For readers who may wish to
have a general oversight of Scottish History we subjoin a few dates.
The Roman General Agricola defeated Galgacus, the leader of Caledonians,
and occupied the southern part of Scotland.
407. The Romans withdraw from Scotland, leaving the
country to Celtic tribes, viz: the Picts, North of Forth and Clyde, and
the Scots from Ireland in Argyleshire.
550. Saxons settled in South of Scotland, and Danes and Norsemen formed
colonies round the coast. The Hebrides, Orkney and Shetland, belonged to
563. St. Columba from Donegal settled in lona, and introduced
Christianity among the Picts.
844. Historical monarchy established under Kenneth McAlpin, King of the
1124. David I. introduced Norman feudalism, and
Scottish nobles grew dangerously strong.
1291. Disputed succession. Edward I. choosing the side
of Baliol, interferes in Scotland.
1314. Bruce defeated Edward II. of England at
Bannockburn, vindicating the independence of Scotland.
1513. James IV. of Scotland was defeated at Flodden.
1542—78. Mary Stuart.
1603. James VI. of Scotland became heir to the English.
throne as James I.
1638. National Covenant, (religious) signed at Edinburgh.
1643. Solemn League and Covenant (political and religious) adopted.
1644—50. Montrose’s Rebellion in aid of Charles I.
1660. Restoration of Charles II. Persecution of the Covenanters begins
and continues 28 years. Thousands flee for refuge to Ho!-land. The
1688—9. Claverhouse’s Rebellion in aid of James II.
1707. The Parliamentary Union of Scotland and England.
1715. The Earl of Mar’s Rebellion on behalf of the "Old
Pretender", James, the son of King James II.
1745. Rebellion of greater part of .the Highlands headed
by Charles Edward, the "Young Pretender", the grandson of James II.
1746. The Massacre at Culloden. Prince Charlie’s escapes.