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Perth, the Ancient Capital of Scotland
Chapter XXI


THE REBELLION OF 1715— LORD MAR'S CORRESPONDENCE.

The correspondence which took place between the Earl of Mar and Colonel John Hay of Cromlix, Jacobite Governor of Perth in 1715, has never before been published. The letters from the Governor to the Earl of Mar have evidently not been preserved. Much interest attaches to the following letters, as the Rebellion was one of the greatest events that has occurred in the history of Perth. A new light is thrown upon it by these letters, which place Lord Mar in a better position than he gets credit for by some historians.

Earl of Mar to the Gentlemen of Perthshire.

Our rightful and natural King, James VIII., by the grace of God (who is now coming to relieve us from all our oppression), has been pleased to entrust me with the direction of his affairs, and the command of his forces in this his ancient kingdom of Scotland. And some of his faithful subjects and servants met at Aboyne, viz., Lords Huntly and Tullibardine, the Earl Marischal, Earl Southesk, Glengarry from the Clans, Earl of Breadalbane and gentlemen from Argyllshire, Patrick Lyon of Auchterhouse, the Laird of Auldbar, Lieutenant-General George Hamilton, Major-General Gordon, and myself. Having taken into consideration his Majesty's last and late orders to us, and as this is the time he ordered us to appear openly in arms for him, so it seems to us absolutely necessary for His Majesty's service and the relief of our native country from all its hardships that all his faithful and loving subjects and lovers of their country should, with all possible speed, put themselves into arms. These are therefore, in his Majesty's name, and by the King's special order to us thereanent, to require and empower you to raise what men you can, both gentlemen and others, with their best arms, and to be ready to march to attend the King's standard upon the first intimation, which you may very soon expect. You are also hereby empowered to secure what arms and ammunition are in the hands of suspected persons.

The King intends that his forces shall be paid from the time of their setting out He expects, as he positively orders, that they behave themselves civilly, and commit no plundering nor other disorders, under the highest penalties and his displeasure, which it is expected you will see observed. The King makes no doubt of your zeal for his service, especially at this juncture, where his cause is so deeply concerned, and the relieving of our native country from oppression and a foreign yoke too heavy for us and our posterity to bear, and when now is the time to endeavour the restoring not only of our rightful and native King, but also our country, to its ancient, free, and independent constitution under him whose ancestors have reigned over us for so many generations. In so honourable, good, and just a cause we cannot doubt of the assistance, direction, and blessing of Almighty God, who has so often rescued the Royal Family of Stuart and our country from sinking under oppression. Your punctual observance of all these orders is expected, for the doing of all which this shall be to you and all you employ in the execution of them a sufficient warrant. Given at Braemar the 7th September, 1715. MAR.

John, Earl of Mar, or Commander-in-Chief of his Majestys Forces in Scotland, to Colonel John Hay of Cromlix:

The town of Perth being in the hands and possession of the King's friends is of great importance to his Majesty's service. These are therefore requiring and empowering you, as soon as you shall think it a fit and proper time, to secure and take possession of the town of Perth for his Majesty's use, and to secure what arms, ammunition, and all other sorts of stores that are there. You are also to secure what moneys are in the hands of the collectors of the cess, customs, and excise there, and to appoint such collectors for the uplifting of these revenues for the time coming as you shall think most for the King's service. You are also authorised to order a free election of the Magistrates of Perth and to do what you think further necessary for his Majesty's service. These are likewise empowering you to call for the assistance of such gentlemen and others you think fit in the execution of the said service. For doing of all which this shall be to you and all you employ in the execution hereof a sufficient warrant Given at Braemar the 12th day of September, 1715. Mar.

John, Earl of Mar, to Colonel John Hay.

We, reposing special trust and confidence in your loyalty, courage, and good conduct, and being well satisfied of your zeal for his Majesty's service, do hereby constitute and appoint you to be Governor of the town of Perth, which is now in his Majesty's possession. You are therefore carefully and diligently to discharge this great and important trust, and to take the said town under your care and government And we hereby require the town and garrison to obey you as their governor. And you are to observe and follow all such orders, directions, and commands as you shall from time to time receive from his Majesty or from us, according to the rules and discipline of war. Given under our hand and seal at the camp at Moulin this 18th day of September, 1715. Mar.

Lord Mar's secretary to Colonel John Hay.

I have the Earl of Mar's orders to acknowledge receipt of yours of the 18th. His Lordship does not apprehend that the Duke of Argyll will make any motion far from Stirling; however, it being of great consequence to his Majesty's service that the town of Perth continue in his Majesty's possession, in case you should be attacked, you are to defend it as long as you possibly can ; and upon the very first intelligence of the approach of the enemy you are to acquaint the Earl of Mar thereof by express so as his Lordship may come to your assistance as soon as possible. Now that your garrison is considerably reinforced and will be so more and more, the Earl of Mar desires that (how soon you find yourself in a condition to do so) you call together all the people of the town and tender to them the oath of allegiance to our Sovereign Lord, King James VIII., and that they disclaim all subjection to, or dependence on, any other prince or power; and such as shall refuse to comply with this you are to expel from the town, and immediately thereafter order a free election of the Magistrates by poll. His Lordship likewise desires that you summon all the country about you to bring in forage and provisions and give your receipt for such quantities as you shall receive for the use of the garrison, and his lordship will give his obligation for it in the King's name and his own. You are to endeavour to get what quantities of meal you can, giving your receipt for it and the meal and victuals which the laird of Powrie is to send to Perth; for all which and for that which was sent out of Lord Kinnoull's granary the Earl of Mar will give his obligation. As soon as there come more horses into the town of Perth than you have occasion for, you are desired to send them to the camp. You are to stop and break open all letters going to or coming from any place whatever, and to send such of them as may be of any use to the Earl of Mar; and you are to displace the present postmaster of Perth and appoint another in his room. After informing yourself carefully if there be any enemy in the way, you are (if you find it safe) to send a party of horse to the House of Tullibardine and there to seize what horses, arms, ammunition and provisions can be found and bring them to the town of Perth for his Majesty's service.—I am, etc, John Paterson.

Camp at Moulin, September 19, 1715.

The Earl of Mar to Colonel John Hay.

LOGIERAIT, 20th September, Midnight. Everybody almost having disappointed me in coming here with their Foot the time I appointed, makes it impossible for me yet to march down to the low country, much less take the advice that is given by that letter enclosed in your last I foresaw this opportunity, and gave the orders accordingly; but what can I help people's wisdom which has made them not observe them? It is not my fault, nor can the world impute it to me when they come afterwards to know my situation. However, they are now coming, and this week we shall be a very considerable army, and much superior to what they can bring against us. And about that time I hope the clans will be marching through Argyllshire towards Glasgow, which will make the west country militia as little sure to the army at Stirling as I hope some of their troops are. These regiments they give out as coming to them cannot be with them so soon as they say; and those from Holland, when they come, will not hurt us muck Perhaps we have as much reason to wish them coming as they. I doubt much their venturing a detachment to the Highlands to intercept the west country people. Had people obeyed orders I should have been glad of them going there, for we should have had a good account of them. You may depend upon it we are not idle, and shall be in readiness upon the first notice. Any one you send to me with intelligence give them strict orders to disclose no news till first they have spoken to me and received my orders. Adieu.

