History of Bowling in Scotland and
Bowls and the Scots
golf, the game of Bowls, with more or less the same world-wide Laws,
owes its existence to the Scots.
Following on a meeting in Glasgow in 1848, attended by about two
hundred players from various clubs all with different Laws for
playing the game, W.W. Mitchell of Glasgow, drew up a "uniform code
of Laws", and these are the basis of all subsequent Laws.
Association was formed and in
1893, it drew up rules or Laws based on Mitchell's Code and also
published a Code of Ethics.
1903, the was formed, the first President being Dr. W. G. Grace, who
is much more acclaimed and remembered for his fame as a cricketer.
International Bowling Board was formed in 1905, the foundation
members being Scotland, England, Ireland, and Wales.
New Zealand was first admitted in 1928, as also were Australia,
Canada, South Africa, and the United States of America.
Note: The above
information is reproduced from the website of Bowls Canada who
provide a full history of the sport of lawn bowling.
following article comes from the website of the
Recreation and Park Department. Once again it recognises the
The History of Lawn Bowling
historians believe that the game developed from the Egyptians. One
of their pastimes was to play skittles with round stones. This has
been determined based on artifacts found in tombs dating circa 5,000
B.C. The sport spread across the world and took a variety of forms,
Bocce (Italian), Bolla (Saxon), Bolle (Danish), Boules (French) and
Ula Miaka (Polynesian). The sport of lawn bowls is the forerunner of
curling, a tremendously popular winter version played in northern
countries (including Canada) on ice.
oldest lawn bowls site still played on is in Southampton, England.
Records show that the green has been in operation since 1299 A.D.
There are other claims of greens being in use before that time, but
these are unsubstantiated by proper or sufficient documentation.
During the reign of Richard II bowls were referred to as "gettre de
pere" or "jetter de pierre," and describes throwing a stone,
probably as round as possible. In the early 15th century bowls were
made of hardwoods and, after the 16th century discovery of Santo
Domingo, of lignum vitae, a very dense wood.
believed that the "bias" was introduced inadvertently in 1522 by the
Duke of Suffolk. Apparently his bowl split in two after striking
other bowls and he took a knob off of a stairway banister post for a
replacement. The flat side of the knob caused it to roll with a bias
and he experimented by curving his bowl around others. The word
spread and bias bowls gradually came into use.
Certainly the most famous story in lawn bowls is about Sir Francis
Drake and the Spanish Armada. On July 19, 1588, Drake was involved
in a game at Plymouth when he was notified that the Spanish Armada
had been sighted. The tale says his response was, "There is plenty
of time to win the game and thrash the Spaniards too." He then
proceeded to finish his match and the British Navy soundly defeated
the Armada. There is a lot of controversy as to whether this event
actually took place.
VIII was also a lawn bowler. However, he banned the game for those
who were not wealthy or "well to do" because "Bowyes, Fletchers,
Stringers and Arrowhead makers" were spending more time at
recreational events such as bowls instead of practicing their trade.
Henry requested that anybody who wished to keep a green pay a fee of
100 pounds. However, the green could only be used for private play
and he forbade anyone to "play at any bowle or bowles in open space
out of his own garden or orchard." King James I issued a publication
called "The Book of Sports" and, although he condemned football
(soccer) and golf, encouraged the play of bowls.
and Scottish colonists brought the game to America. There was a
bowling green in Williamsburg, Virginia in 1632 and many states have
towns named "Bowling Green" due to the early settlers abiding
interest in the sport. Even George Washington laid out a green at
Mount Vernon in 1732.
Interest lapsed for years until the wave of Scottish immigration to
the US revived it in the latter part of the 19th century. The
American Lawn Bowls Association (now the USLBA) was established in
1915, more than a decade after the founding of the SFLBC.
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