptures; by various authors. Edinburgh, 1751, 12mo. Dedicated to
Charles Lord Hope; with a Preface of ten pages.
Proposals for carrying on a certain Public Work in the city of Edinburgh.
Edin. 1751, 8vo. A jeu-d’esprit. .
The Wisdom of Solomon, Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach, or
Ecclesiasticus. Edin. 1755, 12mo.
World, No. 140. Sept. 4, 1755. A meditation among books.
Ditto, No. 147. Thursday, Oct. 23, 1755. “Both these papers are replete
with wit and humour; and the last one is introduced with a high character
of it and of the author, by Mr. Moore, the editor and chief author of the
Ditto, No. 204. Thursday, Nov. 25, 1756. “A piece of admirable wit,” on “Good
Things, and the propriety of taxing them.”
Select Discourses, (in number nine,) by John Smith, late Fellow of Queen’s
College, Cambridge. Edin. 1756, 12mo.; with a Preface of five pages –
“many quotations frm the learned languages translated – and notes added,
containing allusions to ancient mythology, and to the erroneous philosophy
which prevailed in the days of the author – various inaccuracies of style
have been corrected, and harsh expressions softened.”
British Songs, Sacred to Love and Virtue. Edin. 1756, 12mo.
Discourse of the unnatural and vile Conspiracy attempted by John Earl of
Cowry and his brother, against his Majesty’s person, at St. Johnstoun,
upon the 5th of August 1600. Edin. 1757, 12mo. Edition and
notes by Lord Hailes.
Sermon which might have been preached in East Lothian upon the 25th
Day of October, 1761, from Acts xxviii. 1, 2. “The barbarous people showed
us no little kindness.” Edin. 1761, 12mo. “Occasioned by the country
people pillaging the wreck of two vessels, viz., the Betsy Cunningham,
and the Leith packet, Pitcairn, from London to Leith, cast away
on the shore between Dunbar and North Berwick. All the passengers on board
the former, in number seventeen, perished; five on board the latter,
October 16 , 1761. Reprinted at Edinburgh, 1794, 8vo. The first edition is
scarce. An affecting Discourse, which is said to have produced the
restitution of some part of the pillage.
Memorials and Letters relating to the History of Britain in the reign of
James I.; published from the originals, Glasgow, 1762, 8vo. Addressed to
Philip Yorke, Viscount Boystoun. “From a collection in the Advocates’
Library, by Balfour of Danmyln.” An enlarged edition was printed at
Glasgow, 1766, 8vo.
The Works of the ever memorable Mr. John Hales, of Eton, now first
collected together. Glasgow, 1765, 3 vols. – preface of three pages.
Dedicated to William (Warburton) bishop of Gloucester.
Specimen of a Book, entitled, Ane compendious Booke of Godlie and
Spiritual Sangs, collectit out of sundrie parts of Scripture; with sundrie
other Ballates changed out of prophaine Songs for avoyding of Sin and
Harlotrie, with augmentation of sundrie Gude and Godlie Ballates, not
contained in the first edition. Printed by Andro Hart. Edin. 1765, 12mo.,
with a glossary of 4 pages.
Account of the Preservation of Charles II. after the Battle of Worcester,
drawn up by himself. To which are added, his Letters to several Persons.
Glasgow, 1766, 8vo. From the MSS. of Mr. Pepys, dictated to him by the
King himself, and communicated by Dr. Sandby, Master of Magdalen College.
The Letters are collected from various sources, and some of them are now
first published. Dedicated to Thomas Holles, duke of Newcastle, Chancellor
of the University of Cambridge. Some copies have a reprinted title-page,
dated Edinburgh 1801, with one or two additional Letters, and a Portrait
prefixed of General Thomas Dalziel.
The Secret Correspondence between Sir Robert Cecil and James VI. 1766,
Catalogue of the Lords of Session, from the Institution of the College of
Justice in 1532; with Historical Notes. Edin. 1767, 4to.
