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Papers Relating to the Scots in Poland (1576 - 1798)
Scots admitted to the citizenship of Cracow


ANDREW ANGUSS, a Scot, producing birthbrieve with the seal of Aberdeen, dated 8th July 1596, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 5 florins.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 828.

JOHN ALANDT, trader, producing birthbrieve with the seal of Dantzig dated 8th June 1592, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 10 florins.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 853.

JOHN ALANTH, a Scot from Aberdeen, produced a birthbrieve, was admitted citizen of Cracow, and paid 2 florins.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 499.

At the request of the Honest Anna, widow of the late Well-famed John ALANT, citizen of Cracow, witnesses were cited to give true testimony concerning the parentage of her grandson, the Honest John Kramy, by the Honest Bartholomew Plackowic, Usher of the Council Chamber of Cracow, assumed as his Tutor ad hoc. The first witness, the Well-famed George Emzle, citizen and trader of Cracow, taking the oath with two fingers of his right hand raised toward the sky, gave formal evidence to this effect:--

‘I knew well the late John Kramy and the Honest Mistress Aland his wife, who still lives, citizens of Cracow; who living in a state of holy matrimony begat, amongst other children, this son John."

The second witness, the Well-famed Tomas Orem, citizen and trader of Cracow, gave word for word the same evidence as the first, taking a similar oath with two fingers of his right hand raised toward the sky.—Cons. Crac., f. 749, A.D. 1619.

At the instance of the Well-famed WILLIAM BUCHAN, citizen and merchant of Zamosc, the witnesses hereafter named were cited to compear in person before the Court of the Advocate of Cracow to give true testimony, and were examined individually by the said Court according to its custom. The first witness, the Well-famed Caspar Hussen, a Scot, citizen of Kleparow (?), [Either Leparow, in Galicia, or Kleparz, in Bromberg, may be referred to.] taking the oath with two fingers of his right hand raised to the heavens, gave formal evidence to this effect:--

‘I declare, according to my knowledge and what I have heard from many people, that the late Thomas Buchan, a Scot, of a house not far from Aberdeen, living in the state of holy matrimony with his wife Elizabeth, begat two sons, brothers: William Buchan, on whose account I make this declaration, and Alexander, who this year, a few weeks ago, died in the Siedmigrodski land, in Sebinow, five miles from Bialogrod. This I declare to be so.’ [In Polish.]

The second and third witnesses, the Well-famed John Armandt, citizen of Cracow, and the Well-famed William Babintor, citizen and merchant of Zamosc, took a similar oath, and gave the same evidence as the first.—Advocatialia Cracoviensia, t. 521, f. 1241.

ROBERT BURNET, a Scot, producing birthbrieve with the seal of Aberdeen dated 23rd February 1597, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 8 florins.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 854.

JOHN BURNET, a Scot, producing birthbrieve dated Aberdeen, in Scotland, 29th July 1603, was admitted citizen of Cracow on taking the oath, and paid 10 Polish florins, a gun, and half a stone (lapis) of gunpowder.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f.1045.

a. BARTHOLOMEW BURNET, a Scot, proved his genealogy before the Council of Cracow.—Jur. Civ., A.D. 1607, f. 1047. ‘

b. Done on the Tuesday [4th March] after the second Sunday in Lent (Dominica Reminiscere), 1608.

BARTHOLOMEW BURNETH, a Scot, having proved his parentage before the Council of Cracow on the Friday [29th February]before the second Sunday in Lent, of the current year, was admitted citizen of Cracow on taking the oath, and paid 10 Hungarian gold florins, a gun, and half a stone of gunpowder. There compeared also in person the Well-famed Albert Kin and John Thorbes, Scots and citizens of Cracow, who gave surety for the said Bartholomew Burnet that in the course of one year he would either marry or acquire a holding, under penalty of loss of the civic rights which he then received.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 1046.

THOMAS BURNET, trader, proving his parentage by Letters Patent from the Council of Aberdeen, in the Kingdom of Scotland, dated 21st June 1617, was admitted citizen of Cracow on taking the oath, and paid 15 Hungarian gold pieces and a stone of gunpowder. —Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1612-1634, f. 94.

