Eastern and Western Prussia
Part III – Documents (1)
There were two ways for the
Scottish settler to prove his identity and his legitimacy One was the
birth-brief which was issued in the town of his birth, signed by one or
more of the magistrates and duly sealed, another was the oral declaration
of legitimate birth. It was accepted instead of a birth-brief. Two friends
of the person concerned had to declare on oath before the magistrates of
the German town, here Danzig, that they knew him (or her) to be the
legitimate son (or daughter) of so-and-so, and his wife in Scotland.
Either of these proofs was
needed for the acquisition of civil rights and in cases of succession.
The Royal State Archives at
Danzig preserve a great number of these birth-briefs and
birth-declarations, whilst the two Archives at Konigsberg, the Royal State
Archive and the Stadt Archiv or Town Record Office, [The Stadt Archiv of
Konigsberg has passed through a long period of shameful neglect. Owing
chiefly to the energetic industry of Archivrath Doctor Joachim, the small
remnants of records is now well arranged and secured from further
spoliation. It is kept in the Kneiphofische Rathhaus, whilst the State
Records are kept in the Castle.] offer none or hardly any material.
In the following list
birth-briefs have been marked by the letters "Bb." The bracketed numbers
after the names refer to the age of the witnesses. D. = Danzig.
1. Robert Ainslie,
father James Ainslie, late barber at Jedburgh. Witnesses: James Ainslie,
glover and soldier, and Albert Ainslie, a burgess and silk merchant at
Stolp in Pomerania. (1649.)
2. A. Allant, witness:
Ernest Maxwel. (1627.)
3. Alb. Anderson,
from Perth. Witnesses: Thamson and Andr. Anderson.
4. David Anderson,
father Jacob Anderson; mother Margaret Oggelberg, at Danzig. Witnesses: A.
Löbel and Ernest Maxwel, stocking-weaver. (16?)
5. Fr. Anderson,
father Gilbert Anderson, late skipper and burgess of Aberdeen; mother Isab.
Carnegie. Witnesses: Ths. Gordon and J. Swien (?), from Aberdeen.
6. J. Bage
(?), pastry-cook, from Edinburgh. Witnesses: Ths. Tamson and Matthew
Frisell, from Edinburgh. 1586.
7. Jacob Balwray,
father, John Balwray, from St Johannis Stadt (Perth).
Witnesses: Chs. Andrew and Ths. Dundy, a glover of Danzig. 1653.
8. David Balfuhr,
father Patrick Balfour of St Andrews; mother Agnes Inglis. Witnesses Robt
Morris, a tailor, "near the Dominican Abbey Danzig," and John Gourlay,
skipper and burgess of Anstruther 1652.
9 Robert Baylie,
of Lamington, in Lanarkshire, his father
a retired clergyman. Witnesses: W. Currie, of Barten in Prussia, and J.
Ballentine from Edinburgh, now at Danzig. 1659. Bbr.
10 Andrew Bell, of
Bamoyll, near Cupar Angus, mother, Catharina Blair. Witnesses: Captain A.
Blair (65) and James Halyburton. 1637. Bbr.
11. Elisabeth and Agneta
Bell, of Dundee. Bbr. 1603.
Black, from the village of Alreck (?), near Banff. Witnesses: Alb.
Morrisson, an illuminator, and J. Robinson at Danzig. 1619.
14. Albr. Blackhall,
son of the late A. Blackhall at Aberdeen. His brother William having died
at Frauenburg in Prussia, he and his sister Catharine, who married Hans
Forquart (Farquhar), became heirs. 1655.
15.. Jacob Black,
father James Black, in Hirschberg, in Annaberg, Silesia. 1634.
16. James Bruce, son
of Robert Bruce, in the town of Skellitoun (?), parish of Dunserf; John
Bruce and Grizel Hamilton, daughter of Gavin Hamilton. 1673. Bbr.
17. Robert Bruce, in
the parish of Erroll.
18. Mariot Bruce,
wife of Ths. Mar, in Kilspindie.
19. Isabel Bruce, wife
of John Robertson, Kinnaird. Nos.17-19 are certified to be brothers and
sisters of the late John Bruce at Danzig. Bbr. Perth. 1654.