Specimen of Notes on the Statute Law of Scotland. No date, 8vo, very rare.
Specimen of similar Notes during the Reign of Mary Queen of Scots. No
date, 8vo, very rare.
The Private Correspondence of Dr. Francis Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester
and his Friends, in 1725. Never before published. 1768, 4to.
Examination of some of the Arguments for the high antiquity of Regiam
Majestatem, and an Inquiry into the authenticity of the Leges Malcolmi.
Edin. 1769, 4to.
Historical Memoirs concerning the Provincial Councils of the Scottish
Clergy, from the earliest accounts of the aera of the Reformation. Edin.
Canons of the Church of Scotland drawn up in the Provincial Councils held
at Perth, anno 1242=69. Edinburgh, 1769, 4to.
Ancient Scottish Poems; published from the Manuscript of George Bannatyne,
1658. Edin. 1770, 12mo.
Remarks on the History of Scotland. Edinburgh, 1773, 12mo.
Remarks on the Latin Poems of Dr. Pitcairn, in the Edinburgh Magazine for
Huberti Langueti Epistolae ad Philippum Sydneium equitem Anglum, accurante
De Dalrymple de Hailes, Equite. Edin. 1776, 8vo.
Annals of Scotland, from the accession of Malcolm III. to the accession of
Robert I., with an Appendix containing eight Dissertations. Edinb. 1776, 1
vol. 4to. Another edition. Edin. 1779, 4to.
Annals of Scotland, from the Accession of Robert I. sir-named Bruce, to
the Accession of the House of Stewart; with an Appendix containing nine
Dissertations. By Sir David Dalrymple. Edinburgh, 1779, 1 vol. 4to. This
work, with some of the minor publications, was reprinted in three vols.
8vo. Edin. 1819.
Specimen of a Scottish Glossary. Printed, but not published.
Account of the Martyrs of Smyrna and Lyons in the 2d century, with
Explanatory Notes. Edin. 1776. This forms the first volume of the
Remains of Christian Antiquity, with Explanatory Notes. Edinburgh,
1776-8-80, 3 vols. 12mo.
Coelii Firmiani Lactantii divinarum Institutionum liber quintus, seu de
Justitia. Edin. 1797, 12mo.
Sermons by that eminent divine, Jacobus a Voragine, Archbishop of Genoa.
Translated from the originals, 1779. Edin. 12mo.
Octavius; a Dialogue, by Marcus Minucius Felix. Edin. 1781, 12mo.
the Manner in which the Persecutors Died, by Lactantius. Edin. 1782. 12mo.
Disquisitions concerning the Antiquities of the Christian Church. Glasgow,
Sketch of the Life of John Barclay, Author of Argenis. Edin. 1786, 4to.
Inquiry into the Secondary Causes which Mr. Gibbon has assigned for the
rapid progress of Christianity. Edin. 1786, 17887, 4to. An edition was
also printed in Edinburgh in 1808, 12mo.
The Opinions of Sarah, Duchess Dowager of Marlborough; published from her
original Manuscripts. Edinburgh, 1788, 12mo.
Translation of the Address of Q. Septim. Tertullian to Scapula Tertullius,
Proconsul of Africa. Edinburgh, 1790, 12mo.
The Additional Case of Elizabeth, claiming the Title and Dignity of
Countess of Sutherland. 4to.
Sketch of the Life of John Hamilton, a Secular Priest, who lived about
Sketch of the Life of Sir James Ramsay, a General Officer in the Armies of
Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden.
Sketch of the Life of Mark Alexander Boyd. 4to.
Life of George Lesley, (an eminent Capuchin Friar in the early part of the
17th century). 4to.
Specimen of a Life of James Marquis of Montrose.
Davidid Humei Scoti, summi apud suos philosophi, de vita sua acta, liber
singularis; nunc primum Latine redditus. Edin. 1787. 4to.
