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The Scottish Nation

DIRLETON, LORD, a title of the earl of Kellie, first conferred in 1603, on Sir Thomas Erskine, who gave James the Sixth important personal assistance in the Gowrie conspiracy, and now possessed by the earl of Mar and Kellie; see KELLIE, earl of.


DIRLETON, EARL OF, a title in the peerage of Scotland, which, with the secondary title of Lord Elbottle, was conferred in 1646 on Sir James Maxwell, one of the gentlemen of the bedchamber to King James the Sixth and Charles the First. He was the son of John Maxwell of Kirkhouse by Jane Murray, sister of John first earl of Annandale, and appears to have purchased the estate of Dirleton from the earl of Kellie, obtaining a royal charter of the same in June 1631. In 1633 he had parliamentary ratification of the barony of Innerwick to himself and Elizabeth Boussoyne his wife, and along with John Cunningham of Barns had a pension for keeping a light on the Isle of May. He died before 1658, without male issue, when his titles became extinct. He had two daughters, Elizabeth, duchess of Hamilton, afterwards the wife of Thomas Dalmahoy, Esq., and Diana, Viscountess Cranburn, mother of the third earl of Salisbury.

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