20. Will. Brown,
father Henry Brown; mother Houston (or Hewiston), from
Dundee. Witnesses: Robert Lesslie and Jacob Houston, burgesses of Dundee.
Have been school-fellows. 1663.
21. Jacob Burnet,
from Aberdeen, son of Thos. Burnet, "dominus a Campbell," and Margaret
Keith. 1652. Bbr.
22. H. Buchanan,
father Hans Buchanan, in Danzig. 1651.
23. W. Chishoim,
father John Chisholm, in the town of Lamington; mother Christina Portiers
(Porteous). Witnesses: Robt. Baillie and Ja. Anderson, glover, neighbours’
24.. Geo. Cleghorn,
from Edinburgh, son of John Cleghorn
of Quhitsome (Whitsome), Berwick; mother Helen Innerwick. Witnesses: Revd.
Geo. Cleghorn, minister of Dornick (Dornock), Alex. Kinnair, minister of
24A. Jac. Jeffrey and W.
Flockhart in Duns. Bbr. 1633.
25. Will. Clerk,
parents John Clerk and Anne Porter, in
Dunfermline. Birth-brief issued by the Consules Fermelinodum
civitatis, Dunfermline. March 29, 1669. Bbr.
26. A. Grockart. Bbr.
from Aberdeen, 1687. "Nos subscribentes Pastor et Seniores ecclesiae
Fintriensis in Diocesi Abredonensi in regno Scotiae testamur praesentium
laborem Alexandrum Crockart honestis apud nos parentibus defuncto Andrea
Crockart agricola et Margareta Ray legitima ipsius conjuge natum esse.
Alex. Taylor, senior; Robertus Smith, senior; Alex. Forbes, pastor;
Georgius Melvine, senior; Alex. Sangster.
27. Geo Cuik,
from Glasgow, son of J. Cuik and Janet
Neilson of Glasgow. Sept. 8, 1645.Bbr.
28. Dan. Davidson, "Patricius"
of Zamosc in Poland. Witnesses: John and Andrew Davidson, cives et
mercatores; Jacob Ventour, Secretary of the King; William Forbes, famatus
29. Geo. Davidson,
father William Davidson of Aberdeen; mother, Elizabeth Menzies. 1668.
30.. John Davidson,
father, Alexander Davidson of
Marienculter (Maryculter), "about a mile’s walk from Aberdeen." Witnesses:
Thos. Mengis from Collerlie, near Aberdeen; and Hans Brown, from Aberdeen,
glover and indweller of Danzig. 1652.
31. Andr. Dellor,
from the village of Alborti (?), ten miles off Aberdeen. Witnesses: Will.
Anderson and Ths. King, from Aberdeen. 1592. Bbr.
32. David Demster,
son of Geo. Demster and Isabella, from Brechin. 1631. Also written
33. Thomas Demster,
son of the late Jas. Demster, "one of the nobility" (einer vom adell),
domiciled in Engelsmead (Inglismaldie in Marykirk, Kincardineshire), near
Brechin, and of Agneta Lyall, his mother. Witnesses: Alexander Demster,
burgess and merchant of Danzig, and Alb. Demster, a braid maker. 1633.
34. R. Dempstarton,
mother Christina Balfour, at Stirling. Witnesses at Stirling: Alex.
Cousland, Geo. Norvel, Alex. Miller. Juli 3, 1610. Bbr.
35. Gilbert Dennis,
father in Zamosc, Poland; mother Susanna Boyd, from St. Johannis Stadt =
Perth. Witnesses: Gleghorn and Jacob Lyon, a glover. 1657.
36. John Duget, son
of the "noble" John Duget, domiciled in Disblehr (Disblair in Fintray),
"seven miles from Aberdeen"; mother, Margaret Siton (Seaton). 1655.
37. H. Duncan; 38.
Jas. Duncan; 39.Thos. Duncan; Sons of Thomas Duncan in
Konigsberg, 1652. Witnesses: Jacob Ruthven and Hans Short, of Konigsberg.
43. P. Forbes, son of Robert
Forbes of Mowney and Margareta Farquhar. Witnesses: Duncan
Forbes of Camphill, and Joannes
Forbes, burgess of Aberdeen.
44. William Forbes,
son of Geo. Forbes and Catharine Reedfurth of Baltingtuhr (?) in
Aberdeenshire. Witnesses: William Forbes and Alex. Mitchell, burgesses of
Aberdeen. Bbr. 1632.