Adami Smithi, LL.D., ad Guliemum Strahanum armigerum, de rebus novissimis
Davidis Humei Epistola, nunc prinum Latine reddita. Edin. 1788. 4to.
DALRYMPLE, SIR JOHN,
of Cranstoun, fourth baronet of that family, an eminent lawyer and
miscellaneous writer, descended from James, second son of the first
Viscount Stair, was born in 1726. He was admitted advocate in 1748, and in
his father’s lifetime he held the situation of solicitor to the board of
excise. In 1771 he succeeded to the baronetcy, and in 1775 he
distinguished himself much at a meeting of freeholders (of which he was
chosen preses), in opposition to a bill then pending in parliament, and
deemed prejudicial to their elective franchise and other privileges. In
1798 he discovered the art of making soap from herrings, and employed
people at his own expense, for the purpose of giving instruction to all
those who were inclined to acquire a knowledge of the process. In 1776 he
was appointed one of the barons of the Scottish court of exchequer, an
office which he resigned in 1807. He was the author of ‘Memoirs of Great
Britain and Ireland,’ some ‘Tracts on Feudal Law,’ and several other
publications, of which a list is subjoined. He died February 26, 1810,
aged eighty-four. He had married, in October 1760, his cousin, Elizabeth,
only child and heiress of Thomas Hamilton MacGill of Fala, and heiress and
representative of the viscounts Oxenford, with whom he got these estates,
and in consequence added the names of Hamilton and MacGill to his own. By
this lady he had several children, as mentioned above. His works are:
Essay towards a General History of Feudal Property in Great Britain, under
various heads. London, 1757, 8vo. 2d edit. 1758, 8vo. 3d edit. 1758, 8vo.
4th edit. corrected and enlarged, 1759, 12mo.
Considerations on the Policy of Entails in great Britain. Edin. 1765, 8vo.
Memoirs of Great Britain and Ireland, from the Dissolution of the last
Parliament of Charles II. until the Sea Battle off La Hogue. Edin. 1771, 3
vols, 4to. This work gave rise to various Publications and Observations on
a late Publication, &c. 1773, 4to, anon. And an Examination, &c. by J.
Towers. 1773, 8vo. Reprinted with a Continuation till the Capture of the
French and Spanish Fleets at Vigo. London, 1790, 3 vols, 8vo.
Three Letters to the Right Hon. Viscount Barrington. London, 1778, 8vo.
The Question considered, Whether Wool should be allowed to be Exported
when the Price is low at home, on paying a Duty to the Public. London,
Queries concerning the conduct which England should follow in Foreign
Politics in the present state of Europe. Lond. 1789, 8vo.
Plan of Internal Defence, as proposed by Sir John Dalrymple to a Meeting
of the County of Edinburgh, 12th Nov. 1794. 1794, 8vo.
Consequences of the French Invasion. London, 1798, 8vo.
Oriental Repertory. Vol. i. 1810, royal 4to.
an eminent hydrographer, the fifth son of Sir James Dalrymple of Hailes,
Haddingtonshire, the second baronet of that family, was born July 24,
1737. He was educated at Haddington, and in 1752 went out to Madras as a
writer in the East India Company’s service. While there he made
hydrography his particular study, and in 1759 undertook a voyage of
observation to the Eastern Islands, in which he gave great satisfaction to
his superiors. In 1763 he returned to England, and having distinguished
himself much by his writings respecting a southern continent, he would
have been employed to conduct the expedition sent to the South Sea under
Captain Cook, had he not insisted on having the undivided command of the
vessel engaged for the occasion, although he had never served in the navy.
