No sooner had the money been
forthcoming than the ships were launched and duly equipped with all the
necessary gear. They were also well provided with food, some agricultural
implements, tools, and such furniture and household utensils as would be
required on the voyage and the making of a fresh start in their new home.
Those who jeered and laughed at the enterprise were now its enthusiastic
supporters. They could attribute its success to no other cause than a
special interposition of Providence, and so they poured their blessings
upon them and lent them their aid wherever practicable.
Meetings were held weekly in the
church to render thanks unto God and to bless both givers and receivers.
The summer of 1851 proved to be the most memorable in the history of St.
Annís, for during it all opponents were converted into friends and all
doubters into firm believers. A wave of religious enthusiasm swept over
the district, reminding them of that in Assynt of old, and showing them
that the faith of their fathers was a genuine and sustaining belief.
Success followed success, while the departing friends were loaded with
gifts and tokens of goodwill.
The autumn was advancing, and on
October 28, 1851, the ships were ready for the journey. During the night,
however, a heavy frost descended, and the "Highland Lass," which was
anchored nearer to the shore than the
Margaret," became ice-bound. This
might delay her departure for a few days or even for a season, but the
"Margaret" and her people decided to proceed on the voyage. On the morning
of departure the people from all the surrounding districts gathered at the
St. Annís Church and fairly crowded the building. Norman preached his
farewell sermon from the words: "Fear not for I am with thee." He was
always a powerful and fluent speaker, but on this occasion he excelled
himself. His countenance shone with a radiance that betokened heavenly
inspiration. He traced the hand of God in all the wanderings of his
people; he recalled to them their troubles and trials in Caledonia, and
their marvellous escape from two nautical disasters; their blessings of
good health and worldly prosperity, and their rescue from seeming despair
in their present venture. It must be clear to them that an unseen hand had
been guiding and prospering them in the past, and so with faith all would
go well in the future. Let them accept in trust the words of God just read
to them. Let them accept the promise and commit all their cares to Him.
To those of them who were remaining
at St. Annís he would say: "Remember the traditions of your people and
country, remember your godly ancestors, the men and women who indeed held
converse with God. Follow their examples, and if so they might rest
assured that neither principalities nor powers could overcome them." Such
was the wisdom of his words, the pathos of his voice, and the earnestness
of his preaching that there were few dry eyes in the congregation. Some
sobbed aloud, while others cried "O Dhia nan gras be mailler rinn" (O
merciful God be with us). Bidding good-bye to old Scotia was a
heartrending business, but bidding good-bye to St. Annís was equally so.
"Cha teille, cha teille, cha teille
(Return, return, return we never)
could now be uttered with as much
emphasis as was done on the shores of Lochbroom in 1817. The words indeed
were prophetic, for none of the old people ever returned to Scotland or to
During the 33 years of their
pilgrimage in Canada many of the older generation had crossed the bar or,
in their own expressive and familiar tongue, had gone "dhachaidh" (gone
home), while a new generation had sprung up who knew not Caledonia. Grief,
want, and heartache took their toll. Love of home and Country is a strong
trait in the character of the Celt. Be it a turf hut on the hillside or a
clay biggin on the edge of the cliff, to the Celt it is the dearest spot
on earth. He, indeed, verifies the poetís words when he sings:-
What mortal hand can ere untie
The filial band that knits me to thy rugged strand.
Their circumstances were somewhat
different, but the harrowing of their feelings was much the same.
"Goodbye, friend and foe; good-bye to the House of God," said Norman; "and
may He protect us until we build for Him a new house in the land to which
we are about to proceed. The blessings of God be with all those in this
land and with His people everywhere."
With these words Norman descended
from his pulpit. He was now in his seventy-first year, and with his wife,
three daughters, three sons, and 136 of his people, he left the church and
proceeded to board the good ship "Margaret."
Duncan McKenzie (the Moses of the
settlement) led the people singing in Gaelic the Old Hundredth Psalm :
gach tir ard-iolach glaoidh"
(All people that on earth do dwell).
So overwrought were the people, and
so clear to them were the mysterious workings of Providence, that everyone
wished to depart with the "Margaret." Norman now appeared to them as one
of the prophets of old, and everyone blessed him. He possessed marvellous
personal attractions, and seemed to have some magnetic influence over his
followers. After much weeping, much praying, and endless "beannachds"
(blessings or good-byes) all of them found their allotted places on board.