The Earl of Mar to Colonel John Hay.

Logierait, 20th September, Midnight. Received both yours this morning, the one of yesterday by Lord Charles Murray and that of this morning at three o'clock, by Mr. Graeme. As for Argyll's design of capitulating, I believe there is nothing in it, and there has no such message come to me, nor do I believe there will. Perhaps he might have had some such instructions when he came from London, but now that they know we are actually in arms and our manifesto published, they will think, I believe, that anything of that kind comes too late. If any such message come to me it shall be made no secret. But it is impossible now for us to have any such thoughts, and he's an ill man that would. I can answer for one, and I hope for a great many more. What can they offer us in lieu of all that's dear to mankind, which I take to be the case with us? I hope ere long we shall have another kind of message from Argyll and his forces to ask terms for themselves. That you may tell to all the world with my name to it You may be sure of our coming to you when it is time.—I am, etc., Mar.

The Earl of Mar to Colonel John Hay.

Moulin, 22nd September.

I had yours of the 21st this morning at seven. I am very glad to find you in so good condition and heart; with what I sent you yesterday you will be better. The Earl of Southesk and Lord Ogilvie will be with you to-day and probably the Earl of Panmure. I move to-day to Logierait, leaving this quarter to Sir Donald M'Donald, M'Intosh, and M'Leod. Lord Huntly is certainly on his march, as also is the Earl Marischal. We must wait a day or two in this country to form unless you were pressed at Perth, of which I think you are now in little danger. Have sent you enclosed two blank commissions to fill up as you think fit Unless Major Balfour ask it, I am afraid it must not be offered him in case of his not taking it well, and his zeal for the service would make him think it ill to refuse it, so it would be a difficulty upon him. This I leave to your own discretion. The town mayor should be an officer, but perhaps you have none of those with you that would care for being it, and if you think Smith will do—well and good. You must take care to please the elector of Struan, as they call him. He is an old colonel, but as he says himself, he understands not much of the trade, so he will be ready to be advised by Colonels Balfour and Urquhart, and any others who are with you. I gave him repeated orders to have a strict eye over his men, especially with regard to the townspeople and the folks of Muirton, with whom his people had formerly some quarrel, and he promised punctually to obey it Be sure that you keep well with him yourself. You pressed so much for a reinforcement that I was forced to send his men, having none else fit to send save my own battalion, which I could not part with. When we come down to you we shall have great occasion for provisions, therefore pray take all the care you can to have them provided. Let bread be baked at Perth and Dundee as fast as they can, and I hope you have got meal in plenty. I sent you word yesterday that Charles Kinnaird had told me that their whole half year's meal was in their girnals, so I hope that will be a good supply which we may certainly have. Endeavour to provide spades, shovels, and pickaxes. I cannot understand what makes Lord Drummond want you at Perth and Stobhall. I thought he had gone west from Logierait As for money, I am not so rife as I hope to be ere long, but I have sent you some of the little I have—40 guineas by the bearer. I wish you would send me up a supply of wine, which will not be lost though we march down from here soon, so pray send it soon. Argyll apprehends desertion, which makes him keep his people so strict I doubt not of our having spies among us. I know I have one which I am resolved to keep. We had news last night by one from Edinburgh that Lord North is up in England with 3,000 horse. Pray have the best intelligence you can from Stirling, and let me have often accounts from you. The Duke of Atholl has been giving all the intelligence he can to the enemy. We have sent parties to all passes to stop such doings and intercept letters. I have written to Breadalbane also to do so, and you should do so to all within your reach. I do not believe Argyll will yet think himself in a condition to march north from Stirling, but if he should I shall march down by Dunkeld, keeping the river between us till I join you at Perth. This I tell you in case the Horse, who would be of little use in the town, should think of joining me and so know the best way of meeting us.—I am, etc, Mar.

The Earl of Mar to Colonel John Hay.

LOGIERAIT, 24th September, 1715.

I had one of yours yesterday at Taymouth and the other when I came back here. Lord Huntly's men were last night at Glenshee and Lord Seaforth's just behind him, so I expect them here to-night or tomorrow morning. Lord Drummond's men are in Strathbraan, and Lord Breadalbane's are to be near Dunkeld on Monday. I could not move from this to-day for several reasons, and to-morrow morning I intend to march to Dunkeld and very soon to be with you, till which time I hope you are in no danger, and if it should be otherwise you know already what to do. I am mighty glad you have a prospect of getting plenty of provisions, for our numbers will require them. I have intelligence just now of one coming to me from the King with very good news, so I hope he will be with me soon. I have one just now from Alloa—all is quiet at Stirling, and that party you had intelligence of went to look after Kilsyth and Sir Hugh, but they were too nimble for them; got safe here two nights ago. They missed taking Colquhoun very narrowly, which was a pity. I had a letter last night from Glengarry. He and the clans are on their march to Argyllshire. They have taken all the outposts from Inverlochy, and made those in them prisoners without a drop of blood spilt You would miss the horse at Tullibardine, being sent some days ago to Stirling. I wish you may have got some arms there and at Huntingtower, but the noise of these two parties would do us more good than I am afraid anything they would find in those places. I wish you may have got ammunition for some of us as well as those with you. I wish you could send us some drums, and we long for trumpets.—I am, etc., Mar.

The Earl of Mar to Colonel John Hay.

LOGIERAIT, 25th September, 1715.

I had both yours last night I was speaking to the two gentlemen who came up of the Horse at Perth forming themselves into corps and receiving officers, which is absolutely necessary, but I believe it can hardly be done till we be joined, which I hope will be very soon; however, you had best speak of it to the Lords and gentlemen with you, that they may consider it and be more easily and quickly done when we meet Lord James Murray has got into Blair, and I suppose has Lindsay with him; we had all the passes hereabout guarded, but he went by Finlarig and through the hills. Lord Tullibardine went last night late (and is just returned) to within a quarter of a mile of Blair, with the object of speaking to Lord James, to whom he had a letter from me, but he was locked up, so he was forced to leave the letter, which I hope will be delivered, and I hope it will have good effect Lord Tullibardine had an escort of twenty horses, and he brought off all the Atholl men who have all along stayed with him, which is what is wanted. Lord Panmure is to be with you to-night. When he comes, the Angus Lords and gentlemen may consult together. Until we get money to pay the whole army the whole forces ought to be on one footing, for if part get money and part not it will cause grumbling and desertion, and there is not yet money to pay all, though I hope there will be soon. Until that time the infantry must get most of their pay in provisions and when so they have no reason to complain. It is what we do here, and I wish those may also do so who are with you. I had this morning a messenger from Aberdeen with an account of our friends there. They have dismissed the Magistrates and seized everything of use for the service; specially that they had got a considerable quantity of ammunition and some arms, which will be brought to Perth with all speed. They are to appoint new Magistrates on Wednesday next We are this day to march nearer you, either to Dunkeld or that far on the other side of the river, so do not believe that the enemy will offer to make any attempts upon Perth, but if they do perhaps not the worse for us.—I am, etc, Mar.

