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The Scottish Nation

LYLE, Lord, an (extinct) title in the peerage of Scotland, conferred about 1446 on Sir Robert Lyle, descended from William de Lyle, one of the witnesses of the foundation charter of the monastery of Paisley by Walter, high steward of Scotland in 1164. Ten years afterwards he was one of the prisoners taken along with William the Lion at Alnwick, and died before 1200. His son, William de Lyle, had two sons, the elder of whom, Radulphus or Ralph, was designed de Insula, dominus de Duchal, the barony of that name, which gave the local designation, being in Renfrewshire. This Ralph lived in the reign of Alexander II. His son, Sir William, was one of the nominees on the part of Robert Brus in his competition with John Baliol for the crown of Scotland in 1292. Sir Williamís son, Sir Alexander Lyle, joined Edward Baliol, and was by him appointed sheriff of Bute, which, according to some, was their ancient possession, hence their name of LíIsle. He was also made, by Baliol, lord-high-chamberlain of Scotland. He was slain by the men of Bute, known at that time by the name of the lord-high-stewardís Brandanes, and his head presented to the steward of Scotland.

      His son, Sir John Lyle of Duchal, was in great favour with David II., from whom he received a charter of the barony of Buchquhan in Stirlingshire. He was one of the ambassadors to England in 1366. His son, also named Sir John Lyle, married one of the daughters and coheirs of the old earls of Mar, in whose right he added the coat of Mar to his paternal arms. On the death of Alexander Stewart, earl of Mar, he put in his claim as one of the heirs of the earldom, to which he and the Lord Erskine should have succeeded by right and proximity of blood, but King James I. took possession of it. His son, Sir Robert, was one of the hostages for that monarch on his liberation in 1424, when his annual revenue was estimated at 300 marks.

      Sir Robertís son, also Sir Robert, first Lord Lyle, was created a peer by James II. His only son, Robert, second Lord Lyle, was a privy councillor to James III., and an ambassador to England in March 1472, when he concluded a truce with that nation. Accused of sending treasonable letters to James of Douglas, then an exile in England, and to some Englishmen, enemies of the kingdom, and of receiving letters from them, he was tried in parliament 22d March 1481-2, before an assize, the king sitting as judge, and declared free and innocent of the charge. In 1484 and 1485 he was employed four several times to treat with the English. He joined the party formed against James III., and with some others went to England in May 1488, under a safe conduct from Henry VII., and he was there when James was murdered at Sauchieburn 11th June following. He returned home before 24th July, and was appointed great justiciary of Scotland. He was one of the commissioners for opening the Estates, 8th October, but he afterwards joined the earl of Lennox and other nobles who took up arms to avenge the death of James II. They were, however, defeated, and Lord Lyle was forfeited in June 1489, but the act of forfeiture was rescinded and annulled by the king and parliament, 5th February 1489-90, and the clerk register ordered to expunge it from the records. He was at the same time restored to his office of justiciary.

      The eldest son of this nobleman, Robert, third Lord Lyle, died in 1511, leaving by his wife, Mariot Lindsay, a daughter of the house of Dunrod, a son, James, fourth lord, a minor, when the king assigned his wardship and marriage to James Bethune, archbishop of Glasgow, whose niece he married, being the daughter of David Bethune of Criech. He had a son, John, who predeceased him, and a daughter, Jean, married to Sir Niel Montgomery of Lainshaw, in Ayrshire, a grandson of the first earl of Eglinton. Her descendant, James Montgomery of Lainshaw, tendered his vote as Lord Lyle at the elections of representative peers in 1721 and 1722, but it was not received, as did also Sir Walter Montgomery at the general election of 1784, and at subsequent elections, but his vote was not allowed.

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