The anchor was weighed, the bell
tolled, the gangway lifted, the mainsail unfurled, while everyone on board
waved handkerchiefs and caps with countless "beannachds" and
farewells as the "Margaret" moved from her moorings.
The moment was tense, friends were
parting perhaps for ever. Then went forth a mighty shout from those
remaining behind saying "God be with you until we meet again." Heads were
bent, tears flowed, and many engaged in prayer. Those left behind were now
more overcome than those who had departed, and if ships were available it
is probable that everyone in St. Annís would have joined the quest of the
Argonauts in their search for the Golden Fleece.
HEADS OF FAMILIES.
The following are the names of the
heads of families, and the numbers in each family, who sailed in the
"Margaret," and the townships from which they came :óAnderson (1)
Aberdeen, Campbell (7) St. Annís, Dingwall (1) St. Annís, Fraser (7) St.
Annís, McGregor, D. (8) St. Annís Glen, McGregor, John (3) St. Annís,
McGregor, R. (2) St. Annís, McGregor, Jas. (3) St. Annís, Mathieson (1)
St. Annís, Mclnnes (3) St. Annís, McKay, G. (14) Baddeck, McKay, R.
(ó) Baddeck, McKay,
R., sen. (11) Baddeck, McRae, Miss and family (7) Middle River, McLeod, D.
(9) St. Annís, McLeod, John (10) St. Annís, McLeod, G. (3) St. Annís,
McLeod, Rev. Norman (8) St. Annís, McKenzie (7) Baddeck, Kerr (1) St.
Annís, McLeod, T. (1) St. Annís, McLeodb John (1) St. Annís, Ross (10) St.
Annís, Ross, R. (ó),
Sutherland (9) St. Annís.
A REMARKABLE ENTERPRISE.
This expedition was one of the most
remarkable in the annals of British history. A simple rural people
voluntarily leaving their homes in search of a land at the other side of
the world of which they knew nothing. What stout hearts, what faith, what
loyalty to their leaders these people exhibited. It was indeed the
biblical story revived of Moses and Aaron leading their people into the
Well might Norman with his knowledge
of classical lore have named his ship "The Argo," his people "The
Argonauts," and himself "Jason." They, indeed, were sailing in search of
the Golden Fleece, and knew not what lay before them. There is nothing in
British history that can approach it, for they built their own ships and
equipped them. They found officers and crews amongst themselves. They
sailed them successfully, while committing their destinies to the God of
their fathers. The nearest approach to it that we have is the voyage of
the "Mayflower" and the Pilgrim Fathers. Somewhat similar circumstances
moved both parties; but, oh, what a difference in the navigators and the
seas which they traversed. The Golden West has been the home of those who
have sought personal and religious freedom, the outcast and the
persecuted. Its history has been a surprise to the world and its success
phenomenal. The St. Annís Argonauts were reared upon the Bible. They
likened themselves to Israel in Egypt. They had their Pharaoh and their
Moses. They had their visions of a Promised Land, and now with their own
Moses and their own Aaron, the pillar of cloud and the pillar of fire,
they were moving into their Land of Promise. The expedition is a
marvellous illustration of the results of biblical training and human
LIFE ON THE VOYAGE.
As the Argonauts wended their way towards the equator
the weather and seas were at their best. Morning and evening the shipís
company gathered on deck and engaged in family worship. Then was heard the
voices of this band of enthusiasts singing in Gaelic the grand old tune
Perhaps Dundeeís wild warbling
Or plaintive martyrs worthy of the name,
Or noble Elgin beats the heavenward flame,
The sweetest far of Scotiaís holy lays.
Probably never before did tropical
seas witness such scenes. There were no class distinctions, and none to
say "I am better than thee." Captain, officers, crew, minister, and people
occupied the same home, sat at the same table, performed the same tasks,
spoke the same language, owned the same country, and worshipped after the
same manner. They were as one large family with the aged high priest as a
common father. Each helped the other, so that mutual confidence and esteem
was the dominant note.
