Berwick was taken, but instead of yielding, the
people made Baliol send a letter to Edward saying he would not come to do
homage, as he was ordered to do.
foolish traitor, cried Edward when lie read the letter, 'what folly is this?
Since he will not come to us, we will go to him.'
And so he went, fighting battles and taking towns all
the way. Town after town, castle after castle, fell before Edward and his
victorious army. The great lords and barons knelt to him as their master.
There seemed no help for it. They must yield, or die.
At last, at Montrose, Edward and l3aliol met again.
And there Baliol, forgetting his proud words, came to Edward, begging for
pardon. With no crown upon his head, with no royal robes about his
shoulders, with neither sword nor sceptre, but clad in a plain dark dress
like a penitent, and carrying a white wand in his band, he came. Standing
before his master he confessed that he had been led away by evil counsels,
he gave up his right to the throne of Scotland, and put himself into the
hands of Edward.
Edward, strong and stern,
and filled with contempt for so weak a man, sent both Baliol and his son
prisoner to England. A few years later Baliol was allowed to go to France.
There. on his own lands, he lived quietly till he died. In Scotland's story
we have no more to do with this weak-spirited King. His own people called
him Toom Tabard, which means empty coat, because he looked rather fine in
his splendid robes, but there was neither courage nor manhood in him. And
for many years to come Scotland suffered for his weakness and folly.
Now that Baliol was no longer king, Robert Bruce
thought that the time for which he had hoped had come. He thought that he
should now be king. But Edward had no mind to give up what he had won. 'Have
we nothing, think you, to do, but to conquer kingdoms and give them to you?'
he asked scornfully, and Robert Bruce went back to his own lands sad and
Edward placed English governors over
Scotland, filled the Scottish castles with English soldiers; then, thinking
that he had subdued the people, he went home.
took with him many things which were dear and sacred to the hearts of
Scotsmen. Among these was the Stone of Destiny, which has remained in
England ever since. It is now in Westminster, and it is used whenever a
British King is crowned. It is said too that Edward caused to be taken away
and destroyed many old books and records of Scotland. He did this so that
the people might be made the more easily to forget their ancient freedom and
become his willing subjects.
But all these things he did