PETER BURNET paid nothing.

At the request of the Well-born JAMES BURNET, the witnesses hereafter named were cited to compear before the Council of Cracow to give true testimony concerning his lawful birth, and were strictly and separately examined. The first witness, the Well-famed James Karmichel, citizen and merchant of Cracow, taking the oath with two fingers of his right hand raised toward the firmament, deponed:--

‘I knew well the dead parents of this young man. His father was Bartolomew Burnet and his mother’s name was Catherine, and I know that he was begotten in the state of holy matrimony."

The second witness, the Well-famed Albert Blakal, likewise a citizen and merchant of Cracow, took a similar oath and gave evidence in concordance.—Cons. Crac., 1649, f. 557.

At the instance and request of the Honest JAMES [Jacobus, the Polish traslator renders Jacob.] KARMICHEL, a Scot, the following witnesses were cited to give true testimony before the Council of Cracow, and after being separately admitted to the presence of the Court, were carefully questioned. The first witness, the Honest James Lesli, a Scot from Dundee, in Scotland, taking the oath with two fingers of his right hand raised toward the sky, declared:--

‘I know well that this Jacob Karmichael is born of his father Robert Karmichael of Dundee and of his mother Margaret, being begotten in the state of holy wedlock according to the rites of the Roman Catholic Church.’ [In Polish.]

The second witness, the Honest Robert Aucstenleg, a Scot from Gostyn, took a similar oath and gave evidence to the same effect.—Cons. Crac., 1621-1629, f. 589.

On the Wednesday after the Feast of the Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 1625. JAMES KARMICHEL.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1612--1634, f. 215.

JAMES KARMICHELL and PETER WOOD, two Scots merchants, proved their genealogy before the Council officials of Cracow on Friday, [5th December.]the day before the Feast of St. Nicolas, 1625, took the oath, and were admitted citizens. They each paid to the Treasury 20 (?) Hungarian gold pieces, and undertook that one or other should pay a long gun (or musket) and a stone of gunpowder, and marry within a year or acquire a holding, both pledging their word, for safety’s sake, to perform readily all burdens both civil and imperial. As caution for such performance, William Peterson and George Emsle bound themselves over to give satisfaction in event of default.—Cons. Crac., 1625, f. 215.

JOHN CHALMER, trader, producing birthbrieve with the seal of the Council of Aberdeen dated 29th September 1589, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 8 florins.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 826.

ROBERT CIAMER, a Scot, producing birthbrieve from Aberdeen dated 12th April 1619, was admitted citizen of Cracow on taking the oath, and paid 10 Polish florins and half a stone of gunpowder.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1612-1634, f. 159.

The Noble ROBERT CHRISTIE, from the city of Edinburgh, in Scotland, was admitted citizen of Cracow as recommended by His Royal Majesty’s Rescript, paid 800 florins, 2 stones of gunpowder, and 2 guns, and took the oath, two citizens and merchants of Cracow, the Noble Robert Forbes and the Noble John Feller, being cautions for the production of his birthbrieve within six months. This he afterwards produced, on parchment, with the pedigrees of his ancestors, bearing the seal of Aberdeen, in Scotland, and dated 15th May of the current year 1702.—Cathalogus Civium Cracoviensium primi ordinis ab anno 1639, f. 112.

JOHN CLARK, a Scot, producing birthbrieve dated Aberdeen, in Scotland, 4th April 1621, was admitted citizen of Cracow on taking the oath, and paid 40 florins, one stone of gunpowder, and a musket (bumbarda Muszkiet appellata), undertaking to acquire a holding at Cracow within a year, or to marry, under penalty of loss of civic rights.—Stara Warszawa, 1648.

JOHN CRAIG, a Scots trader, producing birthbrieve dated Aberdeen, in Scotland, 2nd June 1587, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 10 Hungarian florins.—Stara Warszawa, 1648, f. 185.