Man is a complex creature, both on
his moral and his physical side. To relieve the monotony of the voyage and
free the mind from its surrounding moods, Rob Donn, Duncan Ban, and other
masters of the muse were invited to grace the platform. Then would burst
forth a chorus of voices singing the caustic lines of " Ishbal Nic-Aoidh"
(Bella McKay) or the pathetic strains of "Ben-doran" (name of Scottish
mountain). Norman was a past master in all that concerned the welfare of
the human mind. Songs, games, music, story-telling, reading, and feats of
strength were regularly practised. The "piob mohr" (bagpipe) was produced,
and as the "Margaret" glided over tropical waters the wild skin of "Hey,
Johnnie Cope" or "The Deíil amang the Tailors" could be heard wafted over
the boundless main. At an appropriate moment Norman would retire to his
sanctum, and then both young and old would tread a measure to the
lightsome strain of Ian McKayís fiddle. They were children, and happiness
expressed in movement is part of the life of all young creatures.
On their way they called at St. Jago,
in the Cape Verde Islands, and also at Capetown (South Africa), in order
to procure supplies of fresh water, fruits, and vegetables. From both
these points they posted letters to their friends at St. Annís. Everything
went well, all were in the best of health, the weather was delightful, and
the people were happy.
ADELAIDE AND DISAPPOINTMENT.
Meantime the "Margaret" proceeded on
her eastern journey. They were in no hurry, and decided to run down their
easterlies further north than was usually the case. This would prolong the
voyage, but it would give them warmer weather and more comfort in sailing.
Every day had its duties. Some went to school, some to trades, and some to
the routine of the ship. Time passed pleasantly, and on April 10, 1852,
after a voyage of 164 days and a sail of 12,000 miles, they arrived safely
at their destination.
In those early days there was no
wharf at Adelaide and no place at which to tie up their ship, so they were
compelled to cast anchor in the stream. This done, Norman assembled the
people on deck, reared an altar, and offered thanks to God for His
goodness and protection during their long journey. They encountered no
storms, while the health of every member of the expedition was excellent.
The people knelt and joined in prayer, and then sang Psalm 23:
"Is a Dia
fein aís buachaill
(The Lordís my shepherd, Iíll not want).
Here it was fully expected that
ex-Captain Donald McLeod (Normanís son) would meet them, but after waiting
a day or two no Donald appeared. There were no settlers and no habitations
near the sea, and they wondered if they had come to an empty continent.
Disappointment seized them. Norman, Duncan McKenzie, John Fraser, and John
McKay made preparations to, land and find their way to Adelaide. The great
South Australian Capital was then a mere village with a handful of white
settlers. Here at the local post office they found a letter left by Donald
McLeod in which he said that he had gone to Melbourne, and from there
would probably have to sail for New Zealand. No arrangements had been made
by him and no advice tendered as to how they should proceed on their
arrival, and this added intensely to the disappointment of the party.
NOT THE PROMISED LAND.
On making inquiries they were
informed that all the land around Adelaide and its harbour was occupied as
sheep runs, so that none could be had for a settlement such as they
proposed to establish. With this disheartening news they returned to their
ship and reported the conditions to the people. There was plenty of land
inland away behind Mount Lofty and up the Spencer Gulf, but none near to
the budding town. Their spirits drooped, but Norman
was equal to the
occasion. He told them that in the midst of perplexities it was their duty
to turn to God. He had guided them so far, and no doubt He would do so
until their final settlement. Then a council of war was held, and it was
decided that a party be formed to go inland and spy out the land. The
party consisted of Norman as leader, Duncan McKenzie, John Fraser, John
McKay, and Kenneth Ding-wall. They scoured the country around Mount Lofty
and up towards the Saint Vincent Gulf. The whole country was in a state of
nature. It was parched and barren, and seemingly not adapted for
agricultural pursuits. The climate was hot and sultry, with an almost
entire absence of rivers, streams, or wells. They were a people reared in
and accustomed to a more temperate climate, and the fierce tropical sun of
South Australia did not appeal to them. Then, too, they were a maritime
people and accustomed to the products of the sea. They would not be happy
away from their natural element, and thus they decided the Golden Fleece
was not to be found in South Australia. While returning to their ship they
called at the lone home of a settler on the lower slopes of Mount Lofty.
Here they were surprised to meet a Gaelic-speaking Highlander named
Gordon, who had been squatting there for some years. He informed them that
there was abundance of good agricultural land to be had around Angustown,
and strongly advised them to examine it before finally abandoning their
On returning to the ship another
council of war was held, and it was decided that those who wished to
remain at Adelaide should be permitted to do so, while the others would
proceed to Melbourne. Norman was satisfied that there they would meet with
Captain Donald and that all would be well. A few of them decided to remain
and face the struggle for existence in this new land. The goods and
chattels of those who decided to remain were landed, and after a weekís
rest the "Margaret" weighed anchor and sailed for Melbourne. The bidding
of good-bye to the few who remained behind was extremely pathetic. They
were neighbours for a lifetime, and now they were about to be separated
for an unknown period. They were in the one continent, but the means of
communication were both primitivc and uncertain. It was indeed a trial of
faith, but so firm was their belief in the hand of Providence that no one
complained. Norman was distressed at the turn of events, but had implicit
faith that the dark clouds which presently surrounded them would pass
Amongst those who left them was Mr.
