TENSE AND PAST PARTICIPLES
past tense and past participles of weak verbs are formed by adding –it,
-t, -ed, and –d to the infinitive.
Verbs ending in –b, -d, -g, -k, -p and
–t, add –it.
Verbs ending in -en, -er,
-il, -ch, -sh, -ss and –f, usually append –t.
Normally, other verbs add
When the infinitive ends in a
silent –e, -ed is added.
For example: breinged, chowed, stroned, sterved, loued,
The ending –en is
sometimes used to form past participles.
A few verbs have survived
only as past participles, for example, begrutten, behauden and
When the infinitive of a
verb implies an intention, it can be prefaced by for
Ah aye ryse aerlie for ti be in guid tyme for ma wark.
Present indicative of the verb ti stravaig
Ah stravaig we/oo* stravaig
Thou stravaigs ye stravaig
He stravaigs thay stravaig
*form in Border
In forming the future
tense, wul is normally used with all persons and numbers. Sal
can be used as a formal option with all persons and numbers.
Ye wul hae haen yeir tea?
Aw ingethert siller sal be uised for the objeks o
forming various tenses, the progressive form of the verb is common with a
range of verbs referring to mental processes, like: dout, forget, hear,
jalouse, ken, mynd and want. This form is constructed from the
verb, ti be and the present participle.
Ah’m thinkin he’l be nane the
waur o hangin.
We war hearin ye war late for the skuil
Ye wul be myndin it’s yeir sister’s
The progressive form is particularly associated with Highland speech.
We wass lyin at Oban at the tyme, the Clansman’s enchines needin sortin,
sae Ah sent for Mary tae Tobermory, an her an me gaed in a cab. Ah never
saw her lookin sae weill.
When Ah wul be seeing a bad man greitin, Ah wul aye be snekkin up ma
I wul be painting her till you wad be takkin her for a braw yat, an
it wesna for the lum on her.