The Noble GEORGE CRUKSCHANK, merchant, producing birthbrieve with the seal of Aberdeen, in the kingdom of Scotland, dated 8th March 1686, was admitted citizen of Cracow and paid 100 florins, 14 florins instead of gunpowder, and a long gun.—Cath. Civ. Crae. prim. ord., 1655-1794.

TOMAS DIXON, producing birthbrieve extracted from the Council Records of Cracow, was admitted citizen of Cracow on the day of the Feast of St. Lucy, [13th December] 1598, took the oath, and paid 10 thalers.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 845.

ALEXANDER DICKSONE, a Scots trader, producing birthbrieve with the seal of Aberdeen, in Scotland, dated 28th June A.D. 1588, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 20 florins.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 866.

(Another ALEXANDER DIXON is mentioned in Cons. Crac., A.D. 1623, f. 252. He was a son of one Robert Dixon and Jadwiga his wife. The date of his birth is not given.)

The Honest ALEXANDER DIXON proved his genealogy, and on taking the oath was admitted citizen of Cracow, but being a patrician, paid nothing.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1612-1634, f. 175.

THOMAS DYXON, trader, proving his genealogy before the Council of Cracow, took the customary oath and was admitted citizen, but paid nothing to the public Treasury, being a patrician (patricius) of Cracow.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 866.

At the instance and request of the Well-famed THOMAS DYXON, a Scots merchant, the following witnesses were cited to give true testimony concerning his legitimate birth, and were brought before the Council of Cracow and subjected separately to careful examination. The first witness, the Well-famed John Fryler, citizen of Cracow, taking the customary oath with two fingers of his right hand raised toward the sky, declared:-

‘I knew well Thomas Dixon and Helen Halam, Scots, and know well that in the state of holy wedlock they begat a son Thomas, on whose account I make this declaration.’

The second witness, the Well-famed Thomas Dixon, citizen of Cracow, made under oath a similar declaration, which was registered in the present Acts. –Cons. Crac., 1630-1637, f. 645.

JAMES DRUMMONTH, a Scots merchant, producting birthbrieve dated Stirling, in Scotland, 22nd March 1582, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 10 florins, having resigned the citizenship of Kleparow (?), which he previously held, as is shown by a minute made in the current year, bearing the seal of that city. –Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 844.

On Saturday, 12th May 1576, DAVID DUNDAS, born in the metropolitan city of St. Andrews, in the kingdom of Scotland, produced his birthbrieve and was admitted citizen of Cracow, taking the oath and paying 2 florins. –Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1601, f. 551.

(a) The Well-famed GEORGE ELMSLIE, a Scot of Aberdeen, producing birthbrieve from Aberdeen dated 6th March 1591, was admitted citizen (of Cracow?), took the oath, and paid 8 florins.

(b) Done on the Saturday after St. Valentine’s Day, 1608.

The Well-famed GEORGE ELMSLIE, a Scot from Aberdeen, producing birthbrieve from the Council of Aberdeen dated 6th March 1598, was admitted citizen of Cracow; in consideration of the burning of his wwares at the Warsaw Diet, the Lords took from him 18 florins 16 grosz, a musket (bombarda oblongier) with fittings, and half a stone of gunpowder. He took the oath on admission. -Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1611, f. 1046.

At the instance of the Well-famed DANIEL FORBES, the Well-famed Albert Kin and Alexander Dixon, citizens and traders of Cracow, were cited as witnesses, and gave similar testimony under oath to this effect, that ‘they knew well the late Well-famed William Forbes, citizen and merchant of Cracow, who in the bonds of matrimony begat by his wife Eva, who still survived, amongst other children him at whose instance they made declaration.’—Cons. Crac., 1612-1621, f. 651.

JOHN FORBES, producing birthbrieve dated Aberdeen, in Scotland, 10th May 1587, was admitted citizen of Cracow and paid 2 florins.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1601, f. 680.

ANDREW FRAZER, a Scot, producing birthbrieve dated Aberdeen 6th June 1610, took the oath and was admitted citizen of Cracow, paying 40 florins, a musket, and a stone of gunpowder, and undertaking to marry or to acquire a holding within a year and a day.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1601, f. 204.