John Fraser and his family. He was one of Normanís best friends, and took
a prominent part in the financing and building of the "Margaret." Mr.
Fraser had an offer of occupation and land at a low price from Mr. Angus,
of Angustown, and accepted it. Angustown lies some 60 miles outside
Adelaide, and to reach it with his household goods, a wife, three sons,
and three daughters, he purchased a waggon and a pair of bullocks. Bush
waggons and bullocks were the only means of travel in those days, for
there were no roads and no places of accommodation along any route. It
took them nearly a week to cover the 60 miles. Fortunately, the "Prairie
Schooner" was a mode of transit well known to Mr. Fraser, and so they
arrived safely at their destination. Most of the others who left the
"Margaret" settled in or around Adelaide.
MELBOURNE AND THE GOLD FIELDS.
In due time the " Margaret" arrived
at Melbourne, but, alas, no Captain Donald was there to meet them, nor a
soul whom they knew to welcome them. Melbourne at this time was but a
small town of some 15,000 inhabitants. It had, however, suddenly awakened
from the sleep of ages owing to the discovery of gold in 1851. Murchison
said there was gold there in 1844, but Hargreaves was the actual finder in
1851. Ships and people poured into the port almost daily. All was
excitement and fever owing to the promised abundance of gold. The St.
Annís Argonauts were taken at a disadvantage. They were a peasant people
to whom the lure of gold-fields was unknown. They, however, had come to
the end of their journey, and must now seek out new homes. Owing to the
gold fever agriculture was neglected, and they found the price of food
very exorbitant. Then, too, their liquid funds were about exhausted, but
the ship was their own property. Inquiries were made regarding Captain
Donald McLeod, but no trace of him could be found. Norman realized they
had come to the end of their journey, and an effort must be made to find
homes and food for his people. Several crewless ships were riding at
anchor in the bay, the sailors having made moonlight fittings for the
gold-fields. In those circumstances the prospects of selling the "
Margaret" to advantage seemed remote. Ashore they must go, as it was a
dangerous and difficult task to house so many people in a small anchored
ship in Melbourne harbour. As was his wont when in difficulty, he retired
to his closet and laid the matter before God. Here he was directed to go
ashore and seek out a suitable spot in which his people might camp. In
this warm and genial climate tent life would be quite pleasant. They must
settle upon the land, but as they had neither friend nor acquaintance to
direct them, they must seek out a suitable locality for themselves. Then
he called the people together, and told them that although they had come
to a land apparently rich in gold and worldly prospects, still he desired
them to continue their peasant life and form a settlement of their own. It
was agreed that Captain Duncan McKenzie, John McKay, and Kenneth Dingwall,
along with himself, should go ashore and select a suitable camping site.
They found a very pleasant spot on the banks of the Yarra close to the
budding city, and in due time thither the St. Annís Argonauts moved. By
this time a city merchant of Scottish origin heard of their arrival and
the difficulties that faced them. He offered to purchase the "Margaret"
and to help them in finding suitable land for their settlement. His offer
was accepted, and in bidding good-bye to the "Margaret" the last link that
tied them to St. Annís was severed. The excitement in shipping circles,
the commotion amongst the miners, and the novelty of the scenes around
them, greatly helped in reconciling them to their new home. Tents were
easily procured, while those who wished it were at liberty to accept any
employment offering. In a few days a party was formed consisting of
Norman, Duncan McKenzie, John McKay, Donald Campbell, and Kenneth Dingwall
to go and examine the lands suggested by their Scottish friend. They
tramped the country for many miles around the town in search of the Golden
Fleece. They even found their way to the mountain range culminating in Mt.