Earl of Mar to Colonel John Hay. LOGIERAIT, Monday, 8 26th September.

I was kept here yesterday to adjust some things concerning this country, before we leave it, with the Atholl men who have been all this time with the Duke, that Lord Tullibardine brought to us yesterday morning; but I just now began my march to Dunkeld and thereabouts, so we shall soon be with you, and upon the least motion of the enemy towards you, which I don't apprehend, I'll march immediately to join you. Mr. Drummond, who passed me, was sent express to me by the King our master. He left Paris ten days ago, and has escaped a good many hazards on his way through England. He came over with Lord Stairs' express that brought the Government the bamboozling news of the Duke of Orleans. There was no venturing my new commission by him the way he came, but he saw it, and there are several powers in it beside the command, such as choosing a counsellor, and it is sent by sea and on the way now, so I expect it every minute. The plan the King arranged to follow is now altered by the advice of English friends. The King, with the Duke of Berwick, is to come directly to Scotland, and I believe they are now at sea, for they were to set out when Drummond came away without loss of time. The Duke of Ormond and Lord Bolingbroke have come to England. The King's friends there were so pressing for their coming that they desired they might wait for nothing, not even arms and ammunition; as things were so ripe it only wanted their presence to do the work. As Drummond came from London, the King's friends there were all going to their respective estates to have things ready, and a great many of them were actually gone. Particularly Sir William Wyndham was in Staffordshire, and by this time was to be in arms with the men of that county and Lancashire. I have orders not to wait so do not believe that the enemy will offer to make any attempts upon Perth, but if they do perhaps not the worse for us.—I am, etc, Mar.

Earl of Mar to Colonel John Hay. LOGIERAIT, Monday, 8 26th September.

I was kept here yesterday to adjust some things concerning this country, before we leave it, with the Atholl men who have been all this time with the Duke, that Lord Tullibardine brought to us yesterday morning; but I just now began my march to Dunkeld and thereabouts, so we shall soon be with you, and upon the least motion of the enemy towards you, which I don't apprehend, I'll march immediately to join you. Mr. Drummond, who passed me, was sent express to me by the King our master. He left Paris ten days ago, and has escaped a good many hazards on his way through England. He came over with Lord Stairs' express that brought the Government the bamboozling news of the Duke of Orleans. There was no venturing my new commission by him the way he came, but he saw it, and there are several powers in it beside the command, such as choosing a counsellor, and it is sent by sea and on the way now, so I expect it every minute. The plan the King arranged to follow is now altered by the advice of English friends. The King, with the Duke of Berwick, is to come directly to Scotland, and I believe they are now at sea, for they were to set out when Drummond came away without loss of time. The Duke of Ormond and Lord Bolingbroke have come to England. The King's friends there were so pressing for their coming that they desired they might wait for nothing, not even arms and ammunition; as things were so ripe it only wanted their presence to do the work. As Drummond came from London, the King's friends there were all going to their respective estates to have things ready, and a great many of them were actually gone. Particularly Sir William Wyndham was in Staffordshire, and by this time was to be in arms with the men of that county and Lancashire. I have orders not to wait call for him at Dunkirk; no more than send any message to me there. What accounts you have to send, it is sufficient they be sent to Lord Boling-broke. The point is to get me into Holland; so nothing must be mentioned that can by any possibility discover my way of going. As for yourself, the more haste you make the better. I shall do the same on my side, and ... is already passed, so there's no more to be done but for both of us to make the best of our way, and above all never name Dunkirk to anybody but your brother, to whom my kindest compliments. You will do well to keep as private as you can at St Johnstoun. Be assured of my particular regard and kindness which your success and the risks you run sufficiently deserve.

Duke of Ormonde to Colonel Hay.

December 7th, 1715.

I have had yours by the express that Sir Nicholas Geraldine sent me. The Chevalier is with you by this time. He will inform you of our voyage—I wish it had been with more success. I hear the winds will not let you leave this country as soon as you desire. When you do I wish you a good voyage, and that at your arrival you may find the Earl of Mar as you wish him. Pray do me the favour to assure him that I am most faithfully his friend and humble servant. You will let me hear from you before you go off.—I am sincerely your most humble servant,

Ormonde.

[At this point the correspondence abruptly terminates.]

FAMILY OF ROSS—BARONY OF CRAIGIE.

This ancient family, so much identified with the history of Perth in early times, seems to have passed out of existence. Such of its members as were proprietors of the Barony of Craigie were men of great energy and activity. They were closely associated with the town of Perth from their commanding position as neighbouring proprietors, were hereditary keepers of the Spey Tower, proprietors of the vicarage teinds of St John's Church, and of various properties in the town. Though they do not appear to have entered the Town Council, they took an active interest in all that concerned the town. There were good men and bad men amongst them, as will appear from the narrative. One of the most prominent members of the family was a favourite of James V. and his Queen, Mary of Guise, and was for a time an officer of the Royal household. The lands of Craigie, from the reign of Alexander I. and for centuries thereafter, were the property of this family. There is no certain record how or when the family had its beginning—probably at the Norman Conquest—and it was, we are informed, a flourishing family in the reign of Robert Bruce.

There are no Charters in the Register House regarding the Rosses before the sixteenth century, Robertson's "Index of Rolls/' which was lost in Cromwell's time, mentions four of the Ross Charters: King Robert Bruce to John de Fortune of the lands of Craigie and West Mailer; David II. to Adam Blaircradock of the lands of Craigie and West Mailer which John de Fortune forfeited; David II. to Godfrey Ross of Cunninghamhead of the Mill of Craigie; Robert III. to Hew Ross of Kinfauns of the Barony of Craigie and West Mailer, with the mill thereof, with "one tailzie." Of these we have the titles only preserved. Hugh Ross received from King Robert Bruce a Charter of the lands of Kinfauns about 1316. He or a son of the same name married Margaret Barclay, and had a Charter of the lands of Craigie and Mailer. Hugh and Margaret had a son named Robert who inherited his father's lands of Craigie and Mailer and part of Kinfauns, and was apparently succeeded by another Robert, who in 1482 had a son and heir named John Ross, who was afterwards succeeded by his son John. The latter married Matilda Drummond, who died in 1543, and he had a second wife, who was Isobel Liddell, mistress of the Bishop of Moray.

