AlanDurwardborn about 1216, died 1275, married Marjory, daughter of
Ermengarde Durward, eldest daughter of Alan,
married William de Soulis, owner of Hermitage Castle and mother of
Nicholas de Soulis, claimant to the throne in 1290, and grandmother of
William de Soulis conspirator of 1320.
Nicholas de Soulis ~Ermine
three chevronels Gules
When Alexander III's only surviving heir, his granddaughter, the
Margaret, the Maid of Scotland died en route to Scotland to take
up her throne at the age of seven in 1290, there was great
competition to succeed her. Sir Nicholas de Soulis, as son of
Ermengarde, and grandson of Marjory, the bastard daughter of the
Maid of Scotland's great-grandfather King Alexander II, was
the nearest Claimant in blood (although of an illegitimate line).
The de Soulis family had significant power and influence and his
son, Sir John de Soulis was among those chosen to negotiate an
alliance with France in 1320, during one of the French wars with
another of the three daughters of Alan among whom his estate was divided.
married Colban MacDuff, Earl of Fife. They had one son Duncan.
It has not yet been established whether the
St Monance property was inherited by Ermengarde or Ann. In the
early part of the 14th century, property that had been owned by the
Durwards in Aberdeenshire was in the hands of the MacDuffs.
However, the de Soulis family which had not been previously noted in
Fife, had members described as "of Fife" soon after Alan Durward's
(died 1270) the 8th Earl of Fife, married Ann Durward
born 1262, died 25 September 1288, married Jean de Clare
1285-1353, married Mary de Monthermer, born 1318? In Monthermer, France
born before 1332, died after 1389.She married several times in an attempt to provide an heir.Her husbands included Walter Stewart c. 1360; William Ramsay,
c.1368; Thomas Bysset, c.1384.She
was unsuccessful in her quest.
has not yet provided information as to how the transition of the castle’s
ownership was effected between Isabella’s death and the records indicating
John Kinloch as owner of the property in the 15th century.
1436/7-1493, and her sister Christian were co-heiresses of John.
While it appears John owned property in the area of St Monance, there is
no evidence that he occupied or built the castle. It would appear
that she did inherit that property along with the castle at Cruivie.
Margaret married James Sandilands
with whom she had one son, John. James Sandilands remarried and
his second wife was, Margaret Ker, by whom he had a son James whose wife
Catherine Scot created the link to the eventual possession of the castle
by the Sandilands.
Thomas Scott of Balwerie
and Pitgorno, 1480-1539, Scottish judge, the second
William Scott of Balwearie and Abbotshall and Janet, daughter of Thomas
Thomas Scott married Agnes Moncrieffe, daughter of John Moncreiffe and Beatrice
and they had at least one child, Thomas Scott.
Thomas Scott was
appointed justice clerk in 1535 and was a great favourite with James V.
Thomas' death and acting for herself and her son in 1545, sold property to
James Sandilands her property, " . . . belonging to our manour commonly
called the New Wark of St Monance . . .". It was in that same year
that the Sandilands made the castle the seat for the baronies of Cruvy
and St Monance.
It is unclear, but would appear likely, that the Castle's
Thomas Scott was executed in 1566 as one of the
scapegoats for the murder of
David Rizzio, the influential Italian-born secretary to Mary Queen of
It was alleged that Scott had been responsible for the lack of security
on the gates of
Hollyrood Palace which had opened to facilitate access to the assassins.
The Thomas Scott who was
executed (along with Henry Yair, a priest)
was the Sheriff-Depute of Perth, a role in keeping with the
generations of men in his
family associated with the practice of
law, both his father and grandfather having been
judges and reformers of the legal process in Scotland.
1433- before 1505, married Margaret Kinloch, 25 July 1453, married,
secondly Margaret Ker (died before 1549) through whose line the castle
1476(?)-1534 (son of James’ second wife, Margaret Ker), Married
Catherine Scot (born 1479 Balweary) about 1505
born about 1506, Cruvy, Fife, died 2 November 1585.Married three times (1) Elizabeth Meldrum about 1536, (2) Jonet
Gray, before 7 June 1566, and (3) Elizabeth Ramsay, contract 19 October
During this era, the castle was visited
on three occasions by Mary, Queen of Scots:
5 April 1563
16 April 1563
9 February 1565
The Sandilands were early converts to
Presbyterianism and the teachings of John Knox. James'
first cousin was a personal friend
of the fiery preacher who wrote The First Blast of the Trumpet
against the Monstrous Regime of Women!
It seems possible that these visits related to attempts by Mary to find
an accord with the man who would ultimately bring about her downfall and
deprive her son, the future
James VI of Scotland and I of England, of his mother.
(by Elizabeth Meldrum) 1536-29 March 1580, marred twice (1) Elizabeth
Betoun, contract 21 May 1561 and (2) Isabel Strang on 25 December 1569
born 1566 at Cruvy (by Elizabeth Betoun), died April 1574 without
born about 1572 at St Monance, died October 1644, (by Isabel Strang)
half-brother of James.Married,
before June 1593, to Jean Bothwell (born 1564, Orkney Scotland, died 10
born about 1591, St Monance, Fife, died 1644-45, died 1644-45. Between 5
and 8 August 1620 married Agnes Carnegie 1606-1637.
born 1623 St Monans and died after 27 February 1666-7.He married twice (1) Jean Crichton Lichtoun 4 August 1643 whom he
subsequently divorced, and (2) Christian Fletcher, marriage contract
dated 18 October 1663.In
the few years between his father’s death and 1649, he went through the
family’s wealth and was forced to sell the castle and properties of St
married Jean Leslie, 8 March 1694, died 1743(?)
“the younger”, nephew of Alexander, purchased the Newark Castle of St
Monance from his uncle
when he was in financial difficulty in 1725.Born 1678, Anstruther, Fife, died 21 September 1753, Elie House,
Fifeshire, married Margaret Carmichael 24 January 1716, Midlothian,
born 27 December 1728, Edinburgh, died 4 July 1799, married Janet Fall,
4 October 1750, Midlothian, Scotland
christened 27 March 1753, Elie, died 26 January 1811, Albermarle Street.Married Maria Isabella Brice about 1784
Carmichael- born 9 March 1793, Lincolns Inn, St Clement Danes, died 15
September 1869, Boulogne.Wyndham
married three times (1) Meredith Maria Wetherell, 1824, (2) Anne
Constance Grey, 10 May 1841, Westraw, Pettinain, Lincolnshire, Scotland,
(3) Mary Anne Parsons, 30 September 1859.He sold the castle and all the St Monance and Elie properties to
the Baird family.