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The History of Ulster
From the Earliest Times to the Present Day by Ramsay Colles (1919)


TO THE MEMORY OF
THREE IRISH HISTORIANS

WHOM IT WAS MY PRIVILEGE TO
'ENTER ON MY LIST OF FRIENDS'

WILLIAM EDWARD HARTPOLE LECKY

PATRICK WESTON JOYCE

JOHN T. GILBERT

WISHING THAT WHAT I WRITE
MAY BE READ IN [THEIR] LIGHT'

Ulster Scots / Scots Irish. Some of us stayed in Ulster to become the Ulster Scots, some went and became the Scots Irish.

This documentary follows American senator Jim Webb on a 2,000 year journey from Hadrain's Wall through the time of the Border Reivers, the Plantation of Ulster and the emigration of hundreds of thousands of Scotch-Irish settlers to north America

Driving through Belfast

PUBLISHERS' NOTE

No apology is required for producing a history of Ulster planned on a scale sufficiently liberal to allow of a thorough treatment of the subject. The Province's magnificent record and the greatness of her achievements in so many spheres of activity have long clamoured for such a work; and it is in answer to the call that the present History of Ulster is now published.

The work was begun and was far advanced towards completion before the war. After the outbreak of hostilities, the issue was necessarily postponed and preparation for it interrupted. Just as this long period of enforced delay was drawing to a close, the gifted author's death occurred. It is matter for deep regret that he should have been deprived of the legitimate satisfaction of seeing the publication of the work which he had undertaken with enthusiasm and to which he had devoted years of zealous labour. It has been left to another pen than his to record, as a fitting close to her story, the honourable part which, true to her traditions, Ulster has played in the momentous struggle for the liberty of, the world.

CONTENTS

Volume I

  1. The Early Irish
  2. Religion and Law in Early Ireland
  3. The Mission of St. Columba
  4. The Scandinavian Scourge
  5. Change and Decay
  6. The Betrayal of Ireland
  7. The Anglo-Norman Invasion
  8. King Henry in Ireland
  9. The Earldom of Ulster
  10. King John in Ulster
  11. Ulster and the Bruce Invasion
  12. Ulster Independent
  13. O'Neill, Prince of Ulster
  14. An Able Viceroy
  15. The New Legislation
  16. Progress of Ulster
  17. The Geraldine Revolt
  18. The Submission of Ulster
  19. The Policy of Conciliation
  20. The Religious Element
  21. Bad Money and Misery
  22. The Scots in Ulster
  23. Shane O'Neill and the Crown
  24. O'Neill the Great visits Elizabeth
  25. Shane again in Ulster
  26. Sussex v. Shane
  27. Sir Henry Sidney and Shane O'Neill
  28. Death of Shane O'Neill
  29. Attempted Plantation
  30. Essex in Ulster
  31. "Scotching" the Scot
  32. The New Earl of Tyrone
  33. State of Ulster: Civil and Military
Volume II

  1. Martial Law in Ulster
  2. "Coming Events——"
  3. Tyrone becomes "The O'Neill"
  4. Wars and Rumours of War
  5. Tyrone proclaimed Traitor
  6. Negotiations ad nauseam!
  7. Tyrone's Catholic Crusade
  8. "The Tide of Battle"
  9. Tyrone in the Ascendant
  10. After the Battle of the Yellow Ford
  11. "The Real King of Ireland"
  12. The Errors of Essex
  13. The Downfall of Essex
  14. Mountjoy's Methods
  15. The Turn of the Tide
  16. A Spanish Invasion
  17. The Siege of Kinsale
  18. Tyrone Submits: Death of Elizabeth
  19. King James and his Irish Subjects
  20. The Flight of the Earls
  21. Some Results of the Flight
  22. The O'Dogherty Insurrection
  23. The O'Dogherty Defeat
  24. The Plantation of Ulster
  25. The Progress of the Plantation
  26. A Precedent for Parliaments
  27. The Romanists Remonstrate
  28. Tyrone and Tirconnell Attainted
  29. Chichester Retires
  30. The Closing Years of James's Reign
  31. Charles I and the Three Graces
  32. "Like Master, like Man"
  33. The Wiles of Wentworth
  34. The Scottish Scare
Volume III

