|(Florence Nightingale Graham)|
beautician, business executive
Birthplace: Woodbridge, Ontario, Canada
She opened her first beauty
salon in New York in 1907, forming the cornerstone of an international empire of salons,
beauty products, and chic image. Elizabeth was a Canadian Scot. Arden and her rival,
Helena Rubinstein, made cosmetics acceptable to “respectable” American women.
Under the name Elizabeth Graham, from the 1930s–early 1960s she ran the Maine Chance
Stables in Kentucky where the 1947 Kentucky Derby winner was bred.
Canadian-born Elizabeth Arden trained as a nurse. Seeking a
new career, she went to New York in 1908 and was hired as a bookkeeper for the Squibb
Pharmaceutical Company. Intrigued with the research and product development being done at
Squibb laboratories, she was encouraged to combine this interest with her knowledge of
nursing. This led to a job mixing and applying facial treatments in a beauty salon. Two
years later, she opened her own salon on New York's fashionable Fifth Avenue. During the
following decades, she continued opening salons throughout the world. A true innovator in
product development, sales promotion, and packaging, Miss Arden continued to introduce
women to her remarkably effective skin care formulations and trend setting make up until
her death in 1966.