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The Scottish Nation
Gladstone


GLADSTONE, a surname originally Gladstanes, and derived from the estate of that name in Teviotdale. The Gladstanes of that ilk, previously designed of Cocklaw, were a pretty ancient family, as is proved by charters still extant. In one, granted by Robert the Third, of several lands to William Inglis of Manners, the right of Gladstanes of Cocklaw is reserved. George Gladstanes and William Gladstanes are witnesses in a charter of Archibald, earl of Angus, to his apparent heir, James Douglas, July 2, 1479. Nisbet mentions some charters of the Gladstanes’ family about the same period. [Nisbet’s Heraldry, vol. I. P. 267.]

      Mr. John Gladstanes, LL.D., supposed to have belonged to the family of Gladstanes of Gladstanes, was admitted a lord of session, 30th January 1542. From several instances being recorded of gifts and appointments made to him, with the view of increasing his emoluments, it would appear that he was by no means rich. While at the bar, he was, in March 1535, selected by the lords of session, with “Master Thomas Majoribanks,” to be advocate for the poor, on a letter from the king, enjoining them to choose a an of “gude conscience” for that office, under the title of Advocatus Pauperum. On the 3d September 1546, four years after being raised to the bench, he was appointed collector of the contributions due by the prelates, for the supply of the court, when he was designed “licentiate in baith the lawis.” It does not appear that he adopted any judicial title, but in a roll of the judges made up on 19th January 1555, he is styled “My lord Doctor Mr. Jo. Gladstanes.” On 21st May 1557, he obtained a gift from the court, of the arrears of the contribution due by the minister of Failfurd, who was superior of the Trinity or Red Friars.

      George Gladstanes, a native of Dundee, was, in 1600, made bishop of Caithness by James the Sixth, and in 1606 was translated thence to the archbishopric of St. Andrews. He had previously been minister of Arbirlot in Forfarshire, and in 1597 was removed to be minister at St. Andrews, of the university of which city he was, in 1599, appointed vice-chancellor. In 1604, while bishop of Caithness, he was named a commissioner for promoting the union of the two kingdoms, a favourite project of James the Sixth after his accession to the English throne, but which at that time proved abortive. Archbishop Gladstanes, whose name often occurs in the ecclesiastical records of the period, died 2d May 1615. His son, Mr. Alexander Gladstanes, was archdean of St. Andrews.

      Claiming descent from the ancient family of Gladstanes of Gladstanes, Mr. John Gladstones of Toftcombes, near Biggar, in the upper ward of Lanarkshire, had by his wife Janet Aitken, a son, Thomas, prosperous trader in Leith, who married Helen, daughter of Mr. Walter Neilson of Springfield, and died in the year 1809. Of this marriage, Sir John Gladstone, the first baronet, of Fasque, was the eldest son. Born at Leith on the 11th of Dec. 1764, he commenced business there at an early age, but soon removed to Liverpool, where he amassed considerable riches by his enterprise, industry, and skill, and was munificent in their disposal. In 1840, he built and endowed St. Thomas’ church at Leith, in communion with the church of Scotland. He also built on the same spot – in the neighbourhood of the Coal Hill, where his father had his place of trade – a school, and an asylum with a revenue of £300 a-year for the support of ten females labouring under incurable diseases. When carrying on business in Liverpool – from which he retired in 1843 – he was a liberal donor to the Church of England; and on returning to Scotland, he became a not less liberal benefactor to the Scottish Episcopal church. His gifts to Trinity college, Glenalmond, were princely; he contributed largely to the fund for endowing the bishopric of Brechin; and at his own charge he built and endowed a church – making his place of sepulture within its walls – at his beautiful seat of Fasque in Kincardineshire, which he had purchased. He likewise built two churches in Liverpool, and one in the immediate neighbourhood where he had long resided.

      In February 1835 he obtained the royal license to drop the final s at his name, and to change it to Gladstone. His eminent position as a merchant, together with his great talents and experience, gave much weight to his opinions on commercial matters. He was frequently consulted on such subjects by the ministers of the day, and was the author of several pamphlets and letters to the newspapers on mercantile questions. He was almost to the last a supporter of the protective policy which reigned supreme during his youth and manhood; and three or four years before his death he wrote against the repeal of the corn and navigation laws. Desire was more than once expressed to see him in parliament, and he contested the representation of Dundee and other places on those conservative principles to which he adhered through life, but without success. On the 27th June, 1846, he was created a baronet, on the spontaneous suggestion of Sir Robert Peel, then Premier, and his was one of the very few baronetcies conferred by a minister more than commonly frugal in the grant of titles. He was a magistrate both for Lancashire and Kincardineshire. He died in December 1851.

      Sir John Gladstone was twice married: first, in 1792, to Jane, daughter of Mr. Joseph Hall of Liverpool, who died in 1798, without issue; and, secondly, on 29th April 1800, to Anne, daughter of Mr. Andrew Robertson, for many years provost of Dingwall. By this lady, who died on 23d September 1835, he had, with two daughters, four sons, namely, Thomas, second baronet; Robertson Gladstone, born in 1805, an eminent merchant of Liverpool, and chairman of the Financial Reform Association of that town, married, with issue; John Neilson Gladstone, born in 1807, a commander R.N., M.P. for Walsall and subsequently for Devizes, married with issue; and the Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone, born in 1809, was educated at Eton and at Christ church, Oxford, where he attained a double first class in 1831, and received the honorary degree of D.C.L. in 1848. In 1832 he was elected M.P. for Newark, which place he represented till January 1846. He was a lord of the treasury in December 1834, and under secretary for the colonies from January to April 1835. In September 1841, he was appointed vice-president of the board of trade and master of the mint, and sworn a privy councillor. In May 1843, he became president of the board of trade, retaining the mastership of the mint, but resigned both offices in February 1845. In December of that year he was appointed secretary f state for the colonies, which office he held till July 1846. Elected in 1847 M.P. for the university of Oxford; chancellor of the Exchequer, Dec. 1852 till Feb. 1855. In 1858 lord-high-commissioner extraordinary to the Ionian islands; in June 1859 re-appointed chancellor of the Exchequer. The same year he was elected Rector of the University of Edinburgh. He married in 1839 the eldest daughter of Sir Stephen R. Glynn, Bart., of Hawarden castle, Flintshire, with issue. Author of ‘The State in its relation with the Church,’ London, 1838, 8vo. ‘Church Principles considered in their results,’ London, 1840, 8vo. ‘A Manual of Prayers from the Liturgy,’ 1845. ‘An examination of the official Reply to the Neapolitan government,’ 1852. ‘Studies on Homer and the Homeric age.’ Oxford, 1858; and several political and official papers, letters, and addresses.

      The eldest son, Sir Thomas 2d baronet, born at Annfield near Liverpool, in 1804, was M.P. for Queensborough in 1830; for Portarlington from 1832 to 1835; for Leicester from 1835 to 1838; and for Ipswich from June 1842 to August in the same year, when he was unseated on petition. A deputy lieutenant of Kincardineshire. He married in 1835, Louisa, daughter of Robert Fellowes, Esq. of Shottisham Park, Norfolk, with issue. Heir, his son, John Robert, born in 1852.


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