Scotch-Irish in History
By Rev. James Shaw D. D. 1899
The landing of the Pilgrim Fathers in the Mayflower and
the part their descendants took in the American Revolution has been justly
celebrated in painting, poetry and history, while the Scotch-Irish, who
were the primary and principal actors in the movement, have been scarcely
noticed at all. It is time to write the history of the latter. To the late
Hon. Ex-Chief Justice Scott, the writer is indebted for the suggestion of
writing the history of the race, which has been approved by Ex-Vice
President Stevenson and Dr. Thomas Wright, the founder of the Scotch-Irish
Society, leaving the editors of the yearly volumes of the Society to
compile a work on the local habitations and history of the race in
America. The writer has gone on to trace the origin of the race in their
island home as builders of the churches and schools of Christendom, the
British and Colonial Empire, American independence and modern
civilization. Around these the warp and woof of the story is woven.
Facts as romantic as those of the Pilgrim
Fathers, are to be found in the landing of St. Patrick in Ireland, St.
Columba in Scotland, Aidan in Saxon England, and Columbanus in Continental
Europe, with twelve missionaries each,
resulting in the conversion of all these countries to Christ, is more
wonderful than any facts of modern history, brushing aside the legendary
fables that crowd around the Celtic missionaries, who are now seen to
stand out in their true Pauline Christian character. The two monastic
colleges of St. Bridget in Ireland and St. Hilda in England
are seen to be mixed schools for both sexes, where theology was taught,
the Bible expounded and students prepared for ministerial work in Ireland
and Continental churches. Further, these lady presidents sat and voted
with princes, bishops and abbots, in church and national council. The
conversion of Luther and birth of the Reformation in a Scotch-Irish
college at Erfurt is worth noting. Also the fact that more than the half
of the presidents of the United States of America belong to this race.
The American Review of Reviews has well said, "The
Scotch-Irish element never has had its full due at the hands of
historians. Too much stress has been placed upon the influence
of the New England
element in the formation of our national character. In New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, central and southern Ohio and
Kentucky it is from the Scotch-Irish strain of blood that has come a very
large proportion of the statesmen, jurists and successful men of affairs.
The dominant traits of this virile stock are industry, thrift, strong
religious convictions and serious views of life. It is a large-boned,
muscular, long-lived race and it has kept up its fecundity to our own day,
whereas the New England stock has become so barren that in its original
home it hardly keeps its numbers good."
time the history of the race has been presented in the
following work, while many of the facts have been gathered from English,
Scotch and American historians, the writer feels specially indebted to the
late Count Montelembert, of France, in his "Monks of the West," and to
Professors Harnach and Zimmer of Germany. The illustrations will help to
elucidate the work, which have been obtained at large expense.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
"THE SCOTCH-IRISH IN HISTORY,"
AS MASTER BUILDERS OF EMPIRES, STATES, CHURCHES,
SCHOOLS AND CHRISTIAN
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