JOHN FRIER, a Scots trader, proving his genealogy by Letters extracted from the Register of the Lublin Court, dated Lublin, the Saturday [27th November] after the Feast of St. Catherine the Virgin, 1621, was admitted citizen of Cracow on taking the oath, and paid 10 Hungarian gold pieces of good weight, one stone of gunpowder, and a musket.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1612-1634, f. 165.

At the instance and request of the Honest WALTER GRYM, a Scot, the following witnesses were cited to give true testimony.

The first witness, the Honest James Korbett, a Scot dwelling in Cracow, taking the oath with two fingers of the right hand raised toward the heavens, declared :—

‘1 knew well Valentine Grim and Catherine Flesjer his wife, who in the state of holy wedlock begat this Walter Grym; and this Walter Grym is alive and his mother also lives.’

The second witness, the Honest Peter Inglis, a Scot dwelling in Cracow, took a similar oath and made the same declaration as the first.—Cons. Crac., 1626, f. 691.

GEORGE GUTHRIG, a Scots trader, producing birthbrieve dated Elgin 28th May 1622, bearing the name and seal of the Provost and Council of the city of Elgin, in the kingdom of Scotland, was on Saturday [27th July.]the Eve of the Feast of St. Anne A.D. 1624 (admitted citizen apparently at Cracow).

WILLIAM HENDERSON, merchant, a Scot from the city of Edinburgh, son of the late James Henderson and Hielos Brun his wife, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 16 Hungarian florins. Furthermore, although it was well known to the Council from the testimony of the Well-famed and Honourable Andrew Leber, Assessor of Cracow, and of William Forbes, trader of Cracow, that he was legitimately born, nevertheless to supplement their testimony they gave caution for the bringing and exhibiting to the Court of his birthbrieve [In the same book, dated 1602, the following note appears: ‘The Well-famed William Forbes (? Henderson), trader of Carcow; his genealogy written out on parchment, dated Edinburgh, 1st July 1601.’] within a year and a day, subject to a penalty of 100 Hungarian gold pieces and loss of the civic rights then conferred.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 887.

JAMES HOITH, a Scot, producing birthbrieve from the Advocate and the Assessors of Cracow dated the Wednesday [15th December.] after the Feast of St. Lucy the Virgin, 1621, was admitted citizen of Cracow on taking the oath, and paid 12 Polish florins, a gun, and a stone of gunpowder.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1612-1639, f. 166.

WILLIAM HOWIESOUNE, a Scot, producing birthbrieve dated Aberdeen 29th August 1622, took the oath, was admitted citizen of Cracow, and paid 40 florins, a musket, and a stone of gunpowder, undertaking to marry within a year and a day or acquire a holding.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1625, f. 204.

On the day [28th September.] of the Feast of St. Wenceslas, 1624, JOHN HINTER, a Scot, took the oath and was admitted citizen of Cracow, paying to the Treasury 80 florins, and promising a musket and a stone of gunpowder. He produced no birthbrieve at the time, but undertook to do so within three months, subject to forfeit of the sum paid and loss of civic rights, Thomas Orem and Bartholomew Burnet being cautions on his behalf. On 31st December 1624 he produced birthbrieve with the seal of Aberdeen, in Scotland, dated 15th October 1616, whereupon his cautioners were declared free.— Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1625, f. 199.

At the instance and request of the Noble and Well-famed Michael Kalay, citizen of Cracow, preferred in name of the High-born PETER HUNTER, the following witnesses were cited to give true testimony concerning his legitimate birth before the Council of Cracow, and were examined separately. The first witness, the Noble and Well-famed Alexander Dyxon, citizen and merchant of Cracow, taking the oath with two fingers raised to the heavens, declared:—

‘I knew Andrew Hunter and Sophie Kin, married, citizens of Cracow, and I know that this married couple begat Peter their son and brought him up.’

The second witness, the Well-famed Andrew Fraser, took a similar oath and gave evidence entirely in agreement with that of the first, which evidence the foresaid Michael Kalay directed to be entered in the present Acts.—Cons. Crac., 1641-1648 f. 950.

