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The Scottish Nation
MacCulloch


MACCULLOCH, the surname of an ancient family of Galloway, whose origin is lost in antiquity; ultra memorium hominum, as it is phrased in one of their early charters. It is understood that the MíCullochs are lineally descended from Ulgrie, the grandson of Owen Gallvus, king of the Cludiensis, of Strathcluyd Britons, Ulgrie and Douvenald being vice sovereigns of Galloway. In proof of this the MíCullochs, Mackuloghs, or Culaghs, are said to have held that portion of land over which Ulgrie or Ulgrah reigned, and the MíDowalls the portion over which Douvenald had sway.

      The first of the name of any note was Culagh or Cullagh, son of Allil, who was killed in a skirmish in the land of the Picts in 864. As far back as the 11th century this ancient family held the lands of Cardoness, Myretoun, and Ardwall, Kirkcudbrightshire, and the last-named estate is still possessed by the head of the name, Walter MíCulloch of Ardwall.

      Amongst those who swore fealty to Edward I. at Berwick, August 28, 1296, was William Mackulagh. In 1305 Thomas Mackulagh was sheriff of Wigtownshire.

      Robert the Bruce granted lands to one Richard MíColnach, June 13, 1324. On March 19, 1337-8, King Edward III. granted to Patrick Maculach a pension of £20 yearly, for his good services in Scotland. On Aug. 20, 1341, he also gave a mandate to Gilbert MíCulloch for 2 pounds and 14 pennies, for wages due to him in the kingís services. (Rot. Scot, 612.) In 1350-1 Patrick MíCulloch, William de Aldeburgh, and John de Wigginton, were commissioners for Edward Baliol. (Rot. Scotiae.) But in 1353 the MíCullochs submitted to King David II.

      On Oct. 17, 1488, a decree was given to Quentin Agnew, sheriff of Wigtown, that he should restore to Archibald MíCulloch 28 oxen, 99 sheep, 4 horses, and other goods, the value of all which are therein specified. (Acta Auditorum, p. 188.) In 1507, when the earl of Derby, king of Man, made a descent on the town of Kirkcudbright, Cutler MíCulloch, chief of the clan of that name, collected a number of ships, and sailed for the Isle of Man, which he ravaged and plundered.

      In 1514 a charter was granted in favour of MíCulloch of Myretoun, to the lands of Merton, constituting them into a barony from that year to 1566. In the different civil wars and broils of that stormy period, the lairds of Cardoness and Myretoun took an active part. The chief of the MíCullochs was one of the subscribers to the bond entered into in 1567, to support the young King Jamesí authority.

      In 1587 William MíCulloch of Cardoness and Myretoun, and Mary, his wife, granted the lands of Ardwall to their nephew, William MíCulloch. In 1612 MíCulloch of Ardwall was fined £1,200 for opposing the kingís authority.

      The family of MíCulloch of Myretoun was raised to the rank of a baronet of Nova Scotia by Charles I. in 1634. The last baronet was Sir Godfrey MíCulloch of Ardwall, who was beheaded at Edinburgh, March 26, 1697, for having, in a passionate moment, shot one William Gourdon. The proceedings of his trial, and his speech and letter to his wife and children, will be found in Pitcairnís Criminal Trials.

      The descendants of this ancient family have lived in the old house of Ardwall since 1587. Walter MíCulloch of Ardwall, the 6th in the direct line, for many years held the appointment of sheriff-depute of Kirkcudbrightshire.

      From the family of Myretoun descended the MíĒCullochs of Drummoral and the MíCullochs of Muill. The MíCullochs of Piltoun descend from the MíCullochs of Cadboll.


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