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Clans and Families of Ireland and Scotland
VII. The Érainn


The O’Flynns (0 Floinn) of Ardagh were anciently chiefs of the Barony of Ibawn, in the south of County Cork. The chief of the family resided at Ardagh Castle between Skibbereen and Baltimore.

The O’Heas (0 hAodha) were sub-chiefs, under the Barrys, of Tuath 0 DonnghaiLe in the southwest of County Cork.

The O’Hennessys (0 hAonghusa) of Corca Laoighdhe were chiefs of a territory in southwest Cork near Ross Bay. A scion of this family, Richard Hennessy, was born in 1720, and followed relatives into the French Service, becoming an officer in Dillon’s regiment. He rose to high office in the French government, settled in Cognac, and married into the Martell family, afterwards founding the House of Hennessy cognac.

The O’Learys (0 Laoghaire) were originally chiefs of the territory lying around Rosscarberry in West Cork, but removed from there about the time of the Anglo-Norman invasion (twelfth century). They had a reputation as a maritime power from before the 1100s, and later became lords, under the MacCarthys, of the country between Macroom and Inchigeelagh. In 1642, sixteen leading men of the name were attainted (legally deprived of civil rights), including Connor O’Leary of Carrignacurra and Auliff O’Leary of Cunnowley. The O’Learys are now numerous throughout Munster.

The Corca Modhruadh
The Corca Modhruadh (Corcomroe) were a great clan in the northwest of County Clare, where their territory was coextensive with the Diocese of Kilfenora. The chief families of the Corca Modhruadh were the O’Connors, MacCurtins, O’Loghlens, O’Davorens and the Corca Thine.

The O’Connors (0 Conchobhair) of Corcomroe derive their name from Conchobhar, son of Maelseachlainn, Lord of Corcomroe, who was slain in the year 1002. They were lords of the Barony of Corcomroe, in West Clare, down to the close of the sixteenth century.

The MacCurtins (Mac Cruitin) are a branch of the O’Connors of Corcomroe, and were originally settled around Ennistymon in Corcomroe. They were hereditary ollavs (professors/scholars) to the O’Briens of Thomond, and through many generations distinguished themselves as poets and Gaelic scholars. After the destruction of the Gaelic order, several of the family were important antiquarian scholars. One of these, Hugh Buidhe MacCurtin (Yellow Hugh) who lived from 1680 to 1755, published an Irish Dictionary in Paris in 1732, and was styled "chief of his sept."

The O’Loughlins (0 Lochlainn) descend from Lochlainn, Lord of Corcomroe in the tenth century. Originally one with the O’Connors, in later times they divided the territory of Corcomroe with their O’Connor kinsmen. Thus the O’Loughlins became lords of roughly the eastern half of Corcomroe, also known as "the Burren," and this distinguished family retained their rank as lords of the Burren down to the reign of Elizabeth I. The family is still


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