At the instance and request of the High-born GEORGE HUNTER, patrician of Cracow, the following witnesses were cited to give true testimony concerning his legitmate birth before the Council of Cracow, and were separately and carefully examined by them. The first witness, the Worshipful James Borkowski, Councillor of Cracow, took the oath before his fellow-Councillors, and declared:—

‘I knew well the Honest Andrew Hunter and Elizabeth Gordon, a married couple and citizens of Cracow, who, living in the state of holy wedlock, begat their son, Gaspar Hunter, on whose account I make this statement.’

The second witness, the Well-famed Andrew Wasser, merchant and citizen of Cracow, was likewise carefully examined by the present Council of Cracow, and taking the oath with two fingers of his right hand raised toward the heavens, gave evidence in agreement with that of the first.—Cons. Crac., 1648-1652, ff. 1114-15.

At the instance of the Honest JOHN INGRIJM, son of the Well-famed Daniel Ingrijm, a Scot, citizen and trader of Cracow, witnesses were cited to give true testimony concerning his genealogy. The first witness, the Well-famed Albert Kin, a Scot, citizen and trader of Cracow, taking the oath with two fingers of the right hand raised toward the sky, gave evidence to this effect :—

‘I knew well the late Daniel Ingrijm, a Scot and a citizen of Cracow, and Catherine his wife—who is yet alive—who in the state of holy wedlock begat, amongst other children, this son, on whose account I make this declaration.’

The second witness, the Well-famed William Forbes, a Scot, citizen and trader of Cracow, took a similar oath and gave, word for word, the same evidence as the first.—Cons. Crac., 1612-1621, f. 867.

ANDREW JOHNSTONE, a Scots retailer, producing birthbrieve with the seal of Dundee, in Scotland, dated 30th August 1600, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 40 florins and a gun.[This is the first entry in which the word ‘bombarda’ occurs.]—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 900.

JAMES JOHNSTOUN, a Scots shopkeeper, producing birthbrieve and title to nobility on both his father’s and his mother’s side, bearing the seal of Aberdeen, in Scotland, and dated 4th July 1597, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 5 florins.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 847.

(a) On the Wednesday [12th November.] before the Feast of St. Stanislas the Bishop, in the autumn of 1625, NATHANIEL KIEYTH, merchant, by nationality a Scot, having proved his genealogy before the Council of Cracow on the Monday [31st March.]of last Easter week, was admitted citizen of Cracow on taking the oath, and paid 50 florins, a musket, and a stone of gunpowder. He will be bound either to marry or to acquire a holding within a year from this date, subject to the loss of his civic rights.

a. At the instance and request of the Honest NATHANIEL KIEYTH, by nationality a Scot, the following witnesses were cited to give true testimony concerning his legitimate birth before the Council of Cracow, and on being admitted separately to their presence, were carefully examined with regard to the facts hereafter stated. The first witness, the Well-famed William Peterson, trader and citizen of Cracow, taking the oath with two fingers of the right hand raised toward the sky, declared:— ‘I know well that Nathaniel Kieyth is of honest parents— that is, of his father Albert Keyth of Scotland, a well-known gentleman, and of his mother Agnes, husband and wife according to the rites of the Universal Catholic Church—and therefore born in wedlock.’

The second witness, the Well-famed John Burnett, a Scot, likewise citizen and trader of Cracow, taking a similar oath, gave with neither omission nor addition the same evidence as the first. Their declarations, being in agreement, were therefore approved by authority of the Council of Cracow.—Acta Cons. Crac., 1621-1623, f. 561.

At the instance of the Well-famed Albert Kin, citizen and trader of Cracow, acting in name of the Honest LEWIS his son, the following witnesses were cited to give true testimony concerning his parentage. The first witness, the Well-famed Alexander Dixon, citizen and trader of Cracow, taking the oath with his fingers raised toward the sky, declared:--

‘I know well Mr. Albert Kin, a merchant and citizen of Cracow, who with the Honest Catherine his wife, living in the state of holy wedlock, begat, amongst other children, this son Lewis, a gilder.’

