Broughton (pa. 668), situated where the Tweed
flowing north from Tweedsmuir turns eastward. There are many British forts
in the neighbourhood and relics of the bronze period have been frequently
Cardrona, a small hamlet in the parish of
Traquair midway between Peebles and Innerleithen.
Carlops, in West Linton parish three miles N.E.
of West Linton. Its old name was Carlynlippis and it was from 1334 to 1357
one of the landmarks of the northern boundary of England, which at that
time included part of Peeblesshire. "Habbies Howe" near Carlops in the
valley of the Esk is the scene of Allan Ramsays Gentle Shepherd.
Drummelzier (pa. 164), three miles S.E. of
Broughton Station, has a pre-Reformation parish church. A thornbush near
the churchyard marks the traditional burial-place of Merlin the Wizard.
Eddleston (pa. 589) is a village 4½ miles
N. of Peebles. In the neighbourhood is the beautiful cascade of Cowies
Lynn. West of the village stands Darnhall, the seat of the Murrays called
formerly Halton, and afterwards Blackbarony.
Innerleithen (2547), near the mouth of the
Leithen Water, has large woollen mills. Long famous as a summer resort, it
had, in the early part of last century, some renown as a watering-place.
In early times the church of Innerleithen was dedicated to St Kentigern.
Malcolm II bestowed upon it the right of sanctuary because the dead body
of his son, who had been accidentally drowned in Tweed, had lain there one
night before burial. The Carnegie Free Library is a building of
Kirkurd (pa. 253), a village about nine miles
N.W. of Peebles.
Lyne (pa. 125), a hamlet on the left bank of
Lyne Water beneath the southern slope of the plateau on which Lyne camp is
situated. The neighbourhood is noted for its British forts, pre-historic
remains, and the church built in 1644. The pulpit, presented by Lady
Yester, is a highly finished piece of woodwork from Holland.
Lamancha, a small village in the parish of
Newlands, used to be the seat of the Earls of Dundonald.
Manor (pa. 261) is a scattered hamlet in the
valley of Manor Water. In the churchyard is the grave of the Black Dwarf,
who lived in a cottage erected by himself near Wood-house farm. Posso near
the south end of the valley is famous for its falcons. Hill forts are
numerous. One, Macbeths Castle, occupies a roche moutonnée in the
middle of the valley. South of Posso Craig stood the parish church, known
as St Gordians Kirk, till about the year1650. In 1874 a cross was erected
by Sir James Naesmyth of Posso to mark the spot. Between St Gordians
Cross and Manorhead, a monumental cairn has been erected to the memory of
Professor John Veitch "in his favourite valley."
Newlands (pa. 590), a hamlet between West
Linton and Eddleston.
Peebles (5554), the county town and an
ancient royal burgh, was in existence before 1195.
The old town lay north of the Tweed and west of Eddleston Water.
The only part now remaining stretches from Bigglesknowe to St Andrews
Tower. The old town was more than once burned by the English, and in the
sixteenth century a new town sprang up along the high ridge extending from
the site of the parish church to the East-gate. The new town was
surrounded by a wall, a portion of which may still be seen on Venlaw Road.
Peebles was a famous ecclesiastical centre till the Reformation, and a
favourite residence of the Scottish Kings. David II granted it a charter
in 1337, and probably David I had done the same. Bruce, having recovered
it from the English, demolished its Castle. After the Reformation a number
of the nobility and gentry took up their residence in Peebles; but after
the Union they left it for London. By the middle of the eighteenth century
the spirit of commercial enterprise had awakened in the place, and since
the introduction of the Tweed manufacture the town has steadily developed.
In the year 1624 the building, afterwards known as the
Queensberry Lodging, was presented by James VI to Lord Yester, ancestor of
the Marquis of Tweeddale; and in 1687 became the property of the Duke of
Queensberry. There is a current tradition that "Old Q"
was born in the Queensberry Lodging. In 1857 it was acquired by
William Chambers, who presented it to his native town. By Chambers the
building was entirely reconstructed with the exception of the vaulted
ground-floor. Recently, through the munificence of Mr Andrew Carnegie, the
Chambers institution was reconstructed and extended. The new buildings,
opened in 1912, comprise the Council Chambers, the Town Hall, the Library,
the Museum, doubled in size, an Art Gallery and other accommodation.
Peebles has also County Buildings, a fine specimen of Tudor design; a High
School for Burgh and County; a Hydro; and numerous churches. The old
Cross, in High Street, has had an eventful history. There is a golf
course, with a fine southern exposure, overlooking town and valley.
The Burgh arms are three salmon naiant counter naiant,
with the legend, Contra nando inerementum. It was a common jest in
more convivial days, when the saying "Peebles for Pleasure" had its
origin, to make them "three tumblers."
Romanno Bridge, a hamlet in the parish of
Newlands, has famous terraces; whether made by the Britons, or the Romans,
or the monks of Newbattle Abbey, is uncertain. Similar terraces occur on
Rogers Crag, east of Halmyre.
Stobo (pa. 350), a hamlet seven miles
west of Peebles. The church, a Plebania or mother church in early times,
is mentioned in the Inquisition of David I as having belonged to Kentigem,
and in the Peebles Burgh Records as "Saint Mungoys Kirk of Stobo." John
Reid of Stobo, churchman and notary, is one of the poets whom William
Dunbar mourns for in his Lament for the Makaris:
"And he [Death] has now tane, last of aw,
Gud gentill Stobo et Quintyne Schaw,
Of quham all wichtis hes pete:
Timor Mortis conturbat me."
Traquair (pa. 559), a well-known hamlet
near the Quair Burn opposite to Innerleithen, is famous for its
associations with Traquair House and for the song The Bush aboon
Tweedsmuir (pa. 198) is a small hamlet in
the upper reaches of the Tweed. The churchyard contains the grave of John
Hunter, a martyr for the Covenant. In the neighbourhood is Oliver Castle,
built about 1200, the home of the Frasers.
Walkerburn (1331), a village in the
parish of Innerleithen, founded in 1855 by Henry Ballantyne, in whose
memory the Ballantyne Memorial Institute was erected, 1903. On the face of
Purvis Hill near Walkerburn is a range of terraces similar to those at
Romanno. Opposite to Walkerburn is the Plora glen, in which Hoggs "Bonnie
Kilmeny" was spirited away by the fairies.
West Linton (pa. 1000) is a favourite
summer resort for Edinburgh people, owing to its nearness (sixteen miles)
to the capital and its healthy situation, 600 feet above sea-level. The
parish church has fine wood-carving. Linton was the first known settlement
of the Comyn family in Scotland. West Linton was formerly a burgh of
regality, with a baron-bailie and a council of feuars, called the
" Linton Lairds." One of these, Laird Gifford,
was a noted local sculptor. The finial of the Jubilee clock, representing
his wife, is his work. West Linton had become famous for its stone carvers
from the time when the builders at Drochil Castle introduced their art to