Disappointment. Land there was in abundance, but all in its natural state
of forest growth or dry and parched plains. There was no water, no roads,
no food, whilst naked savages and wild Europeans roamed the land. After
ten daysí wandering they returned to camp and reported their intense
disappointment in not finding the Golden Fleece. Norman consoled them with
the assurance that God in His own time would open a door for them. They
were like the Israelites of old, and had the Israelitesí faith that some
day they would arrive in their Promised Land. That night at family worship
Norman read the ancient story, and they sang the 137th Psalm :ó
"Aig sruthaibh coimheadh Bhabiloin"
By Babelís streams we sat and wept
As Zion we thought on;
In midst thereof we hangíd our harps
The willow trees upon.
As the next move was uncertain,
several of the younger men left for the Ballarat gold-fields and remained
there. From time to time they visited the Yarra camp and brought with them
large quantities of gold which was much appreciated by their friends.
Norman was determined to keep his
People together, and for this purpose he sought for and obtained
employment for many of them in and around the throbbing city. Many of the
residents had left their homes and occupations and departed for the
gold-fields. So powerful was the lure of gold that several business houses
had to close their doors for lack of employees to transact business. This
was a favourable opening for the Argonauts to obtain cheap dwellings, and
Norman looked upon it as a particular dispensation of Providence. The
people were not desirous of being separated. They were strangers in a
strange land. They spoke a strange tongue, had their own peculiar habits,
and so desired to live together as one family. All their lives they had
been together, confided in each other, worked for each other, shared each
otherís goods, their woes and weals, and were indeed one large and united
family. Norman was daily closeted in prayer and seeking Divine guidance in
the difficulties that surrounded them. Then one night in his dreams he saw
a gallant ship coming to their rescue with a hand pointing towards the
rising sun. In the meantime the people began to gather information from
traders and whalers regarding New Zealand, the land to which Captain
Donald McLeod had gone forth to discover. They sent letters to their
friends in St. Annís both from Adelaide and Melbourne. Their Melbourne
letters described the rush to the goldófields and the congestion of
shipping in the harbour. They had fixed upon no new settlement, but land
in abundance could be purchased at a nominal price. After much prayerful
consideration Nor-man sought out his fides ahzartes, Mr. John McKay
and Mr. John Fraser, the latter of whom they had left behind at Adelaide.
On their coming to visit him he made the proposal that he wished them to
go to New Zealand, spy out the land there, and try if they could discover
anything about his son Donald. While making inquiries, he discovered that
a small trading vessel called the "Gazelle" of 50 tons was about to
sail for Russell in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand. Russell at this time
was the seat of government and also the principal whaling station in the
country, so that most traders made it a port of call. His two friends had
not the heart to refuse the fervent and paternal appeal of their aged and
revered minister, so they packed their kits and took passage on this small
trader for New Zealand. Norman called down the blessings of Heaven upon
them; while the friends they were leaving behind would kindly look after
and care for their families. All went well, and in due time they arrived
at Russell. Soon they found that the seat of government had been removed
from Russell to Auckland. The Maoris at Kororareka (Russell) had proved so
fierce and troublesome that Governor Grey thought it wise to select a new
site for the seat of government and hence selected Auckland.
This locality presented many
features that were very desirable as a seat of government. It had a fine
natural harbour, friendly tribe of Maoris, a narrow neck of land
separating two seas, several small hills that lent themselves as posts of
observation or defence, while close by was a wide expanse of fertile
country. The pioneers (Messrs. Fraser and McKay) soon made their way down
the coast and were highly pleased at the appearance of the country around
the new capital. They made inquiries regarding Captain Donald McLeod both
at Russell and at Auckland, but no trace of him could be found. After
satisfying themselves that here was a desirable country in which to
settle, they approached Governor Grey as to the obtaining of land for a
special settlement. They were offered blocks of land around the shores of
the harbour or elsewhere where the land could be purchased from the
Maoris. All rural land at that time in New Zealand was selling at from
five to ten shillings per acre with no limit placed upon the amount to be
acquired. The terms satisfied them, and so it was arranged that Mr. McKay
should return to Melbourne, while Mr. Fraser would remain to prosecute
inquiries as to the best spot in which to settle. On McKayís return,
Norman and the people were greatly delighted at the good news he brought
with him. God indeed had opened a door for them; He heard their prayers
and to Him be the praise.
