The First Person singular
nominative is often written as Ah, and the spellings, A, and
ah are also used. The English spelling I, is sometimes
used, but Ah gives a more accurate representation of the pronunciation in
Scots. In verse, the spelling, A, is liable to be confused with
the article, A, at the beginning of a line.
Ah didna richt ken whit
Ah wes thinkin about!
Nominative Ah we/oo*
Objective me/iz we/oo*
Possessive mynes oors
is used in south Scotland, where it can be used either as a subject or an
Ah wad lyke for ye ti
gie iz a kiss.
We/Oo wad lyke for ye ti
cum alang wi oo.
Yon book is mynes.
Ah dout this taibil
claith is no oors at aw.
Formerly, the singular of
the Second Person Pronoun (thou) was a familiar form used for
addressing friends or children, but its use is now literary, except in
Shetland. What used to be the plural form is now generally used.
Nominative thou ye/ee/you
Objective thee ye/ee/you
Possessive thyne yours
A distinction is sometimes
made between nominative, ye, and objective, you, and you
is now often used as a stressed form.
Compare: Whit ails ye?
Whit the michief ails you?
he, she, it thay
Objective him, hir, it thaim
Possessive his, hirs, its thairs
The form, hit, can
be used for it, to confer emphasis.
“Is yon the zoo ower
yonder?” “Ay, thon’s hit!”
In the game of “hide and
go seek,” the term, hit, singles out the player who hunts for the
We’l play at hyde an gae
seek an ye’l be hit!
The objective case of
pronouns is always used after the verb, ti be, as in, It is me!
It’s hir! It wes thaim! etc.
When there is more than one
subject pronoun, or when a pronoun or noun subject go together, the
objective forms, me, hir, him, etc., are used nominatively.
Him an me wul tak a bit
dauner doun til the wattir.
Hir an hir faither wul
be ower this eftirnuin.
Hir an me nevir gat on
This practice has been
found in Argyll Scots:
Me an Shon wass haein a
tram thegither in the Croun Hotel.
pronouns are objective, the direct object follows the indirect as a rule,
and this is the case also, when one of the objects is a noun.
Thraw me it! Gie me it!
Thraw me the baw! Gie the bairn it!