In the reign of David II., 1328-1370, a daughter of Ross married Sir John Drummond of Concraig, predecessor of the Earls of Perth, and Steward of Strathearn. Drummond of Blelock married another daughter, who was mother of John Drummond, first laird of Milnab in Perthshire. James Ross of Cree-town acquired certain lands in Forgandenny from Walter Oliphant in 1539. He married Marjory Stewart, by whom he left a daughter, Janet, who married Patrick Lindsay of Dowhill, near Kinross. This was Squire Lindsay who rode into Perth and warned Queen Mary of her danger when Moray and Morton meant to seize her. Thomas Ross of Maitlands, another of the family, was killed at the battle of Pinkie. John Ross of Craigie was infeft in the lands of Hilton near Perth in 1539, and was also killed at Pinkie. He left four sons and three daughters. One of these, James, had a Charter of the lands of Pitheavlis. Thomas Ross of Craigie married Jean Hepburn and left one daughter, Margaret, who married John Seton of Lathrisk. John Ross of Craigie succeeded after the death of Thomas, and married Agnes Hepburn, who had one son, Patrick, who married Beatrix Charteris of Kinfauns. There were also inter-marriages with Murray of Balvaird, Ogilvie of Inchmartine, and other county families. From the family is descended Patrick Ross of Innernethy, whose great-grandfather, Patrick Ross, Sheriff-clerk of Perthshire, purchased these lands. He was grandson to Alexander Ross, second son to the laird of Craigie. George Ross, advocate, son of Innernethy, married the eldest daughter and co-heir of John Sinclair of Balgregie. It is recorded:—

At Perth, 3rd November, 1530.—In name of the King and F. David Anderson, provincial of the Order of Preaching Friars in Scotland, as procurator of the monastery of preaching friars in Perth, on the one side, and John Ross of Craigie, and John Ross, his son, on the other, in the action against them by the King concerning the lands of Craigie and Mailer, and also certain chalders of grain crops claimed by the said provincial from said lands, compromised the matter—and decreed that John Ross and his heirs should give to the King two chalders to be handed to the Friars for charity, and that he should take infeftment of said lands anew and pay annually the said two chalders.

The King confirmed the charter of John Ross of Craigie by which he sold to Walter Pipar or Balneaves, burgess of Perth, and Violet Hog, his spouse, twelve acres of land adjacent to the lands of Pitheavlis—in the lordship of Craigie—which John Ross, grandfather of the above John Ross, sold under reversion to James Bryson and Robert Bryson, burgesses of Perth, which reversion was brought back by the said Walter Pipar.

At Falkland, 13th November, 1541.—The King conceded to Thomas Ross, son and heir of his familiar servant, John Ross of Craigie, the lands and barony of Craigie, with the mills, lands of Pitheavlis, Malar, Berclayshaugh, Hilton Malar, Kirkton of Balquhidder, etc., lands of Kirkton of Kinfauns, with fishings, manors, and all the lands in the barony of Craigie, which the said John Ross resigned, reserving to him and to Matilda Moncrieff, his wife, a free tenement with one half dues of the village of Craigie and lands of Kirkton of Kinfauns.

The Lyon King-at-arms gave a patent for a coat-of-arms and armorial bearings to John Ross, younger of Balgregie, son of George Ross, descended from the family of Ross of Craigie. The Ross family were governors of the Spytower of Perth until 1544, when the keys, by order of the Regent Arran, were surrendered to Provost Macbreck and the Town Council, under protest by John Ross. Provost Macbreck was married to a Mercer. It cannot be disguised that, however honourably born this family may have been, several members of it figured discreditably in the official books of the time, some of them even suffering death for their crimes. John Ross of Craigie, James and William, his brothers, John Ross, servant to James Ross of Maitlands, along with William, Lord Ruthven, Henry, Lord Methven, and others, upwards of one hundred in all, were charged before the Justiciary on one occasion with besieging and breaking into the House of Dupplin. That was one of those deadly feuds which were so common in Scotland at that period—the sixteenth century. Their antagonist was Laurence, Lord Oliphant The details we do not possess. In 1541 John Ross of Craigie was Usher of the Chamber to Mary of Guise, consort of James V., and was one of the Council who opposed the meeting of James and his uncle. On January 8, 1543, John Ross of Craigie signed an open document with nine others asking King Henry of England to take possession of the young Queen Mary and her realm. He also signed a secret paper that if she died Henry was to seize her crown. It is evident from this that John Ross of Craigie, who was a confidential member of the household of James V., became a traitor after the King's death, and though we have no details, he was evidently found out and imprisoned. Henry VIII. up to the day of his death acted on Ross's suggestion, and made many unsuccessful efforts to capture the royal infant It was because of these that the child (afterwards Queen Mary) was removed at the age of six years to France. What Ross's object could have been is a mystery, unless he was bribed by the English King, for the Rosses were never very plentiful of money. We get some insight into the mystery by the following entry in the Hamilton Papers. In 1543, John Ross of Craigie, who was in trouble in England, presented a petition to King Henry VIII.:—

Would it please the King's Majesty to write to the Governor that he is advised that there is a certain John Ross of Craigie whose enemies have written letters on him and his friends to underlie the law for certain lairds coming furth of the realm and other crimes, and that his grace desires a letter to the governor that I may have his discharge and pardon to me and my friends as contained in the summons, and to restore us to our lands and goods.

Reply of Henry VIII. to Governor:—

We are advised that John Ross, laird of Craigie, and his friends have sustained great damage since his arrival here as our prisoner, by means of certain persons in Scotland who have pursued divers matters against them which would not have been if he had been there to defend himself. Therefore he and such of his friends who have suffered for him shall be restored to their liberty, lands, and goods, and you shall act for us.

On 25th August, 1543, the Privy Council ordained that certain prisoners (which included Ross of Cragie) should deliver their bond in writing, and stipulate to render themselves prisoners in default of payment (of ransom for release). If they fail, the officials are instructed to cause them to be blown at the horn. The engagement of Solway Moss, which resulted in the death of James V., took place in December, 1542, so that John Ross of Craigie was still a prisoner. It is recorded that in 1543 John Ross signed, at Linlithgow, Cardinal Beton's secret bond, its object being to join together and protect themselves in the event of persecution by the authorities. This same year the brother of John Ross was killed by John Charteris, Chamberlain to the Earl of Angus, and in October of the following year John Ross and John Charteris are specially named as being on the Queen-Dowager's Council. In 1546 it was ordained by the Lords and Council that William, Lord Ruthven, on the one part shall send for his son the Master of Ruthven, John Ross of Craigie and Thomas Ross, brother to Craigie, and cause them to be in Edinburgh on Monday next Patrick, Lord Gray, on the other part, was to send for Thomas Charteris of Kinfauns and others to be in Edinburgh the same day, in order to settle several disputes pending at that period. This was an important appointment, and evidently a recognition of Ross's administrative ability. In 1547, at a meeting of the Privy Council at Stirling, it was ordained:—"As to the lands of Craigie and John Charteris, the Commissioners shall cause them either to enter into ward or pass out of this country, and there to remain during the Governor's will between this and 28th April. If they will not obey the said lords, Lord Ruthven and his friends shall put the laird of Craigie and John Charteris furth of the bounds and take no part with them further. As to the teind fishings of the Kirk of Kinfauns, they shall be administered by John Christison, and John Marshall, burgesses of Perth, until the said 28th April. The Governor shall give to the laird of Craigie and John Charteris remission to that effect that they may enter into ward or pass furth of the realm as they please. The minute is signed by Patrick, Lord Gray, James Charteris of Kinfauns, William, Lord Ruthven, and David, Lord Drummond. In 1552 an Act was passed allowing Thomas Ross of Craigie to pass into France along with a number of Scotsmen named in the official paper in connection with the troubles of the time."

