raided Iona and demolished a monastery
erected on Columban land by the new Benedictine abbot, and proclaimed the then Abbot of
Derry, who was a descendant of St. Columba’s brother, to be Abbot of Iona as well.
The Kindred of St. Columba had come into the Crown of Scotland in
earlier times, when Bethoc, daughter of Malcolm II, King of Albany married Crinan (ca.
975—1045), Thane (temporal lord) and (hereditary) Abbot of Dunkeld, and Seneschal
(household officer or administrator) of the Isles. Crinan’s line was probably a
branch of the Cineal Luighdheach, mentioned above (Moncreiffe 211). The Cineal Luigheheach
were heads of the Columban church in Scotland since the removal of that primacy from Jona
to Dunkeld several generations before (see Chapter IV). The sons of Bethoc and Crinan were
King Duncan I of Albany (killed in 1040), whose descendants bore arms of the colors red on
gold; and Maldred, Ruler of Cumbria, who married the daughter of the Earl of Beornicia,
and whose descendants bore arms of the colors red on silver (white). From Maldred’s
son Gospatric, Earl of Beornicia (which passed from English to Scottish control during his
tenture, and whose original Saxon House is represented in the male line by the Swintons of
that Ilk), are descended the families of Dunbar, Dundas and Moncreiff.
The Dunbars descend from the above mentioned Gospatrick, who was also
known as Earl of Northumbria and who was forced to flee that earldom, but was later given
the barony of Dunbar in East Lothian by his cousin Malcolm III, Ceann-Mor
("great-head"), who was killed in 1093, Later his line acquired additional lands
in what is now southwest Scotland. His descendants, the earls of Dunbar, thus became the
head of an important Lowland family. In the fourteenth century their then chief married
the heiress of the Randolf earl of Moray, and by 1579 the Privy Council describes the
Dunbars of northwest Moray as a clan. The Dundases descend from a son of Gospatrick of
Northumbria who was given a charter of the lands of Dundas in West Lothian about the
mid-twelfth century. They became an important landed family around Edinburgh. John de
Dundas acquired a charter of the barony of Fingask in Perthshire in 1364—65.