40. William Farguhar;
41. Rober Farquhar; Emigrated from Aberdeen in 1639.
Sons of Arch. Farquhar, de Dillab infra parochiam de Monymusk et generosa
femina, Marg. Ritchie. 1687. Bbr. [In the Kgl. St. Archiv, Posen,
adorned with coat-of-arms.]
42. David Fermer,
son of William Fermer, Kirkcaldy. 1616. Bbr.
45. William Fraser,
son of W. Fraser, "magistri de Phoppachi." (Fopachy on the Beauly Firth.)
1670. Bbr. Inverness.
46. John Fyffe, son of
Jas. Fyffe in St Andrews. Witnesses: David Brodie and Robt. Morrisson,
tailor at D. 1652. ["Robt. Morrisson has been growing up with J. Fyffe,
the younger, and was a schoolfellow of his."]
47. Ths. Gall, son
of Ths. Gall in Montrose. Witnesses: W. Grub and W. Jeffrey at D., both
from Montrose. 1632.
48. Hans Gilmore,
father, burgess in Thorn. Witnesses: J. Ruthven and Jacob Lyon, burgesses
and glovers at D. 1653.
49. James Grun (Green.)
Witnesses: Hans Robertson and Gelletlie, burgesses of D. 1582.
50. Robt. Guthrie,
son of the "noble" William Guthrie of Minus, not far from the town of
Fervor (Forfar), and of Elis. Fenton. Witness: Henry Guthrie, merchant at
51. W. Halyburton, son of the
"Magister" Andr. Halyburton of St Andrews and Cath. Lumsden.
Witnesses: Morrisson and Cassinus of
D. (80). 1680. Bbr.
52. Andr. Hervie, son of
William Hervie of Torreloyth (?) near Aberdeen. Witnesses: W. Anderson and
Oswald Dirring, of Aberdeen, inhabitants of D. 1598.
53a. Al. Henderson, son of
John Henderson, burgess of Perth, and Elis. Ellor. Witnesses: W. Anderson,
Hans Snell, Alex. Salmon, natives of Perth, now of D. Alex. Henderson died
1597 at D.
53b. William Henderson, son
of William Henderson, the Earl of Orkney’s late "Court Butcher" in
Kirkwall, and of Anne Spens. Witness: Elis. Sinckler, widow of Peter
54. W Hewison, son
of W. Hewison, Aberdeen. 1650.
55. Dan Heij (Hay).
Witness: Alex. Karkettle. 1690.
56. Hans Innes, son
of Alb. Innes, an "arrendator" at Park in Banffshire and of Marg. Leitch.
Witnesses: Jacob Stewart, a lieutenant, and Ths. Mackie, a tailor, both of
57. Albrecht Jack,
son of Thomas Jack, merchant of D.
Witnesses: W. Wadrop and David Hogg, burgesses of D. 1622.
58. Thos. Jamieson,
son of John Jamieson, domiciled in Sklete (or Sklote), "about a mile’s
walk from Aberdeen," and of Barbara Simson. Witnesses: Alexander Simson,
burgess of Krakaw, and Will. Hewison, burgess of Posen. 1658.
59a. Andreas Kant, a
tanner, now a musketeer under Sergeant-Major Goltz, son of And. Kant.
59b. W. Kant, son of
the late John Kant, a tailor. Witnesses: Robt. Morisohu (80) and Alex.
Stuhrt (73), in the Elizabeth Hospital, D. 1681.
60. Hans Kilau (?),
son of the late I. Kilau, shoemaker and burgess of Aberdeen. Witnesses:
Gilb. Tzamer (Czamer), and Will. Ellhus (Ellis) of Aberdeen, now at D.
61. Jacob Kingawer
(?), son of Jas. Kingawer, late weaver at Wasserkarney (?), "three miles’
walk from Aberdeen," and of M. Young. 1666.
62. Jacob Leo (Lyon),
son of David Lyon, burgess of Edinburgh, and of Cath. Patterson, a
citizen of Danzig and a glover by trade. Died without male issue. One of
the witnesses is Alb. Morris, a tailor of Danzig and son-in-law to David.
63. Jacob Lermont,
father J. Lermont, late burgess and gunsmith of St Andrews; mother, Elis.