In 1573 a bond of caution was executed by Archibald Ruthven. He obtained permission to raise 1,600 men and go with them to Sweden to assist the King, the men to be sent out in companies of 200 at a time. The cautioners to this bond, who became bound for its due performance, were William, Lord Ruthven, John Ross of Craigie, and William MoncreifTe of Moncreiffe. In 1584 a summons for treason was issued against John Ross of Craigie, brother and heir of the late James Ross of Pitheavlis. The Scottish Parliament gave sentence of treason in terms of the indictment, decerned and declared James Ross, his name, memory, and honours to be extinct, his arms to be deleted from the book of arms, so that his posterity never have place nor be able hereafter to have any office or dignities within the realm; his lands to be confiscated to the King. The same day John Ross of Craigie protested that whatever was done to James Ross of Pitheavlis, his brother, should not prejudice him (John Ross) in his lands, reversion, and rights; and specially anent the lands of Pitheavlis and reversion thereof. In respect that he has ever been the King's true liege and subject, and knew nothing of his brother's doings or proceedings, he therefore asked instruments, etc. This request was granted. In 1585 we find that the King gave John Howieson, a minister of Perth, a charge on the laird of Craigie, John Ross, for 100 Scots, the sum unpaid by Ross for service at the Kirk of Perth.

The lands of St Magdalene's were so called from an old chapel or hospital that stood upon them called St Mary Magdalene. The Carthusian friars eventually became the superiors of Craigie, being feudatory possessors, and a small town called Freertown or Friartown, with a farm annexed, was built on the Magdalene land near the river. John Ross of Craigie was in 1586 ordained by the King to deliver the fortalice of Pitheavlis to James, Lord Doune. There was a bond of caution by him to Daniel Pitscottie of Luncarty and others of 500 merks each, that Pitscottie, his tenants and servants, should not be molested by them. In 1587 there was a similar bond of 1,000 merks by John Ross to William Hering of Collie that he would not molest Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy, his tenants or servants; and another bond in the same year by John Ross to Duncan Robertson, and three other burgesses of Perth in 200 sterling each, that Thomas Alison will not be molested by them. It is evident from these bonds that Ross was anything but a quiet neighbour. It is recorded :—

Holyroodhouse, 16th May, 1586.— The King, James VI., confirmed to John Ross of Craigie the charter by which, for the implementing of the contract entered into between Robert Stewart of Braco Wester on the one part, the said John Ross, Agnes Hepburn his wife, and Jean Ross his daughter, on the other, for the solemnizing of matrimony between Robert Stewart and Jean Ross, sold to them the lands of Pitheavlis, with the manor, lands of Loneside, now of Pitheavlis, and quarry of Pitheavlis in the barony of Craigie.

Holyroodhouse, 5th February\ 1591.—The King disposed to John Ross of Craigie, and Agnes Hepburn his wife, the lands of St Magdalene's, in the lordship of the Charterhouse of Perth, which formerly were part of the patrimony of the priors of the said Charterhouse.

Edinburgh, 23rd March, 1594.—The King conceded, and for good service and for composition paid, to John Ross of Craigie, and Agnes Hepburn his spouse, the lands lying adjacent on the east side of the Longcauseway, St Leonard's Chapel, the lands on the western side alongside the Causeway, between the bridge of St Leonard's and the chapel acres of the altar of St. Crispin within the parish church of Perth, the fourth part of the lands of Leonardley, with those of Little Haugh on the east side of the island, close to Craigieburn in the burgh of Perth, and lordship of the Charterhouse, which Patrick Balfour of Pitculloch (Pitcullen) and William Moncrieff of Moncrieff resigned.

Falkland, 22nd July, 1596.—The King confirmed the charter made by John Ross of Craigie and Robert Stewart of Pitheavlis, by which they sold to John Murray of Tibbermuir and his heirs the lands of Pitheavlis, lands of Loneside, moor and quarry of Pitheavlis, in the barony of Craigie, reserving those parts of Pitheavlis called the Hungryhill and Corsie-hill, also in special warrant of the above named, the lands of Malar and the fishings in the river Earn.

In the State Paper Office there are the following entries, all of them more or less important in making up the narrative of this ancient family:—

Edinburgh, 20th August, 1482.—John of Edmond-ston constitutes and ordains Robert Ross of Craigie, and John Ross, his son and heir, and others as his assignees, for the redemption of the lands of Wallace-toun from William Ruthven, his heirs and assignees, which lands William Ruthven has under his reversions to give up whenever I pay him 300 merks Scots "redaris of gold."

Edinburgh, 26th February, 1523.—The King confirmed John Ross of Craigie in the lands and town of Craigie, in the barony of Craigie-Malar and county of Perth, which the said John Ross resigned,

Edinburgh, 8th January, 1558.—The King and Queen confirm a charter by John Ross, son of John Ross of Craigie, which, for a sum of money, he sold to David, Lord Drummond, the lands of Kirkton of Balquhidder, the lands of Tulloch, and others in the barony of Craigie and county of Perth,

Stirling, 27th March, 1555.—The Queen confirms a charter by Thomas Ross of Craigie, which for a sum of money he sold to Euphame Wemyss of Dron the lands of Hilton of Mailer.

Edinburgh) 10th February, 1598.—The King confirms a charter by John Ross of Craigie, who sold to Robert Ross, his son, the lands and barony of Craigie, with the lands of Wester Mailer and salmon fishings in the River Earn, the fortalice and manor of Wester Mailer, and the lands of Kirkton of Kinfauns.

Edinburgh, 26th January, 1621.—The King confirms charter to Robert Moncrieff, son of William Moncrieff, of the lands and barony of Craigie—viz., house and lands of Craigie with the house and lands of Nether Mailer, the house and lands of Pitheavlis with quarry, the house and lands of Kirkton of Kinfauns with castles, manors, and fishings, all in the county of Perth, which belonged to John Ross of Craigie and Robert Ross, his son. The King, for the good services of William Moncrieff and his predecessors, incorporates them in the barony of Craigie, and fortalice and manor of Mailer.