The second witness, the Well-famed George Emzle, citizen and trader of Cracow, took a similar oath, and gave the same evidence as the first.—Cons. Crac., 1612-1621, f. 703.

a. At the request and instance of the Well-famed Albert Kin, a Scot, citizen of Cracow, the following witnesses were cited to give true testimony concerning the parentage of JAMES his son. The first witness, the Well-famed John Barbier, goldsmith, citizen of Cracow, taking the oath with two fingers of the right hand raised toward the sky, gave evidence in these words:— ‘I know well and am sure that Mr. Albert Kin, merchant and citizen of Cracow, living in the state of holy matrimony with Catherine, the daughter of Hattervoit, begat, amongst other children, this son James.’

The second witness, the Well-famed Andrew Hunter, a Scot citizen of Cracow, taking a similar oath, gave word for word the same evidence as the first .—Cons. Crac., 1612-1621, f. 908.

(b) On the Saturday [23rd March.]before Palm Sunday, 1619, JAMES KIN proved his parentage before the Council of Cracow, and on taking the oath was admitted citizen; but he paid nothing, being a patrician.Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1612-1634, f. 122.

ALBERT KIN, a Scot, citizen of Cracow, who swears for his countryman that he will bring his birthbrieve. . . .—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1611-1634, f. 3.

CASPAR KIN, [Caspar Kin’s will is given later in this volume.] apothecary, having proved his genealogy by Letters Patent from the city of Kalisz, dated 6th September A.D. 1611, was admitted citizen of Cracow on taking the oath, and paid 40 Polish florins, promising to pay a gun and a stone of gunpowder before the Feast of Pentecost.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1611-1634, f. 21.

DAVID LEDEL, a Scot from Brechin, for the production of whose birthbrieve [A footnote shows that a satisfactory birthbrieve was produced, ‘bearing two seals of the city of Brchin, in Scotland, dated 5th June 1592.’]within six months the Honourable Stanislas Karasziowicz [This certificate is remarkable in that it is rare for a Pole to support the statements of a Scot.]gave caution, the penalty for default being 50 Hungarian florins, was admitted citizen of Cracow on taking the oath, and paid 5 florins.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 743.

ADAM LEGAN, [?Logan}a Scot, producing birthbrieve from the Provost and Council of Burgh, in Scotland, dated 6th September 1605, took the oath, and was admitted citizen of Cracow, paying 5 Polish florins.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1602,. f. 1037.

At the instance and request of the Honest ALEXANDER LOGAN, the following witnesses were cited to give true testimony concerning his legitimate birth, and were separately examined. The first witness, the Well-famed Thomas Dixon, citizen and merchant of Cracow, taking the oath with two fingers raised to the heavens, deponed and declared:--

‘I knew well Adam Logan and his wife, inhabitants of Cracow—of whom Adam Logan is still alive here in Cracow— the parents of Alexander Logan. This I know well, for I was at their wedding: they begat this son Alexander Logan, on whose account I make this declaration, in wedock.’

The second witness, the Well-famed John Burnet, citizen and merchant of Cracow, taking a similar oath, gave the same eidence as the first, and their declarations were entered in the-present Acts at the request of the foresaid Alexander Logan.—Cons. Crac., 1630-1637, f. 468.

On the Tuesday [8th November.] before the Feast of St. Martin the Pope, 1616, GEORGE MENZIES, a Scot, took the oath, and was admitted citizen of Cracow, promising to bring and exhibit a birthbrieve within six months, and paying 30 Polish florins and two stones of gunpowder. For the production of his birthbrieve (failing which he was to forfeit his civic rights) the Well-famed Albert Kin, John Barbier, and Andrew Hunter gave caution.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1612-1634, f. 73.

The Well-famed. JOHN MINKHAUS, compearing in person before the Council of Cracow, of his own free will resigned the citizenship conferred upon him on the (no record of date), having no wish to avail himself of it further. This resignation the Court accepted, since he had migrated to Dantzig, within the territory of the Realm.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1612-1637, f. 167.

