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The Scottish Nation
Eythen


EYTHEN, Lord, a title in the peerage of Scotland, now extinct, conferred, in 1642, by Charles the First, on Sir James King of Barracht and Birness, or Burnhouse, in Aberdeenshire, who had attained the rank of lieutenant-general in the service of Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden. In 1641 he was sent for by the Scots Estates to answer a charge of disaffection to his native country, in levying horses and men in Denmark for the service of his majesty, and on his appearance in parliament on the 2d November of that year, he solemnly protested that he was neither counsellor nor actor in the unhappy disputes that had arisen betwixt the king and his subjects, and although he had been urged by his majesty to undertake the levying of troops for him, he had altogether refused it on any condition whatever, in respect it was against his native country and his conscience also; on which the house acquitted him, and declared him a good and honest patriot and deserving of the thanks and approbation of his country. [Balfour’s Annals, vol. iii. p. 130.] He was subsequently appointed by Charles, lieutenant-general of his army, under the earl of Newcastle, He also created him a peer of Scotland under the above title, with limitation to the heirs-male of his body, by patent dated at York, 28th March 1642. In the patent the word is spelled Eythin, but there can be no doubt that the title was assumed from the river Ythan in Aberdeenshire. Clarendon says that the earl of Newcastle being unacquainted with the art of war, the chief command of the army was in effect vested in General King, who had served with the highest reputation under Gustavus Adolphus. [History of the Rebellion, vol. ii. p. 293.] On the 26th July 1644 the Scots parliament passed a decreet of forfeiture against Lord Ythan, but on the 14th January 1647 they passed another rescinding his forfeiture. In 1659 he was included with other noblemen and gentlemen in the act of classes. The date of his death has not been recorded, and the title appears to have become extinct at his death.


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