Smith. Witnesses : S. Robertson, burgess of St Andrews, and Jacob Smith,
burgess of Danzig. 1636.
64. Walter Leslie,
from Aberdeen; father Patrick Leslie, Provost of Aberdeen; mother, Isab.
Chien. Witnesses: Ths. Leslie, burgess of Danzig, an uncle, and J. Littgo
(Lithgow), burgess and distiller, D. (73). 1683.
67. John Littko, son
of Jas. Littkow, citizen and distiller of D. (formerly a "lieutenant" in
Aberdeen), born in Aberdeen; mother Elis. Henderson. 1669.
68. Will. Litigow,
from Sandwick (Shetlands). Witness: Jacob Lissko, stocking-weaver
65. Thos. Ledderdel
(Litherdale?), father, Jas. Litherdale, domiciled on St Mary’s Isle,
County Galway (Galloway). 1649.
66. Abr. Lindsay,
son of Will. Lindsay and of Euphemia, from Edinburgh. 1598.
69. John Macallen.
70. John Mackie.
71. A. Marshall, Bbr.
issued by the town of Aberdeen, son of Robt. Marshall and Marg. Mollisson.
Witnesses: Alex. Davidson, "advocatus," John Tullydaff Hector Smith and
Jas. Birnie. Dec. 1, 1634.
72. John Maxwell,
son of James Maxwell, peasant, in the village of Auchtermuchty, "a two
miles’ walk" from Fachein (Falkland), "a small town in the Kingdom of
Scotland." Witnesses: Alex. Ross (75) and Hans Casin (90), labourers of D.
father burgess of D.; mother Anne Robertson. Witnesses: Hans Morton and
Jas. Duncan (66), burgesses of D. 1675.
74. Robt. Mill,
father Robert Mill, in Aberdeen; mother Jane Burnett. 1674.
75. Robt. Mitchell,
son of Robert "Dominus de Preston Grange," and Janeta Wilson. 1697. Bbr.
from New Aberdeen. Mother Anna Paip, daughter of Alex. Paip of Mickley
Rany. 1738. Witnesses: And. Turner (76) and John Marshall (56), burgesses
77. Alex. Moncrieff,
skipper, from Burntisland. Mother, Marg. Brown. Witnesses: Andr. Alexander
and John Scott of Burntisland. Hennerson, an interpreter, "verstabet" =
repeated and translated the oath to them. 1678.
78. Hugh Mongall,
son of George Mongall, judge and burgess of Fallkirch; mother, Marg. Hall.
79. R. Morrisson,
son of John Morrisson of St Andrews. Witness: David Brachy of St Andrews.
80. Ths. Murray, son of Al.
Murray, late merchant in Aberdeen, and of Cath. Cullen. Witnesses: Robt.
Chapman and J. Liddel. 1681.
81. Hans Ogilvie
(boy), from Kopenhagen. 1685. Bbr.
82. Peter Ogilvie,
father, the "noble" Thos. Ogilvie of Balgowen, near Gowrie (Perth);
mother, Elis. Morton. Witnesses: Major Ths. Anderson and Hans Watson of D.
83. Al. Paip, from
the town of Tania (Tain) in Ross-shire, son of Gilbert Paip of Mickle
Rainy and Anne Munro, daughter of John Munro of Pitonachy. Witnesses:
Alex. Ross of Cockenzie and John Fergusson "de Allan." 1686.
84. Al. Paip, son of
the above. Witnesses: Geo. Buchan (70) and John James Gorman, burgess of
85. A. Patterson,
from Kiling (?), Aberdeenshire. 1619.
86. David Patterson,
son of Hans Patterson in Erbraht (Arbroath). Witnesses: Jacob Smith, "a
horse soldier," and David Patterson. "Went to school together." 1656.
87. H. Pollock, from
88. Archibald Rait,
son of A. Rait and Elis. Abercrombie, parish of Rayne, Aberdeenshire. Left
Scotland 1651. Bbr. issued by J. Gordon, ballivus, Geo. Cruikshank de
Berrihill, Ja. Basken de Orde et Robt. Cruikshank de Rainystone. 1677. [In
the Kgl. St. Archiv, Posen. The Bbr. Is adorned with the
coat-of-arms of the Raits of Halgrein, Abercromby de Birkenbog, Cruikshank
of Tullymorgan and Leith of Likliehide.]