The people of St. Annís heard of the
safe arrival of the "Margaret" at her destination, and of the wonderful
new land under the Southern Cross. All doubts were now removed; the
Argonauts were well; while the prospects before them were considered
The news spurred them on with the
reconditioning and re-equipping of the "Highland Lass," so that late in
the spring of 1852 she was ready for the voyage. All their land and stock
had been previously disposed of, and was now occupied by new settlers from
the surrounding districts. The excitement on the leaving of the "Margaret"
was again renewed. They lacked the guidance of their aged minister, but
the "catechists " and " men" (church elders) came forward and filled the
blank. Now they had no doubts as to the possibility of the voyage and
suitability of the land to which they were about to proceed. On May 17,
1852, the "Highland Lass," under the command of Captain Murdo McKenzie,
set sail for Adelaide with 188 passengers. Again there were countless "beannachds"
(good-byes) and prayers, with much weeping and heartbreaking. The people
now seemed convinced that it was the destiny of all of them to leave St.
Annís and to settle in Australia. The old proverb has it that "man
proposes but God disposes." They were leaving to settle in Australia, but
it was destined that they should settle in New Zealand.
The following are the names, numbers, and localities of
the "Highland Lass" passengers so far as can be ascertained :óFinlayson
(ó) Baddeck, John Finlayson (4) Baddeck, Roderick Finlayson (4) Baddeck,
Roderick Gillis (3) Baddeck, N. Gibbons (ó) Sydney (C.B.), Donald McDonald
(10) Boularderie, Donald McDonald (11) P.E. Island, Neil McGregor (2) St.
Annís, Angus McKay (ó) Baddeck, Duncan McKay (5) Baddeck, Duncan McKay
(11) Baddeck, Jonathan McKay (ó) Bad-deck, Duncan McKenzie (7) Baddeck,
Murdock McKenzie (7) Baddeck, Hector McKenzie (4) Baddeck, John McKenzie
(8) Baddeck, Wm. McKenzie (3) Big Harbour, Donald McKenzie (5) Big Harbour,
Murdock McKenzie (5) Big Harbour, Roderick McKenzie (ó), i)onald McLean
(9) Baddeck, John McLean (7) Big Harbour, McQuarrie (ó) Middle River,
Alex. McRae (6) Middle River, Duncan Matheson (ó) Grand River, Thos. Orman
(ó) Halifax, Colin Simson (ó) Sydney Mines, K. Stuart (7) St. Annís Glen.
The voyage of the "Highland Lass" was uneventful. She
called at Cape Town as did the "Margaret" for fresh supplies of water and
vegetables, and remained there for several days. Resuming her voyage, she
arrived at Adelaide on October 23, 1852, after a voyage of 159 days. The
journey was long, but the conditions were pleasant and the people happy.
At Adelaide letters awaited them to proceed to Melbourne where the
Argonauts had temporarily settled. This was the ship which Norman saw in
his dreams, and so he looked forward to her arrival with the utmost
pleasure. When she cast anchor in the bay there was much joy in the Yarra
camp, and also on board the "Highland Lass." Friends met friends, hearts
were reunited, and all sincerely trusted there would be no more parting.
After the preliminary greeting, Norman told them of the difficulty they
had in securing suitable land near to Adelaide or to Melbourne. Then he
informed them of the expedition he had sent to New Zealand, and of the
warm welcome and kind offer made to their representatives in that land.
New Zealand, it was said, was a land similar in climate to the south of
England, where agricultural pursuits could be successfully carried on upon
the old lines. They had the offer of lands bordering upon the sea, from
which source they could readily obtain much of the food to which they were
accustomed. The newcomers were very much surprised at the turn of events,
but the glowing descriptions of Mr. John McKay soon reconciled them to the
intended venture. The elders of both parties spent several days in
studying the situation. Some were anxious to try the gold-fields and some
to settle on the banks of the Yarra. Norman invited all the newcomers to
the Yarra camp, and after partaking of such hospitality as their
circumstances permitted all of them gathered at family worship. Then could
be heard the novel situation of some 300 Gaelic-speaking people singing
the 133rd Psalm:ó
"O Feuch, cia meud am maith a nis"
Behold how good a thing it is,
And how becoming well,
Together, such as brcthren are,
In unity to dwell.
The people were charmed with their aged minister and
the manner in which he conducted their worship. It was the old Norman of
St. Annís, and no one could supplant him in their affections. It recalled
Sutherland, Ross, and the Isles to their memories, and therewith they were
happy. Next day he sought out the elders of the new party and invited them
to join the Yarra camp in proceeding to New Zealand. He revealed to them
his dream, and was satisfied that God was directing them to that distant
country, and thither they must go. The people felt themselves helpless
under the persuasion of their friend, and if God had destined them to go
there then go they must. For has not the poet said:-