Edinburgh, 26th January, 1615.—The King, James VI., confirmed (1) the charter of William Ross, burgess of Perth, resident at the Charterhouse gate (by which for the implementing of a marriage contract of 6th May, 1606, he sold to John Ross, his son and heir, his lands and crofts of Drumnis-tong, Hungriehill, Corsiehill, and Haugh, lying contiguous on the King's highway from Perth to Pitheavlis, and the lands of Tullilum from the said burgh to the common moor of the same); also in special warrant the solarem binam part of the Overmains of Mailer — within the barony of Craigie — reserving a free tenement for the said William Ross. (2) The charter by John Ross, son and heir of William Ross, burgess of Perth, formerly dwelling at Charterhouse gate there, by which he sold to Thomas Gaw, notary of Perth, and his heirs, the lands above written.

Edinburgh, 14th January, 1617.—The King, James VI., confirmed the charter of Robert Ross of Craigie, by which for the implementing of a certain contract he sold to George Scott, in Kirkton of Kinfauns, and Catherine Moncrieff his wife, for their life and their lawful heirs, the one half dues of the solarem lands of Kirkton of Kinfauns, with the mansion, etc; also to the said George Scott and his heirs, umbralem dimid. (the shadow of the same).

John Ross of Craigie was closely identified with the parsonage and vicarage teinds of Perth. In 1591 James VI. and Queen Anne granted a lease of certain teinds to John Ross and Agnes Hepburn his wife for life and to the longest liver of them; and after their decease for the space of two 19 years' tacks, for the sum of 20 per annum. This was granted in respect that John Ross and his predecessors were old and respected managers or tacksmen of these teinds, and that John Ross and his son had a 19 years' lease from Robert, Com-mendator of Dunfermline, and for money lent by them, evidently to the King. This tack was afterwards assigned by John Ross to his son James as a provision against his father and mother's death, for his entry at schools and for his upbringing in learning; also the teinds of the lands of Tarsappie and of the salmon fishings called "the Garth." This was ratified by the King's Charter of Confirmation of July 10, 1600. A note of Ross's properties are given in one of these papers:—Barony of Craigie with the Mill thereof, the lands of Henrihall, Wester Malar, salmon fishings in the River Earn; the lands of Kirkton, Jackston, Logiebride, Rushley, Balmacalie, Blelock and Inchstruie, and fishings in the Tay, as also the vicarage teinds.

On 23rd July, 1598, John Ross, minister, son of John Ross of Craigie, having failed to appear concerning an infamous libel written by him and delivered to John Boig, the King's master painter, was denounced a rebel. Robert Ross was infeft in the Barony of Craigie in 1601, and prior to 1620 sold the lands and Barony to David, son of William Moncreiffe of that ilk. This Robert Ross would appear, from entries in the Session Records, to have been reduced to a state of poverty and destitution. On 21st November, 1620, Andrew Ross, in name of Robert Ross, his brother, related his misery and his various diseases and claimed support. The authorities gave him 3.

In the beginning of the seventeenth century there are some curious entries against the Rosses in the Register of the Privy Council In 1601 there is a complaint by Alexander Peebles, advocate, that Robert Ross of Craigie remains unreleased from a horning of 19th November for not paying 700 merks and 100 merks of expenses: decreet was granted in absence. In 1602 there is a bond by Robert Ross of Craigie for John Pitscottie of Luncarty for 1,000 merks, not to harm William Young, minister of Luncarty, and a similar bond by Ross for William Young of Redgorton and ten others in 500 each not to harm John Pitscottie. There is a complaint by Eviot of Balhousie that Agnes Hepburn, relict of John Ross of Craigie, claims right to the teind sheaves of the parsonage and vicarage of Perth: letters had been granted arresting the teinds in the hands of the tenants. The Lords ordered the suspension of the letters. In 1606 there is a complaint by John Hutchison, Edinburgh, against Robert Ross and Robert Stewart for not paying 400 merks principal and 40 expenses. Warrant was granted to arrest them and seize and inventory their goods. In 1607 there is a complaint by Robert Murray of Perth that Robert Ross and three others, sureties for him, had not paid pursuer 1,000 merks and 100 merks yearly of interest, and 100 merks of expenses. Warrant was granted to arrest them and inventory their goods. John Howe, burgess of Perth, obtained similar decreet against Robert Ross for a debt of 1,000 merks principal and 100 expenses, and David Rhynd, burgess of Perth, obtained a similar decreet against Robert Ross for 2,000 merks and 200 expenses. These entries show that the family were getting into serious financial trouble and rapidly losing their means.

In 1602 we have that fruitful subject of debate— the teinds—up for discussion. Another complaint was made by Colin Eviot, proprietor of Balhousie, that Agnes Hepburn, relict of John Ross of Craigie, claimed a right to the teinds of the parsonage and vicarage of Perth, while Eviot claimed possession of those on his own lands. Hepburn meant to maintain her rights by convocation of the lieges-in-arms, and in the meantime letters had been issued arresting the teinds in the hands of the tenants till the question should be decided, and charging the complainer Eviot to desist from interfering under pain of rebellion. For his alleged disobedience he was put to the horn at the instance of Hepburn. The complainer stated in court that he and his predecessors from time immemorial had been in possession of that part of the teinds, and he ought not to have been troubled until legally dispossessed. The Lords gave judgment accordingly.

