PREFACE TO THE SECOND
This book relates to the
Scottish Kings from the accession of Malcolm II. in the year 1005, to
the death of James VI. in 1625. It contains the result of an endeavour
to settle, as far as possible, the exact date of the noteworthy events
in Scottish history during those six centuries. Unfortunately there are
many noteworthy events in the early history of Scotland to which it is
impossible to assign the exact date.
Pages xviii and xix
contain a Table of the Scottish Kings from 1005 to 1625. This Table
gives the names of the Sovereigns, the dates when their reigns began,
their ages at accession, the dates when their reigns ended, and the
lengths of their reigns. It contains the reigns of twenty-five Kings;
the second reign of Donald Bane; the nominal reign of Margaret, The
Maid of Norway'; the First Interregnum; the Second Interregnum; and the
reign of Mary Queen of Scots; making a total of thirty periods, or
reigns if they may be so called, although the term reign is not
strictly applicable in every instance.
Pages 1-279 contain
particulars as to the parentage, birth, marriage, death, burial-place,
and issue of each Sovereign, with short notices and the dates of some of
the principal events that occurred during their reigns. .
Thu paragraphs that
relate .specially to the personal history of each Sovereign begin in the
margin, so as to be more readily distinguished.
A Table of Regnal Years
is inserted after each reign, followed by the names of the contemporary
Sovereigns in England and in France, and by the names of the
contemporary Popes and Antipopes.
The Tables of Regnal and
Interregna! Years are calculated, in most cases, from the death,
deposition, or abdication of the preceding Sovereign, on the principle
of 'The King is dead! Long live the King! But if a special examination
of the Records in H.M. General Register House were made, it might be
found that Robert I. was not the only one of the Scottish Kings who
reckoned his Regnal Years from the date of his coronation.
Upwards of live thousand
references are given in footnotes, to show the principal sources that
have been consulted, and to enable the reader, if so disposed, to refer
to those sources for the purpose of comparing the various accounts of
any particular Incident. In many cases the references are given to show
that some statement of a so-called Authority is wrong.
The pages from 280
onwards may be regarded as an Appendix. They contain Pedigrees,
Explanations, Tables. Calendars, Maps, etc.
Pages 280-285 contain
five Pedigrees, extending over a period of one thousand and nfty-seven
years, from the accession of Kenneth I. (MacAlpin), King of Scots, in
the year 844. to the accession of His Most Gracious Majesty King Edward
VII. on the 22nd of January 1901.
Pages 286 and 287 contain
a Table of the Marriages of the Scottish Kings from 1034 to 1625. The
Marriages are placed in a separate Table, to avoid the necessity of
using folding-sheets for the Pedigrees.
Pages 288 and 289 contain
Pedigrees of the Ranulphs and Dunbars, Earls of Moray. These Pedigrees
are inserted because they afford an opportunity of correcting (1) the
pedigree and notes printed in the Proceedings of the Society of
Antiquaries of Scotland, vol. xxii. pp. 187-192, 1st March 1888; and (2)
the statements in Scottish Arms (1881), vol. ii. p. ii, No. xii. These
Pedigrees clear up some doubtful points, which for the last two or three
hundred years have been hopelessly confused.
Pages 290 and 291 contain
an explanation of the use of the Tables and Calendars. These Tables and
Calendars are provided to enable any person to translate the dates in
old documents and chronicles into our present computation.
Pages 292-294 contain an
explanation of Double Dates. This explanation is given to show the
true sequence of events that occurred before 1752, in which year the New
Style was adopted in Great Britain.
Pages 295-297 contain a
list of the principal Moveable Feasts and Fasts in chronological order.
Pages 298-305 contain
some Notes on Eras, Calendars, Easter, the Old and New Styles, etc.
Pages 306 and 307 contain
a Table of Eras, Events, and Anniversaries, with Notes.
Pages 308-320 contain a
Table of Easter Day for a thousand years, from the year 1001 to the year
200c inclusive, according to the Old Style before 1753, and according to
the New Style after 1582.
Page 321 contains a Table
showing some errors in dating Easter Day, from the year 1001 to the year
Pages 322-324 contain
Tables of the Principal Moveable Feasts and Fasts before and after
Pages 325-328 contain an
Alphabetical Table of the Popes and Antipopes from 1005 to 1625, with
the dates when their Regnal Years began and ended.1
Pages 329-388 contain an
Alphabetical Calendar of Scottish and other Saints Days, and of the
Principal Feasts and Fasts, moveable and immoveable; a Church Calendar;
a Latin Calendar, with Transition; a Scottish Calendar: and a Table of
Abbreviations used in the Calendars. In the Alphabetical Calendar, when
there are two or more Saints of the same name, their names are, in most
cases, arranged according to the sequence of the months in which their
The Scottish Calendar, in
the first edition of this book, had a number of days left blank, owing
to the impossibility of proving the exact date of many events in
Scottish history. In the present edition some of those blanks have been
filled up with modern instances.
Pages 389-401 contain the
names of some of the Authors. Books, Chronicles, etc., referred to in
Then follow four coloured
Maps, reproduced, by permission, from those in the late Mr. W. F.
Skenes Celtic Scotland. These maps are intended to give only a general
idea of the boundaries of *Alban, Scotia, the Bishoprics, and of
the Ancient Divisions of the Land.
The Index applies mainly
to the first 289 pages.
This Revised Chronology
of Scottish History includes a period of more than six hundred years,
and contains so many statements and dates, that it is hopeless to expect
entire freedom from error, but great pains have been taken to make it
accurate. To quote from the Preface of LArt de verifier les Dates (p.
xix): Notwithstanding the long and laborious researches that have been
made, notwithstanding all the precautions that have been taken, and the
care that has been exercised to avoid mistakes, both in the composition
of the work and in the correction of the proofs, it is difficult, not to
say impossible, to escape from making some errors in so great a number
of facts and dates.
A. H. D.
St. Andrew's Day, 1906.
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