In 1775 he was restored to his standing on the Madras establishment, where
he remained till 1780, when having been appointed hydrographer to the East
India Company, he returned home. In 1795 he was appointed hydrographer to
the Admiralty, an office which he held till May 1808, when, having refused
to resign it, on the ground of superannuation, and to accept of a pension,
he was dismissed from his situation, an event which is supposed to have
hastened his death, which took place June 19, 1808. This event occasioned
a discussion in the House of Commons the same month. He was a fellow of
the Royal Society and of the Antiquarian Society. A portrait of Alexander
Dalrymple, with memoirs of his life from his own pen, is inserted in the
European Magazine for November 1802. His works are very numerous.
Subjoined is a list of them:
Account of the Discoveries in the South Pacific Ocean previous to 1764.
Lond. 1767, 8vo.
Memorial to the Proprietors of East India Stock. 1768, 8vo.
Plan for extending the Commerce of this Kingdom, and of the East India
company, by an Establishment at Balambangan. London, 1769, 1771, 8vo.
Historical Collection of the South Sea Voyages. London, 1769, 2 vols. 4to.
Letter to the Court of Directors for Affairs of the United Company of
Merchants of England trading to the East Indies, concerning the proposed
Supervisorship. London, 1769, 8vo.
second Letter on the same subject. London, 1769, 4to.
Account of what has passed between the India Directors and Alexander
Dalrymple, as printed. Lond. 1769, 8vo.
Vox Populi Vox Dei; Lord Weymouth’s Appeal to the General Court of India
Proprietors considered. 1769, 4to.
Historical Account of the several Voyages and Discoveries in the South
Pacific Ocean, being chiefly a literal translation from the Spanish
writers. Lond. 1770, 2 vols. 4to. 1771, 4to.
Memoir of the chart of the West Coast of Palawan or Paragua. London, 1771,
Journal of the Schooner Cuddalore on the Coast of China. London, 1771,
Journal of the Schooner Cuddalore on the Coast of Hainau, 1760. London,
Essay on the Most Commodious Methods of Marine Surveying. London, 1771,
Memoirs of the Chart of part of the Coast of China. London, 1771, 4to.
Memoir of a Chart of the China Sea. London, 1771, 4to.
Proposition of a Benevolent Voyage to Introduce Corn, &c., into New
Zealand, &c. London, 1771, 4to.
Memoir of a Chart of the Bay of Bengal. Lond. 1772, 4to.
General View of the East India Company’s Affairs; written in 1769. To
which are added, Some Observations on the Present State of the Company’s
Affairs. London, 1772, 8vo.
Considerations on a Pamphlet, entitled, Thoughts on our Acquisitions in
the East Indies, particularly respecting Bengal. London, 1772, 8vo.
Collection of Charts and Memoirs. London, 1772, 4to.
The Rights of the East India Company. Lond. 1773, 8vo.
Letter to Dr. Hawkesworth, occasioned by some groundless and illiberal
imputations in his account of the late Voyages to the South. London, 1773,
Observations on Dr. Hawkesworth’s Preface to the 2d edition. London, 1773,
Memorial of Dr. Juan Louis Arias. In Spanish. London, 1773, 4to.
Proposition for Printing, by Subscription, the MS. Voyages and Travels in
the British Museum. London, 1773, 4to.
full and clear Proof that the Spaniards can have no right to Balmabangan.
London, 1774, 8vo.
Address to the Proprietors of the East India Stock, London, 1774, 4to.
Collection of Plans of Ports in the East Indies. London, 1775, 4to.
Collection of Voyages, chiefly in the Southern Atlantic Ocean; from the
original MMS. by Dr. Halley M. Bouvet, &c., with a Preface concerning a
Voyage on Discovery, proposed to be undertaken by Alexander Dalrymple, at
his own expense: Letters to Lord North on the subject and Plan of a
Republican Government. London, 1775, 4to.
Historical Relation of all the Expeditions from Fort Malbro’ to the
Islands off the West Coast of Sumatra, 1775, 4to.
Account of the Subversion of the Legal Government at Madras, by
imprisoning the Governor, Lord Pigot. London, 1777, 4to.
