Viscount, a title in the peerage of Scotland, conferred, by patent,
dated 17th May, 1681, on Charles Cheyne of Cogenho, descended from an
old Northamptonshire family of the name. (See CHEYNE). The principal
title was taken from Newhaven, in the county of Edinburgh; the secondary
title was Lord Cheyne. Previous to being created a viscount, he had been
M.P. for Agmondisham, and as a Scottish peerage, pervious to the Union,
held by an English subject, stood on the same footing as an Irish one at
present, he still possessed in England merely the rank of a commoner,
and was eligible to being elected a member of parliament. In 1695,
Viscount Newhaven was chosen M.P. for Newport in Cornwall, and died 13th
July, 1698, in his 74th year. His only son, William, second Viscount
Newhaven, was M.P. first for Buckinghamshire and afterwards for
Agmondisham till the Union of 1707, when he became a peer of the realm.
In 1712 he was appointed lord-lieutenant of Buckinghamshire, but removed
from that office on the accession of George I. in 1714. He died 14th
December 1738, in his 82d year, without issue, when the peerage, being
to the heirs male of the body of the first viscount, became extinct.
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