88a. Samuel Ramsay,
father and grandfather in Elbing. Witnesses: John Mallison, burgess and
brewer, and Thos. Smeaton, burgess, both of Elbing. 1687.
89. William Ramsay,
son of Patrick Ramsay, in the village of Wettray (?) Angus. Witnesses:
Will. Ramsay and David Macrecht. "Scottish Krämers." Bbr. 1629.
90. Jacob Ramsay,
father a small grocer at Praust near D. 1656.
91. Alexander Ramsay,
son of No. 89. "Freyer deutscher art gezeuget." [Of free German
92. Walter Ramsay, sons of
Al. Ramsay of Gaire (?)
93. Gilbert Ramsay, near
Coupar Angus, and of Marg. Halyburton. Walter is said to have died when
journeying in Wallachia; Gilbert settled in Konigsberg. 1652.
94. Alex. Rennie,
son of Al. Rennie. 1637.
94a. M. Riese
from Edinburgh. 1701.
95. Jas. Robertson,
son of Geo. Robertson, burgess of D. 1591.
96. David Robertson,
from Pomerania. 1638. Bbr.
97. Thomas Robertson,
from Brandenburg. 1638. Bbr.
98. Will. Robertson,
son of Jas. Robertson (95) in D. Born at D. 1662. Bbr.
99. Jacob Ross, son
of John Ross at D. and of Margaret Essken (Erskine). Witnesses: Jas. Lyon
and David Dempster (60), glovers and burgesses of D. 1657.
100. Abr. Sinclair,
son of W. Sinclair of D. Witnesses: Hans Fergusson and Jacob Söto (Soutar),
burgesses and shoemakers of D. 1669.
101. David Skene,
from Bahelwick (Balhelvie), near Aberdeen. Mother Mabel Kennett. 1586. Bbr.
102.. Jacob Sinckler, father
Jas. Sinckler, a "seafaring man"; mother, Agneta Morton. Witnesses:
Hans Morton, burgess of D., and
David Brady of St Andrews. 1659.
103. Thomas Smart, from
Dundee. Son of David Smart and Elizabeth Smith. Witnesses: Geo. Brown and
Mallisson from Konigsberg. 1639. Bbr.
104. Jacob Smith,
son of James Smith at Dundee and of Marg. Gillin. Witnesses: Robert Lessli,
burgess of Dundee, and John Cargill, clerk in D. 1664.
105. John Strachan, son of
Al. Strachan, merchant at D., and of Barbara Schmidt (Smith). Witnesses:
J. Smith, burgess and jeweller of D., and William Lumsdehl, burgess of D.
106. Alb. Strebren,[See
Scots in Germany.]son of Matth. Strehren from Penketland (Pencaitland),
"eight miles" walk from Edinburgh. Witnesses: Hans Cumming, burgess of D.
107. Jas. Steffen,
from Glaskaw, son of the late B. Steffen. Witnesses: B. Hall and Hans
Donnell, burgesses of Glasskaw. 1612.
108. Donald Sutherland,
from Caithness. Bbr. 1751.
109. James Sutherland;
,, ,, Bbr. 1752.
110. John Thomson,
son of Math. Thomson of Glasgow. Witnesses: Matth. Macleish, glover,. and
Henry Simson, retail merchant, D., "neighbour’s children." 1667.
111. John Turner,
[See about him above. The reader will do well to compare the lists above
with those given in the Appendix of the Scots in Germany. ]son of John Turner and Marg. Keith, Aberdeen. Witnesses: William
and Andr. Turner, merchants at Przemysl in Poland, the heirs. 1688.
112. Richard Turner,
father in D. as clerk. 1684.
113. Hans Walles
(Wallace), son of H. Walles in D., and Cath. Robertson. Witnesses: H.
Morton and Geo. Cleghorn, burgesses of D. 1660.
114. Will. Watson,
from Stolp in Pomerania, son of J. Watson, there. 1676. Bbr.
115. Andr. Watson,
son of A. Watson in St Johnstown (Perth). Witnesses: P. Wadrup, a soldier,
and William Puri (Pourie). 1649.
116. Jacob Watson,
son of H. Watson, born in the village of O. (?), ten miles from D. 1686.
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