SSNE database comprises of information relating to c.5000 individuals
from Scotland, England, Ireland and Wales who migrated to or worked in
Denmark-Norway and Sweden-Finland between 1580 and 1707. They represent
the military, naval, diplomatic, intellectual and social elite from the
British Isles who operated in northern Europe. The names included here are
drawn from a variety of primary and secondary sources. Their entries are
being constantly updated and added to as new information becomes
studies have often failed to place the Scottish connection with the
Scandinavian countries into a satisfactory context. They have not allowed
for an accurate estimation of the importance of the Scottish presence
since we do not know whether it is a small or a large percentage of those
arriving from the British Isles. The SSNE database means that for
the first time a reasonably accurate comparison of Scottish, English and
Irish involvement will be feasible. That comparison is all the more useful
since the citizens of the three kingdoms were all subjects of the same
Scrutinising the existing works, it became clear that it was of little
value to include all the Scottish names we had available for our purposes.
We opted therefore not to include all the Scots or individuals that we had
details for, but instead to define groups of people we would incorporate.
The selection process was based on the usefulness of the various
categories. We feel we have achieved a balanced and manageable selection
of individuals for comparative research.
the Database here!
And here is an example
entry that was found in the database...
(c.1605-1693), general and military governor, was born in Scotland around
1605. There is very little information on his early life and indeed the
details of his early military career appear confusing. There are
references in Danish archival sources to a Thomas Meldrum in Danish
service during their period of the Thirty Years' War (1625-1629). However,
there does not appear to be agreement as to which rank he had or in which
regiment he served. According to the Danish military historian Gunner
Lind, Meldrum joined the Sjælland Knight's regiment on 1st August 1627 as
a private and departed from Danish-Norwegian service on the 12th June 1628
(Lind, 1995). Another Dane, Thomas Riis makes mention of a Captain Thomas
Meldrum commanding a company of the Sjælland National Foot by February
1628 and departing from Danish service in June 1629 (Riis, 1988, II, 115).
It is not implausible that these are the same man given the chaotic state
of the Danish army during this period. Further, neither author notes
another man of that name in their detailed listings of officers in the
Danish-Norwegian army derived directly from the muster rolls. In 1629
Denmark-Norway signed the Treaty of Lübeck and withdrew from the war
against the Habsburg Empire. Many Scottish officers and soldiers
transferred from the army of Christian IV to serve in the Swedish army of
Gustav II Adolf. It appears that Thomas Meldrum was one of these men.
Certainly a Captain Thomas Meldrum fought for the Swedish army in Germany
as a member of Alexander Cunningham's Scottish infantry regiment in 1632.
J.C.W. Hirsch and Gunner Lind indicate that this is the same man who
re-enlisted into Danish service for their wars against Sweden between
1657-1660. From this point on, Meldrum's military service can be traced
more easily. He re-entered Danish service from that of Brandenburg in
January 1657. Meldrum initially served as a captain in the infantry
regiment of the Scotsman, Major-General John Henderson. He did not stay
with the unit long which allowed him to avoid capture when Henderson
surrendered the garrison of Hindsgavl in January 1658. Lind indicates that
Meldrum temporarily became a dragoon captain in October 1657 departing
from his usual capacity as an infantry officer. He later returned to foot
service when he served as a captain of the student's regiment during the
siege of Copenhagen in April 1658. In 1659 Meldrum served as a captain in
Krag's infantry regiment and remained an infantry captain until 1663.
Sometime after 1670 he gained his promotion to lieutenant colonel of
infantry stationed in Copenhagen. War broke out between Denmark-Norway and
Sweden in 1675 as the Danes sought to recover their former territories
east of the Sound. The Treaty of Copenhagen had ceded these to the Swedes
in 1660. Meldrum took an active part in the Danish campaign and earned the
title of commander and full colonel at the battle of Lund. By 1677,
Meldrum acted as vice-commander of the newly captured Swedish town of
Landskrona, and finally as military governor of the castle. It was from
this strategic position commanded by Meldrum that Christian V conducted
his devastating campaign against Swedish Skåne. Yet despite Danish success
in the campaign, the French brokered the Peace of Lund in 1679 which
ensured that Sweden retained the former Danish provinces. Thereafter
Meldrum returned to Denmark where he remained on active service within the
army. In 1684 he gained further promotion to the rank of brigadier. Thomas
Meldrum died with the rank of general in 1693 aged about 88 years old. The
few scattered references that remain in Scandinavian military archives
appear to be all that remain of a career which spanned nearly sixty years
and saw Meldrum rise from a common soldier to a respected commander.
J.C.W. Hirsch and K. Hirsch (eds.), 'Fortegnelse over Dansk og Norske
officerer med flere fra 1648 til 1814 (12 vols. compiled 1888-1907), VII,
vol. 2; G. Lind, Danish Data Archive 1573, database, (Copenhagen, 1995
version); Swedish Krigsarkiv, Muster Roll, 1632/30; T. Riis, Should Auld
Acquaintance Be Forgot…Scottish-Danish relations c.1450-1707, (2 vols.,
Odense, 1988), II, pp.92 and 115; Danish Rigsarkiv, Kanc. B 150, fol.
116r.-v. no.155; N. P. Jensen, Den Skaanske Krig, 1675-1679 (Copenhagen,
1900), pp.51, 61, 73, 100, 123, 181, 245, 262, 320, 393, 453.