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The Scotch-Irish in History
By Rev. James Shaw D. D. 1899


PREFACE

The landing of the Pilgrim Fathers in the Mayflower and the part their descendants took in the American Revolution has been justly celebrated in painting, poetry and history, while the Scotch-Irish, who were the primary and principal actors in the movement, have been scarcely noticed at all. It is time to write the history of the latter. To the late Hon. Ex-Chief Justice Scott, the writer is indebted for the suggestion of writing the history of the race, which has been approved by Ex-Vice President Stevenson and Dr. Thomas Wright, the founder of the Scotch-Irish Society, leaving the editors of the yearly volumes of the Society to compile a work on the local habitations and history of the race in America. The writer has gone on to trace the origin of the race in their island home as builders of the churches and schools of Christendom, the British and Colonial Empire, American independence and modern civilization. Around these the warp and woof of the story is woven.

Facts as romantic as those of the Pilgrim Fathers, are to be found in the landing of St. Patrick in Ireland, St. Columba in Scotland, Aidan in Saxon England, and Columbanus in Continental Europe, with twelve missionaries each, resulting in the conversion of all these countries to Christ, is more wonderful than any facts of modern history, brushing aside the legendary fables that crowd around the Celtic missionaries, who are now seen to stand out in their true Pauline Christian character. The two monastic colleges of St. Bridget in Ireland and St. Hilda in England are seen to be mixed schools for both sexes, where theology was taught, the Bible expounded and students prepared for ministerial work in Ireland and Continental churches. Further, these lady presidents sat and voted with princes, bishops and abbots, in church and national council. The conversion of Luther and birth of the Reformation in a Scotch-Irish college at Erfurt is worth noting. Also the fact that more than the half of the presidents of the United States of America belong to this race.

The American Review of Reviews has well said, "The Scotch-Irish element never has had its full due at the hands of historians. Too much stress has been placed upon the influence of the New England element in the formation of our national character. In New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, central and southern Ohio and Kentucky it is from the Scotch-Irish strain of blood that has come a very large proportion of the statesmen, jurists and successful men of affairs. The dominant traits of this virile stock are industry, thrift, strong religious convictions and serious views of life. It is a large-boned, muscular, long-lived race and it has kept up its fecundity to our own day, whereas the New England stock has become so barren that in its original home it hardly keeps its numbers good."

For the first time the history of the race has been presented in the following work, while many of the facts have been gathered from English, Scotch and American historians, the writer feels specially indebted to the late Count Montelembert, of France, in his "Monks of the West," and to Professors Harnach and Zimmer of Germany. The illustrations will help to elucidate the work, which have been obtained at large expense.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

"THE SCOTCH-IRISH IN HISTORY,"

AS MASTER BUILDERS OF
EMPIRES, STATES, CHURCHES, SCHOOLS AND CHRISTIAN
CIVILIZATION.

PART I.

THE CHURCH AND SCHOOLS OF CHRISTENDOM.

1. The Island Home and Cradle of the Race
2. Gael, Roman and Teuton Typical Illustrations
3. Personal Observations on Scotland, Persons and Places
4. The Clans, Mission, Relations and Results
5. St. Patrick and Columba, or Conversion of Scotch-Irish
6. Conversion of Saxon England and Continental Europe
7. Scotch-Irish Schools and Mediaeval Civilization

PART II.

THE BRITISH AND COLONIAL EMPIRE.

1. Scotch-Irish Agency in Making England and Saving Europe
2. Wallace and Bruce as Leaders of Civil Liberty
3. The Reformation and Martyr-Heroes of Scotland
4. Knox and the Scottish Church to the Jubilee of 1893
5. Weaving the Warp and Woof of National Character
6. In Europe and the Orient
7. Canada and the Colonial Empire

PART III.

THE UNITED STATES AND THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC.

1. James I. and the Ulster Plantation
2. Persecution and Emigration to America
3. In America, along the Atlantic, Southern, Pacific and Middle States
4. In the War of Independence, from Lexington to Yorktown
5. Soldiers in the Wars of 1812 and Mexico
6. Sailors in the Navy on River, Lake and Sea
7. Pillars and Patriots in the Building of the Nation
8. Presidents and Vice-Presidents in Ruling the Republic
9. Founders of the Leading Churches in America
10. The Mission of the Republic to Mould Other Nations

PART IV.

MODERN CHRISTIAN CIVILIZATION.

1. Pioneers in Maritime and Missionary Enterprise
2. Teachers of Art, Science and Philosophy
3. Scotch-Irish Thought and Modern Civilization
4. The Press, the Publisher and Publications
5. The Pulpit, Preacher and Evangelist
6. The Bench, the Bar and Legislative Hall
7. The Leaders of Philanthropy, the Givers and their Gifts
8. Home and Foreign Missions
9. Inventors and their Great Inventions

10. Other Inventions
11. Representative Women of the Race, among the High and Lowly
12. The Scotch-Irish Congress and the Columbian Exhibition


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