In the same year an inhibition was raised by James Ross of Craigie against Andrew Ross, son and heir-apparent of John Ross. Matters remained in statu quo till 1610, when a bond of guarantee of 10,000 was granted by Andrew Ross in favour of John Campbell of Lawers bearing the rent but no interest The penalty for failure was 500. In 1607 there was a decreet against Robert Ross of Craigie and James Ross, minister of Forteviot, his brother, for 3,000 merks; and another against John Ross of Magdalene, minister of Blair, and James Ross, his brother, by Thomas Gaw, Perth, for 1,000 merks; and in the following year another decreet against James Ross by William Ross, Perth, for 500 merks. In Fleming's Chronicle it is recorded, under date 1608, that Patrick Eviot, brother of the laird of Balhousie, was murdered in Blelock by his wife, Janet Ross, who was heir to the estates of Craigie and Kinfauns. He was shot while in bed by James M'Nair. Thereafter Janet Ross and M'Nair were apprehended, tried and executed, and their bodies burned in the Playfield of Perth, 17th May, 1608. M'Nair's head and arms were put on the Castle Gable port After the death of Janet Ross, who seems to have wished to transfer by marriage her large estates to her paramour M'Nair, her uncle, Robert Ross, succeeded to the barony and estates of Craigie. In 1611 another decreet was pronounced against John Ross of Magdalene, minister of Blair, and James Ross, minister of Forteviot, for 600 merks and 15 of expenses, and another against John and James Ross for 900 merks by John Drummond. There is also recorded this year a decreet of appraising by John Campbell against Andrew Ross of Craigie, whereby Campbell got all right and title competent to Andrew Ross, as heir of John Ross, in the teind tack granted by the King and Queen, for the sums of money contained in the present bond granted by Andrew Ross. In 1615 a translation was granted by Andrew Ross to the town of Perth of all rights he had in his father's tack of the parsonage teinds, and in 1618 there is an assignation by James Ross of Forteviot in favour of John Ross, his son, of the teinds and fishings of Tarsappie, and in 1621 a discharge granted by William Ross to the town of Perth of all right and title they have in the said teinds; and again in 1630 there is a decreet of absolvitor obtained before the Lords of Council and Session by Andrew Gray against John Ross, son of John Ross, minister of Blairgowrie, anent the teinds of the parish of Perth. The same year there is an assignation by John Ross of Blairgowrie for himself and son in favour of the town of Perth of his rights in the tack granted by the King and Queen. This is accompanied by a discharge by John Ross of Blairgowrie for 1,000 merks granted by the town to him in satisfaction of all his rights in this matter. And so this long and expensive and vexatious litigation about the teinds and the Rosses came at last to a conclusion. On nth September, 1618, Thomas Ross, sometime minister of Cargill, and son of the laird of Craigie, was executed at the Cross of Edinburgh, because while studying at Oxford he affixed on the principal gate of one of the colleges a libel against his own countrymen in England, likening them to the seven lean kine of Egypt, and using many opprobrious terms against them. The Vice-Chancellor of Oxford sent him to the King, who sent him into Scotland. At his examination he said that necessity drove him to it, that he might procure some benefit from the King. He confessed at his execution that he was a man of a proud spirit, but thought the punishment greater than the fault This Thomas Ross was the third son of John Ross of Craigie, and graduated at Edinburgh in 1595. He was licensed by the Presbytery of Perth in 1606. He went to England, having been recommended by some of the Lords of the Secret Council that as a scholar he might be placed in some of the colleges, It is said that in a fit of insanity he wrote the libel for which he was executed. He was long kept a prisoner in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, and was afterwards sentenced to be taken to the Mercat Cross, and there upon the scaffold, first his right hand to be struck off, then his head to be struck off and affixed upon the Netherbow, and his right hand upon the West Port He was forty-three years of age. (Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticae.)

General Patrick Ross of Innernethy, a descendant of the family, had by his wife Mary Clara Maude of the Panmure family, with other issue, Major-General Sir Patrick Ross, born in 1778. He entered the army in 1794, and served in India nine years as Captain of the 22nd Light Dragoons. During the Peninsular War he was a Lieutenant-Colonel of the 48th Foot, and served seven years in the Ionian Islands as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 75th Foot In 1821 he obtained the rank of Major-General, and in 1846 was made. Governor of St Helena.

It will be observed that this family, though probably not so ancient as the Mercers, were for at least five centuries closely allied with the Ancient Capital. Their family history, so far as we have it, is unfortunately fragmentary and disappointing. It does not appear that any member of it occupied the civic chair, though one of them, Patrick Ross of Craigie, was Sheriff-Clerk of Perthshire. His son became an advocate in Edinburgh, and had a successful career. The Rosses were evidently a flourishing family in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, and can boast of some distinguished members. Two of them fell at the Battle of Pinkie, as already stated, where so many of the Scottish nobility were slain. Among the county families with which they were connected were the Charteris of Kinfauns, Patrick Ross of Craigie having married Beatrix Charteris. The narrative we have given includes all that is recorded of them of any moment The reader will notice that various members of the family were restless, troublesome, and insubordinate persons, fighting for their rights, violating the laws of the realm, and being occasionally confined in the Tolbooth. Though they were landowners and proprietors of various properties besides Craigie, that does not seem to have modified their predatory habits, nor does it seem to have inclined them to take any part whatever in public affairs. But while saying so, it is also clear that in any movement of great moment the Rosses had to be reckoned with before the scheme could be carried through. How the Rosses originally acquired Craigie we are not informed, but they evidently lost it by extravagant living, as it appears to have been seized by creditors, and about 1620 sold to the Moncreiffe family, who still hold it. The decline of the family began in the sixteenth century, when, as the Hamilton Papers say, "Several members of the family figured discreditably in the official books of the time, and others of them suffered death for their crimes." After that period the family gradually disappeared from history.

THE GRAEMES OF INCHBRAKIE.

One of our most ancient families is the Graemes of Inchbrakie, some of its members being very closely identified with Perth in early times. Two of the family held the office of Postmaster-General, having their office in Perth, while its most noted member, Patrick, the fifth baron, otherwise "Black Pate," led the right wing of Montrose's army at Tibbermore, and on various occasions during his life was the hero of valiant and heroic deeds. The first mention of the family appears to be in 1162, when Sir David Graeme, knight, witnessed the Meikleour Charter of John Mercer. This was an ancestor of the Earl of Montrose. In 1282 another Graeme received the confirmation of the lands of Fossehall, at Scone, and sat in the Parliament of Scone of 1281. In 1502 the first Earl of Montrose purchased Inchbrakie from the Mercers, which in 1513 was settled on his son, Patrick Graeme, first laird of Inchbrakie.

The family is descended in a direct male line from William Graeme, first Earl of Montrose, who was killed at Flodden in 1513. This Earl was thrice married, his third wife being Christian, daughter of Thomas Wavan of Stevenson, widow of Patrick, sixth Lord Halliburton, and by her he had two sons, Patrick Graeme, first of Inchbrakie, and Andrew Graeme, who became Bishop of Dunblane.