At the instance and request of the Honest PETER ODT, [?Ordt.] a Scot, the following witnesses were cited to give true testimony before the Council of Cracow, and on being separately introduced into their presence, were carefully examined. The first witness, the Honest Peter Enges, a Scot from Tarnow, taking the oath with two fingers of his right hand raised toward the sky, declared:--

‘I know well that this Peter Odt is born of his father Bartholomew Odt of Skin, a village near Aberdeen, and of his mother Agnes Czamers, being begotten by him in the state of holy wedlock according to the Universal Catholic Church.’

The second witness, James Cruckshang, likewise a Scot, taking a similar oath, gave the same evidence as the first.—Cons. Crac., 1625, f. 589.

PATRICK ORUM, a Scots trader, producing birthbrieve with the seal of Aberdeen, in Scotland, dated 7th February 1596, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 20 florins.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 866.

At the request of the Well-famed OREM, a citizen of Cracow of Scottish nationality, the following witnesses were cited to give evidence before the Council of Cracow, and on being admitted separately, were carefully examined. The first witness, the Honourable Christopher Karniorki, then Sworn Syndic of the city of Cracow, taking the oath before the Council of which he was a member, declared :—

‘I know well Thomas Orem and Susanna Hoydt his wife, who being in the state of holy matrimony begat in lawful bed a son named Peter, living at present, on whose request I make this declaration.’

The second witness, the Well-famed George Emzle, likewise a Scot and citizen of Cracow, took a similar oath, and gave the same evidence as the first.

THOMAS HORAM, a Scots trader, producing birthbrieve from the city of Aberdeen, in Scotland, dated 17th April A.D. 1606, took the oath, and was admitted citizen of Cracow, paying 10 Hungarian pieces, a musket, and a stone of gunpowder.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 1044.

WILLIAM PATTERSON, a Scot, producing birthbrieve from Stirling, in Scotland, dated 30th August 1608, was admitted citizen of Cracow, and paid 20 Hungarian gold pieces, a gun, and half a stone of gunpowder.—Lib. Jur. Div. Crac., A.D. 1611, f. 107.

On the Saturday [24th October.] after the Feast of the Eleven Thousand Virgins, A.D. 1579, HERCULES RENTS from Erbroth, a city in Scotland, having produced reliable evidence extracted from the Register of the Acts of the city of Warsaw, and dated the Saturday [17th January.] before the Feast of the Blessed Vincentius, 1573, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 2 florins. But he bound himself and undertook to produce a satisfactory birthbrieve by the Feast of St. Michael, [29th September.]1580, and to buy a holding, consisting of immoveable property, within the space of one year.—--Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., A.D. 1555-1601, f. 576.

ALEXANDER ROBERTSON, a Scots trader, was admitted citizen of Cracow on taking the oath, and paid 40 florins, a stone of gunpowder, and a musket. Anent the production of his birthbrieve there is extant his bond of caution made on the same day before the Council of Cracow, the penalty for default being loss of civic rights. This birthbrieve he produced, compearing on a subsequent occasion before the Council of Cracow—bearing the seal of the city of Lublin, and dated 23rd June, the Vigil of the Feast of St. John the Baptist, 1626. Whereupon his cautioners were declared free from their obligation.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1611-1634, ff. 213-14.

JOHN SCOT, surgeon, producing birthbrieve before the present Court on the Friday [3rd April.]before the First Sunday after Easter (Dominica Conductus Paschae), 1671, was admitted citizen of Cracow, but paid nothing, being excused in return for his care and labour on behalf of the plague-stricken. This earnest care he undertook to continue.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac. Cath. Tert. Ord., 1678.

LAURENCE SMART, a Scot, producing birthbrieve with the seal of Dunfermline dated 20th March 1593, resigned his citizenship of Kleparow (?), and was admitted citizen of Cracow; he took the oath, and paid 6 florins.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1556-1612, f. 354.

