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Scots Humour and Heroism
Appendix - Some Dates in Scottish History


For readers who may wish to have a general oversight of Scottish History we subjoin a few dates.

86. The Roman General Agricola defeated Galgacus, the leader of Caledonians, and occupied the southern part of Scotland.

407. The Romans withdraw from Scotland, leaving the country to Celtic tribes, viz: the Picts, North of Forth and Clyde, and the Scots from Ireland in Argyleshire.

550. Saxons settled in South of Scotland, and Danes and Norsemen formed colonies round the coast. The Hebrides, Orkney and Shetland, belonged to Norway.

563. St. Columba from Donegal settled in lona, and introduced Christianity among the Picts.

844. Historical monarchy established under Kenneth McAlpin, King of the Picts.

1124. David I. introduced Norman feudalism, and Scottish nobles grew dangerously strong.

1291. Disputed succession. Edward I. choosing the side of Baliol, interferes in Scotland.

1314. Bruce defeated Edward II. of England at Bannockburn, vindicating the independence of Scotland.

1513. James IV. of Scotland was defeated at Flodden.

1542—78. Mary Stuart.

1603. James VI. of Scotland became heir to the English. throne as James I.

1638. National Covenant, (religious) signed at Edinburgh.

1643. Solemn League and Covenant (political and religious) adopted.

1644—50. Montrose’s Rebellion in aid of Charles I.

1660. Restoration of Charles II. Persecution of the Covenanters begins and continues 28 years. Thousands flee for refuge to Ho!-land. The "killing time".

1688—9. Claverhouse’s Rebellion in aid of James II.

1707. The Parliamentary Union of Scotland and England.

1715. The Earl of Mar’s Rebellion on behalf of the "Old Pretender", James, the son of King James II.

1745. Rebellion of greater part of .the Highlands headed by Charles Edward, the "Young Pretender", the grandson of James II.

1746. The Massacre at Culloden. Prince Charlie’s escapes.


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