Copies of Papers Relative to the Restoration of the King of Tanjore, the
Imprisonment of Lord Pigot, &c. Printed by the East India Company for the
use of the Proprietors. 1777, 4to.
Account of the Transactions concerning the Revolt at Madras. 1777.
Letter to the Court of Directors, 19th June 1777. Memorial, 19th
Considerations on the present State of Affairs between England and
America. London, 1778, 8vo.
Letter to Proprietors of East India Stock, 8th May 1777.
Journal of the Grenville. 1778, 4to. Published in the Philosophical
Considerations on the East India Bill, 1769. 1778, 8vo.
Account of the Subversion of the Legal Government of Fort St. George, in
answer to Mr. Andrew Stuart’s Letter to the Court of Directors. 1778, 4to.
State of the East India Company, and Sketch of an Equitable Agreement.
London, 1780, 4to.
Explanation of the Map of the East India Company’s Lands on the Coast of
Coromandel. London, 1781, 4to.
Account of the Loss of the Grosvenor. 1783, 8vo.
Short Account of the Gentoo mode of collecting Revenues on the Coast of
Coromandel. 1783, 8vo.
Reflections on the present state of the East India Company. 1783, 8vo.
Retrospective View of the Ancient System of the East India Company; with a
Plan of Regulation. 1784, 8vo.
Postscript to Mr. Dalrymple’s Account of the Gentoo mode of Collecting the
Revenues on the Coast of Coromandel; being Observations on a perusal of it
by Moodoo Kistna. 1785, 8vo.
serious Admonition to the Public on the intended Thief Colony at Botany
Extracts from Juvenilia, or Poems, by George Wither. 1785, 24mo.
Fair State of the Case between the East India Company and the Owners of
Ships in their Service; with Considerations on Brought’s Pamphlet
concerning East India Shipping. 1786, 8vo.
Review of the Contest concerning four new Regiments offered for the India
Service. 1788, 8vo.
Plan for Promoting the Fur Trade and securing it to this Country, by
uniting the operations of the East India and Hudson’s Bay Companies. 1789,
Memoir of a Map of the Lands round the North Pole. 1789, 4to.
Letter to a Friend on the Test Act. 1790, 8vo.
Historical Journal of the Expeditions by Sea and Land to the North of
California, in 1768-69-70, when Spanish Establishments were first made at
San Diego and Monte-rey. Translated from the Spanish MS. by William
Reveley, Esq., To which is added, A Translation of Cabrera Buenoes’
Description of the Coast of California, and an Extract from the MS.
Journal of M. Sauvague le Muet, 1714. 1790, 4to.
The Spanish Pretensions fairly discussed. 1790, 8vo.
The Spanish Memorial of the 4th June considered. 1790, 8vo.
Plan for the Publication of a Repertory of Oriental Information. 1790,
The Oriental Repertory, published by Mr. Dalrymple. London, 1791-7, 2
vols. 8vo, 4to.
Parliamentary Reform, as it is called, improper in the present State of
this Country. London, 1793, 8vo.
Mr. Fox’s Letter to his worthy and independent Electors of Westminster
fully considered. 1793, 8vo.
Observations on the Copper Coinage wanted for the Circars. 1794, 8vo.
The Poor Man’s Friend. 1795, 8vo.
Collection of English Songs; with an Appendix of original Pieces. London,
fragment on the India Trade, written in 1791. 1797, 8vo.
Thoughts of an Old Man of Independent Mind though Dependent Fortune. 1800,
Memoirs of Maria Antionette, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of France and
Navarre. Translated from the French. London, vol. i. royal 8vo.
Catalogue of Authors who have written on Rio de la Plata, Paraguay, and
Chaco. London, 1809, 4to.
Paper concerning the General Government for India. 8vo.
Notes on Lord Pigot’s Narrative.
the Formation of Islands. Phil. Trans. Abr. xii. 454. 1767.
Journal of a Voyage to the East Indies in 1775. 1b. xiv, 386. 1778.