GEORGE STERLIN, from the city of Dundee, in Scotland, retailer—on whose behalf the Well-famed John Mora and John Forbes, citizens and traders of Cracow, gave caution that he would bring his birthbrieve at the forthcoming Feast of St. Martin, [11th November.] or produce appropriate evidence, and within the next year either marry a wife or buy a holding consisting of immoveable property, subject to a penalty of 100 Hungarian florins to be forfeited in default—was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 5 florins.

(He produced a satisfactory birthbrieve on the Friday [21st June (if in 1591.] after the Octave of Corpus Christi, bearing the seal of the Council of the city of Dundee, in Scotland, and dated 15th March 1591; wherefore his cautioners were pronounced free. The other condition he undertook to fulfil. )—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac.

DAVID STRACHAN, goldsmith, producing birthbrieve dated Dundee, in Scotland, 1st August 1621, was admitted citizen of Cracow on taking the oath, and paid 6 florins to the public Treasury.

WILLIAM TORIJ, a Scot, producing birthbrieve with the seal of Aberdeen, in Scotland, dated 6th April 1622, took the oath, and was admitted citizen of Cracow. He paid 60 Polish florins, a stone of gunpowder, and a long gun, undertaking to acquire a holding in the city or to marry within a year, under penalty of loss of civic rights.

JOHN UDNY, a Scots trader, producing birthbrieve with the seal of Aberdeen, in Scotland, dated Aberdeen, 15th June 1594, was admitted citizen of Cracow, took the oath, and paid 10 Hungarian gold pieces. On his behalf the Well-famed John Mora and Albert Kyn gave caution, that he would marry within a year or buy a holding under the city’s jurisdiction, 100 Hungarian gold pieces to be forfeited in default.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 860.

DANIEL WALTER, proving his parentage from the Acts of the Advocate of Cracow under date 30th April 1632, took the oath, and was admitted citizen of Cracow. Because of his good services to the Lord Mayor he made no payment to the Council, but to the Treasury he paid 7 florins for the purchase of powder and a long gun.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1555-1612, f. 303.

The well-famed William Peterson and Caspar Innes, traders and citizens of Cracow, Scots by nationality, compearing in person sound in every faculty before the Council of Cracow, of their own free will and by securest legal means gave caution on behalf of the Honest WILLIAM WEIR, a Scot, who on this day was admitted citizen of Cracow without exhibiting his birthbrieve, and pledged their word individually and in conjunction that he would produce the same authentically to the present Court by the Feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary [2nd February.]in the coming year 1627 at latest, submitting in default ipso facto to forfeit his citizenship, and no longer to call himself a citizen of Cracow. In case of such default, his cautioners undertook to forfeit 50 Hungarian gold pieces deposited with the present Court, and also, in event of the said William Weir failing to perform the burdens and pay the contributions and levies usually borne by the citizens of Cracow, in every case to make payment themselves in his stead, renouncing all legal privileges as if convicted by decree of His Sacred Majesty the King by reason of the premises, in form of caution most full and perfect.

On the Friday [13th November.]after the Feast of St. Martin the Pope, 1626, William Weir, a Scot, took the oath, was admitted citizen of Cracow, and paid to the Treasury 100 florins, a gun, and a stone of powder. Regarding his birthbrieve there is extant a caution given on this day before the Council of Cracow. This birthbrieve, bearing the seal of Widawa and dated 18th January 1627, he produced on 10th February 1627, compearing in person before the Council of Cracow; whereupon his cautioners were freed from their obligation.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1612-1634, f. 227.

THOMAS WRIGHT, a Scots trader, producing birthbrieve extracted from the Acts of the Council of Aberdeen, and dated Aberdeen, 27th May A.D. 1587, was admitted Citizen of Cracow, and took the oath, paying 11 Hungarian florins 14 grosz, and undertaking to buy a holding within a year and six weeks, subject to a penalty of 100 Hungarian florins and loss of civic rights.—Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac., 1588-1601.

GILBERT JUNG, a Scot, took the oath and was admitted citizen of Cracow. --Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac.

JOHN JUNG, merchant, was admitted citizen of Cracow and paid a musket and a loading pistol. – Lib. Jur. Civ. Crac.


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