Patrick Graeme of Inchbrakie married Margaret, daughter of Alexander Stewart, Bishop of Moray, and by her (who survived him and afterwards married Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy) had a son, George Graeme, second of Inchbrakie, who succeeded his father in 1538, and survived until 1575. By his wife, Margaret, daughter of Andrew Rollo of Duncrub (who afterwards married John Graeme of Balgowan) he had several sons, (1) Patrick his successor, (2) John, the ancestor of the Graemes of Buchlyvie, and (3) George Graeme, minister of Scone, 1599, afterwards Bishop of Dunblane, and later Bishop of Orkney, who had a number of sons. The Bishop in 1612 witnessed a curious deposition at Perth by George Orme concerning the goods of Lord Sanquhar. He was that year appointed by the King while in Perth one of a commission of nobles, bishops, and knights to plant kirks in divers districts. In 1622 he was moderator of Perth Presbytery, and was afterwards appointed one of the auditors of the accounts of the new brig of Perth. Patrick Graeme, third of Inchbrakie, married (1) Nicholas, a daughter of . . . Brown of Fordel, and (2) Margaret Scott, heiress of Monzie, of the family of the Scotts of Balwearie. He died in 1635 and was succeeded by the eldest son of his first marriage. Their grandson, David Toshach of Monzie-vaird, was in 1618 slain at the Southgate, Perth. George Graeme, fourth of Inchbrakie, lived during the civil wars and suffered much then, being both fined and imprisoned. He was a Commissioner of the Sheriffdom of Perth. Patrick Smythe of Braco, writing his father from Aberdeen in 1651, states that when in Perth he saw David Graham of Gorthy a prisoner, and remained there three days. The enemy under Monck advanced that day from Perth to Dundee. All Balgowan's corn had been taken for the enemy's garrison at Perth (Cromwell's troops). George Graeme died in 1654, and was succeeded by his son Patrick (Black Pate), fifth laird of Inchbrakie, who joined Montrose and took an active part with him in the civil wars. He married Jean, daughter of Lord Madderty, and had by her several sons: (1) George, who succeeded him; (2) Patrick, who became captain of the Edinburgh town-guard, and was a colonel of dragoons in the service of King James VII.; (3) John, who was Postmaster-General of Scotland, and said to have been a very active man, and to have increased the local posts at his own expense. He died in 1609. (4) James Graeme of Newton, who became Solicitor-General for Scotland. He had two daughters: (1) Anne, who married first P. Smith of Rapness, and secondly, Sir Robert Moray of Abercairny; and (2) Margaret, who married Robert, first Lord Nairne.

In 1685 James Pearson of Kippenross, J.P., was passing through Perth with a party of gentlemen— "Colonel Graeme's troops"—commanded by Colonel John Graeme, Postmaster-General. Lochiels men, mistaking them for enemies, attacked them on the streets of Perth, and before matters were understood five of them, including Kippenross, were killed. This incident shows the lawless state of the country after the Cromwell period. Patrick Graeme raised and paid the Atholl men, commanded Montrose's right wing at the engagement at Tibbermore, stayed three days in Perth with Montrose after the battle, and led his troops through the great troubles of that trying and troublous period. In 1651 he was appointed by commission to lead the nobles, gentlemen, and heritors of the Sheriffdom of Perth. The commission, which is still extant, is signed by thirty-three of the nobles and gentlemen. In 1653 he was imprisoned in the Tolbooth of Perth for loyalty, but released by Colonel Daniell, the Governor, on bail of 20,000 Scots, by James, Earl of Tullibar-dine and James, Lord Drummond. In 1662 he was appointed Postmaster-General, with an office at Perth. In 1684 he was resident in Gowrie House, Perth, and is recorded as having left it on 16th June of the same year. He died in 1687, and was succeeded by his son George Graeme, sixth of Inchbrakie, who married Mary Nicol, heiress of Royston and Granton, near Edinburgh, and died in 1704, and was succeeded by his eldest son Patrick, seventh laird. In his time the castle of Inchbrakie was burned by order of the Duke of Argyll after the battle of Sheriffmuir, although the laird was not in the country during the rising of 1715. He married Janet, daughter of James Pearson of Kippenross, and dying in 1740, was succeeded by his grandson, Patrick Graeme, eighth laird, who was son of George Graeme and Catherine Lindsay of the family of Lindsay of Cavill. This Patrick was, a captain in the Dutch service, and was served heir to Patrick Graeme the first of Inchbrakie. He married Amelia, eldest daughter of Laurence Oliphant of Gask, by whom he had three sons and three daughters, and was succeeded by his eldest son, George Graeme, ninth laird, who was a captain in the 72nd Highlanders and a colonel of the Perthshire cavalry. He was wounded at the siege of Gibraltar.

In 1793 orders were given by Government to raise seven regiments of Fencibles in North Britain. Perthshire raised two troops under Charles Moray of Abercairny; and George Graeme, Inchbrakie, was captain. The men were disappointed with their pay of 1s. per day, and became insubordinate. They were formed into line and marched up and down the North Inch while George Graeme rode to the barracks, and brought out a detachment of the 4th Dragoons. The ringleaders were detained, and the rest dismissed for the night Marshall, the ringleader, was ordered 700 lashes, but was respited. He surrendered to his officers next day, and the matter dropped. On 17th June, 1794, Captain George Graeme was made a burgess of Perth. He afterwards commanded the regiment when in 1795 it marched to Durham to assist in quelling riots in the north of England, and he received the public thanks of the magistrates and justices of Kendal and of the Sheriff of Dumfries and of General Sir George Osborne for the efficient help and orderly conduct of his gallant regiment, the Perthshire Fencibles. He married in 1792 Margaret, eldest daughter of Laurence Oliphant of Condie, and had issue (1) Patrick Graeme, who entered the army and was killed in North America in 1814; (2) George Drummond Graeme, who succeeded to the estates; (3) Major Laurence Graeme, who became Lieutenant-Governor of Tobago; and marrying Miss Ridgway had issue, three sons and three daughters.

Major George Drummond Graeme, tenth of Inchbrakie, succeeded his father. He entered the army and came through the Peninsular War, being severely wounded at the battle of Waterloo. He married Marianne Jane, daughter of James, Viscount Strathallan, and granddaughter of John, fourth Duke of Atholl, and had issue (1) Patrick James Frederick Graeme, eleventh of Inchbrakie; (2) Amelia Anne Margaret; and (3) Beatrice Marianne Jane, Superintendent of the Nurses' Home, Perth. Major Graeme died in 1854.

LINES ON THE MONASTERIES.

He (James I.) likewise built most sumptuously fair
That much renown'd religious place and rare,
The Charterhouse of Perth, a mighty frame—
Vallis Virtutis by a mystic name.
Looking along that painted spacious field,
Which doth with pleasure profits sweetly yield,
The fair South Inch of Perth and banks of Tay,
This abbey's steeples and its turrets stay.
My grandsire many times to me hath told it—
He knew their names, this mighty frame who moulded;
Italian some, and some were Frenchmen born,
Whose matchless skill this great work did adorn.
And living were in Perth some of their race,
When thus, alas! demolished was this place;
For greatness, beauty, stateliness so fair,
In Britain's isle, was said, none might compare.
Thence to the top of Law Tay did we hie,
From whence the country round about we spy;
And from the airy mountain looking down,
Beheld the stance and figure of our town,
Quadrat, with longer sides from east to west,
Whose streets, walls, houses, in our eyes did cast
A pretty show. Then 'gan I to declare
Where our old monasteries, with churches fair,
Sometime did stand ; placed at every corner
Was one which with great beauty did adorn her.
The Charterhouse toward the south-west stood,
And at south-east the friars who wear grey hood.
Toward the north the Blackfriars Church did stand,
And Carmelites upon the western hand;
With many chapels standing here and there,
And steeples fairly mounted in the air.
—Muses Threnodie.


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