I. The Mutterings of the Approaching Storm
II. The Bursting of the Storm-cloud
III. The Horrors of Civil War
IV. The Fortunes of War
V.
The Triumphs of Tichborne
VI. The Scots Army in Ulster
VII. King Charles and the Confederates
VIII. Castlehaven's Invasion of Ulster
IX. Glamorgan and the Great Seal
X. The Battle of Benburb
XI. O'Neill and his Ulstermen in Leinster
XII. Defeat of the Royalists
XIII. Oliver Cromwell, Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland
XIV. Cromwell's Campaign in Ulster
XV.
The Last Efforts of Ulster
XVI. Charles II repudiates the Peace
XVII.
Close of the Cromwellian Campaign
XVIII. A "Wild and Woeful Land"
XIX. The Cromwellian Settlement
XX. The Restoration
XXI. "New Presbyter" and "Old Priest"
XXII. The Arts of Peace in Ulster
XXIII. "The Old Order Changeth"
XXIV. Tyrconnell, Lord of Misrule
XXV.
Londonderry and Enniskillen Revolt
XXVI. The Brave Inniskillings
XXVII. King James in Ulster
XXVIII. The Siege of Londonderry
XXIX. The Siege of Londonderry (Cont)
XXX. The Siege of Londonderry (Cont)

Volume IV

I. The Relief of Londonderry
II. The Inniskillings
III. Arrival of Schomberg
IV. Schomberg commences his Campaign
V. An Inactive Army
VI. King William in Ulster
VII.
The Battle of the Boyne
VIII. After the Battle
IX. The New Life
X. Linen and Latitudinarianism
XI. Unhappiness and Halfpence
XII. French Attack on Carrickfergus
XIII. The Ulster Volunteers
XIV. The Volunteer Movement
XV. Defeat of the Volunteers
XVI. Coercion and Conciliation
XVII. The Rebellion of 1798
XVIII. The Insurrectionary Counties: Antrim and Down
XIX. Insurrectionary and Legitimate Fights for Independence
XX. After the Union
XXI. Catholic Emancipation
XXII. Reforms in State and Church
XXIII. Early Victorian Years
XXIV. "The Ulster Custom"
XXV.
First Home Rule Bill
XXVI. The Second Home Rule Bill
XXVII.
Sir Edward Carson and the Covenant
Ulster in the War

The Scot in Ulster
Sketch of the History of the Scottish Population of Ulster by John Harrison (1888)

PREFACE

These sketches of the history of the Scottish settlers in Ulster were published in the columns of the 'Scotsman' during this spring. They have been recast, and are now published in a permanent form, as I think they may interest some who care to examine the Irish question for themselves. Their English and Scottish origin seems to me to give to the men of Ulster an inalienable right to protest, as far as they are concerned, against the policy of Separation from Great Britain to which the Irish, —with the genius for nicknames which they possess —at present give the name of Home Rule.

My thanks are due to many friends in Ulster and at home for kind assistance; and more especially to Professor Masson for allowing me to have access to those sheets of the ninth volume of the ' Privy Council Records of Scotland,' now in the press, which bear on the Scottish share in the settlement of 1610.

J. H.

7 Greknhill Place, Edinburgh,
16th October 1998.

CONTENTS

Chapter I - The Scot gains a footing in County Down
Chapter II - The Scot settles North Down and County Antrim
Chapter III - The Great Plantation in Ulster
Chapter IV - The Scot brings with him his Scottish Church
Chapter V - The Scots and the Irish Rebellion of 1641
Chapter VI - Ulster from the Restoration to the Union
Chapter VII - The Scottish Blood in the Ulster Men of Today


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